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SubjectRe: [PATCH V14 13/24] mmc: block: Add blk-mq support
[...]

> +/* Single sector read during recovery */
> +static void mmc_blk_ss_read(struct mmc_queue *mq, struct request *req)

Nitpick: I think mmc_blk_read_single() would be better as it is a more
clear name. Would you mind changing it?

> +{
> + struct mmc_queue_req *mqrq = req_to_mmc_queue_req(req);
> + blk_status_t status;
> +
> + while (1) {
> + mmc_blk_rw_rq_prep(mqrq, mq->card, 1, mq);
> +
> + mmc_wait_for_req(mq->card->host, &mqrq->brq.mrq);
> +
> + /*
> + * Not expecting command errors, so just give up in that case.
> + * If there are retries remaining, the request will get
> + * requeued.
> + */
> + if (mqrq->brq.cmd.error)
> + return;

What happens here if the reason to the error is because the card was removed?

I guess next time __blk_err_check() is called from the
mmc_blk_mq_rw_recovery(), this will be detected and managed?

> +
> + if (blk_rq_bytes(req) <= 512)

Shouldn't you check "if (blk_rq_bytes(req) < 512)"? How would you
otherwise read the last 512 bytes block?

> + break;
> +
> + status = mqrq->brq.data.error ? BLK_STS_IOERR : BLK_STS_OK;
> +
> + blk_update_request(req, status, 512);

Shouldn't we actually bail out, unless the error is a data ECC error?
On the other hand, I guess if it a more severe error, cmd.error will
anyway be set above!?

One more question, if there is a data error, we may want to try to
recover by sending a stop command? How do we manage that?

