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SubjectRe: [PATCH AUTOSEL for 4.14 45/51] locking/refcounts, x86/asm: Use unique .text section for refcount exceptions
Hi,

On Wed, Nov 22, 2017 at 2:25 PM, <alexander.levin@verizon.com> wrote:
> From: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
>
> [ Upstream commit 564c9cc84e2adf8a6671c1937f0a9fe3da2a4b0e ]

Thanks! I was going to recommend this too. Please also add:

commit 39208aa7ecb7 ("locking/refcounts, x86/asm: Enable
CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_REFCOUNT")

-Kees

>
> Using .text.unlikely for refcount exceptions isn't safe because gcc may
> move entire functions into .text.unlikely (e.g. in6_dev_dev()), which
> would cause any uses of a protected refcount_t function to stay inline
> with the function, triggering the protection unconditionally:
>
> .section .text.unlikely,"ax",@progbits
> .type in6_dev_get, @function
> in6_dev_getx:
> .LFB4673:
> .loc 2 4128 0
> .cfi_startproc
> ...
> lock; incl 480(%rbx)
> js 111f
> .pushsection .text.unlikely
> 111: lea 480(%rbx), %rcx
> 112: .byte 0x0f, 0xff
> .popsection
> 113:
>
> This creates a unique .text..refcount section and adds an additional
> test to the exception handler to WARN in the case of having none of OF,
> SF, nor ZF set so we can see things like this more easily in the future.
>
> The double dot for the section name keeps it out of the TEXT_MAIN macro
> namespace, to avoid collisions and so it can be put at the end with
> text.unlikely to keep the cold code together.
>
> See commit:
>
> cb87481ee89db ("kbuild: linker script do not match C names unless LD_DEAD_CODE_DATA_ELIMINATION is configured")
>
> ... which matches C names: [a-zA-Z0-9_] but not ".".
>
> Reported-by: Mike Galbraith <efault@gmx.de>
> Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
> Cc: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>
> Cc: Elena <elena.reshetova@intel.com>
> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
> Cc: linux-arch <linux-arch@vger.kernel.org>
> Fixes: 7a46ec0e2f48 ("locking/refcounts, x86/asm: Implement fast refcount overflow protection")
> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1504382986-49301-2-git-send-email-keescook@chromium.org
> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
> Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <alexander.levin@verizon.com>
> ---
> arch/x86/include/asm/refcount.h | 2 +-
> arch/x86/mm/extable.c | 7 ++++++-
> include/asm-generic/vmlinux.lds.h | 1 +
> 3 files changed, 8 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/refcount.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/refcount.h
> index ff871210b9f2..4e44250e7d0d 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/refcount.h
> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/refcount.h
> @@ -15,7 +15,7 @@
> * back to the regular execution flow in .text.
> */
> #define _REFCOUNT_EXCEPTION \
> - ".pushsection .text.unlikely\n" \
> + ".pushsection .text..refcount\n" \
> "111:\tlea %[counter], %%" _ASM_CX "\n" \
> "112:\t" ASM_UD0 "\n" \
> ASM_UNREACHABLE \
> diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/extable.c b/arch/x86/mm/extable.c
> index c3521e2be396..3321b446b66c 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/mm/extable.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/mm/extable.c
> @@ -67,12 +67,17 @@ bool ex_handler_refcount(const struct exception_table_entry *fixup,
> * wrapped around) will be set. Additionally, seeing the refcount
> * reach 0 will set ZF (Zero Flag: result was zero). In each of
> * these cases we want a report, since it's a boundary condition.
> - *
> + * The SF case is not reported since it indicates post-boundary
> + * manipulations below zero or above INT_MAX. And if none of the
> + * flags are set, something has gone very wrong, so report it.
> */
> if (regs->flags & (X86_EFLAGS_OF | X86_EFLAGS_ZF)) {
> bool zero = regs->flags & X86_EFLAGS_ZF;
>
> refcount_error_report(regs, zero ? "hit zero" : "overflow");
> + } else if ((regs->flags & X86_EFLAGS_SF) == 0) {
> + /* Report if none of OF, ZF, nor SF are set. */
> + refcount_error_report(regs, "unexpected saturation");
> }
>
> return true;
> diff --git a/include/asm-generic/vmlinux.lds.h b/include/asm-generic/vmlinux.lds.h
> index 8acfc1e099e1..e549bff87c5b 100644
> --- a/include/asm-generic/vmlinux.lds.h
> +++ b/include/asm-generic/vmlinux.lds.h
> @@ -459,6 +459,7 @@
> #define TEXT_TEXT \
> ALIGN_FUNCTION(); \
> *(.text.hot TEXT_MAIN .text.fixup .text.unlikely) \
> + *(.text..refcount) \
> *(.ref.text) \
> MEM_KEEP(init.text) \
> MEM_KEEP(exit.text) \
> --
> 2.11.0



--
Kees Cook
Pixel Security

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