lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2017]   [Nov]   [20]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
Subject[PATCH 4/4] RISC-V: Allow userspace to flush the instruction cache
Date
From
From: Andrew Waterman <andrew@sifive.com>

Despite RISC-V having a direct 'fence.i' instruction available to
userspace (which we can't trap!), that's not actually viable when
running on Linux because the kernel might schedule a process on another
hart. There is no way for userspace to handle this without invoking the
kernel (as it doesn't know the thread->hart mappings), so we've defined
a RISC-V specific system call to flush the instruction cache.

This patch adds both a system call and a VDSO entry. If possible, we'd
like to avoid having the system call be considered part of the
user-facing ABI and instead restrict that to the VDSO entry -- both just
in general to avoid having additional user-visible ABI to maintain, and
because we'd prefer that users just call the VDSO entry because there
might be a better way to do this in the future (ie, one that doesn't
require entering the kernel).

Signed-off-by: Andrew Waterman <andrew@sifive.com>
Signed-off-by: Palmer Dabbelt <palmer@sifive.com>
---
arch/riscv/include/asm/cacheflush.h | 6 ++++++
arch/riscv/include/asm/vdso-syscalls.h | 28 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
arch/riscv/include/asm/vdso.h | 4 ++++
arch/riscv/kernel/sys_riscv.c | 32 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
arch/riscv/kernel/syscall_table.c | 2 ++
arch/riscv/kernel/vdso/Makefile | 1 +
arch/riscv/kernel/vdso/flush_icache.S | 31 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
arch/riscv/kernel/vdso/vdso.lds.S | 1 +
8 files changed, 105 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 arch/riscv/include/asm/vdso-syscalls.h
create mode 100644 arch/riscv/kernel/vdso/flush_icache.S

diff --git a/arch/riscv/include/asm/cacheflush.h b/arch/riscv/include/asm/cacheflush.h
index 5c9ed39ee2a2..efd89a88d2d0 100644
--- a/arch/riscv/include/asm/cacheflush.h
+++ b/arch/riscv/include/asm/cacheflush.h
@@ -52,4 +52,10 @@ void flush_icache_mm(struct mm_struct *mm, bool local);

#endif /* CONFIG_SMP */

+/*
+ * Bits in sys_riscv_flush_icache()'s flags argument.
+ */
+#define SYS_RISCV_FLUSH_ICACHE_LOCAL 1UL
+#define SYS_RISCV_FLUSH_ICACHE_ALL (SYS_RISCV_FLUSH_ICACHE_LOCAL)
+
#endif /* _ASM_RISCV_CACHEFLUSH_H */
diff --git a/arch/riscv/include/asm/vdso-syscalls.h b/arch/riscv/include/asm/vdso-syscalls.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..a2ccf1894929
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/riscv/include/asm/vdso-syscalls.h
@@ -0,0 +1,28 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2017 SiFive
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+ */
+
+#ifndef _ASM_RISCV_VDSO_SYSCALLS_H
+#define _ASM_RISCV_VDSO_SYSCALLS_H
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
+
+/* These syscalls are only used by the vDSO and are not in the uapi. */
+#define __NR_riscv_flush_icache (__NR_arch_specific_syscall + 15)
+__SYSCALL(__NR_riscv_flush_icache, sys_riscv_flush_icache)
+
+#endif
+
+#endif /* _ASM_RISCV_VDSO_H */
diff --git a/arch/riscv/include/asm/vdso.h b/arch/riscv/include/asm/vdso.h
index 602f61257553..541544d64c33 100644
--- a/arch/riscv/include/asm/vdso.h
+++ b/arch/riscv/include/asm/vdso.h
@@ -38,4 +38,8 @@ struct vdso_data {
(void __user *)((unsigned long)(base) + __vdso_##name); \
})

