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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 2/3] leds: Add driver for Qualcomm LPG
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Hi Bjorn,

Thanks for the patch. Please refer to my comments in the code.

On 11/15/2017 08:13 AM, Bjorn Andersson wrote:
> The Light Pulse Generator (LPG) is a PWM-block found in a wide range of
> PMICs from Qualcomm. It can operate on fixed parameters or based on a
> lookup-table, altering the duty cycle over time - which provides the
> means for e.g. hardware assisted transitions of LED brightness.
>
> Signed-off-by: Bjorn Andersson <bjorn.andersson@linaro.org>
> ---
> Changes since v2:
> - Squash all components into one driver
> - Track PWM channels and "logical" LEDs separately
> - Support multiple channels to be bound to a single LED
> - Per-PMIC compatible, to deal with minor differences (e.g. value to enable
> 9bit resolution for PWM)
> - TRILED enablement is done atomically for all channels associated with a LED
> - LUT sequencer start is done atomically for all channels associated with a LED
> - Support PM8916 (PWM only), PM8941, PM8994 and PMI8998 introduced (PMI8994
> still works...)
>
> The multiple channels per LED is currently implemented by assigning the same
> pattern and same brightness to all channels. This allows the RGB LED to show
> various brighness of white and do patterns in shades of white. But it's
> implemented in a way that as we figure out how to expose multi-color LEDs
> through the LED framework this new information could easily be applied to the
> right channel, and we would have the ability to control the channels
> individually.
>
> Changes since v1:
> - Remove custom DT properties for patterns
> - Extract pattern interface into the LED core
>
> drivers/leds/Kconfig | 7 +
> drivers/leds/Makefile | 1 +
> drivers/leds/leds-qcom-lpg.c | 1232 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 3 files changed, 1240 insertions(+)
> create mode 100644 drivers/leds/leds-qcom-lpg.c
>
> diff --git a/drivers/leds/Kconfig b/drivers/leds/Kconfig
> index 52ea34e337cd..ccc3aa4b2474 100644
> --- a/drivers/leds/Kconfig
> +++ b/drivers/leds/Kconfig
> @@ -651,6 +651,13 @@ config LEDS_POWERNV
> To compile this driver as a module, choose 'm' here: the module
> will be called leds-powernv.
>
> +config LEDS_QCOM_LPG
> + tristate "LED support for Qualcomm LPG"
> + depends on LEDS_CLASS

You were mentioning that this driver is for a MFD child block,
so we should probably depend on the parent MFD driver?

> + help
> + This option enables support for the Light Pulse Generator found in a
> + wide variety of Qualcomm PMICs.
> +
> config LEDS_SYSCON
> bool "LED support for LEDs on system controllers"
> depends on LEDS_CLASS=y
> diff --git a/drivers/leds/Makefile b/drivers/leds/Makefile
> index 35980450db9b..2d5149ca429d 100644
> --- a/drivers/leds/Makefile
> +++ b/drivers/leds/Makefile
> @@ -63,6 +63,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_LEDS_MAX77693) += leds-max77693.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_LEDS_MAX8997) += leds-max8997.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_LEDS_LM355x) += leds-lm355x.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_LEDS_BLINKM) += leds-blinkm.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_LEDS_QCOM_LPG) += leds-qcom-lpg.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_LEDS_SYSCON) += leds-syscon.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_LEDS_MENF21BMC) += leds-menf21bmc.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_LEDS_KTD2692) += leds-ktd2692.o
> diff --git a/drivers/leds/leds-qcom-lpg.c b/drivers/leds/leds-qcom-lpg.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..481e940d7e04
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/drivers/leds/leds-qcom-lpg.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,1232 @@
> +/*
> + * Copyright (c) 2017 Linaro Ltd
> + * Copyright (c) 2010-2012, The Linux Foundation. All rights reserved.
> + *
> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
> + * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 and
> + * only version 2 as published by the Free Software Foundation.
> + *
> + * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
> + * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
> + * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
> + * GNU General Public License for more details.
> + */
> +#include <linux/leds.h>
> +#include <linux/module.h>
> +#include <linux/of.h>
> +#include <linux/of_device.h>
> +#include <linux/platform_device.h>
> +#include <linux/pwm.h>
> +#include <linux/regmap.h>
> +#include <linux/slab.h>
> +
> +#define LPG_PATTERN_CONFIG_REG 0x40
> +#define LPG_SIZE_CLK_REG 0x41
> +#define LPG_PREDIV_CLK_REG 0x42
> +#define PWM_TYPE_CONFIG_REG 0x43
> +#define PWM_VALUE_REG 0x44
> +#define PWM_ENABLE_CONTROL_REG 0x46
> +#define PWM_SYNC_REG 0x47
> +#define LPG_RAMP_DURATION_REG 0x50
> +#define LPG_HI_PAUSE_REG 0x52
> +#define LPG_LO_PAUSE_REG 0x54
> +#define LPG_HI_IDX_REG 0x56
> +#define LPG_LO_IDX_REG 0x57
> +#define PWM_SEC_ACCESS_REG 0xd0
> +#define PWM_DTEST_REG(x) (0xe2 + (x) - 1)
> +
> +#define TRI_LED_SRC_SEL 0x45
> +#define TRI_LED_EN_CTL 0x46
> +#define TRI_LED_ATC_CTL 0x47
> +
> +#define LPG_LUT_REG(x) (0x40 + (x) * 2)
> +#define RAMP_CONTROL_REG 0xc8

Please add QCOM_ namespacing prefix to the macros.
At least PWM prefix is reserved for pwm subsystem.

