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SubjectRe: mm/percpu.c: use smarter memory allocation for struct pcpu_alloc_info (crisv32 hang)
On Mon, Nov 20, 2017 at 07:28:21PM -0500, Nicolas Pitre wrote:
> On Mon, 20 Nov 2017, Guenter Roeck wrote:
>
> > On Mon, Nov 20, 2017 at 03:21:32PM -0500, Nicolas Pitre wrote:
> > > On Mon, 20 Nov 2017, Guenter Roeck wrote:
> > >
> > > > On Mon, Nov 20, 2017 at 01:18:38PM -0500, Nicolas Pitre wrote:
> > > > > On Sun, 19 Nov 2017, Guenter Roeck wrote:
> > > > >
> > > > > > On 11/19/2017 08:08 PM, Nicolas Pitre wrote:
> > > > > > > On Sun, 19 Nov 2017, Guenter Roeck wrote:
> > > > > > > > On 11/19/2017 12:36 PM, Nicolas Pitre wrote:
> > > > > > > > > On Sat, 18 Nov 2017, Guenter Roeck wrote:
> > > > > > > > > > On Tue, Oct 03, 2017 at 06:29:49PM -0400, Nicolas Pitre wrote:
> > > > > > > > > > > @@ -2295,6 +2295,7 @@ void __init setup_per_cpu_areas(void)
> > > > > > > > > > > if (pcpu_setup_first_chunk(ai, fc) < 0)
> > > > > > > > > > > panic("Failed to initialize percpu areas.");
> > > > > > > > > > > + pcpu_free_alloc_info(ai);
> > > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > > > This is the culprit. Everything works fine if I remove this line.
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > > Without this line, the memory at the ai pointer is leaked. Maybe this is
> > > > > > > > > modifying the memory allocation pattern and that triggers a bug later on
> > > > > > > > > in your case.
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > > At that point the console driver is not yet initialized and any error
> > > > > > > > > message won't be printed. You should enable the early console mechanism
> > > > > > > > > in your kernel (see arch/cris/arch-v32/kernel/debugport.c) and see what
> > > > > > > > > that might tell you.
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > The problem is that BUG() on crisv32 does not yield useful output.
> > > > > > > > Anyway, here is the culprit.
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > diff --git a/mm/bootmem.c b/mm/bootmem.c
> > > > > > > > index 6aef64254203..2bcc8901450c 100644
> > > > > > > > --- a/mm/bootmem.c
> > > > > > > > +++ b/mm/bootmem.c
> > > > > > > > @@ -382,7 +382,8 @@ static int __init mark_bootmem(unsigned long start,
> > > > > > > > unsigned long end,
> > > > > > > > return 0;
> > > > > > > > pos = bdata->node_low_pfn;
> > > > > > > > }
> > > > > > > > - BUG();
> > > > > > > > + WARN(1, "mark_bootmem(): memory range 0x%lx-0x%lx not found\n",
> > > > > > > > start,
> > > > > > > > end);
> > > > > > > > + return -ENOMEM;
> > > > > > > > }
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > /**
> > > > > > > > diff --git a/mm/percpu.c b/mm/percpu.c
> > > > > > > > index 79e3549cab0f..c75622d844f1 100644
> > > > > > > > --- a/mm/percpu.c
> > > > > > > > +++ b/mm/percpu.c
> > > > > > > > @@ -1881,6 +1881,7 @@ struct pcpu_alloc_info * __init
> > > > > > > > pcpu_alloc_alloc_info(int nr_groups,
> > > > > > > > */
> > > > > > > > void __init pcpu_free_alloc_info(struct pcpu_alloc_info *ai)
> > > > > > > > {
> > > > > > > > + printk("pcpu_free_alloc_info(%p (0x%lx))\n", ai, __pa(ai));
> > > > > > > > memblock_free_early(__pa(ai), ai->__ai_size);
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > results in:
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > pcpu_free_alloc_info(c0534000 (0x40534000))
> > > > > > > > ------------[ cut here ]------------
> > > > > > > > WARNING: CPU: 0 PID: 0 at mm/bootmem.c:385 mark_bootmem+0x9a/0xaa
> > > > > > > > mark_bootmem(): memory range 0x2029a-0x2029b not found
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > Well... PFN_UP(0x40534000) should give 0x40534. How you might end up
> > > > > > > with 0x2029a in mark_bootmem(), let alone not exit on the first "if (max
> > > > > > > == end) return 0;" within the loop is rather weird.
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > pcpu_free_alloc_info: ai=c0536000, __pa(ai)=0x40536000,
> > > > > > PFN_UP(__pa(ai))=0x2029b, PFN_UP(ai)=0x6029b
> > > > > >
> > > > > > bootmem range is 0x60000..0x61000. It doesn't get to "if (max == end)"
> > > > > > because "pos (=0x2029b) < bdata->node_min_pfn (=0x60000)".
> > > > >
> > > > > OK. the 0x2029b is the result of PAGE_SIZE being 8192 in your case.
> > > > > However the bootmem allocator deals with physical addresses not virtual
> > > > > ones. So it shouldn't give you a 0x60000..0x61000 range.
> > > > >
> > > > > Would be interesting to see what result you get on line 860 of
> > > > > mm/bootmem.c.
> > > > >
> > > > Nothing; __alloc_bootmem_low_node() is not called.
> > > >
> > > > Call chain is:
> > > > pcpu_alloc_alloc_info
> > > > memblock_virt_alloc_nopanic
> > > > __alloc_bootmem_nopanic
> > > > ___alloc_bootmem_nopanic
> > >
> > > But from there it should continue with:
> > >
> > > alloc_bootmem_core() -->
> > > alloc_bootmem_bdata() -->
> > > [...]
> > > region = phys_to_virt(PFN_PHYS(bdata->node_min_pfn) + start_off);
> > >
> > > That's line 585, not 860 as I mentioned. Sorry for the confusion.
> > >
> > bdata->node_min_pfn=60000 PFN_PHYS(bdata->node_min_pfn)=c0000000 start_off=536000 region=c0536000
>
> If PFN_PHYS(bdata->node_min_pfn)=c0000000 and
> region=c0536000 that means phys_to_virt() is a no-op.
>
No, it is |= 0x80000000

> However, from your result above, __pa(0xc0534000) = 0x40534000.
>
> So, why is it that phys_to_virt() is a no-op and __pa() is not?
>
> virt_to_phys() and __pa() are meant to be the reverse of phys_to_virt()
> and __va().
>
I think the problem is the 0x60000 in bdata->node_min_pfn. It is shifted
left by PFN_PHYS, making it 0xc0000000, which in my understanding is
a virtual address. So something is wrong ... presumably node_min_pfn
should be 0x20000, not 0x60000. init_bootmem_node() definitely passes
virtual pfns as parameters.

That doesn't seem to be easy to fix. It seems there is a mixup of physical
and virtual addresses in the architecture.

Guenter

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