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Subject[PATCH 3.16 104/133] bcache: fix bch_hprint crash and improve output
3.16.51-rc1 review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.

------------------

From: Michael Lyle <mlyle@lyle.org>

commit 9276717b9e297a62d1151a43d1cd286213f68eb7 upstream.

Most importantly, solve a crash where %llu was used to format signed
numbers. This would cause a buffer overflow when reading sysfs
writeback_rate_debug, as only 20 bytes were allocated for this and
%llu writes 20 characters plus a null.

Always use the units mechanism rather than having different output
paths for simplicity.

Also, correct problems with display output where 1.10 was a larger
number than 1.09, by multiplying by 10 and then dividing by 1024 instead
of dividing by 100. (Remainders of >= 1000 would print as .10).

Minor changes: Always display the decimal point instead of trying to
omit it based on number of digits shown. Decide what units to use
based on 1000 as a threshold, not 1024 (in other words, always print
at most 3 digits before the decimal point).

Signed-off-by: Michael Lyle <mlyle@lyle.org>
Reported-by: Dmitry Yu Okunev <dyokunev@ut.mephi.ru>
Acked-by: Kent Overstreet <kent.overstreet@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Coly Li <colyli@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
Signed-off-by: Ben Hutchings <ben@decadent.org.uk>
---
drivers/md/bcache/util.c | 50 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---------------
1 file changed, 35 insertions(+), 15 deletions(-)

--- a/drivers/md/bcache/util.c
+++ b/drivers/md/bcache/util.c
@@ -73,24 +73,44 @@ STRTO_H(strtouint, unsigned int)
STRTO_H(strtoll, long long)
STRTO_H(strtoull, unsigned long long)

+/**
+ * bch_hprint() - formats @v to human readable string for sysfs.
+ *
+ * @v - signed 64 bit integer
+ * @buf - the (at least 8 byte) buffer to format the result into.
+ *
+ * Returns the number of bytes used by format.
+ */
ssize_t bch_hprint(char *buf, int64_t v)
{
static const char units[] = "?kMGTPEZY";
- char dec[4] = "";
- int u, t = 0;
+ int u = 0, t;

- for (u = 0; v >= 1024 || v <= -1024; u++) {
- t = v & ~(~0 << 10);
- v >>= 10;
- }
+ uint64_t q;

- if (!u)
- return sprintf(buf, "%llu", v);
-
- if (v < 100 && v > -100)
- snprintf(dec, sizeof(dec), ".%i", t / 100);
-
- return sprintf(buf, "%lli%s%c", v, dec, units[u]);
+ if (v < 0)
+ q = -v;
+ else
+ q = v;
+
+ /* For as long as the number is more than 3 digits, but at least
+ * once, shift right / divide by 1024. Keep the remainder for
+ * a digit after the decimal point.
+ */
+ do {
+ u++;
+
+ t = q & ~(~0 << 10);
+ q >>= 10;
+ } while (q >= 1000);
+
+ if (v < 0)
+ /* '-', up to 3 digits, '.', 1 digit, 1 character, null;
+ * yields 8 bytes.
+ */
+ return sprintf(buf, "-%llu.%i%c", q, t * 10 / 1024, units[u]);
+ else
+ return sprintf(buf, "%llu.%i%c", q, t * 10 / 1024, units[u]);
}

ssize_t bch_snprint_string_list(char *buf, size_t size, const char * const list[],
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