> +
> +struct lpg_channel;
> +struct lpg_data;
> +
> +/**
> + * struct lpg - LPG device context
> + * @dev: struct device for LPG device
> + * @map: regmap for register access
> + * @pwm: PWM-chip object, if operating in PWM mode
> + * @pwm_9bit_mask: bitmask for enabling 9bit pwm
> + * @lut_base: base address of the LUT block (optional)
> + * @lut_size: number of entries in the LUT block
> + * @lut_bitmap: allocation bitmap for LUT entries
> + * @triled_base: base address of the TRILED block (optional)
> + * @triled_src: power-source for the TRILED
> + * @channels: list of PWM channels
> + * @num_channels: number of @channels
> + */
> +struct lpg {
> + struct device *dev;
> + struct regmap *map;
> +
> + struct pwm_chip pwm;
> +
> + const struct lpg_data *data;
> +
> + u32 lut_base;
> + u32 lut_size;
> + unsigned long *lut_bitmap;
> +
> + u32 triled_base;
> + u32 triled_src;
> +
> + struct lpg_channel *channels;
> + unsigned int num_channels;
> +};
> +
> +/**
> + * struct lpg_channel - per channel data
> + * @lpg: reference to parent lpg
> + * @base: base address of the PWM channel
> + * @triled_mask: mask in TRILED to enable this channel
> + * @lut_mask: mask in LUT to start pattern generator for this channel
> + * @in_use: channel is exposed to LED framework
> + * @dtest_line: DTEST line for output, or 0 if disabled
> + * @dtest_value: DTEST line configuration
> + * @pwm_value: duty (in microseconds) of the generated pulses, overriden by LUT
> + * @enabled: output enabled?
> + * @period_us: period (in microseconds) of the generated pulses
> + * @pwm_size: resolution of the @pwm_value, 6 or 9 bits
> + * @clk: base frequency of the clock generator
> + * @pre_div: divider of @clk
> + * @pre_div_exp: exponential divider of @clk
> + * @ramp_enabled: duty cycle is driven by iterating over lookup table
> + * @ramp_ping_pong: reverse through pattern, rather than wrapping to start
> + * @ramp_oneshot: perform only a single pass over the pattern
> + * @ramp_reverse: iterate over pattern backwards
> + * @ramp_duration_ms: length (in milliseconds) of one pattern run
> + * @ramp_lo_pause_ms: pause (in milliseconds) before iterating over pattern
> + * @ramp_hi_pause_ms: pause (in milliseconds) after iterating over pattern
> + * @pattern_lo_idx: start index of associated pattern
> + * @pattern_hi_idx: last index of associated pattern
> + */
> +struct lpg_channel {
> + struct lpg *lpg;
> +
> + u32 base;
> + unsigned int triled_mask;
> + unsigned int lut_mask;
> +
> + bool in_use;
> +
> + u32 dtest_line;
> + u32 dtest_value;
> +
> + u16 pwm_value;
> + bool enabled;
> +
> + unsigned int period_us;
> + unsigned int pwm_size;
> + unsigned int clk;
> + unsigned int pre_div;
> + unsigned int pre_div_exp;
> +
> + bool ramp_enabled;
> + bool ramp_ping_pong;
> + bool ramp_oneshot;
> + bool ramp_reverse;
> + unsigned long ramp_duration_ms;
> + unsigned long ramp_lo_pause_ms;
> + unsigned long ramp_hi_pause_ms;
> +
> + unsigned int pattern_lo_idx;
> + unsigned int pattern_hi_idx;
> +};
> +
> +/**
> + * struct lpg_led - logical LED object
> + * @lpg: lpg context reference
> + * @cdev: LED class device
> + * @num_channels: number of @channels
> + * @channels: list of channels associated with the LED
> + */
> +struct lpg_led {
> + struct lpg *lpg;
> +
> + struct led_classdev cdev;
> +
> + unsigned int num_channels;
> + struct lpg_channel *channels[];
> +};
> +
> +/**
> + * struct lpg_channel_data - per channel initialization data
> + * @base: base address for PWM channel registers
> + * @triled_mask: bitmask for controlling this channel in TRILED
> + */
> +struct lpg_channel_data {
> + unsigned int base;
> + u8 triled_mask;
> +};
> +
> +/**
> + * struct lpg_data - initialization data
> + * @lut_base: base address of LUT block
> + * @lut_size: number of entries in LUT
> + * @triled_base: base address of TRILED
> + * @pwm_9bit_mask: bitmask for switching from 6bit to 9bit pwm
> + * @num_channels: number of channels in LPG
> + * @channels: list of channel initialization data
> + */
> +struct lpg_data {
> + unsigned int lut_base;
> + unsigned int lut_size;
> + unsigned int triled_base;
> + unsigned int pwm_9bit_mask;
> + int num_channels;
> + struct lpg_channel_data *channels;
> +};
> +
> +static int triled_set(struct lpg *lpg, unsigned int mask, bool enable)
> +{
> + /* Skip if we don't have a triled block */
> + if (!lpg->triled_base)
> + return 0;
> +
> + return regmap_update_bits(lpg->map, lpg->triled_base + TRI_LED_EN_CTL,
> + mask, enable ? mask : 0);
> +}
> +
> +static int lpg_lut_store(struct lpg *lpg, const u16 *values, size_t len,
> + unsigned int *lo_idx, unsigned int *hi_idx)
> +{
> + unsigned int idx;
> + u8 val[2];
> + int i;
> +
> + /* Hardware does not behave when LO_IDX == HI_IDX */
> + if (len == 1)
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + idx = bitmap_find_next_zero_area(lpg->lut_bitmap, lpg->lut_size,
> + 0, len, 0);
> + if (idx >= lpg->lut_size)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < len; i++) {
> + val[0] = values[i] & 0xff;
> + val[1] = values[i] >> 8;
> +
> + regmap_bulk_write(lpg->map,
> + lpg->lut_base + LPG_LUT_REG(idx + i), val, 2);
> + }
> +
> + bitmap_set(lpg->lut_bitmap, idx, len);
> +
> + *lo_idx = idx;
> + *hi_idx = idx + len - 1;
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static u16 *lpg_lut_read(struct lpg *lpg, unsigned int lo_idx,
> + unsigned int hi_idx, size_t *len)
> +{
> + u16 *values;
> + u8 val[2];
> + int ret;
> + int i;
> +
> + *len = hi_idx - lo_idx + 1;
> +
> + values = kcalloc(*len, sizeof(u16), GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!values)
> + return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < *len; i++) {
> + ret = regmap_bulk_read(lpg->map,
> + lpg->lut_base + LPG_LUT_REG(lo_idx + i),
> + &val, 2);
> + if (ret < 0) {
> + kfree(values);
> + return ERR_PTR(ret);
> + }
> +
> + values[i] = val[0] | val[1] << 8;
> + }
> +
> + return values;
> +}
> +
> +static void lpg_lut_free(struct lpg *lpg, unsigned int lo_idx, unsigned int hi_idx)
> +{
> + int len;
> +
> + if (lo_idx == hi_idx)
> + return;
> +
> + len = hi_idx - lo_idx + 1;
> + bitmap_clear(lpg->lut_bitmap, lo_idx, len);
> +}
> +
> +static int lpg_lut_sync(struct lpg *lpg, unsigned int mask)
> +{
> + return regmap_update_bits(lpg->map, lpg->lut_base + RAMP_CONTROL_REG,
> + mask, 0xff);
> +}
> +
> +#define NUM_PWM_PREDIV 4
> +#define NUM_PWM_CLK 3
> +#define NUM_EXP 7
> +
> +static const unsigned int lpg_clk_table[NUM_PWM_PREDIV][NUM_PWM_CLK] = {
> + {
> + 1 * (NSEC_PER_SEC / 1024),
> + 1 * (NSEC_PER_SEC / 32768),
> + 1 * (NSEC_PER_SEC / 19200000),
> + },
> + {
> + 3 * (NSEC_PER_SEC / 1024),
> + 3 * (NSEC_PER_SEC / 32768),
> + 3 * (NSEC_PER_SEC / 19200000),
> + },
> + {
> + 5 * (NSEC_PER_SEC / 1024),
> + 5 * (NSEC_PER_SEC / 32768),
> + 5 * (NSEC_PER_SEC / 19200000),
> + },
> + {
> + 6 * (NSEC_PER_SEC / 1024),
> + 6 * (NSEC_PER_SEC / 32768),
> + 6 * (NSEC_PER_SEC / 19200000),
> + },
> +};
> +
> +/*
> + * PWM Frequency = Clock Frequency / (N * T)
> + * or
> + * PWM Period = Clock Period * (N * T)
> + * where
> + * N = 2^9 or 2^6 for 9-bit or 6-bit PWM size
> + * T = Pre-divide * 2^m, where m = 0..7 (exponent)
> + *
> + * This is the formula to figure out m for the best pre-divide and clock:
> + * (PWM Period / N) = (Pre-divide * Clock Period) * 2^m
> + */
> +static void lpg_calc_freq(struct lpg_channel *chan, unsigned int period_us)
> +{
> + int n, m, clk, div;
> + int best_m, best_div, best_clk;
> + unsigned int last_err, cur_err, min_err;
> + unsigned int tmp_p, period_n;
> +
> + if (period_us == chan->period_us)
> + return;
> +
> + /* PWM Period / N */
> + if (period_us < ((unsigned int)(-1) / NSEC_PER_USEC)) {
> + period_n = (period_us * NSEC_PER_USEC) >> 6;
> + n = 6;
> + } else {
> + period_n = (period_us >> 9) * NSEC_PER_USEC;
> + n = 9;
> + }