> + }
> +
> + mqrq->retries = MMC_NO_RETRIES;
> +}
> +
> +static void mmc_blk_mq_rw_recovery(struct mmc_queue *mq, struct request *req)
> +{
> + int type = rq_data_dir(req) == READ ? MMC_BLK_READ : MMC_BLK_WRITE;
> + struct mmc_queue_req *mqrq = req_to_mmc_queue_req(req);
> + struct mmc_blk_request *brq = &mqrq->brq;
> + struct mmc_blk_data *md = mq->blkdata;
> + struct mmc_card *card = mq->card;
> + static enum mmc_blk_status status;
> +
> + brq->retune_retry_done = mqrq->retries;
> +
> + status = __mmc_blk_err_check(card, mqrq);
> +
> + mmc_retune_release(card->host);
> +
> + /*
> + * Requests are completed by mmc_blk_mq_complete_rq() which sets simple
> + * policy:
> + * 1. A request that has transferred at least some data is considered
> + * successful and will be requeued if there is remaining data to
> + * transfer.
> + * 2. Otherwise the number of retries is incremented and the request
> + * will be requeued if there are remaining retries.
> + * 3. Otherwise the request will be errored out.
> + * That means mmc_blk_mq_complete_rq() is controlled by bytes_xfered and
> + * mqrq->retries. So there are only 4 possible actions here:
> + * 1. do not accept the bytes_xfered value i.e. set it to zero
> + * 2. change mqrq->retries to determine the number of retries
> + * 3. try to reset the card
> + * 4. read one sector at a time
> + */
> + switch (status) {
> + case MMC_BLK_SUCCESS:
> + case MMC_BLK_PARTIAL:
> + /* Reset success, and accept bytes_xfered */
> + mmc_blk_reset_success(md, type);
> + break;
> + case MMC_BLK_CMD_ERR:
> + /*
> + * For SD cards, get bytes written, but do not accept
> + * bytes_xfered if that fails. For MMC cards accept
> + * bytes_xfered. Then try to reset. If reset fails then
> + * error out the remaining request, otherwise retry
> + * once (N.B mmc_blk_reset() will not succeed twice in a
> + * row).
> + */
> + if (mmc_card_sd(card)) {
> + u32 blocks;
> + int err;
> +
> + err = mmc_sd_num_wr_blocks(card, &blocks);
> + if (err)
> + brq->data.bytes_xfered = 0;
> + else
> + brq->data.bytes_xfered = blocks << 9;
> + }
> + if (mmc_blk_reset(md, card->host, type))
> + mqrq->retries = MMC_NO_RETRIES;
> + else
> + mqrq->retries = MMC_MAX_RETRIES - 1;
> + break;
> + case MMC_BLK_RETRY:
> + /*
> + * Do not accept bytes_xfered, but retry up to 5 times,
> + * otherwise same as abort.
> + */
> + brq->data.bytes_xfered = 0;
> + if (mqrq->retries < MMC_MAX_RETRIES)
> + break;
> + /* Fall through */
> + case MMC_BLK_ABORT:
> + /*
> + * Do not accept bytes_xfered, but try to reset. If
> + * reset succeeds, try once more, otherwise error out
> + * the request.
> + */
> + brq->data.bytes_xfered = 0;
> + if (mmc_blk_reset(md, card->host, type))
> + mqrq->retries = MMC_NO_RETRIES;
> + else
> + mqrq->retries = MMC_MAX_RETRIES - 1;
> + break;
> + case MMC_BLK_DATA_ERR: {
> + int err;
> +
> + /*
> + * Do not accept bytes_xfered, but try to reset. If
> + * reset succeeds, try once more. If reset fails with
> + * ENODEV which means the partition is wrong, then error
> + * out the request. Otherwise attempt to read one sector
> + * at a time.
> + */
> + brq->data.bytes_xfered = 0;
> + err = mmc_blk_reset(md, card->host, type);
> + if (!err) {
> + mqrq->retries = MMC_MAX_RETRIES - 1;
> + break;
> + }
> + if (err == -ENODEV) {
> + mqrq->retries = MMC_NO_RETRIES;
> + break;
> + }
> + /* Fall through */
> + }
> + case MMC_BLK_ECC_ERR:
> + /*
> + * Do not accept bytes_xfered. If reading more than one
> + * sector, try reading one sector at a time.
> + */
> + brq->data.bytes_xfered = 0;
> + /* FIXME: Missing single sector read for large sector size */
> + if (brq->data.blocks > 1 && !mmc_large_sector(card)) {
> + /* Redo read one sector at a time */
> + pr_warn("%s: retrying using single block read\n",
> + req->rq_disk->disk_name);
> + mmc_blk_ss_read(mq, req);
> + } else {
> + mqrq->retries = MMC_NO_RETRIES;
> + }
> + break;
> + case MMC_BLK_NOMEDIUM:
> + /* Do not accept bytes_xfered. Error out the request */
> + brq->data.bytes_xfered = 0;
> + mqrq->retries = MMC_NO_RETRIES;
> + break;
> + default:
> + /* Do not accept bytes_xfered. Error out the request */
> + brq->data.bytes_xfered = 0;
> + mqrq->retries = MMC_NO_RETRIES;
> + pr_err("%s: Unhandled return value (%d)",
> + req->rq_disk->disk_name, status);
> + break;
> + }
> +}
> +

[...]

> +
> +static void mmc_blk_mq_poll_completion(struct mmc_queue *mq,
> + struct request *req)
> +{
> + struct mmc_queue_req *mqrq = req_to_mmc_queue_req(req);
> +
> + mmc_blk_mq_rw_recovery(mq, req);
> +
> + mmc_blk_urgent_bkops(mq, mqrq);
> +}
> +
> +static void mmc_blk_mq_acct_req_done(struct mmc_queue *mq, struct request *req)

Nitpick: Can we please try to find a better name for this function. I
don't think "acct" is good abbreviation because, to me, it's not
self-explaining.

