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SubjectRe: [PATCH v7 1/4] arm64: kvm: route synchronous external abort exceptions to EL2
Hi Dongjiu Geng,

On 17/10/17 15:14, Dongjiu Geng wrote:
> ARMv8.2 adds a new bit HCR_EL2.TEA which controls to
> route synchronous external aborts to EL2, and adds a
> trap control bit HCR_EL2.TERR which controls to
> trap all Non-secure EL1&0 error record accesses to EL2.

The bulk of this patch is about trap-and-emulating these ERR registers, but
that's not reflected in the title:
> KVM: arm64: Emulate RAS error registers and set HCR_EL2's TERR & TEA


> This patch enables the two bits for the guest OS.
> when an synchronous abort is generated in the guest OS,
> it will trap to EL3 firmware, EL3 firmware will check the

*buzz*
This depends on SCR_EL3.EA, which this patch doesn't touch and the normal-world
can't even know about. This is what your system does, the commit message should
be about the change to Linux.

(I've said this before)


> HCR_EL2.TEA value to decide to jump to hypervisor or host
> OS. Enabling HCR_EL2.TERR makes error record access
> from guest trap to EL2.
>
> Add some minimal emulation for RAS-Error-Record registers.
> In the emulation, ERRIDR_EL1 and ERRSELR_EL1 are zero.
> Then, the others ERX* registers are RAZ/WI.

> diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_emulate.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_emulate.h
> index fe39e68..47983db 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_emulate.h
> +++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_emulate.h
> @@ -47,6 +47,13 @@ static inline void vcpu_reset_hcr(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> vcpu->arch.hcr_el2 = HCR_GUEST_FLAGS;
> if (is_kernel_in_hyp_mode())
> vcpu->arch.hcr_el2 |= HCR_E2H;
> + if (cpus_have_const_cap(ARM64_HAS_RAS_EXTN)) {

This ARM64_HAS_RAS_EXTN isn't in mainline, nor is it added by your series. I
know where it comes from, but other reviewers may not. If you have dependencies
on another series, please call them out in the cover letter.

This is the first cpus_have_const_cap() user in this header file, it probably needs:
#include <asm/cpufeature.h>


> + /* route synchronous external abort exceptions to EL2 */
> + vcpu->arch.hcr_el2 |= HCR_TEA;
> + /* trap error record accesses */
> + vcpu->arch.hcr_el2 |= HCR_TERR;
> + }
> +
> if (test_bit(KVM_ARM_VCPU_EL1_32BIT, vcpu->arch.features))
> vcpu->arch.hcr_el2 &= ~HCR_RW;
> }
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_host.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> index d686300..af55b3bc 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> +++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> @@ -105,6 +105,8 @@ enum vcpu_sysreg {
> TTBR1_EL1, /* Translation Table Base Register 1 */
> TCR_EL1, /* Translation Control Register */
> ESR_EL1, /* Exception Syndrome Register */

> + ERRIDR_EL1, /* Error Record ID Register */

Page 39 of [0]: 'ERRIDR_EL1 is a 64-bit read-only ...'.


> + ERRSELR_EL1, /* Error Record Select Register */

We're emulating these as RAZ/WI, do we really need to allocate
vcpu->arch.ctxt.sys_regs space for them? If we always return 0 for ERRIDR, then
we don't need to keep ERRSELR as 'the value read back [..] is UNKNOWN'.

I think we only need space for these once their value needs to be migrated,
user-space doesn't need to know they exist until then.


> AFSR0_EL1, /* Auxiliary Fault Status Register 0 */
> AFSR1_EL1, /* Auxiliary Fault Status Register 1 */
> FAR_EL1, /* Fault Address Register */

> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/sys_regs.c b/arch/arm64/kvm/sys_regs.c
> index 2e070d3..a74617b 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/kvm/sys_regs.c
> +++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/sys_regs.c
> @@ -775,6 +775,36 @@ static bool access_pmovs(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct sys_reg_params *p,
> return true;
> }
>
> +static bool access_error_reg(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct sys_reg_params *p,
> + const struct sys_reg_desc *r)
> +{
> + /* accessing ERRIDR_EL1 */
> + if (r->CRm == 3 && r->Op2 == 0) {
> + if (p->is_write)
> + vcpu_sys_reg(vcpu, ERRIDR_EL1) = 0;

As above, this register is read-only.


> + return trap_raz_wi(vcpu, p, r);

If we can get rid of the vcpu storage this just becomes trap_raz_wi() .


> + }
> +
> + /* accessing ERRSELR_EL1 */
> + if (r->CRm == 3 && r->Op2 == 1) {
> + if (p->is_write)
> + vcpu_sys_reg(vcpu, ERRSELR_EL1) = 0;
> +
> + return trap_raz_wi(vcpu, p, r);
> + }

Same here.


> +
> + /*
> + * If ERRSELR_EL1.SEL is greater than or equal to ERRIDR_EL1.NUM,
> + * the ERX* registers are RAZ/WI.
> + */
> + if ((vcpu_sys_reg(vcpu, ERRSELR_EL1) & 0xff) >=
> + (vcpu_sys_reg(vcpu, ERRIDR_EL1) && 0xff))
> + return trap_raz_wi(vcpu, p, r);

The trick here is ERRIDR_EL1 is read only, KVM can choose how many records it
emulates. Let's pick zero:
> Zero indicates no records can be accessed through the Error Record System
> registers.

Which lets us collapse this entire function down to trap_raz_wi().


I agree we will need this code once we need to allow user-space to populate
values for these registers. (and I bet no-one will want to do that until we get
kernel-first support)


> + return true;
> +}
> +
> static bool access_pmswinc(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct sys_reg_params *p,
> const struct sys_reg_desc *r)
> {
> @@ -953,6 +983,16 @@ static const struct sys_reg_desc sys_reg_descs[] = {
> { SYS_DESC(SYS_AFSR0_EL1), access_vm_reg, reset_unknown, AFSR0_EL1 },
> { SYS_DESC(SYS_AFSR1_EL1), access_vm_reg, reset_unknown, AFSR1_EL1 },
> { SYS_DESC(SYS_ESR_EL1), access_vm_reg, reset_unknown, ESR_EL1 },
> +
> + { SYS_DESC(SYS_ERRIDR_EL1), access_error_reg, reset_val, ERRIDR_EL1, 0 },
> + { SYS_DESC(SYS_ERRSELR_EL1), access_error_reg, reset_val, ERRSELR_EL1, 0 },
> + { SYS_DESC(SYS_ERXFR_EL1), access_error_reg },
> + { SYS_DESC(SYS_ERXCTLR_EL1), access_error_reg },
> + { SYS_DESC(SYS_ERXSTATUS_EL1), access_error_reg },
> + { SYS_DESC(SYS_ERXADDR_EL1), access_error_reg },
> + { SYS_DESC(SYS_ERXMISC0_EL1), access_error_reg },
> + { SYS_DESC(SYS_ERXMISC1_EL1), access_error_reg },

Why can't we just make all these trap_raz_wi()?


> { SYS_DESC(SYS_FAR_EL1), access_vm_reg, reset_unknown, FAR_EL1 },
> { SYS_DESC(SYS_PAR_EL1), NULL, reset_unknown, PAR_EL1 },


I'll make these changes and then repost this as part of the RAS+IESB series it
depends on.


Thanks!

James


[0]
https://static.docs.arm.com/ddi0587/a/RAS%20Extension-release%20candidate_march_29.pdf

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