Please provide macros for 6 and 9 magic numbers.

> +
> + min_err = last_err = (unsigned int)(-1);
> + best_m = 0;
> + best_clk = 0;
> + best_div = 0;
> + for (clk = 0; clk < NUM_PWM_CLK; clk++) {
> + for (div = 0; div < NUM_PWM_PREDIV; div++) {
> + /* period_n = (PWM Period / N) */
> + /* tmp_p = (Pre-divide * Clock Period) * 2^m */
> + tmp_p = lpg_clk_table[div][clk];
> + for (m = 0; m <= NUM_EXP; m++) {
> + if (period_n > tmp_p)
> + cur_err = period_n - tmp_p;
> + else
> + cur_err = tmp_p - period_n;
> +
> + if (cur_err < min_err) {
> + min_err = cur_err;
> + best_m = m;
> + best_clk = clk;
> + best_div = div;
> + }
> +
> + if (m && cur_err > last_err)
> + /* Break for bigger cur_err */
> + break;
> +
> + last_err = cur_err;
> + tmp_p <<= 1;
> + }
> + }
> + }
> +
> + /* Use higher resolution */
> + if (best_m >= 3 && n == 6) {
> + n += 3;
> + best_m -= 3;
> + }
> +
> + chan->clk = best_clk;
> + chan->pre_div = best_div;
> + chan->pre_div_exp = best_m;
> + chan->pwm_size = n;
> +
> + chan->period_us = period_us;
> +}
> +
> +static void lpg_calc_duty(struct lpg_channel *chan, unsigned int duty_us)
> +{
> + unsigned long max = (1 << chan->pwm_size) - 1;
> + unsigned long val;
> +
> + /* Figure out pwm_value with overflow handling */
> + if (duty_us < 1 << (sizeof(val) * 8 - chan->pwm_size))
> + val = (duty_us << chan->pwm_size) / chan->period_us;
> + else
> + val = duty_us / (chan->period_us >> chan->pwm_size);
> +
> + if (val > max)
> + val = max;
> +
> + chan->pwm_value = val;
> +}
> +
> +static void lpg_apply_freq(struct lpg_channel *chan)
> +{
> + unsigned long val;
> + struct lpg *lpg = chan->lpg;
> +
> + if (!chan->enabled)
> + return;
> +
> + /* Clock register values are off-by-one from lpg_clk_table */
> + val = chan->clk + 1;
> +
> + if (chan->pwm_size == 9)
> + val |= lpg->data->pwm_9bit_mask;
> +
> + regmap_write(lpg->map, chan->base + LPG_SIZE_CLK_REG, val);
> +
> + val = chan->pre_div << 5 | chan->pre_div_exp;
> + regmap_write(lpg->map, chan->base + LPG_PREDIV_CLK_REG, val);

Please provide macros for 5 and 9.

