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SubjectRe: [PATCH 01/11] Initialize the mapping of KASan shadow memory
Date
On Nov 17, 2017  15:36 Christoffer Dall [mailto:cdall@linaro.org]  wrote:
>If your processor does support LPAE (like a Cortex-A15 for example),
>then you have both the 32-bit accessors (MRC and MCR) and the 64-bit
>accessors (MRRC, MCRR), and using the 32-bit accessor will simply access
>the lower 32-bits of the 64-bit register.
>
>Hope this helps,
>-Christoffer

If you know the higher 32-bits of the 64-bits cp15's register is not useful for your system,
then you can use the 32-bit accessor to get or set the 64-bit cp15's register.
But if the higher 32-bits of the 64-bits cp15's register is useful for your system,
then you can't use the 32-bit accessor to get or set the 64-bit cp15's register.

TTBR0/TTBR1/PAR's higher 32-bits is useful for CPU supporting LPAE.
The following description which comes from ARM(r) Architecture Reference
Manual ARMv7-A and ARMv7-R edition tell us the reason:

64-bit TTBR0 and TTBR1 format:
...
BADDR, bits[39:x] :
Translation table base address, bits[39:x]. Defining the translation table base address width on
page B4-1698 describes how x is defined.
The value of x determines the required alignment of the translation table, which must be aligned to
2x bytes.

Abbott Liu: Because BADDR on CPU supporting LPAE may be bigger than max value of 32-bit, so bits[39:32] may
be valid value which is useful for the system.

64-bit PAR format
...
PA[39:12]
Physical Address. The physical address corresponding to the supplied virtual address. This field
returns address bits[39:12].

Abbott Liu: Because Physical Address on CPU supporting LPAE may be bigger than max value of 32-bit,
so bits[39:32] may be valid value which is useful for the system.

Conclusion: Don't use 32-bit accessor to get or set TTBR0/TTBR1/PAR on CPU supporting LPAE,
if you do that, your system may run error.


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