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SubjectRe: [PATCH v6 27/37] tracing: Add 'onmax' hist trigger action support
On Fri, Nov 17, 2017 at 02:33:06PM -0600, Tom Zanussi wrote:
> Add an 'onmax(var).save(field,...)' hist trigger action which is
> invoked whenever an event exceeds the current maximum.
>
> The end result is that the trace event fields or variables specified
> as the onmax.save() params will be saved if 'var' exceeds the current
> maximum for that hist trigger entry. This allows context from the
> event that exhibited the new maximum to be saved for later reference.
> When the histogram is displayed, additional fields displaying the
> saved values will be printed.
>
> As an example the below defines a couple of hist triggers, one for
> sched_wakeup and another for sched_switch, keyed on pid. Whenever a
> sched_wakeup occurs, the timestamp is saved in the entry corresponding
> to the current pid, and when the scheduler switches back to that pid,
> the timestamp difference is calculated. If the resulting latency
> exceeds the current maximum latency, the specified save() values are
> saved:
>
> # echo 'hist:keys=pid:ts0=$common_timestamp.usecs \
> if comm=="cyclictest"' >> \
> /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/sched/sched_wakeup/trigger
>
> # echo 'hist:keys=next_pid:\
> wakeup_lat=$common_timestamp.usecs-$ts0:\
> onmax($wakeup_lat).save(next_comm,prev_pid,prev_prio,prev_comm) \
> if next_comm=="cyclictest"' >> \
> /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/sched/sched_switch/trigger
>
> When the histogram is displayed, the max value and the saved values
> corresponding to the max are displayed following the rest of the
> fields:
>
> # cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/sched/sched_switch/hist
>
> { next_pid: 3728 } hitcount: 199 \
> max: 123 next_comm: cyclictest prev_pid: 0 \
> prev_prio: 120 prev_comm: swapper/3
> { next_pid: 3730 } hitcount: 1321 \
> max: 15 next_comm: cyclictest prev_pid: 0 \
> prev_prio: 120 prev_comm: swapper/1
> { next_pid: 3729 } hitcount: 1973\
> max: 25 next_comm: cyclictest prev_pid: 0 \
> prev_prio: 120 prev_comm: swapper/0
>
> Totals:
> Hits: 3493
> Entries: 3
> Dropped: 0
>
> Signed-off-by: Tom Zanussi <tom.zanussi@linux.intel.com>
> ---

[SNIP]
> +static int onmax_create(struct hist_trigger_data *hist_data,
> + struct action_data *data)
> +{
> + struct trace_event_call *call = hist_data->event_file->event_call;
> + struct trace_event_file *file = hist_data->event_file;
> + struct hist_field *var_field, *ref_field, *max_var;
> + unsigned int var_ref_idx = hist_data->n_var_refs;
> + struct field_var *field_var;
> + char *onmax_var_str, *param;
> + const char *event_name;
> + unsigned long flags;
> + unsigned int i;
> + int ret = 0;
> +
> + onmax_var_str = data->onmax.var_str;
> + if (onmax_var_str[0] != '$')
> + return -EINVAL;
> + onmax_var_str++;
> +
> + event_name = trace_event_name(call);

It seems not used.


> + var_field = find_target_event_var(hist_data, NULL, NULL, onmax_var_str);
> + if (!var_field)
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + flags = HIST_FIELD_FL_VAR_REF;
> + ref_field = create_hist_field(hist_data, NULL, flags, NULL);
> + if (!ref_field)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> +
> + if (init_var_ref(ref_field, var_field, NULL, NULL)) {
> + destroy_hist_field(ref_field, 0);
> + ret = -ENOMEM;
> + goto out;
> + }
> + hist_data->var_refs[hist_data->n_var_refs] = ref_field;
> + ref_field->var_ref_idx = hist_data->n_var_refs++;
> + data->onmax.var = ref_field;

I was confused that this could create a reference to self-variable
which would prevent a hist from being freed. IIUC it tries to avoid
such a self reference by using local field variable and disallowing
variable of expression, right?

But it seems that's not the case since the reference is saved in other
place than hist_data->fields which is used in find_var_ref().


> +
> + data->fn = onmax_save;
> + data->onmax.max_var_ref_idx = var_ref_idx;
> + max_var = create_var(hist_data, file, "max", sizeof(u64), "u64");
> + if (IS_ERR(max_var)) {
> + ret = PTR_ERR(max_var);
> + goto out;
> + }
> + data->onmax.max_var = max_var;
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < data->n_params; i++) {
> + param = kstrdup(data->params[i], GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!param) {
> + ret = -ENOMEM;
> + goto out;
> + }
> +
> + field_var = create_target_field_var(hist_data, NULL, NULL, param);
> + if (IS_ERR(field_var)) {
> + ret = PTR_ERR(field_var);
> + kfree(param);
> + goto out;
> + }
> +
> + hist_data->max_vars[hist_data->n_max_vars++] = field_var;
> + if (field_var->val->flags & HIST_FIELD_FL_STRING)
> + hist_data->n_max_var_str++;
> +
> + kfree(param);
> + }
> + out:
> + return ret;
> +}
> +

[SNIP]
> +static struct action_data *onmax_parse(char *str)
> +{
> + char *onmax_fn_name, *onmax_var_str;
> + struct action_data *data;
> + int ret = -EINVAL;
> +
> + data = kzalloc(sizeof(*data), GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!data)
> + return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
> +
> + onmax_var_str = strsep(&str, ")");
> + if (!onmax_var_str || !str)
> + return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);

'data' leaked.

Thanks,
Namhyung


> + data->onmax.var_str = kstrdup(onmax_var_str, GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!data->onmax.var_str) {
> + ret = -ENOMEM;
> + goto free;
> + }
> +
> + strsep(&str, ".");
> + if (!str)
> + goto free;
> +
> + onmax_fn_name = strsep(&str, "(");
> + if (!onmax_fn_name || !str)
> + goto free;
> +
> + if (strncmp(onmax_fn_name, "save", strlen("save")) == 0) {
> + char *params = strsep(&str, ")");
> +
> + if (!params) {
> + ret = -EINVAL;
> + goto free;
> + }
> +
> + ret = parse_action_params(params, data);
> + if (ret)
> + goto free;
> + } else
> + goto free;
> +
> + data->onmax.fn_name = kstrdup(onmax_fn_name, GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!data->onmax.fn_name) {
> + ret = -ENOMEM;
> + goto free;
> + }
> + out:
> + return data;
> + free:
> + onmax_destroy(data);
> + data = ERR_PTR(ret);
> + goto out;
> +}

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