> +}
> +
> +#define LPG_ENABLE_GLITCH_REMOVAL BIT(5)
> +
> +static void lpg_enable_glitch(struct lpg_channel *chan)
> +{
> + struct lpg *lpg = chan->lpg;
> +
> + regmap_update_bits(lpg->map, chan->base + PWM_TYPE_CONFIG_REG,
> + LPG_ENABLE_GLITCH_REMOVAL, 0);
> +}
> +
> +static void lpg_disable_glitch(struct lpg_channel *chan)
> +{
> + struct lpg *lpg = chan->lpg;
> +
> + regmap_update_bits(lpg->map, chan->base + PWM_TYPE_CONFIG_REG,
> + LPG_ENABLE_GLITCH_REMOVAL,
> + LPG_ENABLE_GLITCH_REMOVAL);
> +}
> +
> +static void lpg_apply_pwm_value(struct lpg_channel *chan)
> +{
> + u8 val[] = { chan->pwm_value & 0xff, chan->pwm_value >> 8 };
> + struct lpg *lpg = chan->lpg;
> +
> + if (!chan->enabled)
> + return;
> +
> + regmap_bulk_write(lpg->map, chan->base + PWM_VALUE_REG, val, 2);
> +}
> +
> +#define LPG_PATTERN_CONFIG_LO_TO_HI BIT(4)
> +#define LPG_PATTERN_CONFIG_REPEAT BIT(3)
> +#define LPG_PATTERN_CONFIG_TOGGLE BIT(2)
> +#define LPG_PATTERN_CONFIG_PAUSE_HI BIT(1)
> +#define LPG_PATTERN_CONFIG_PAUSE_LO BIT(0)
> +
> +static void lpg_apply_lut_control(struct lpg_channel *chan)
> +{
> + struct lpg *lpg = chan->lpg;
> + unsigned int hi_pause;
> + unsigned int lo_pause;
> + unsigned int step;
> + unsigned int conf = 0;
> + unsigned int lo_idx = chan->pattern_lo_idx;
> + unsigned int hi_idx = chan->pattern_hi_idx;
> + int pattern_len;
> +
> + if (!chan->ramp_enabled || chan->pattern_lo_idx == chan->pattern_hi_idx)
> + return;
> +
> + pattern_len = hi_idx - lo_idx + 1;
> +
> + step = DIV_ROUND_UP(chan->ramp_duration_ms, pattern_len);
> + hi_pause = DIV_ROUND_UP(chan->ramp_hi_pause_ms, step);
> + lo_pause = DIV_ROUND_UP(chan->ramp_lo_pause_ms, step);
> +
> + if (!chan->ramp_reverse)
> + conf |= LPG_PATTERN_CONFIG_LO_TO_HI;
> + if (!chan->ramp_oneshot)
> + conf |= LPG_PATTERN_CONFIG_REPEAT;
> + if (chan->ramp_ping_pong)
> + conf |= LPG_PATTERN_CONFIG_TOGGLE;
> + if (chan->ramp_hi_pause_ms)
> + conf |= LPG_PATTERN_CONFIG_PAUSE_HI;
> + if (chan->ramp_lo_pause_ms)
> + conf |= LPG_PATTERN_CONFIG_PAUSE_LO;
> +
> + regmap_write(lpg->map, chan->base + LPG_PATTERN_CONFIG_REG, conf);
> + regmap_write(lpg->map, chan->base + LPG_HI_IDX_REG, hi_idx);
> + regmap_write(lpg->map, chan->base + LPG_LO_IDX_REG, lo_idx);
> +
> + regmap_write(lpg->map, chan->base + LPG_RAMP_DURATION_REG, step);
> + regmap_write(lpg->map, chan->base + LPG_HI_PAUSE_REG, hi_pause);
> + regmap_write(lpg->map, chan->base + LPG_LO_PAUSE_REG, lo_pause);
> +}
> +
> +#define LPG_ENABLE_CONTROL_OUTPUT BIT(7)
> +#define LPG_ENABLE_CONTROL_BUFFER_TRISTATE BIT(5)
> +#define LPG_ENABLE_CONTROL_SRC_PWM BIT(2)
> +#define LPG_ENABLE_CONTROL_RAMP_GEN BIT(1)
> +
> +static void lpg_apply_control(struct lpg_channel *chan)
> +{
> + unsigned int ctrl;
> + struct lpg *lpg = chan->lpg;
> +
> + ctrl = LPG_ENABLE_CONTROL_BUFFER_TRISTATE;
> +
> + if (chan->enabled)
> + ctrl |= LPG_ENABLE_CONTROL_OUTPUT;
> +
> + if (chan->pattern_lo_idx != chan->pattern_hi_idx)
> + ctrl |= LPG_ENABLE_CONTROL_RAMP_GEN;
> + else
> + ctrl |= LPG_ENABLE_CONTROL_SRC_PWM;
> +
> + regmap_write(lpg->map, chan->base + PWM_ENABLE_CONTROL_REG, ctrl);
> +
> + /*
> + * Due to LPG hardware bug, in the PWM mode, having enabled PWM,
> + * We have to write PWM values one more time.
> + */
> + if (chan->enabled)
> + lpg_apply_pwm_value(chan);
> +}
> +
> +#define LPG_SYNC_PWM BIT(0)
> +
> +static void lpg_apply_sync(struct lpg_channel *chan)
> +{
> + struct lpg *lpg = chan->lpg;
> +
> + regmap_write(lpg->map, chan->base + PWM_SYNC_REG, LPG_SYNC_PWM);
> +}
> +
> +static void lpg_apply_dtest(struct lpg_channel *chan)
> +{
> + struct lpg *lpg = chan->lpg;
> +
> + if (!chan->dtest_line)
> + return;
> +
> + regmap_write(lpg->map, chan->base + PWM_SEC_ACCESS_REG, 0xa5);
> + regmap_write(lpg->map, chan->base + PWM_DTEST_REG(chan->dtest_line),
> + chan->dtest_value);
> +}
> +
> +static void lpg_apply(struct lpg_channel *chan)
> +{
> + lpg_disable_glitch(chan);
> + lpg_apply_freq(chan);
> + lpg_apply_pwm_value(chan);
> + lpg_apply_control(chan);
> + lpg_apply_sync(chan);
> + lpg_apply_lut_control(chan);
> + lpg_enable_glitch(chan);
> +}
> +
> +static void lpg_brightness_set(struct led_classdev *cdev,
> + enum led_brightness value)
> +{
> + struct lpg_led *led = container_of(cdev, struct lpg_led, cdev);
> + struct lpg_channel *chan;
> + struct lpg *lpg = led->lpg;
> + unsigned int duty_us;
> + unsigned int triled_mask = 0;
> + unsigned int lut_mask = 0;
> + int i;
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < led->num_channels; i++) {
> + chan = led->channels[i];
> +
> + if (value == LED_OFF) {
> + chan->enabled = false;
> + chan->ramp_enabled = false;
> + } else if (chan->pattern_lo_idx != chan->pattern_hi_idx) {
> + lpg_calc_freq(chan, NSEC_PER_USEC);
> +
> + chan->enabled = true;
> + chan->ramp_enabled = true;
> +
> + lut_mask |= chan->lut_mask;
> + triled_mask |= chan->triled_mask;
> + } else {
> + lpg_calc_freq(chan, NSEC_PER_USEC);
> +
> + duty_us = value * chan->period_us / cdev->max_brightness;
> + lpg_calc_duty(chan, duty_us);
> + chan->enabled = true;
> + chan->ramp_enabled = false;
> +
> + triled_mask |= chan->triled_mask;
> + }
> +
> + lpg_apply(chan);
> + }
> +
> + /* Toggle triled lines */
> + if (triled_mask)
> + triled_set(lpg, triled_mask, chan->enabled);
> +
> + /* Trigger start of ramp generator(s) */
> + if (lut_mask)
> + lpg_lut_sync(lpg, lut_mask);