> +{
> + struct request_queue *q = req->q;
> + unsigned long flags;
> + bool put_card;
> +
> + spin_lock_irqsave(q->queue_lock, flags);
> +
> + mq->in_flight[mmc_issue_type(mq, req)] -= 1;
> +
> + put_card = (mmc_tot_in_flight(mq) == 0);
> +
> + spin_unlock_irqrestore(q->queue_lock, flags);
> +
> + if (put_card)
> + mmc_put_card(mq->card, &mq->ctx);

I have tried to convince myself that the protection of calling
mmc_get|put_card() is safe, but I am not sure.

I am wondering whether there could be races for mmc_get|put_card().
Please see some more related comments below.

[...]

> +static void mmc_blk_mq_req_done(struct mmc_request *mrq)
> +{
> + struct mmc_queue_req *mqrq = container_of(mrq, struct mmc_queue_req,
> + brq.mrq);
> + struct request *req = mmc_queue_req_to_req(mqrq);
> + struct request_queue *q = req->q;
> + struct mmc_queue *mq = q->queuedata;
> + unsigned long flags;
> + bool waiting;
> +
> + spin_lock_irqsave(q->queue_lock, flags);
> + mq->complete_req = req;
> + mq->rw_wait = false;
> + waiting = mq->waiting;

The synchronization methods is one of the most complex part of
$subject patch, yet also very elegant!

Anyway, would you mind adding some more comments here and there in the
code, to explain a bit about what goes on and why?

> + spin_unlock_irqrestore(q->queue_lock, flags);
> +
> + if (waiting)
> + wake_up(&mq->wait);

For example, a comment here about: "In case there is a new request
prepared, leave it to that, to deal with finishing and post processing
of the request, else schedule a work to do it - and see what comes
first."

> + else
> + kblockd_schedule_work(&mq->complete_work);
> +}
> +
> +static bool mmc_blk_rw_wait_cond(struct mmc_queue *mq, int *err)
> +{
> + struct request_queue *q = mq->queue;
> + unsigned long flags;
> + bool done;
> +
> + spin_lock_irqsave(q->queue_lock, flags);
> + done = !mq->rw_wait;
> + mq->waiting = !done;

Also here it would be nice with some comments about the
synchronization. I stop from mentioning this from now on, because it
applies to a couple of more places.

I leave it to you to decide how and where it makes sense to add these
kind of comments.

> + spin_unlock_irqrestore(q->queue_lock, flags);
> +
> + return done;
> +}
> +
> +static int mmc_blk_rw_wait(struct mmc_queue *mq, struct request **prev_req)
> +{
> + int err = 0;
> +
> + wait_event(mq->wait, mmc_blk_rw_wait_cond(mq, &err));
> +
> + mmc_blk_mq_complete_prev_req(mq, prev_req);
> +
> + return err;
> +}
> +
> +static int mmc_blk_mq_issue_rw_rq(struct mmc_queue *mq,
> + struct request *req)
> +{
> + struct mmc_queue_req *mqrq = req_to_mmc_queue_req(req);
> + struct mmc_host *host = mq->card->host;
> + struct request *prev_req = NULL;
> + int err = 0;
> +
> + mmc_blk_rw_rq_prep(mqrq, mq->card, 0, mq);
> +
> + mqrq->brq.mrq.done = mmc_blk_mq_req_done;
> +
> + mmc_pre_req(host, &mqrq->brq.mrq);

To be honest, using a queue_depth of 64, puzzles me! According to my
understanding we should use a queue_depth of 2, in case the host
implements the ->pre|post_req() callbacks, else we should set it to 1.

Although I may be missing some information about how to really use
this, because for example UBI (mtd) also uses 64 as queue depth!?

My interpretation of the queue_depth is that the blkmq layer will use
it to understand the maximum number of request a block device are able
to operate on simultaneously (when having one HW queue), thus the
number of outstanding dispatched requests for the block evice driver,
may be as close as possible to the queue_depth, but never above. I may
be totally wrong about this. :-)

Anyway, then if using a queue_depth of 64, how will you make sure that
you not end up having > 1 requests being prepared at the same time
(not counting the one that may be in transfer)?

