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SubjectRe: [PATCHv7 6/8] printk: use printk_safe buffers in printk
On Tue, Dec 27, 2016 at 7:16 AM, Sergey Senozhatsky
<sergey.senozhatsky@gmail.com> wrote:
> Use printk_safe per-CPU buffers in printk recursion-prone blocks:
> -- around logbuf_lock protected sections in vprintk_emit() and
> console_unlock()
> -- around down_trylock_console_sem() and up_console_sem()
>
> Note that this solution addresses deadlocks caused by printk()
> recursive calls only. That is vprintk_emit() and console_unlock().
> The rest will be converted in a followup patch.
>
> Another thing to note is that we now keep lockdep enabled in printk,
> because we are protected against the printk recursion caused by
> lockdep in vprintk_emit() by the printk-safe mechanism - we first
> switch to per-CPU buffers and only then access the deadlock-prone
> locks.

When booting v4.10-rc5-mmots-2017-01-26-15-49 from the mmots tree, I
sometimes see the following lockdep splat which I think may be related
to this commit?

[ 13.090634] ======================================================
[ 13.090634] [ INFO: possible circular locking dependency detected ]
[ 13.090635] 4.10.0-rc5-mm1-00313-g5c0c3d7-dirty #10 Not tainted
[ 13.090635] -------------------------------------------------------
[ 13.090635] systemd/1 is trying to acquire lock:
[ 13.090636] ((console_sem).lock){-.....}, at: [<ffffffff81110194>]
down_trylock+0x14/0x40
[ 13.090637]
[ 13.090637] but task is already holding lock:
[ 13.090637] (&rq->lock){-.-.-.}, at: [<ffffffff810e6116>]
task_rq_lock+0x56/0xd0
[ 13.090638]
[ 13.090639] which lock already depends on the new lock.
[ 13.090639]
[ 13.090639]
[ 13.090640] the existing dependency chain (in reverse order) is:
[ 13.090640] c
[ 13.090640] -> #2 (&rq->lock){-.-.-.}:
[ 13.090641] [<ffffffff8111727d>] lock_acquire+0xfd/0x200
[ 13.090642] [<ffffffff81ca3171>] _raw_spin_lock+0x41/0x80
[ 13.090642] [<ffffffff810fa38a>] task_fork_fair+0x3a/0x100
[ 13.090642] [<ffffffff810ea80d>] sched_fork+0x10d/0x2c0
[ 13.090643] [<ffffffff810b05df>] copy_process.part.30+0x69f/0x2190
[ 13.090643] [<ffffffff810b22c6>] _do_fork+0xf6/0x700
[ 13.090643] [<ffffffff810b28f9>] kernel_thread+0x29/0x30
[ 13.090644] [<ffffffff81c91572>] rest_init+0x22/0x140
[ 13.090644] [<ffffffff8280b051>] start_kernel+0x461/0x482
[ 13.090644] [<ffffffff8280a2d6>] x86_64_start_reservations+0x2a/0x2c
[ 13.090645] [<ffffffff8280a424>] x86_64_start_kernel+0x14c/0x16f
[ 13.090645] [<ffffffff810001c4>] verify_cpu+0x0/0xfc
[ 13.090645]
[ 13.090645] -> #1 (&p->pi_lock){-.-.-.}:
[ 13.090647] [<ffffffff8111727d>] lock_acquire+0xfd/0x200
[ 13.090647] [<ffffffff81ca3f79>] _raw_spin_lock_irqsave+0x59/0x93
[ 13.090647] [<ffffffff810e943f>] try_to_wake_up+0x3f/0x530
[ 13.090648] [<ffffffff810e9945>] wake_up_process+0x15/0x20
[ 13.090648] [<ffffffff81c9fc4c>] __up.isra.0+0x4c/0x50
[ 13.090648] [<ffffffff81110256>] up+0x46/0x50
[ 13.090649] [<ffffffff81128a55>] __up_console_sem+0x45/0x80
[ 13.090649] [<ffffffff81129baf>] console_unlock+0x29f/0x5e0