We need some synchronization while changing device state in
few steps, to prevent troubles when we are preempted by other
process in the middle. spin_lock() in this case since it seems
that we are not going to sleep while accessing device registers.

> +}
> +
> +static enum led_brightness lpg_brightness_get(struct led_classdev *cdev)
> +{
> + struct lpg_led *led = container_of(cdev, struct lpg_led, cdev);
> + struct lpg_channel *chan = led->channels[0];
> + unsigned long max = (1 << chan->pwm_size) - 1;
> +
> + if (!chan->enabled)
> + return LED_OFF;
> + else if (chan->pattern_lo_idx != chan->pattern_hi_idx)
> + return LED_FULL;
> + else
> + return chan->pwm_value * cdev->max_brightness / max;
> +}
> +
> +static int lpg_blink_set(struct led_classdev *cdev,
> + unsigned long *delay_on, unsigned long *delay_off)
> +{
> + struct lpg_led *led = container_of(cdev, struct lpg_led, cdev);
> + struct lpg_channel *chan = led->channels[0];
> + unsigned int period_us;
> + unsigned int duty_us;
> +
> + if (!*delay_on && !*delay_off) {
> + *delay_on = 500;
> + *delay_off = 500;
> + }
> +
> + duty_us = *delay_on * USEC_PER_MSEC;
> + period_us = (*delay_on + *delay_off) * USEC_PER_MSEC;
> +
> + lpg_calc_freq(chan, period_us);
> + lpg_calc_duty(chan, duty_us);
> +
> + chan->enabled = true;
> + chan->ramp_enabled = false;
> +
> + lpg_apply(chan);
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +#define interpolate(x1, y1, x2, y2, x) \
> + ((y1) + ((y2) - (y1)) * ((x) - (x1)) / ((x2) - (x1)))
> +
> +static int lpg_pattern_set(struct led_classdev *led_cdev,
> + struct led_pattern *led_pattern, int len,
> + bool repeat)
> +{
> + struct lpg_led *led = container_of(led_cdev, struct lpg_led, cdev);
> + struct lpg_channel *chan = led->channels[0];
> + struct lpg *lpg = led->lpg;
> + unsigned int duration = 0;
> + unsigned int min_delta = (unsigned int)-1;
> + unsigned int hi_pause;
> + unsigned int lo_pause = 0;
> + unsigned int lo_idx;
> + unsigned int hi_idx;
> + unsigned int max = (1 << chan->pwm_size) - 1;
> + bool ping_pong = true;
> + int brightness_a;
> + int brightness_b;
> + u16 *pattern;
> + int src_idx;
> + int dst_idx;
> + int step_t;
> + int time_a;
> + int time_b;
> + int value;
> + int steps;
> + int ret = 0;
> + int i;
> +
> + /*
> + * The led_pattern specifies brightness values, potentially distributed
> + * unevenly over the duration of the pattern. The LPG only support
> + * evenly distributed values, so we interpolate new values from the
> + * led_pattern.
> + */
> +
> + /* Sum the duration over the inner delta_ts and the tail is hi_pause */
> + for (src_idx = 0; src_idx < len - 1; src_idx++)
> + duration += led_pattern[src_idx].delta_t;
> + hi_pause = led_pattern[src_idx].delta_t;
> +
> + for (src_idx = 0; src_idx < len; src_idx++) {
> + min_delta = min_t(unsigned int, min_delta,
> + led_pattern[src_idx].delta_t);
> + }
> +
> + steps = duration / min_delta + 1;
> + pattern = kcalloc(steps, sizeof(*pattern), GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!pattern)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> +
> + time_a = 0;
> + for (src_idx = 0, dst_idx = 0; dst_idx < steps; dst_idx++) {
> + /* The timestamp of this evenly distributed data point */
> + step_t = dst_idx * min_delta;
> +
> + /*
> + * Find time_a - time_b interval from source pattern that spans
> + * step_t
> + */
> + while (time_a + led_pattern[src_idx].delta_t < step_t) {
> + if (src_idx >= len - 1)
> + break;
> + time_a += led_pattern[++src_idx].delta_t;
> + }
> +
> + if (src_idx < len - 1) {
> + time_b = time_a + led_pattern[src_idx].delta_t;
> +
> + brightness_a = led_pattern[src_idx].brightness;
> + brightness_b = led_pattern[src_idx + 1].brightness;
> +
> + /* Interpolate over the source pattern segment */
> + value = interpolate(time_a, brightness_a, time_b,
> + brightness_b, step_t);
> + } else {
> + value = led_pattern[src_idx].brightness;
> + }
> +
> + /* Scale calculated value to the hardware brightness value */
> + pattern[dst_idx] = value * max / led_cdev->max_brightness;
> + }
> +
> + /* Detect palindromes and use "ping pong" to reduce LUT usage */
> + for (dst_idx = 0; dst_idx < steps / 2; dst_idx++) {
> + if (pattern[dst_idx] != pattern[len - dst_idx - 1]) {
> + ping_pong = false;
> + break;
> + }
> + }
> + if (ping_pong) {
> + steps = (steps + 1) / 2;
> +
> + /*
> + * When ping_pong is set the hi_pause will happen in the middle
> + * of the pattern, so we need to use lo_pause to delay between
