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SubjectRe: Dell Vostro 3360 multimedia keys
Date
Hi, Pali et al.

Answers go inline.

On úterý 21. listopadu 2017 14:51:10 CET Pali Rohár wrote:

> What would happen if you enable wmi_requires_smbios_request? Nothing?
> And situation is exactly same?

Yes, this is what I did with DMI quirk which enables
wmi_requires_smbios_request. Keys "1" and "2" behave the same, key "3" gets
reported via both atkbd and wmi (see my thoughts about this key below).

> Mario, can you comment why Dell Vostro 3360 generates same WMI keycode
> event for two different keys and distinguish key via third value in WMI
> buffer? Looks like this is first Dell machine which do such thing.
>
> Or is needed some magic sequence to enable those media keys on Dell
> Vostr 3360 to work correctly? We already have some special "enable" code
> for Dell Inspirion M5110 and Dell Vostro V131.

FWIW, just as a side note, I've managed to decompile DSDT, replace keycodes
for all 3 keys, mute 3rd key via setkeycodes to make it work via wmi only (not
via atkbd), and added new keycodes to 0000 table. Now all 3 keys work.

> /* snip */
> > + /* Dell Vostro 3360 combined keycode */
> > + { KE_KEY, 0xe0f1, { KEY_PROG1 } },
> > + { KE_KEY, 0xe0f2, { KEY_PROG2 } },
>
> What is purpose of those two keys? Does not linux kernel already have
> better description for them as KEY_PROG1 and KEY_PROG2?

Well, I didn't find KEY_PROG1/KEY_PROG2 in 0000 table. Thus, I just added
them. Actually, since these keys have some icons drawn on them, they have some
designated purpose (most likely, Windows-related), but I'd rather think of
them as of custom programmable keys without any specific function assigned.

> /* snip */
> > Third key (the one that is handled via PS/2 keyboard) produces this in the
> > kernel buffer:
> / *snip */
>
> Seems you still have not configured keycode for your internal PS/2
> keyboard to make this key working. Use 'setkeycodes 60 <keycode>' as
> written in dmesg.

Well, I've tried. The problem is that if I even configure this key via
setkeycodes, it doesn't work. evtest shows me "value 2" (the same value is
shown if I press and hold some ordinary key, like "A", for instance) instead
of 0 and/or 1. Looks like key press event is not generated properly by this
key via atkbd.

That's why I think wmi_requires_smbios_request quirk must be permanently
enabled for this laptop, and 3rd key must be handled via wmi (like two other
keys), not via atkbd. And all atkbd events from this key must be just
suppressed via userspace.

> > The only question that remains is how to avoid this ugly hack with OR'ing
> > multiple values. Apparently, calling dell_wmi_process_key() with only INF2
> > DSDT field is insufficient to distinguish two different keys with the same
> > code.
>
> After Mario (from @Dell) clarifies how to handle your laptop, I can
> write patch for dell-wmi.c driver.
>
> And if there be no statement, then I would try to clean your patch.
> There is probably no better option then checking it in buffer/event
> handling.

OK, then please also consider what I've written about 3rd key above. It must
be handled via wmi too.

> > Also, I've noticed this remark:
> >
> > ===
> > /* Other entries could contain additional information */
> > ===
> >
> > As you may see, they indeed do. Any unimplemented idea behind this
> > statement?
> If you look into dell_wmi_keymap_type_0000[] array there are comments
> what is after some key codes. E.g. after key code for brightness up/down
> may be value which represent new brightness level. But all those data
> are not parsed as dell-wmi does not need it and because those data are
> send also via different interfaces (e.g. brightness level via standard
> ACPI methods...).

I see. But here those data are needed to be parsed, it seems…

Thanks.

