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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 1/5] mm: memory_hotplug: Memory hotplug (add) support for arm64
Hi Arun,


On Fri 24 Nov 2017, 11:25, Arun KS wrote:
> On Thu, Nov 23, 2017 at 4:43 PM, Maciej Bielski
> <m.bielski@virtualopensystems.com> wrote:
>> [ ...]
> > Introduces memory hotplug functionality (hot-add) for arm64.
> > @@ -615,6 +616,44 @@ void __init paging_init(void)
> > SWAPPER_DIR_SIZE - PAGE_SIZE);
> > }
> >
> > +#ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * hotplug_paging() is used by memory hotplug to build new page tables
> > + * for hot added memory.
> > + */
> > +
> > +struct mem_range {
> > + phys_addr_t base;
> > + phys_addr_t size;
> > +};
> > +
> > +static int __hotplug_paging(void *data)
> > +{
> > + int flags = 0;
> > + struct mem_range *section = data;
> > +
> > + if (debug_pagealloc_enabled())
> > + flags = NO_BLOCK_MAPPINGS | NO_CONT_MAPPINGS;
> > +
> > + __create_pgd_mapping(swapper_pg_dir, section->base,
> > + __phys_to_virt(section->base), section->size,
> > + PAGE_KERNEL, pgd_pgtable_alloc, flags);
>
> Hello Andrea,
>
> __hotplug_paging runs on stop_machine context.
> cpu stop callbacks must not sleep.
> https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux.git/tree/kernel/stop_machine.c?h=v4.14#n479
>
> __create_pgd_mapping uses pgd_pgtable_alloc. which does
> __get_free_page(PGALLOC_GFP)
> https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux.git/tree/arch/arm64/mm/mmu.c?h=v4.14#n342
>
> PGALLOC_GFP has GFP_KERNEL which inturn has __GFP_RECLAIM
>
> #define PGALLOC_GFP (GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_NOTRACK | __GFP_ZERO)
> #define GFP_KERNEL (__GFP_RECLAIM | __GFP_IO | __GFP_FS)
>
> Now, prepare_alloc_pages() called by __alloc_pages_nodemask checks for
>
> might_sleep_if(gfp_mask & __GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM);
>
> https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux.git/tree/mm/page_alloc.c?h=v4.14#n4150
>
> and then BUG()

Well spotted, thanks for reporting the problem. One possible solution
would be to revert back to building the updated page tables on a copy
pgdir (as it was done in v1 of this patchset) and then replacing swapper
atomically with stop_machine.

Actually, I am not sure if stop_machine is strictly needed,
if we modify the swapper pgdir live: for example, in x86_64
kernel_physical_mapping_init, atomicity is ensured by spin-locking on
init_mm.page_table_lock.
https://elixir.free-electrons.com/linux/v4.14/source/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c#L684
I'll spend some time investigating whoever else could be working
concurrently on the swapper pgdir.

Any suggestion or pointer is very welcome.

Thanks,
Andrea

> I was testing on 4.4 kernel, but cross checked with 4.14 as well.
>
> Regards,
> Arun
>
>
> > +
> > + return 0;
> > +}
> > +
> > +inline void hotplug_paging(phys_addr_t start, phys_addr_t size)
> > +{
> > + struct mem_range section = {
> > + .base = start,
> > + .size = size,
> > + };
> > +
> > + stop_machine(__hotplug_paging, &section, NULL);
> > +}
> > +#endif /* CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG */
> > +
> > /*
> > * Check whether a kernel address is valid (derived from arch/x86/).
> > */
> > --
> > 2.7.4
> >
>

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