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SubjectRe: [2/3] iio: adc: ina2xx: Adhere to documented ABI, use Ohm instead of uOhm
On Wed, 08 Nov 2017 14:22:08 +0100
Maciej Purski <m.purski@samsung.com> wrote:

> On 11/06/2017 11:21 AM, Stefan Brüns wrote:
> > On Thursday, November 2, 2017 10:04:01 AM CET Maciej Purski wrote:
> >> On 10/14/2017 08:27 PM, Stefan Bruens wrote:
> >>> On Montag, 9. Oktober 2017 11:29:43 CEST Maciej Purski wrote:
> >>>> On 10/01/2017 09:48 PM, Stefan Brüns wrote:
> >>>>> According to the ABI documentation, the shunt resistor value should be
> >>>>> specificied in Ohm. As this is also used/documented for the MAX9611,
> >>>>> use the same for the INA2xx driver.
> >>>>>
> >>>>> This poses an ABI break for anyone actually altering the shunt value
> >>>>> through the sysfs interface, it does not alter the default value nor
> >>>>> a value set from the devicetree.
> >>>>>
> >>>>> Minor change: Fix comment, 1mA is 10^-3A.
> >>>>
> >>>> I have just a minor issue. There could be an inconsistency with units as
> >>>> in
> >>>> my patch I make current_lsb adjustable and I need it to be in uA (it used
> >>>> to be hardcoded as 1 mA so to achieve better precision we need smaller
> >>>> units). So in order to keep calibration register properly scaled, I
> >>>> convert
> >>>> uOhms to mOhms on each set_calibration(). So if both my changes and your
> >>>> changes were applied, on each shunt_resistore_store we would be
> >>>> performing
> >>>> multiplication by 10^6 and then in set_calibration() division by 10^3
> >>>> which
> >>>> seems odd to me.
> >>>>
> >>>> I guess we could keep it as shunt_resistor_ohms instead of
> >>>> shunt_resistor_uohm. We could avoid performing division on each
> >>>> shunt_resistor_show() and perform multiplication by 10^3 only once in
> >>>> set_calibration() on each
> >>>> shunt_resistore_store(). We could then change the default value and
> >>>> perform
> >>>> division only on probing, when reading the shunt_resistance from device
> >>>> tree.
> >>>>
> >>>> There are many other options. It's not a major issue so maybe we could
> >>>> leave it as it is or you could suggest some changes in my patch.
> >>>
> >>> Sorry it took me so long to answer ...
> >>>
> >>> The current fixed current_lsb of 1mA is indeed a bad choice for everything
> >>> but a shunt resistor value of 10mOhm, as it truncates the current value.
> >>> So what is a *good* choice?
> >>>
> >>> One important point is the current register is merely more than a
> >>> convenience register. At least for the INA219/220, it provides nothing
> >>> not achievable in software, and for the INA226 family it only has added
> >>> value if the current is varying faster than the readout frequency and the
> >>> averaging is used.
> >>>
> >>> The precision of the current register is limited by the precision of the
> >>> shunt voltage register, and may be reduced by the applied
> >>> scaling/calibration factor.
> >>>
> >>> The precision of the shunt voltage register is fixed at 10uV (INA219)
> >>> resp.
> >>> 2.5uV (INA226). Changing conversion time (both) and PGA (219) affects the
> >>> noise and offset, but the lsb value is still fixed.
> >>>
> >>> If one wants to carry over the shunt voltage register precision into the
> >>> current register, its important no (or hardly any) truncation happens. The
> >>> terms therefor are given in the manual, formulas 8.5.1 (4) resp 7.5.1 (3):
> >>>
> >>> INA219: current = shunt_voltage * cal_register / 4096
> >>> INA226: current = shunt_voltage * cal_register / 2048
> >>>
> >>> So any cal value smaller than 4096 (2048) will introduce truncation
> >>> errors,
> >>> larger values may introduce overflows, if the full input range is used.
> >>> Now, would it not be wise to always use 4096 (2048) for the calibration
> >>> value?
> >>>
> >>> The raw values from the IIO subsystem are meaningless without their
> >>> accompanying scale factor. Instead of changing the calibration value, why
> >>> not just change the reported scale factor?
> >>>
> >>> More opinions are very welcome.
> >>>
> >>> Kind regards,
> >>>
> >>> Stefan
> >>
> >> Thanks for the reply.
> >>
> >> I agree that cal_register set to 4096 (2048) allows us to eliminate
> >> truncaction error. However according to your suggestion, if we made cal_reg
> >> a fixed value, then current_lsb and r_shunt should be also a fixed value,
> >> as they are related according to formula 8.5 (1)
> >>
> >> cal_register = 0.00512 / (current_lsb * r_shunt)
> >
> > A fixed cal_register only means the current_lsb is implied by the selected
> > shunt resistor value.
> >
> > If you insert 2048 into the equation above, you get:
> >
> > current_lsb = 2.5 * 1e-6 * r_shunt,
> >
> > and using Ohms law to replace r_shunt, thats exactly the resolution of the
> > shunt_voltage register as specified in the datasheet. The higher the shunt
> > resistor value, the smaller the current_lsb.
> >
> >> Therefore, changing the scale value wouldn't affect the calib_reg value, so
> >> it wouldn't give the user any information on the actual current_lsb of the
> >> device. The real value is calculated like this by the user:
> >>
> >> processed_value = raw_value * scale
> >>
> >> I think that even after changing the scale value processed_value is expected
> >> to be approximately the same.
> >
> > A fixed cal_register means you change the current_lsb by changing the shunt
> > resistor. This exposes the full ADC resolution.
> >
> > The current_lsb *is* the scale value.
> >
> > Kind regards,
> >
> > Stefan
> >
>
> Thanks for your explanation. I can do this the way you suggest, so the only
> change with the original driver would be to make current_lsb (which is a scale
> value) follow changes of shunt_resistance value from userspace.
>
> But before I'd like to ask Jonathan for opinion on that.
This is what I was thinking as well. We basically ensure the scale
is right for the shunt_resistance with the ADC operating at it's
best possible accuracy and let userspace sort out the mess
(as we provide it with the data to do so).

>
> Kind regards,
>
> Maciej
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