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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 1/3] leds: core: Introduce generic pattern interface
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Hi Bjorn,

I have one general remark below.

On 11/15/2017 08:13 AM, Bjorn Andersson wrote:
> Some LED controllers have support for autonomously controlling
> brightness over time, according to some preprogrammed pattern or
> function.
>
> This adds a new optional operator that LED class drivers can implement
> if they support such functionality as well as a new device attribute to
> configure the pattern for a given LED.
>
> Signed-off-by: Bjorn Andersson <bjorn.andersson@linaro.org>
> ---
>
> Changes since v2:
> - None
>
> Changes since v1:
> - New patch, based on discussions following v1
>
> Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-class-led | 20 ++++
> drivers/leds/led-class.c | 150 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> include/linux/leds.h | 21 +++++
> 3 files changed, 191 insertions(+)
>
> diff --git a/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-class-led b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-class-led
> index 5f67f7ab277b..74a7f5b1f89b 100644
> --- a/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-class-led
> +++ b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-class-led
> @@ -61,3 +61,23 @@ Description:
> gpio and backlight triggers. In case of the backlight trigger,
> it is useful when driving a LED which is intended to indicate
> a device in a standby like state.
> +
> +What: /sys/class/leds/<led>/pattern
> +Date: July 2017
> +KernelVersion: 4.14
> +Description:
> + Specify a pattern for the LED, for LED hardware that support
> + altering the brightness as a function of time.
> +
> + The pattern is given by a series of tuples, of brightness and
> + duration (ms). The LED is expected to traverse the series and
> + each brightness value for the specified duration.
> +
> + Additionally a repeat marker ":|" can be appended to the
> + series, which should cause the pattern to be repeated
> + endlessly.
> +
> + As LED hardware might have different capabilities and precision
> + the requested pattern might be slighly adjusted by the driver
> + and the resulting pattern of such operation should be returned
> + when this file is read.

I'd prefer to implement this file in a trigger, similarly to
ledtrig-timer's delay_on/delay_off files.

The trigger would use new pattern ops instead of blink_set(). This way
we will not make the pattern interface fixed once for good. It will be
possible to implement in the future other types of pattern triggers
accepting other pattern formats.

In order to avoid the need for implementing software fallback a new
mechanism would have to be added for checking whether given LED class
driver supports selected type of pattern trigger and fail on write to
triggers file if not. Drivers could just set the relevant flag to be
defined in linux/leds.h

