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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH for 4.15 v3 15/22] rseq: selftests: Provide self-tests
----- On Nov 23, 2017, at 3:57 AM, Peter Zijlstra peterz@infradead.org wrote:

> On Thu, Nov 23, 2017 at 09:55:11AM +0100, Peter Zijlstra wrote:
>> On Tue, Nov 21, 2017 at 09:18:53AM -0500, Mathieu Desnoyers wrote:
>> > +static inline __attribute__((always_inline))
>> > +int rseq_cmpeqv_storev(intptr_t *v, intptr_t expect, intptr_t newv,
>> > + int cpu)
>> > +{
>> > + __asm__ __volatile__ goto (
>> > + RSEQ_ASM_DEFINE_TABLE(3, __rseq_table, 0x0, 0x0, 1f, 2f-1f, 4f)
>> > + RSEQ_ASM_STORE_RSEQ_CS(1, 3b, rseq_cs)
>>
>> > + RSEQ_ASM_CMP_CPU_ID(cpu_id, current_cpu_id, 4f)
>
>> > + "cmpq %[v], %[expect]\n\t"
>> > + "jnz 5f\n\t"
>
> Also, I'm confused between the abort and cmpfail cases.
>
> In would expect the cpu_id compare to also result in cmpfail, that is, I
> would only expect the kernel to result in abort.

Let's take the per-cpu spinlock as an example to explain why we need
the "compare fail" and "cpu_id compare fail" to return different
values.

Getting this lock involves doing:

cpu = rseq_cpu_start();
ret = rseq_cmpeqv_storev(&lock->c[cpu].v, 0, 1, cpu);

Now based on the "ret" value:

if ret == 0, it means that @v was indeed 0, and that rseq
executed the commit (stored 1).

if ret > 0, it means the comparison of @v against 0 failed,
which means the lock was already held. We therefore need to
postpone and retry later. A "try_lock" operation would return
that the lock is currently busy.

if ret < 0, then we have either been aborted by the kernel,
or the comparison of @cpu against cpu_id failed. If we think
about it, having @cpu != cpu_id will happen if we are migrated
before we enter the rseq critical section, which is pretty
similar to being aborted by the kernel within the critical
section. So I don't see any reason for making the branch target
of the cpu_id comparison anything else than the abort_ip. In
that situation, the caller needs to either re-try with an
updated @cpu value (except for multi-part algorithms e.g.
reserve+commit, which don't allow changing the @cpu number on
commit), or use cpu_opv to perform the operation.

Note that another cause why the @cpu == cpu_id test may fail is
if rseq is not registered for the current thread. Again, just
branching to the abort_ip and letting the caller fallback to
cpu_opv solves this.

>
>> > + /* final store */
>> > + "movq %[newv], %[v]\n\t"
>> > + "2:\n\t"
>> > + RSEQ_ASM_DEFINE_ABORT(4, __rseq_failure, RSEQ_SIG, "", abort)
>> > + RSEQ_ASM_DEFINE_CMPFAIL(5, __rseq_failure, "", cmpfail)
>> > + : /* gcc asm goto does not allow outputs */
>> > + : [cpu_id]"r"(cpu),
>> > + [current_cpu_id]"m"(__rseq_abi.cpu_id),
>> > + [rseq_cs]"m"(__rseq_abi.rseq_cs),
>> > + [v]"m"(*v),
>> > + [expect]"r"(expect),
>> > + [newv]"r"(newv)
>> > + : "memory", "cc", "rax"
>> > + : abort, cmpfail
>> > + );
>> > + return 0;
>> > +abort:
>> > + return -1;
>
> Which then would suggest this be -EINTR or something like that.

I'm not so sure returning kernel error codes is the expected
practice for user-space libraries.

Thoughts ?

Thanks!

Mathieu


>
>> > +cmpfail:
>> > + return 1;
> > > +}

--
Mathieu Desnoyers
EfficiOS Inc.
http://www.efficios.com

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