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SubjectRe: [PATCHv3 2/2] x86/selftests: Add test for mapping placement for 5-level paging
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"Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill@shutemov.name> writes:

> On Wed, Nov 22, 2017 at 11:11:36AM +0530, Aneesh Kumar K.V wrote:
>> "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> writes:
>>
>> > With 5-level paging, we have 56-bit virtual address space available for
>> > userspace. But we don't want to expose userspace to addresses above
>> > 47-bits, unless it asked specifically for it.
>> >
>> > We use mmap(2) hint address as a way for kernel to know if it's okay to
>> > allocate virtual memory above 47-bit.
>> >
>> > Let's add a self-test that covers few corner cases of the interface.
>> >
>> > Signed-off-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
>>
>> Can we move this to selftest/vm/ ? I had a variant which i was using to
>> test issues on ppc64. One change we did recently was to use >=128TB as
>> the hint addr value to select larger address space. I also would like to
>> check for exact mmap return addr in some case. Attaching below the test
>> i was using. I will check whether this patch can be updated to test what
>> is converted in my selftest. I also want to do the boundary check twice.
>> The hash trasnslation mode in POWER require us to track addr limit and
>> we had bugs around address space slection before and after updating the
>> addr limit.
>
> Feel free to move it to selftest/vm. I don't have time to test setup and
> test it on Power myself, but this would be great.
>

How about the below? Do you want me to send this as a patch to the list?

#include <stdio.h>
#include <sys/mman.h>
#include <string.h>

#define ARRAY_SIZE(arr) (sizeof(arr) / sizeof((arr)[0]))

#ifdef __powerpc64__
#define PAGE_SIZE 64*1024
/*
* This will work with 16M and 2M hugepage size
*/
#define HUGETLB_SIZE 16*1024*1024
#else
#define PAGE_SIZE 4096
#define HUGETLB_SIZE 2*1024*1024
#endif

/*
* >= 128TB is the hint addr value we used to select
* large address space.
*/
#define ADDR_SWITCH_HINT (1UL << 47)
#define LOW_ADDR ((void *) (1UL << 30))
#define HIGH_ADDR ((void *) (1UL << 48))

struct testcase {
void *addr;
unsigned long size;
unsigned long flags;
const char *msg;
unsigned int addr_check_cond;
unsigned int low_addr_required:1;
unsigned int keep_mapped:1;
};

static struct testcase testcases[] = {
{
/*
* If stack is moved, we could possibly allocate
* this at the requested address.
*/
.addr = ((void *)(ADDR_SWITCH_HINT - PAGE_SIZE)),
.size = PAGE_SIZE,
.flags = MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_ANONYMOUS,
.msg = "mmap(ADDR_SWITCH_HINT - PAGE_SIZE, PAGE_SIZE)",
.low_addr_required = 1,
},
{
/*
* We should never allocate at the requested address or above it
* The len cross the 128TB boundary. Without MAP_FIXED
* we will always search in the lower address space.
*/
.addr = ((void *)(ADDR_SWITCH_HINT - PAGE_SIZE)),
.size = 2 * PAGE_SIZE,
.flags = MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_ANONYMOUS,
.msg = "mmap(ADDR_SWITCH_HINT - PAGE_SIZE, (2 * PAGE_SIZE))",
.low_addr_required = 1,
},
{
/*
* Exact mapping at 128TB, the area is free we should get that
* even without MAP_FIXED.
*/
.addr = ((void *)(ADDR_SWITCH_HINT)),
.size = PAGE_SIZE,
.flags = MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_ANONYMOUS,
.msg = "mmap(ADDR_SWITCH_HINT, PAGE_SIZE)",
.keep_mapped = 1,
},
{
.addr = (void *)(ADDR_SWITCH_HINT),
.size = 2 * PAGE_SIZE,
.flags = MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_ANONYMOUS | MAP_FIXED,
.msg = "mmap(ADDR_SWITCH_HINT, 2 * PAGE_SIZE, MAP_FIXED)",
},
{
.addr = NULL,
.size = 2 * PAGE_SIZE,
.flags = MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_ANONYMOUS,
.msg = "mmap(NULL)",
.low_addr_required = 1,
},
{
.addr = LOW_ADDR,
.size = 2 * PAGE_SIZE,
.flags = MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_ANONYMOUS,
.msg = "mmap(LOW_ADDR)",
.low_addr_required = 1,
},
{
.addr = HIGH_ADDR,
.size = 2 * PAGE_SIZE,
.flags = MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_ANONYMOUS,
.msg = "mmap(HIGH_ADDR)",
.keep_mapped = 1,
},
{
.addr = HIGH_ADDR,
.size = 2 * PAGE_SIZE,
.flags = MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_ANONYMOUS,
.msg = "mmap(HIGH_ADDR) again",
.keep_mapped = 1,
},
{
.addr = HIGH_ADDR,
.size = 2 * PAGE_SIZE,
.flags = MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_ANONYMOUS | MAP_FIXED,
.msg = "mmap(HIGH_ADDR, MAP_FIXED)",
},
{
.addr = (void*) -1,
.size = 2 * PAGE_SIZE,
.flags = MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_ANONYMOUS,
.msg = "mmap(-1)",
.keep_mapped = 1,
},
{
.addr = (void*) -1,
.size = 2 * PAGE_SIZE,
.flags = MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_ANONYMOUS,
.msg = "mmap(-1) again",
},
{
.addr = ((void *)(ADDR_SWITCH_HINT - PAGE_SIZE)),
.size = PAGE_SIZE,
.flags = MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_ANONYMOUS,
.msg = "mmap(ADDR_SWITCH_HINT - PAGE_SIZE, PAGE_SIZE)",
.low_addr_required = 1,
},
{
.addr = (void *)(ADDR_SWITCH_HINT - PAGE_SIZE),
.size = 2 * PAGE_SIZE,
.flags = MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_ANONYMOUS,
.msg = "mmap(ADDR_SWITCH_HINT - PAGE_SIZE, 2 * PAGE_SIZE)",
.low_addr_required = 1,
.keep_mapped = 1,
},
{
.addr = (void *)(ADDR_SWITCH_HINT - PAGE_SIZE / 2),
.size = 2 * PAGE_SIZE,
.flags = MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_ANONYMOUS,
.msg = "mmap(ADDR_SWITCH_HINT - PAGE_SIZE/2 , 2 * PAGE_SIZE)",
.low_addr_required = 1,
.keep_mapped = 1,
},
{
.addr = ((void *)(ADDR_SWITCH_HINT)),
.size = PAGE_SIZE,
.flags = MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_ANONYMOUS,
.msg = "mmap(ADDR_SWITCH_HINT, PAGE_SIZE)",
},
{
.addr = (void *)(ADDR_SWITCH_HINT),
.size = 2 * PAGE_SIZE,
.flags = MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_ANONYMOUS | MAP_FIXED,
.msg = "mmap(ADDR_SWITCH_HINT, 2 * PAGE_SIZE, MAP_FIXED)",
},
};