>
> + err = mmc_blk_rw_wait(mq, &prev_req);
> + if (err)
> + goto out_post_req;
> +
> + mq->rw_wait = true;
> +
> + err = mmc_start_request(host, &mqrq->brq.mrq);
> +
> + if (prev_req)
> + mmc_blk_mq_post_req(mq, prev_req);
> +
> + if (err) {
> + mq->rw_wait = false;
> + mmc_retune_release(host);
> + }
> +
> +out_post_req:
> + if (err)
> + mmc_post_req(host, &mqrq->brq.mrq, err);
> +
> + return err;
> +}
> +
> +static int mmc_blk_wait_for_idle(struct mmc_queue *mq, struct mmc_host *host)
> +{
> + return mmc_blk_rw_wait(mq, NULL);
> +}
> +
> +enum mmc_issued mmc_blk_mq_issue_rq(struct mmc_queue *mq, struct request *req)
> +{
> + struct mmc_blk_data *md = mq->blkdata;
> + struct mmc_card *card = md->queue.card;
> + struct mmc_host *host = card->host;
> + int ret;
> +
> + ret = mmc_blk_part_switch(card, md->part_type);

What if there is an ongoing request, shouldn't you wait for that to
complete before switching partition?

> + if (ret)
> + return MMC_REQ_FAILED_TO_START;
> +
> + switch (mmc_issue_type(mq, req)) {
> + case MMC_ISSUE_SYNC:
> + ret = mmc_blk_wait_for_idle(mq, host);
> + if (ret)
> + return MMC_REQ_BUSY;

Wouldn't it be possible that yet a new SYNC request becomes queued in
parallel with this current one. Then, when reaching this point, how do
you make sure that new request waits for the current "SYNC" request?

I mean is the above mmc_blk_wait_for_idle(), really sufficient to deal
with synchronization?

I guess we could use mmc_claim_host(no-ctx) in some clever way to deal
with this, or perhaps there is a better option?

BTW, I guess the problem is also present if there is SYNC request
ongoing and then is a new ASYNC request coming in. Is the ASYNC
request really waiting for the SYNC request to finish?

Or maybe I just missed these parts in $subject patch.

> + switch (req_op(req)) {
> + case REQ_OP_DRV_IN:
> + case REQ_OP_DRV_OUT:
> + mmc_blk_issue_drv_op(mq, req);
> + break;
> + case REQ_OP_DISCARD:
> + mmc_blk_issue_discard_rq(mq, req);
> + break;
> + case REQ_OP_SECURE_ERASE:
> + mmc_blk_issue_secdiscard_rq(mq, req);
> + break;
> + case REQ_OP_FLUSH:
> + mmc_blk_issue_flush(mq, req);
> + break;
> + default:
> + WARN_ON_ONCE(1);
> + return MMC_REQ_FAILED_TO_START;
> + }
> + return MMC_REQ_FINISHED;
> + case MMC_ISSUE_ASYNC:
> + switch (req_op(req)) {
> + case REQ_OP_READ:
> + case REQ_OP_WRITE:
> + ret = mmc_blk_mq_issue_rw_rq(mq, req);
> + break;
> + default:
> + WARN_ON_ONCE(1);
> + ret = -EINVAL;
> + }
> + if (!ret)
> + return MMC_REQ_STARTED;
> + return ret == -EBUSY ? MMC_REQ_BUSY : MMC_REQ_FAILED_TO_START;
> + default:
> + WARN_ON_ONCE(1);
> + return MMC_REQ_FAILED_TO_START;
> + }
> +}
> +

[...]