> + * the loops.
> + */
> + if (repeat)
> + lo_pause = hi_pause;
> +
> + hi_pause = 0;
> + }
> +
> + ret = lpg_lut_store(lpg, pattern, steps, &lo_idx, &hi_idx);
> + if (ret < 0)
> + goto out;
> +
> + chan = led->channels[0];
> +
> + lpg_lut_free(lpg, chan->pattern_lo_idx, chan->pattern_hi_idx);
> +
> + /* Update settings on each associated channel */
> + for (i = 0; i < led->num_channels; i++) {
> + chan = led->channels[i];
> +
> + chan->ramp_duration_ms = duration;
> + chan->ramp_ping_pong = ping_pong;
> + chan->ramp_oneshot = !repeat;
> +
> + chan->pattern_lo_idx = lo_idx;
> + chan->pattern_hi_idx = hi_idx;
> + }
> +
> +out:
> + kfree(pattern);
> +
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static int lpg_pattern_clear(struct led_classdev *cdev)
> +{
> + struct lpg_led *led = container_of(cdev, struct lpg_led, cdev);
> + struct lpg_channel *chan;
> + struct lpg *lpg = led->lpg;
> + int i;
> +
> + chan = led->channels[0];
> +
> + lpg_lut_free(lpg, chan->pattern_lo_idx, chan->pattern_hi_idx);
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < led->num_channels; i++) {
> + chan = led->channels[i];
> + chan->pattern_lo_idx = 0;
> + chan->pattern_hi_idx = 0;
> + }
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static struct led_pattern *lpg_pattern_get(struct led_classdev *cdev,
> + size_t *len, bool *repeat)
> +{
> + struct led_pattern *led_pattern;
> + struct lpg_led *led = container_of(cdev, struct lpg_led, cdev);
> + struct lpg *lpg = led->lpg;
> + struct lpg_channel *chan = led->channels[0];
> + unsigned int delta_t;
> + unsigned int max = (1 << chan->pwm_size) - 1;
> + size_t all_steps;
> + size_t steps;
> + u16 *pattern;
> + size_t i;
> + u16 val;
> +
> + pattern = lpg_lut_read(lpg, chan->pattern_lo_idx, chan->pattern_hi_idx,
> + &steps);
> + if (IS_ERR_OR_NULL(pattern))
> + return ERR_CAST(pattern);
> +
> + all_steps = chan->ramp_ping_pong ? steps * 2 - 1 : steps;
> +
> + delta_t = (chan->ramp_duration_ms + chan->ramp_hi_pause_ms) / all_steps;
> +
> + led_pattern = kcalloc(all_steps, sizeof(*pattern), GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!led_pattern) {
> + led_pattern = ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
> + goto out;
> + }
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < all_steps; i++) {
> + if (i < steps)
> + val = pattern[i];
> + else
> + val = pattern[steps - i];
> +
> + led_pattern[i].delta_t = delta_t;
> + led_pattern[i].brightness = val * cdev->max_brightness / max;
> + }
> +
> + *len = all_steps;
> + *repeat = !chan->ramp_oneshot;
> +
> +out:
> + kfree(pattern);
> + return led_pattern;
> +}
> +
> +static int lpg_pwm_request(struct pwm_chip *chip, struct pwm_device *pwm)
> +{
> + struct lpg *lpg = container_of(chip, struct lpg, pwm);
> + struct lpg_channel *chan = &lpg->channels[pwm->hwpwm];
> +
> + return chan->in_use ? -EBUSY : 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int lpg_pwm_apply(struct pwm_chip *chip, struct pwm_device *pwm,
> + struct pwm_state *state)
> +{
> + struct lpg *lpg = container_of(chip, struct lpg, pwm);
> + struct lpg_channel *chan = &lpg->channels[pwm->hwpwm];
> +
> + lpg_calc_freq(chan, state->period / NSEC_PER_USEC);
> + lpg_calc_duty(chan, state->duty_cycle / NSEC_PER_USEC);
> + chan->enabled = state->enabled;
> +
> + lpg_apply(chan);
> +
> + triled_set(lpg, chan->triled_mask, chan->enabled);
> +
> + state->polarity = PWM_POLARITY_NORMAL;
> + state->period = chan->period_us * NSEC_PER_USEC;
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static const struct pwm_ops lpg_pwm_ops = {
> + .request = lpg_pwm_request,
> + .apply = lpg_pwm_apply,
> + .owner = THIS_MODULE,
> +};
> +
> +static int lpg_add_pwm(struct lpg *lpg)
> +{
> + int ret;
> +
> + lpg->pwm.base = -1;
> + lpg->pwm.dev = lpg->dev;
> + lpg->pwm.npwm = lpg->num_channels;
> + lpg->pwm.ops = &lpg_pwm_ops;
> +
> + ret = pwmchip_add(&lpg->pwm);
> + if (ret)
> + dev_err(lpg->dev, "failed to add PWM chip: ret %d\n", ret);
> +
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static int lpg_add_led(struct lpg *lpg, struct device_node *np)
> +{
> + struct lpg_led *led;
> + const char *state;
> + int sources;
> + int size;
> + u32 chan;
> + int ret;
> + int i;
> +
> + sources = of_property_count_u32_elems(np, "led-sources");
> + if (sources <= 0) {
> + dev_err(lpg->dev, "invalid led-sources of %s\n",
> + np->name);
> + return -EINVAL;
> + }
> +
> + size = sizeof(*led) + sources * sizeof(struct lpg_channel*);