Regards,
Oleksandr

>
> > Any other ideas on how to avoid ugly hackery? Maybe, key table should be
> > extended with extra column for INF3 value, and new quirk for this should
> > be
> > implemented?
> >
> > Thanks.
> >
> > On pondělí 20. listopadu 2017 18:05:50 CET Pali Rohár wrote:
> > > Hi!
> > >
> > > On Monday 20 November 2017 16:08:41 Oleksandr Natalenko wrote:
> > > > Hi.
> > > >
> > > > I've got Dell Vostro 3360 with extra multimedia keys as shown here
> > > > [1],
> > > > but
> > > > have no luck to get them working.
> > > >
> > > > I've modified dell_wmi_smbios_list structure in
> > > > drivers/platform/x86/dell-
> > > > wmi.c adding new entry:
> > > >
> > > > ===
> > > >
> > > > 84 {
> > > > 85 .callback = dmi_matched,
> > > > 86 .ident = "Dell Vostro 3360",
> > > > 87 .matches = {
> > > > 88 DMI_MATCH(DMI_SYS_VENDOR, "Dell Inc."),
> > > > 89 DMI_MATCH(DMI_PRODUCT_NAME, "Vostro 3360"),
> > > > 90 },
> > > > 91 },
> > > >
> > > > ===
> > >
> > > What would happen if you do *not* add this new entry? Please do this
> > > test after your notebook was fully turned off to prevent some cached
> > > configuration in BIOS.
> > >
> > > > While pressing keys "1" and/or "2" I get the following notice in
> > > > dmesg:
> > > >
> > > > ===
> > > > Nov 20 15:53:35 spock kernel: dell_wmi: Unknown key with type 0x0000
> > > > and
> > > > code 0xe0f0 pressed
> > > > ===
> > >
> > > This means that in dell-wmi.c is missing mapping for code 0xe0f0 in key
> > > type 0x0000.
> > >
> > > Find array dell_wmi_keymap_type_0000[] and add there line:
> > > { KE_KEY, 0xe0f0, { KEY_something } },
> > >
> > > (where something is correct name of key)
> > >
> > > > (it is the same for both keys)
> > >
> > > So for both first and second key you got same type+code? That is bad :-(
> > > In this case with above definition we cannot distinguish which was was
> > > pressed. But at least something.
> > >
> > > > While pressing key "3" I get the following:
> > > >
> > > > ===
> > > > Nov 20 15:36:51 spock kernel: atkbd serio0: Unknown key pressed
> > > > (translated
> > > > set 2, code 0x60 on isa0060/serio0).
> > > > Nov 20 15:36:51 spock kernel: atkbd serio0: Use 'setkeycodes 60
> > > > <keycode>'
> > > > to make it known.
> > > > ===
> > >
> > > This key is not received by dell-wmi.c, but rather via PS/2 keyboard.
> > > Use appropriate setkeycodes command line program to map that code 60 to
> > > some key.
> > >
> > > Today in most cases this mapping for PS/2 keyboards is done in udev or
> > > systemd at system startup. They have database for it.
> > >
> > > > Here is what I've found in DSDT:
> > > >
> > > > ===
> > > >
> > > > Method (_Q70, 0, NotSerialized) // _Qxx: EC Query
> > > > {
> > > >
> > > > P8XH (Zero, 0x70)
> > > > Notify (MBT1, 0x80) // Status Change
> > > > ^^^^AMW0.INF0 = 0x04
> > > > ^^^^AMW0.INF1 = Zero
> > > > ^^^^AMW0.INF2 = 0xE0F0
> > > > ^^^^AMW0.INF3 = One
> > > > Notify (AMW0, 0xD0) // Hardware-Specific
> > > >
> > > > }
> > > >
> > > > Method (_QAF, 0, NotSerialized) // _Qxx: EC Query
> > > > {
> > > >
> > > > P8XH (Zero, 0xAF)
> > > > Notify (MBT, 0x80) // Status Change
> > > > ^^^^AMW0.INF0 = 0x04
> > > > ^^^^AMW0.INF1 = Zero
> > > > ^^^^AMW0.INF2 = 0xE0F0
> > > > ^^^^AMW0.INF3 = 0x02
> > > > Notify (AMW0, 0xD0) // Hardware-Specific
> > > >
> > > > }
> > > >
> > > > ===
> > > >
> > > > These are the only 2 records that contain 0xe0f0 sequence, and if they
> > > > correspond to first two multimedia keys, as you can see they differ