> +static blk_status_t mmc_mq_queue_rq(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx,
> + const struct blk_mq_queue_data *bd)
> +{
> + struct request *req = bd->rq;
> + struct request_queue *q = req->q;
> + struct mmc_queue *mq = q->queuedata;
> + struct mmc_card *card = mq->card;
> + enum mmc_issue_type issue_type;
> + enum mmc_issued issued;
> + bool get_card;
> + int ret;
> +
> + if (mmc_card_removed(mq->card)) {
> + req->rq_flags |= RQF_QUIET;
> + return BLK_STS_IOERR;
> + }
> +
> + issue_type = mmc_issue_type(mq, req);
> +
> + spin_lock_irq(q->queue_lock);
> +
> + switch (issue_type) {
> + case MMC_ISSUE_ASYNC:
> + break;
> + default:
> + /*
> + * Timeouts are handled by mmc core, and we don't have a host
> + * API to abort requests, so we can't handle the timeout anyway.
> + * However, when the timeout happens, blk_mq_complete_request()
> + * no longer works (to stop the request disappearing under us).
> + * To avoid racing with that, set a large timeout.
> + */
> + req->timeout = 600 * HZ;
> + break;
> + }
> +
> + mq->in_flight[issue_type] += 1;
> + get_card = (mmc_tot_in_flight(mq) == 1);
> +
> + spin_unlock_irq(q->queue_lock);
> +
> + if (!(req->rq_flags & RQF_DONTPREP)) {
> + req_to_mmc_queue_req(req)->retries = 0;
> + req->rq_flags |= RQF_DONTPREP;
> + }
> +
> + if (get_card)

Coming back to the get_card() thingy, which I wonder if it's fragile.

A request that finds get_card == true here, doesn't necessarily have
to reach to this point first (the task may be preempted), in case
there is another request being queued in parallel (or that can't
happen?).

That could then lead to that the following steps become executed for
the other requests, prior anybody calling mmc_get_card().

> + mmc_get_card(card, &mq->ctx);
> +
> + blk_mq_start_request(req);
> +
> + issued = mmc_blk_mq_issue_rq(mq, req);
> +
> + switch (issued) {
> + case MMC_REQ_BUSY:
> + ret = BLK_STS_RESOURCE;
> + break;
> + case MMC_REQ_FAILED_TO_START:
> + ret = BLK_STS_IOERR;
> + break;
> + default:
> + ret = BLK_STS_OK;
> + break;
> + }
> +
> + if (issued != MMC_REQ_STARTED) {
> + bool put_card = false;
> +
> + spin_lock_irq(q->queue_lock);
> + mq->in_flight[issue_type] -= 1;
> + if (mmc_tot_in_flight(mq) == 0)
> + put_card = true;
> + spin_unlock_irq(q->queue_lock);
> + if (put_card)
> + mmc_put_card(card, &mq->ctx);

For the similar reasons as above, this also looks fragile.

> + }
> +
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static const struct blk_mq_ops mmc_mq_ops = {
> + .queue_rq = mmc_mq_queue_rq,
> + .init_request = mmc_mq_init_request,
> + .exit_request = mmc_mq_exit_request,
> + .complete = mmc_blk_mq_complete,
> + .timeout = mmc_mq_timed_out,
> +};

[...]

> +#define MMC_QUEUE_DEPTH 64
> +
> +static int mmc_mq_init(struct mmc_queue *mq, struct mmc_card *card,
> + spinlock_t *lock)
> +{
> + int q_depth;
> + int ret;
> +
> + q_depth = MMC_QUEUE_DEPTH;

I already mentioned my thoughts around the queue_depth... and again I
may be totally wrong. :-)

> +
> + ret = mmc_mq_init_queue(mq, q_depth, &mmc_mq_ops, lock);
> + if (ret)
> + return ret;
> +
> + blk_queue_rq_timeout(mq->queue, 60 * HZ);
> +
> + mmc_setup_queue(mq, card);
> +
> + return 0;
> }

[...]

Kind regards
Uffe

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