[ 13.090649] [<ffffffff8112a1c0>] vprintk_emit+0x2d0/0x3a0
[ 13.090650] [<ffffffff8112a429>] vprintk_default+0x29/0x50
[ 13.090650] [<ffffffff8112b445>] vprintk_func+0x25/0x80
[ 13.090650] [<ffffffff81205c6d>] printk+0x52/0x6e
[ 13.090651] [<ffffffff81185bdc>] kauditd_hold_skb+0x9c/0xa0
[ 13.090651] [<ffffffff8118601b>] kauditd_thread+0x23b/0x520
[ 13.090651] [<ffffffff810dbb6f>] kthread+0x10f/0x150
[ 13.090652] [<ffffffff81ca42c1>] ret_from_fork+0x31/0x40
[ 13.090652]
[ 13.090652] -> #0 ((console_sem).lock){-.....}:
[ 13.090653] [<ffffffff81116c85>] __lock_acquire+0x10e5/0x1270
[ 13.090653] [<ffffffff8111727d>] lock_acquire+0xfd/0x200
[ 13.090654] [<ffffffff81ca3f79>] _raw_spin_lock_irqsave+0x59/0x93
[ 13.090654] [<ffffffff81110194>] down_trylock+0x14/0x40
[ 13.090654] [<ffffffff81128b7c>] __down_trylock_console_sem+0x3c/0xc0
[ 13.090655] [<ffffffff81128c16>] console_trylock+0x16/0x90
[ 13.090655] [<ffffffff8112a1b7>] vprintk_emit+0x2c7/0x3a0
[ 13.090655] [<ffffffff8112a429>] vprintk_default+0x29/0x50
[ 13.090656] [<ffffffff8112b445>] vprintk_func+0x25/0x80
[ 13.090656] [<ffffffff81205c6d>] printk+0x52/0x6e
[ 13.090656] [<ffffffff810b3329>] __warn+0x39/0xf0
[ 13.090657] [<ffffffff810b343f>] warn_slowpath_fmt+0x5f/0x80
[ 13.090657] [<ffffffff810f550b>] update_load_avg+0x85b/0xb80
[ 13.090657] [<ffffffff810f58bf>] detach_task_cfs_rq+0x3f/0x210
[ 13.090658] [<ffffffff810f8e34>] task_change_group_fair+0x24/0x100
[ 13.090658] [<ffffffff810e46ef>] sched_change_group+0x5f/0x110
[ 13.090658] [<ffffffff810efd03>] sched_move_task+0x53/0x160
[ 13.090659] [<ffffffff810efe46>] cpu_cgroup_attach+0x36/0x70
[ 13.090659] [<ffffffff81172aa0>] cgroup_migrate_execute+0x230/0x3f0
[ 13.090659] [<ffffffff81172d2e>] cgroup_migrate+0xce/0x140
[ 13.090660] [<ffffffff8117301f>] cgroup_attach_task+0x27f/0x3e0
[ 13.090660] [<ffffffff81175b7e>] __cgroup_procs_write+0x30e/0x510
[ 13.090661] [<ffffffff81175d94>] cgroup_procs_write+0x14/0x20
[ 13.090661] [<ffffffff811700e4>] cgroup_file_write+0x44/0x1e0
[ 13.090661] [<ffffffff8135a92c>] kernfs_fop_write+0x13c/0x1c0
[ 13.090662] [<ffffffff812b8e07>] __vfs_write+0x37/0x160
[ 13.090662] [<ffffffff812ba8ab>] vfs_write+0xcb/0x1f0
[ 13.090662] [<ffffffff812bbe38>] SyS_write+0x58/0xc0
[ 13.090663] [<ffffffff81ca4041>] entry_SYSCALL_64_fastpath+0x1f/0xc2
[ 13.090663]
[ 13.090663] other info that might help us debug this:
[ 13.090663]
[ 13.090664] Chain exists of:
[ 13.090664] (console_sem).lock --> &p->pi_lock --> &rq->lock
[ 13.090665]
[ 13.090666] Possible unsafe locking scenario:
[ 13.090666]
[ 13.090666] CPU0 CPU1
[ 13.090667] ---- ----
[ 13.090667] lock(&rq->lock);
[ 13.090668] lock(&p->pi_lock);
[ 13.090668] lock(&rq->lock);
[ 13.090669] lock((console_sem).lock);
[ 13.090670]
[ 13.090670] * DEADLOCK *
[ 13.090670]
[ 13.090671] 6 locks held by systemd/1:
[ 13.090671] #0: (sb_writers#6){.+.+.+}, at: [<ffffffff812ba97b>]
vfs_write+0x19b/0x1f0
[ 13.090672] #1: (&of->mutex){+.+.+.}, at: [<ffffffff8135a8f6>]
kernfs_fop_write+0x106/0x1c0
[ 13.090673] #2: (cgroup_mutex){+.+.+.}, at: [<ffffffff811751aa>]