> > > > only
> > > > in
> > > > .INF3 field. Unfortunately, I do not know what it might mean.
> > >
> > > Just guessing... if I concatenate INF0, INF1, INF2, INF3 and treat every
> > >
> > > INF* as 16bit number I got this sequence:
> > > 0x0004 0x0000 0xE0F0 0x0001
> > >
> > > 0x0004 0x0000 0xE0F0 0x0002
> > >
> > > And it looks like a valid buffer for dell_wmi_notify() function.
> > >
> > > Look at this part of that function:
> > > switch (buffer_entry[1]) {
> > > case 0x0000: /* One key pressed or event occurred */
> > >
> > > if (len > 2)
> > >
> > > dell_wmi_process_key(wdev, 0x0000,
> > >
> > > buffer_entry[2]);
> > >
> > > /* Other entries could contain additional information */
> > >
> > > If I'm right that above INF* sequence is put into dell_wmi_notify()
> > > function, then in buffer[3] you should be able to see either 0x01 or
> > > 0x02. And distinguish which key was pressed.
> > >
> > > Can you test it? Beware of "len" of buffer_entry when you would do
> > > tests.
> > >
> > > > I was monitoring /proc/interrupts file and noticed that values here:
> > > >
> > > > ===
> > > >
> > > > 9: 430 293 65 24 IO-APIC 9-fasteoi
> > > > acpi
> > > >
> > > > ===
> > > >
> > > > are incremented by one on each key press. Also, if i press key "3"
> > > > (the
> > > > one
> > > > that generates different message in kernel log), the following
> > > > interrupt
> > > > is
> > > > fired too:
> > > >
> > > > ===
> > > >
> > > > 1: 646 6391 358 487 IO-APIC 1-edge
> > > > i8042>
> > > >
> > > > ===
> > > >
> > > > Running evtest, I'm able to catch some output while pressing key "3":
> > > >
> > > > ===
> > > > Event: time 1511189973.016907, type 4 (EV_MSC), code 4 (MSC_SCAN),
> > > > value
> > > > e025 Event: time 1511189973.016907, type 1 (EV_KEY), code 203
> > > > (KEY_PROG4), value 1 Event: time 1511189973.016907, --------------
> > > > SYN_REPORT ------------ Event: time 1511189973.016942, type 1
> > > > (EV_KEY),
> > > > code 203 (KEY_PROG4), value 0 Event: time 1511189973.016942,
> > > > -------------- SYN_REPORT ------------ ===
> > >
> > > So it means that third key is also received by dell-wmi? Anyway see
> > >
> > > function dell_wmi_process_key() and line:
> > > if (type == 0x0000 && code == 0xe025 && !wmi_requires_smbios_request)
> > >
> > > return;
> > >
> > > It is there just to ensure that key is not send via both PS/2 keyboard
> > > and dell-wmi.
> > >
> > > So I guess you should disable wmi_requires_smbios_request.
> > >
> > > > I think this corresponds to what I see in
> > > > drivers/platform/x86/dell-wmi.c
> > > > file here:
> > > >
> > > > ===
> > > > 143 /* Dell Instant Launch key */
> > > > 144 { KE_KEY, 0xe025, { KEY_PROG4 } },
> > > > ===
> > > >
> > > > Other two keys do not produce any evtest output.
> > > >
> > > > Here is acpidump output: [2]
> > > > Here is decompiled DSDT: [3]
> > > >
> > > > Also, I've raised this question before a couple of times (for
> > > > instance,
> > > > [4]), but unfortunately got no result :(.
> > > >
> > > > Could you please help me in fixing multimedia keys?
> > >
> > > I Hope that this email helps you.
> > >
> > > > Thanks.
> > > >
> > > > [1] http://beta.hstor.org/files/c3b/a26/628/
> > > > c3ba26628409486f8b9ae16d97be7d21.jpg
> > > > [2] https://gist.github.com/7c04035ba2a3f0e5501af83efdb1456d
> > > > [3] https://gist.github.com/83687126c46417b5bc0b48529de52460
> > > > [4] https://www.spinics.net/lists/platform-driver-x86/msg05251.html


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