static struct testcase hugetlb_testcases[] = {
{
.addr = NULL,
.size = HUGETLB_SIZE,
.flags = MAP_HUGETLB | MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_ANONYMOUS,
.msg = "mmap(NULL, MAP_HUGETLB)",
.low_addr_required = 1,
},
{
.addr = LOW_ADDR,
.size = HUGETLB_SIZE,
.flags = MAP_HUGETLB | MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_ANONYMOUS,
.msg = "mmap(LOW_ADDR, MAP_HUGETLB)",
.low_addr_required = 1,
},
{
.addr = HIGH_ADDR,
.size = HUGETLB_SIZE,
.flags = MAP_HUGETLB | MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_ANONYMOUS,
.msg = "mmap(HIGH_ADDR, MAP_HUGETLB)",
.keep_mapped = 1,
},
{
.addr = HIGH_ADDR,
.size = HUGETLB_SIZE,
.flags = MAP_HUGETLB | MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_ANONYMOUS,
.msg = "mmap(HIGH_ADDR, MAP_HUGETLB) again",
.keep_mapped = 1,
},
{
.addr = HIGH_ADDR,
.size = HUGETLB_SIZE,
.flags = MAP_HUGETLB | MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_ANONYMOUS | MAP_FIXED,
.msg = "mmap(HIGH_ADDR, MAP_FIXED | MAP_HUGETLB)",
},
{
.addr = (void*) -1,
.size = HUGETLB_SIZE,
.flags = MAP_HUGETLB | MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_ANONYMOUS,
.msg = "mmap(-1, MAP_HUGETLB)",
.keep_mapped = 1,
},
{
.addr = (void*) -1,
.size = HUGETLB_SIZE,
.flags = MAP_HUGETLB | MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_ANONYMOUS,
.msg = "mmap(-1, MAP_HUGETLB) again",
},
{
.addr = (void *)(ADDR_SWITCH_HINT - PAGE_SIZE),
.size = 2 * HUGETLB_SIZE,
.flags = MAP_HUGETLB | MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_ANONYMOUS,
.msg = "mmap((1UL << 47), 4UL << 20, MAP_HUGETLB)",
.low_addr_required = 1,
.keep_mapped = 1,
},
{
.addr = (void *)(ADDR_SWITCH_HINT),
.size = 2 * HUGETLB_SIZE,
.flags = MAP_HUGETLB | MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_ANONYMOUS | MAP_FIXED,
.msg = "mmap(ADDR_SWITCH_HINT , 2 * HUGETLB_SIZE, MAP_FIXED | MAP_HUGETLB)",
},
};

static void run_test(struct testcase *test, int count)
{
int i;
void *p;

for (i = 0; i < count; i++) {
struct testcase *t = test + i;

p = mmap(t->addr, t->size, PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE, t->flags, -1, 0);

printf("%s: %p - ", t->msg, p);

if (p == MAP_FAILED) {
printf("FAILED\n");
continue;
}

if (t->low_addr_required && p >= (void *)(1UL << 47))
printf("FAILED\n");
else {
/*
* Do a dereference of the address returned so that we catch
* bugs in page fault handling
*/
*(int *)p = 10;
printf("OK\n");
}
if (!t->keep_mapped)
munmap(p, t->size);
}
}

static int supported_arch(void)
{
#if defined(__powerpc64__)
return 1;
#elif defined(__x86_64__)
return 1;
#else
return 0;
#endif
}

int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
if (!supported_arch())
return 0;

run_test(testcases, ARRAY_SIZE(testcases));
if (argc == 2 && !strcmp(argv[1], "--run_hugetlb"))
run_test(hugetlb_testcases, ARRAY_SIZE(hugetlb_testcases));
return 0;
}

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