cgroup_kn_lock_live+0x5a/0x220
[ 13.090674] #3: (&cgroup_threadgroup_rwsem){+++++.}, at:
[<ffffffff811109cb>] percpu_down_write+0x2b/0x130
[ 13.090676] #4: (&p->pi_lock){-.-.-.}, at: [<ffffffff810e6101>]
task_rq_lock+0x41/0xd0
[ 13.090677] #5: (&rq->lock){-.-.-.}, at: [<ffffffff810e6116>]
task_rq_lock+0x56/0xd0
[ 13.090678]
[ 13.090678] stack backtrace:
[ 13.090679] CPU: 8 PID: 1 Comm: systemd Not tainted
4.10.0-rc5-mm1-00313-g5c0c3d7-dirty #10
[ 13.090679] Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996),
BIOS rel-1.9.1-0-gb3ef39f-prebuilt.qemu-project.org 04/01/2014
[ 13.090679] Call Trace:
[ 13.090680] dump_stack+0x86/0xc3
[ 13.090680] print_circular_bug+0x1be/0x210
[ 13.090680] __lock_acquire+0x10e5/0x1270
[ 13.090681] lock_acquire+0xfd/0x200
[ 13.090681] ? down_trylock+0x14/0x40
[ 13.090681] _raw_spin_lock_irqsave+0x59/0x93
[ 13.090681] ? down_trylock+0x14/0x40
[ 13.090682] ? vprintk_emit+0x2c7/0x3a0
[ 13.090682] down_trylock+0x14/0x40
[ 13.090682] __down_trylock_console_sem+0x3c/0xc0
[ 13.090683] console_trylock+0x16/0x90
[ 13.090683] ? trace_hardirqs_off+0xd/0x10
[ 13.090683] vprintk_emit+0x2c7/0x3a0
[ 13.090684] ? update_load_avg+0x85b/0xb80
[ 13.090684] vprintk_default+0x29/0x50
[ 13.090684] vprintk_func+0x25/0x80
[ 13.090684] printk+0x52/0x6e
[ 13.090685] ? update_load_avg+0x85b/0xb80
[ 13.090685] __warn+0x39/0xf0
[ 13.090685] warn_slowpath_fmt+0x5f/0x80
[ 13.090686] update_load_avg+0x85b/0xb80
[ 13.090686] ? debug_smp_processor_id+0x17/0x20
[ 13.090686] detach_task_cfs_rq+0x3f/0x210
[ 13.090687] task_change_group_fair+0x24/0x100
[ 13.090687] sched_change_group+0x5f/0x110
[ 13.090687] sched_move_task+0x53/0x160
[ 13.090687] cpu_cgroup_attach+0x36/0x70
[ 13.090688] cgroup_migrate_execute+0x230/0x3f0
[ 13.090688] cgroup_migrate+0xce/0x140
[ 13.090688] ? cgroup_migrate+0x5/0x140
[ 13.090689] cgroup_attach_task+0x27f/0x3e0
[ 13.090689] ? cgroup_attach_task+0x9b/0x3e0
[ 13.090689] __cgroup_procs_write+0x30e/0x510
[ 13.090690] ? __cgroup_procs_write+0x70/0x510
[ 13.090690] cgroup_procs_write+0x14/0x20
[ 13.090690] cgroup_file_write+0x44/0x1e0
[ 13.090690] kernfs_fop_write+0x13c/0x1c0
[ 13.090691] __vfs_write+0x37/0x160
[ 13.090691] ? rcu_read_lock_sched_held+0x4a/0x80
[ 13.090691] ? rcu_sync_lockdep_assert+0x2f/0x60
[ 13.090692] ? __sb_start_write+0x10d/0x220
[ 13.090692] ? vfs_write+0x19b/0x1f0
[ 13.090692] ? security_file_permission+0x3b/0xc0
[ 13.090693] vfs_write+0xcb/0x1f0
[ 13.090693] SyS_write+0x58/0xc0
[ 13.090693] entry_SYSCALL_64_fastpath+0x1f/0xc2
[ 13.090693] RIP: 0033:0x7f8b7c1be210
[ 13.090694] RSP: 002b:00007ffe73febfd8 EFLAGS: 00000246 ORIG_RAX:
0000000000000001
[ 13.090694] RAX: ffffffffffffffda RBX: 000055a84870a7e0 RCX: 00007f8b7c1be210
[ 13.090695] RDX: 0000000000000004 RSI: 000055a84870aa10 RDI: 0000000000000033
[ 13.090695] RBP: 0000000000000000 R08: 000055a84870a8c0 R09: 00007f8b7dbda900
[ 13.090695] R10: 000055a84870aa10 R11: 0000000000000246 R12: 0000000000000000
[ 13.090696] R13: 000055a848775360 R14: 000055a84870a7e0 R15: 0000000000000033

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