To fix checkpatch.pl complaint:

s/lpg_channel*/lpg_channel */

> + led = devm_kzalloc(lpg->dev, size, GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!led)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> +
> + led->lpg = lpg;
> + led->num_channels = sources;
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < sources; i++) {
> + ret = of_property_read_u32_index(np, "led-sources",
> + i, &chan);
> + if (ret || !chan || chan > lpg->num_channels) {
> + dev_err(lpg->dev,
> + "invalid led-sources of %s\n",
> + np->name);
> + return -EINVAL;
> + }
> +
> + led->channels[i] = &lpg->channels[chan - 1];
> +
> + led->channels[i]->in_use = true;
> + }
> +
> + /* Use label else node name */
> + led->cdev.name = of_get_property(np, "label", NULL) ? : np->name;

Documentation/leds/leds-class.txt states that LED class device name
pattern is devicename:colour:function.

This is not explicitly stated in the common LED DT bindings, but label
should be prepended with devicename by the driver. Not all LED class
drivers adhere to this rule and we have some mess in this area
currently, but we will fix it soon I hope.

> + led->cdev.default_trigger = of_get_property(np, "linux,default-trigger", NULL);
> + led->cdev.brightness_set = lpg_brightness_set;
> + led->cdev.brightness_get = lpg_brightness_get;
> + led->cdev.blink_set = lpg_blink_set;
> + led->cdev.max_brightness = 255;

You can skip this line, since it will be set to LED_FULL
in case passed 0 to led_classdev_init().