+#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
+asmlinkage long sys_riscv_flush_icache(uintptr_t, uintptr_t, uintptr_t);
+#endif
+
#endif /* _ASM_RISCV_VDSO_H */
diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/sys_riscv.c b/arch/riscv/kernel/sys_riscv.c
index 4351be7d0533..c6c037eabaf6 100644
--- a/arch/riscv/kernel/sys_riscv.c
+++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/sys_riscv.c
@@ -16,6 +16,7 @@
#include <linux/syscalls.h>
#include <asm/cmpxchg.h>
#include <asm/unistd.h>
+#include <asm/cacheflush.h>

static long riscv_sys_mmap(unsigned long addr, unsigned long len,
unsigned long prot, unsigned long flags,
@@ -47,3 +48,34 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE6(mmap2, unsigned long, addr, unsigned long, len,
return riscv_sys_mmap(addr, len, prot, flags, fd, offset, 12);
}
#endif /* !CONFIG_64BIT */
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
+/*
+ * Allows the instruction cache to be flushed from userspace. Despite RISC-V
+ * having a direct 'fence.i' instruction available to userspace (which we
+ * can't trap!), that's not actually viable when running on Linux because the
+ * kernel might schedule a process on another hart. There is no way for
+ * userspace to handle this without invoking the kernel (as it doesn't know the
+ * thread->hart mappings), so we've defined a RISC-V specific system call to
+ * flush the instruction cache.
+ *
+ * sys_riscv_flush_icache() is defined to flush the instruction cache over an
+ * address range, with the flush applying to either all threads or just the
+ * caller. We don't currently do anything with the address range, that's just
+ * in there for forwards compatibility.
+ */
+SYSCALL_DEFINE3(riscv_flush_icache, uintptr_t, start, uintptr_t, end,
+ uintptr_t, flags)
+{
+ struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm;
+ bool local = (flags & SYS_RISCV_FLUSH_ICACHE_LOCAL) != 0;
+
+ /* Check the reserved flags. */
+ if (unlikely(flags & !SYS_RISCV_FLUSH_ICACHE_ALL))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ flush_icache_mm(mm, local);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+#endif
diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/syscall_table.c b/arch/riscv/kernel/syscall_table.c
index 4e30dc5fb593..a5bd6401f95e 100644
--- a/arch/riscv/kernel/syscall_table.c
+++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/syscall_table.c
@@ -15,6 +15,7 @@
#include <linux/linkage.h>
#include <linux/syscalls.h>
#include <asm-generic/syscalls.h>
+#include <asm/vdso.h>

#undef __SYSCALL
#define __SYSCALL(nr, call) [nr] = (call),
@@ -22,4 +23,5 @@
void *sys_call_table[__NR_syscalls] = {
[0 ... __NR_syscalls - 1] = sys_ni_syscall,
#include <asm/unistd.h>
+#include <asm/vdso-syscalls.h>
};
diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/vdso/Makefile b/arch/riscv/kernel/vdso/Makefile
index 2dcc4f3070bc..324568d33921 100644
--- a/arch/riscv/kernel/vdso/Makefile
+++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/vdso/Makefile
@@ -6,6 +6,7 @@ vdso-syms += gettimeofday
vdso-syms += clock_gettime
vdso-syms += clock_getres
vdso-syms += getcpu
+vdso-syms += flush_icache

# Files to link into the vdso
obj-vdso = $(patsubst %, %.o, $(vdso-syms))
diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/vdso/flush_icache.S b/arch/riscv/kernel/vdso/flush_icache.S
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..b0fbad74e873
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/vdso/flush_icache.S
@@ -0,0 +1,31 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2017 SiFive
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
+ * as published by the Free Software Foundation, version 2.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/linkage.h>
+#include <asm/unistd.h>
+#include <asm/vdso-syscalls.h>
+
+ .text
+/* int __vdso_flush_icache(void *start, void *end, unsigned long flags); */
+ENTRY(__vdso_flush_icache)
+ .cfi_startproc
+#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
+ li a7, __NR_riscv_flush_icache
+ ecall
+#else
+ fence.i
+ li a0, 0
+#endif
+ ret
+ .cfi_endproc
+ENDPROC(__vdso_flush_icache)
diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/vdso/vdso.lds.S b/arch/riscv/kernel/vdso/vdso.lds.S
index c7543c6a00f9..cd1d47e0724b 100644
--- a/arch/riscv/kernel/vdso/vdso.lds.S
+++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/vdso/vdso.lds.S
@@ -74,6 +74,7 @@ VERSION
__vdso_clock_gettime;
__vdso_clock_getres;
__vdso_getcpu;
+ __vdso_flush_icache;
local: *;
};
}
--
2.13.6
\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2017-11-20 19:58    [W:0.141 / U:3.384 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site