Best regards,
Jacek Anaszewski

> diff --git a/drivers/leds/led-class.c b/drivers/leds/led-class.c
> index b0e2d55acbd6..bd630e2ae967 100644
> --- a/drivers/leds/led-class.c
> +++ b/drivers/leds/led-class.c
> @@ -74,6 +74,154 @@ static ssize_t max_brightness_show(struct device *dev,
> }
> static DEVICE_ATTR_RO(max_brightness);
>
> +static ssize_t pattern_show(struct device *dev,
> + struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
> +{
> + struct led_classdev *led_cdev = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
> + struct led_pattern *pattern;
> + size_t offset = 0;
> + size_t count;
> + bool repeat;
> + size_t i;
> + int n;
> +
> + if (!led_cdev->pattern_get)
> + return -EOPNOTSUPP;
> +
> + pattern = led_cdev->pattern_get(led_cdev, &count, &repeat);
> + if (IS_ERR_OR_NULL(pattern))
> + return PTR_ERR(pattern);
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < count; i++) {
> + n = snprintf(buf + offset, PAGE_SIZE - offset, "%d %d",
> + pattern[i].brightness, pattern[i].delta_t);
> +
> + if (offset + n >= PAGE_SIZE)
> + goto err_nospc;
> +
> + offset += n;
> +
> + if (i < count - 1)
> + buf[offset++] = ' ';
> + }
> +
> + if (repeat) {
> + if (offset + 4 >= PAGE_SIZE)
> + goto err_nospc;
> +
> + memcpy(buf + offset, " :|", 3);
> + offset += 3;
> + }
> +
> + if (offset + 1 >= PAGE_SIZE)
> + goto err_nospc;
> +
> + buf[offset++] = '\n';
> +
> + kfree(pattern);
> + return offset;
> +
> +err_nospc:
> + kfree(pattern);
> + return -ENOSPC;
> +}
> +
> +static ssize_t pattern_store(struct device *dev,
> + struct device_attribute *attr,
> + const char *buf, size_t size)
> +{
> + struct led_classdev *led_cdev = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
> + struct led_pattern *pattern = NULL;
> + unsigned long val;
> + char *sbegin;
> + char *elem;
> + char *s;
> + int len = 0;
> + int ret = 0;
> + bool odd = true;
> + bool repeat = false;
> +
> + s = sbegin = kstrndup(buf, size, GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!s)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> +
> + /* Trim trailing newline */
> + s[strcspn(s, "\n")] = '\0';
> +
> + /* If the remaining string is empty, clear the pattern */
> + if (!s[0]) {
> + ret = led_cdev->pattern_clear(led_cdev);
> + goto out;
> + }
> +
> + pattern = kcalloc(size, sizeof(*pattern), GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!pattern) {
> + ret = -ENOMEM;
> + goto out;
> + }
> +
> + /* Parse out the brightness & delta_t touples and check for repeat */
> + while ((elem = strsep(&s, " ")) != NULL) {
> + if (!strcmp(elem, ":|")) {
> + repeat = true;
> + break;
> + }
> +
> + ret = kstrtoul(elem, 10, &val);
> + if (ret)
> + goto out;
> +
> + if (odd) {
> + pattern[len].brightness = val;
> + } else {
> + /* Ensure we don't have any delta_t == 0 */
> + if (!val) {
> + ret = -EINVAL;
> + goto out;
> + }
> +
> + pattern[len].delta_t = val;
> + len++;
> + }
> +
> + odd = !odd;
> + }
> +
> + /*
> + * Fail if we didn't find any data points or last data point was partial
> + */
> + if (!len || !odd) {
> + ret = -EINVAL;
> + goto out;
> + }
> +
> + ret = led_cdev->pattern_set(led_cdev, pattern, len, repeat);
> +
> +out:
> + kfree(pattern);
> + kfree(sbegin);
> + return ret < 0 ? ret : size;
> +}
> +
> +static DEVICE_ATTR_RW(pattern);
> +
> +static umode_t led_class_attrs_mode(struct kobject *kobj,
> + struct attribute *attr,
> + int index)
> +{
> + struct device *dev = container_of(kobj, struct device, kobj);
> + struct led_classdev *led_cdev = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
> +
> + if (attr == &dev_attr_brightness.attr)
> + return attr->mode;
> + if (attr == &dev_attr_max_brightness.attr)
> + return attr->mode;
> + if (attr == &dev_attr_pattern.attr && led_cdev->pattern_set)
> + return attr->mode;
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> #ifdef CONFIG_LEDS_TRIGGERS
> static DEVICE_ATTR(trigger, 0644, led_trigger_show, led_trigger_store);
> static struct attribute *led_trigger_attrs[] = {
> @@ -88,11 +236,13 @@ static const struct attribute_group led_trigger_group = {
> static struct attribute *led_class_attrs[] = {
> &dev_attr_brightness.attr,
> &dev_attr_max_brightness.attr,
> + &dev_attr_pattern.attr,
> NULL,
> };
>
> static const struct attribute_group led_group = {
> .attrs = led_class_attrs,
> + .is_visible = led_class_attrs_mode,
> };
>
> static const struct attribute_group *led_groups[] = {
> diff --git a/include/linux/leds.h b/include/linux/leds.h
> index bf6db4fe895b..584c79ff5bb5 100644
> --- a/include/linux/leds.h
> +++ b/include/linux/leds.h
> @@ -33,6 +33,8 @@ enum led_brightness {
> LED_FULL = 255,
> };
>
> +struct led_pattern;
> +
> struct led_classdev {
> const char *name;
> enum led_brightness brightness;
> @@ -88,6 +90,15 @@ struct led_classdev {
> unsigned long *delay_on,
> unsigned long *delay_off);
>
> + int (*pattern_set)(struct led_classdev *led_cdev,
> + struct led_pattern *pattern, int len,
> + bool repeat);
> +
> + int (*pattern_clear)(struct led_classdev *led_cdev);
> +
> + struct led_pattern *(*pattern_get)(struct led_classdev *led_cdev,
> + size_t *len, bool *repeat);
> +
> struct device *dev;
> const struct attribute_group **groups;
>
> @@ -446,4 +457,14 @@ static inline void led_classdev_notify_brightness_hw_changed(
> struct led_classdev *led_cdev, enum led_brightness brightness) { }
> #endif
>
> +/**
> + * struct led_pattern - brigheness value in a pattern
> + * @delta_t: delay until next entry, in milliseconds
> + * @brightness: brightness at time = 0
> + */
> +struct led_pattern {
> + int delta_t;
> + int brightness;
> +};
> +
> #endif /* __LINUX_LEDS_H_INCLUDED */
>

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