> +
> + /* Register pattern accessors only if we have a LUT block */
> + if (lpg->lut_base) {
> + led->cdev.pattern_set = lpg_pattern_set;
> + led->cdev.pattern_clear = lpg_pattern_clear;
> + led->cdev.pattern_get = lpg_pattern_get;
> + }
> +
> + if (!of_property_read_string(np, "default-state", &state) &&
> + !strcmp(state, "on"))
> + led->cdev.brightness = LED_FULL;
> + else
> + led->cdev.brightness = LED_OFF;
> +
> + lpg_brightness_set(&led->cdev, led->cdev.brightness);
> +
> + ret = devm_led_classdev_register(lpg->dev, &led->cdev);
> + if (ret)
> + dev_err(lpg->dev, "unable to register %s\n", led->cdev.name);
> +
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static int lpg_init_channels(struct lpg *lpg)
> +{
> + const struct lpg_data *data = lpg->data;
> + int i;
> +
> + lpg->num_channels = data->num_channels;
> + lpg->channels = devm_kcalloc(lpg->dev, data->num_channels,
> + sizeof(struct lpg_channel), GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!lpg->channels)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < data->num_channels; i++) {
> + lpg->channels[i].lpg = lpg;
> + lpg->channels[i].base = data->channels[i].base;
> + lpg->channels[i].triled_mask = data->channels[i].triled_mask;
> + lpg->channels[i].lut_mask = BIT(i);
> + }
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int lpg_init_triled(struct lpg *lpg)
> +{
> + struct device_node *np = lpg->dev->of_node;
> + int ret;
> +
> + /* Skip initialization if we don't have a triled block */
> + if (!lpg->data->triled_base)
> + return 0;
> +
> + lpg->triled_base = lpg->data->triled_base;
> +
> + ret = of_property_read_u32(np, "qcom,power-source", &lpg->triled_src);
> + if (ret || lpg->triled_src == 2 || lpg->triled_src > 3) {
> + dev_err(lpg->dev, "invalid power source\n");
> + return -EINVAL;
> + }
> +
> + /* Disable automatic trickle charge LED */
> + regmap_write(lpg->map, lpg->triled_base + TRI_LED_ATC_CTL, 0);
> +
> + /* Configure power source */
> + regmap_write(lpg->map, lpg->triled_base + TRI_LED_SRC_SEL,
> + lpg->triled_src);
> +
> + /* Default all outputs to off */
> + regmap_write(lpg->map, lpg->triled_base + TRI_LED_EN_CTL, 0);
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int lpg_init_lut(struct lpg *lpg)
> +{
> + const struct lpg_data *data = lpg->data;
> + size_t bitmap_size;
> +
> + if (!data->lut_base)
> + return 0;
> +
> + lpg->lut_base = data->lut_base;
> + lpg->lut_size = data->lut_size;
> +
> + bitmap_size = BITS_TO_LONGS(lpg->lut_size) / sizeof(unsigned long);
> + lpg->lut_bitmap = devm_kzalloc(lpg->dev, bitmap_size, GFP_KERNEL);
> +
> + return lpg->lut_bitmap ? 0 : -ENOMEM;
> +}
> +
> +static int lpg_parse_dtest(struct lpg *lpg)
> +{
> + struct lpg_channel *chan;
> + struct device_node *np = lpg->dev->of_node;
> + int count;
> + int ret;
> + int i;
> +
> + count = of_property_count_u32_elems(np, "qcom,dtest");
> + if (count == -EINVAL) {
> + return 0;
> + } else if (count < 0 || count != lpg->data->num_channels * 2) {
> + ret = count;
> + goto err_malformed;
> + }
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < lpg->data->num_channels; i++) {
> + chan = &lpg->channels[i];
> +
> + ret = of_property_read_u32_index(np, "qcom,dtest", i * 2,
> + &chan->dtest_line);
> + if (ret)
> + goto err_malformed;
> +
> + ret = of_property_read_u32_index(np, "qcom,dtest", i * 2 + 1,
> + &chan->dtest_value);
> + if (ret)
> + goto err_malformed;
> + }
> +
> + return 0;
> +
> +err_malformed:
> + dev_err(lpg->dev, "malformed qcom,dtest\n");
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static int lpg_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
> +{
> + struct device_node *np;
> + struct lpg *lpg;
> + int ret;
> + int i;
> +
> + lpg = devm_kzalloc(&pdev->dev, sizeof(*lpg), GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!lpg)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> +
> + lpg->data = of_device_get_match_data(&pdev->dev);
> + if (!lpg->data)
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + lpg->dev = &pdev->dev;
> +
> + lpg->map = dev_get_regmap(pdev->dev.parent, NULL);
> + if (!lpg->map) {
> + dev_err(&pdev->dev, "parent regmap unavailable\n");
> + return -ENXIO;
> + }
> +
> + ret = lpg_init_channels(lpg);
> + if (ret < 0)
> + return ret;
> +
> + ret = lpg_init_triled(lpg);
> + if (ret < 0)
> + return ret;
> +
> + ret = lpg_init_lut(lpg);
> + if (ret < 0)
> + return ret;
> +
> + ret = lpg_parse_dtest(lpg);
> + if (ret < 0)
> + return ret;
> +
> + for_each_available_child_of_node(pdev->dev.of_node, np) {
> + ret = lpg_add_led(lpg, np);
> + if (ret)
> + return ret;
> + }
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < lpg->num_channels; i++)
> + lpg_apply_dtest(&lpg->channels[i]);
> +
> + ret = lpg_add_pwm(lpg);
> + if (ret)
> + return ret;
> +
> + platform_set_drvdata(pdev, lpg);
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int lpg_remove(struct platform_device *pdev)
> +{
> + struct lpg *lpg = platform_get_drvdata(pdev);
> +
> + pwmchip_remove(&lpg->pwm);
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static const struct lpg_data pm8916_pwm_data = {
> + .pwm_9bit_mask = BIT(2),
> +
> + .num_channels = 1,
> + .channels = (struct lpg_channel_data[]) {
> + { .base = 0xbc00 },
> + },
> +};
> +
> +static const struct lpg_data pm8941_lpg_data = {
> + .lut_base = 0xb000,
> + .lut_size = 64,
> +
> + .triled_base = 0xd000,
> +
> + .pwm_9bit_mask = 3 << 4,
> +
> + .num_channels = 8,
> + .channels = (struct lpg_channel_data[]) {
> + { .base = 0xb100 },
> + { .base = 0xb200 },
> + { .base = 0xb300 },
> + { .base = 0xb400 },
> + { .base = 0xb500, .triled_mask = BIT(5) },
> + { .base = 0xb600, .triled_mask = BIT(6) },
> + { .base = 0xb700, .triled_mask = BIT(7) },
> + { .base = 0xb800 },
> + },
> +};
> +
> +static const struct lpg_data pm8994_lpg_data = {
> + .lut_base = 0xb000,
> + .lut_size = 64,
> +
> + .pwm_9bit_mask = 3 << 4,
> +
> + .num_channels = 6,
> + .channels = (struct lpg_channel_data[]) {
> + { .base = 0xb100 },
> + { .base = 0xb200 },
> + { .base = 0xb300 },
> + { .base = 0xb400 },
> + { .base = 0xb500 },
> + { .base = 0xb600 },
> + },
> +};
> +
> +static const struct lpg_data pmi8994_lpg_data = {
> + .lut_base = 0xb000,
> + .lut_size = 24,
> +
> + .triled_base = 0xd000,
> +
> + .pwm_9bit_mask = BIT(4),
> +
> + .num_channels = 4,
> + .channels = (struct lpg_channel_data[]) {
> + { .base = 0xb100, .triled_mask = BIT(5) },
> + { .base = 0xb200, .triled_mask = BIT(6) },
> + { .base = 0xb300, .triled_mask = BIT(7) },
> + { .base = 0xb400 },
> + },
> +};
> +
> +static const struct lpg_data pmi8998_lpg_data = {
> + .lut_base = 0xb000,
> + .lut_size = 49,
> +
> + .pwm_9bit_mask = BIT(4),
> +
> + .num_channels = 6,
> + .channels = (struct lpg_channel_data[]) {
> + { .base = 0xb100 },
> + { .base = 0xb200 },
> + { .base = 0xb300, .triled_mask = BIT(5) },
> + { .base = 0xb400, .triled_mask = BIT(6) },
> + { .base = 0xb500, .triled_mask = BIT(7) },
> + { .base = 0xb600 },
> + },
> +};
> +
> +static const struct of_device_id lpg_of_table[] = {
> + { .compatible = "qcom,pm8916-pwm", .data = &pm8916_pwm_data },
> + { .compatible = "qcom,pm8941-lpg", .data = &pm8941_lpg_data },
> + { .compatible = "qcom,pm8994-lpg", .data = &pm8994_lpg_data },
> + { .compatible = "qcom,pmi8994-lpg", .data = &pmi8994_lpg_data },
> + { .compatible = "qcom,pmi8998-lpg", .data = &pmi8998_lpg_data },
> + {},
> +};
> +MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(of, lpg_of_table);
> +
> +static struct platform_driver lpg_driver = {
> + .probe = lpg_probe,
> + .remove = lpg_remove,
> + .driver = {
> + .name = "qcom-spmi-lpg",
> + .of_match_table = lpg_of_table,
> + },
> +};
> +module_platform_driver(lpg_driver);
> +
> +MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Qualcomm TRI LED driver");
> +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
>

--
Best regards,
Jacek Anaszewski

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