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Subject[PATCH v2] mm: show total hugetlb memory consumption in /proc/meminfo
Currently we display some hugepage statistics (total, free, etc)
in /proc/meminfo, but only for default hugepage size (e.g. 2Mb).

If hugepages of different sizes are used (like 2Mb and 1Gb on x86-64),
/proc/meminfo output can be confusing, as non-default sized hugepages
are not reflected at all, and there are no signs that they are
existing and consuming system memory.

To solve this problem, let's display the total amount of memory,
consumed by hugetlb pages of all sized (both free and used).
Let's call it "Hugetlb", and display size in kB to match generic
/proc/meminfo style.

For example, (1024 2Mb pages and 2 1Gb pages are pre-allocated):
$ cat /proc/meminfo
MemTotal: 8168984 kB
MemFree: 3789276 kB
CmaFree: 0 kB
HugePages_Total: 1024
HugePages_Free: 1024
HugePages_Rsvd: 0
HugePages_Surp: 0
Hugepagesize: 2048 kB
Hugetlb: 4194304 kB
DirectMap4k: 32632 kB
DirectMap2M: 4161536 kB
DirectMap1G: 6291456 kB

Also, this patch updates corresponding docs to reflect
Hugetlb entry meaning and difference between Hugetlb and
HugePages_Total * Hugepagesize.

Signed-off-by: Roman Gushchin <>
Cc: Andrew Morton <>
Cc: Michal Hocko <>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <>
Cc: Mike Kravetz <>
Cc: "Aneesh Kumar K.V" <>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <>
Cc: Dave Hansen <>
Cc: David Rientjes <>
Documentation/vm/hugetlbpage.txt | 27 ++++++++++++++++++---------
mm/hugetlb.c | 36 ++++++++++++++++++++++++------------
2 files changed, 42 insertions(+), 21 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/vm/hugetlbpage.txt b/Documentation/vm/hugetlbpage.txt
index 59cbc803aad6..faf077d50d42 100644
--- a/Documentation/vm/hugetlbpage.txt
+++ b/Documentation/vm/hugetlbpage.txt
@@ -20,19 +20,20 @@ options.

The /proc/meminfo file provides information about the total number of
persistent hugetlb pages in the kernel's huge page pool. It also displays
-information about the number of free, reserved and surplus huge pages and the
-default huge page size. The huge page size is needed for generating the
-proper alignment and size of the arguments to system calls that map huge page
+default huge page size and information about the number of free, reserved
+and surplus huge pages in the pool of huge pages of default size.
+The huge page size is needed for generating the proper alignment and
+size of the arguments to system calls that map huge page regions.

The output of "cat /proc/meminfo" will include lines like:

-HugePages_Total: vvv
-HugePages_Free: www
-HugePages_Rsvd: xxx
-HugePages_Surp: yyy
-Hugepagesize: zzz kB
+HugePages_Total: uuu
+HugePages_Free: vvv
+HugePages_Rsvd: www
+HugePages_Surp: xxx
+Hugepagesize: yyy kB
+Hugetlb: zzz kB

HugePages_Total is the size of the pool of huge pages.
@@ -47,6 +48,14 @@ HugePages_Surp is short for "surplus," and is the number of huge pages in
the pool above the value in /proc/sys/vm/nr_hugepages. The
maximum number of surplus huge pages is controlled by
+Hugepagesize is the default hugepage size (in Kb).
+Hugetlb is the total amount of memory (in kB), consumed by huge
+ pages of all sizes.
+ If huge pages of different sizes are in use, this number
+ will exceed HugePages_Total * Hugepagesize. To get more
+ detailed information, please, refer to
+ /sys/kernel/mm/hugepages (described below).

/proc/filesystems should also show a filesystem of type "hugetlbfs" configured
in the kernel.
diff --git a/mm/hugetlb.c b/mm/hugetlb.c
index 4b3bbd2980bb..672377e6de9f 100644
--- a/mm/hugetlb.c
+++ b/mm/hugetlb.c
@@ -2973,20 +2973,32 @@ int hugetlb_overcommit_handler(struct ctl_table *table, int write,

void hugetlb_report_meminfo(struct seq_file *m)
- struct hstate *h = &default_hstate;
+ struct hstate *h;
+ unsigned long total = 0;
if (!hugepages_supported())
- seq_printf(m,
- "HugePages_Total: %5lu\n"
- "HugePages_Free: %5lu\n"
- "HugePages_Rsvd: %5lu\n"
- "HugePages_Surp: %5lu\n"
- "Hugepagesize: %8lu kB\n",
- h->nr_huge_pages,
- h->free_huge_pages,
- h->resv_huge_pages,
- h->surplus_huge_pages,
- 1UL << (huge_page_order(h) + PAGE_SHIFT - 10));
+ for_each_hstate(h) {
+ unsigned long count = h->nr_huge_pages;
+ total += (PAGE_SIZE << huge_page_order(h)) * count;
+ if (h == &default_hstate)
+ seq_printf(m,
+ "HugePages_Total: %5lu\n"
+ "HugePages_Free: %5lu\n"
+ "HugePages_Rsvd: %5lu\n"
+ "HugePages_Surp: %5lu\n"
+ "Hugepagesize: %8lu kB\n",
+ count,
+ h->free_huge_pages,
+ h->resv_huge_pages,
+ h->surplus_huge_pages,
+ (PAGE_SIZE << huge_page_order(h)) / 1024);
+ }
+ seq_printf(m, "Hugetlb: %8lu kB\n", total / 1024);

int hugetlb_report_node_meminfo(int nid, char *buf)
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