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Subject[PATCH v2 00/18] Add support for clang LTO
This series adds build system support for compiling the kernel with clang
Link Time Optimization (LTO), using GNU gold with the LLVMgold plug-in
for linking. Some background for clang's LTO support is available here:

With -flto, clang produces LLVM bitcode instead of object files, and
the compilation to native code happens at link time. In addition, clang
cannot use an external assembler for inline assembly when LTO is enabled,
which causes further compatibility issues.

The patches in this series remove intermediate linking steps when LTO is
used, postpone processing done on object files until after the LTO link
step, add workarounds for GNU gold incompatibilities, and address inline
assembly incompatibilities for arm64.

These changes allow arm64 defconfig to be compiled with LTO, but other
architectures are not enabled until compatibility issues have been
addressed. In particular, x86 inline assembly doesn't currently compile
with clang's integrated assembler due to this LLVM bug:

Due to recent bug fixes in the toolchain, it's recommended to use clang
5.0 or later, and GNU gold from binutils 2.27 or later, although older
versions may also work depending on your kernel configuration. Here are
the steps for compiling arm64 defconfig with LTO, assuming is
in LD_LIBRARY_PATH and the rest of the toolchain is in PATH:

$ make ARCH=arm64 defconfig
$ ./scripts/config -e LTO_CLANG
$ make ARCH=arm64 CROSS_COMPILE=aarch64-linux-gnu- CC=clang


Changes in v2:
- Fixed issues found by the 0-day bot.
- Moved clang and gold fixes that don't depend on LTO earlier in the
patch set.
- Added clang support to cc-version.
- Renamed CLANG_LTO to LTO_CLANG, added CONFIG_LTO for sharing code
with potential gcc LTO work, and added checks for compiler support
to prepare-compiler-check.
- Added linker selection to Makefile, so LD doesn't have to be passed
in make command line.
- arm64 specific:
- Added -fno-jump-tables to arch/arm64/kvm/hyp to prevent clang
from generating jump tables with EL1 virtual addresses for code
that runs at EL2.
- Adopted Alex's version of the mrs_s / msr_s fix, which uses the
same code path for both gcc and clang.
- Enabled LLVM bug 30792 workaround only for clang < 6.0.
- Instead of disabling PLTs, removed NOLOAD from PLT sections in
modules to work around a bug in gold.
- Instead of disabling ARM64_ERRATUM_843419 with gold, enabled the
previously disabled ADR_PREL_PG_HI21* relocations.
- Instead of omitting -m for gold, pass aarch64_elf64_(be|le)_vec.


Alex Matveev (1):
arm64: make mrs_s and msr_s macros work with LTO

Greg Hackmann (1):
arm64: use -mno-implicit-float instead of -mgeneral-regs-only

Sami Tolvanen (16):
kbuild: add ld-name macro and support for GNU gold
kbuild: move to and add clang support
arm64: fix -m for GNU gold
arm64: kvm: use -fno-jump-tables with clang
arm64: keep .altinstructions and .altinstr_replacement
arm64: don't disable ADR_PREL_PG_HI21* with ARM64_ERRATUM_843419
arm64: explicitly pass --no-fix-cortex-a53-843419 to GNU gold
arm64: add a workaround for GNU gold with ARM64_MODULE_PLTS
kbuild: add support for clang LTO
kbuild: fix dynamic ftrace with clang LTO
scripts/mod: disable LTO for empty.c
efi/libstub: disable LTO
arm64: crypto: disable LTO for aes-ce-cipher.c

.gitignore | 2 +
Makefile | 59 ++++++++++++++++++-
arch/Kconfig | 32 ++++++++++
arch/arm64/Kconfig | 3 +-
arch/arm64/Makefile | 21 ++++++-
arch/arm64/crypto/Makefile | 2 +-
arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_hyp.h | 8 ++-
arch/arm64/include/asm/sysreg.h | 55 +++++++++++------
arch/arm64/kernel/module.c | 2 -
arch/arm64/kernel/ | 4 +-
arch/arm64/kernel/ | 4 +-
arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/Makefile | 4 ++
drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/Makefile | 3 +-
include/asm-generic/ | 9 +--
include/linux/compiler-clang.h | 7 +++
include/linux/compiler_types.h | 4 ++
kernel/trace/ftrace.c | 6 +-
scripts/Kbuild.include | 8 ++-
scripts/ | 80 ++++++++++++++++++++++++-
scripts/Makefile.modpost | 67 ++++++++++++++++++---
scripts/ | 45 ++++++++++++++
scripts/ | 33 -----------
scripts/ | 108 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
scripts/mod/Makefile | 1 +
scripts/recordmcount.c | 3 +-
25 files changed, 475 insertions(+), 95 deletions(-)
create mode 100755 scripts/
delete mode 100755 scripts/


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