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Subject[PATCH 4/4] perf, tools, script: Add brstackasm output for branch stacks
Date
From: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>

Implement printing full disassembled sequences for branch stacks in perf
script. This allows to directly print hot paths for individual samples,
together with branch misprediction and cycle count / IPC information if
available (on Skylake systems)

% perf record -b ...
% perf script -F brstackasm
...
000055b55d1147d0 pushq %rbp
000055b55d1147d1 pushq %r15
000055b55d1147d3 pushq %r14
000055b55d1147d5 pushq %r13
000055b55d1147d7 pushq %r12
000055b55d1147d9 pushq %rbx
000055b55d1147da sub $0x18, %rsp
000055b55d1147de mov %r8, %r13
000055b55d1147e1 mov %rcx, %rbp
000055b55d1147e4 mov %rdx, %r14
000055b55d1147e7 mov %rsi, %r15
000055b55d1147ea mov %rdi, %rbx
000055b55d1147ed movl $0x0, 0xc(%rsp)
000055b55d1147f5 movq (%rbp), %rax
000055b55d1147f9 test $0x1, %al
000055b55d1147fb jnz 0x55b55d114890 # PRED 4 cycles 3.75 IPC
000055b55d114890 mov %eax, %ecx
000055b55d114892 and $0x3, %ecx
000055b55d114895 cmp $0x1, %rcx
000055b55d114899 jnz 0x55b55d1148f8
000055b55d11489b movq -0x1(%rax), %rcx
000055b55d11489f cmpb $0x81, 0xb(%rcx)
000055b55d1148a3 jnz 0x55b55d1148fe # PRED 1 cycles 6.00 IPC
...

Open issues:
- Occasionally the path does not reach up to the sample IP, as the LBRs
may be freezed earlier.

v2:
Use low level abstracted disassembler interface.
Print symbols and source lines as labels.
Print first jump in LBR too.
Patch up blocks with filtered ring transfers.
Show IPC
Lots of cleanups and improvements.

Signed-off-by: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
---
tools/perf/Documentation/perf-script.txt | 13 +-
tools/perf/builtin-script.c | 262 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
2 files changed, 273 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/tools/perf/Documentation/perf-script.txt b/tools/perf/Documentation/perf-script.txt
index 863579b4d2e2..9b3c0e58f315 100644
--- a/tools/perf/Documentation/perf-script.txt
+++ b/tools/perf/Documentation/perf-script.txt
@@ -116,7 +116,7 @@ OPTIONS
--fields::
Comma separated list of fields to print. Options are:
comm, tid, pid, time, cpu, event, trace, ip, sym, dso, addr, symoff,
- srcline, period, iregs, brstack, brstacksym, flags, bpf-output, asm.
+ srcline, period, iregs, brstack, brstacksym, flags, bpf-output, asm, brstackasm,
callindent, insn, insnlen. Field list can be prepended with the type, trace, sw or hw,
to indicate to which event type the field list applies.
e.g., -F sw:comm,tid,time,ip,sym and -F trace:time,cpu,trace
@@ -189,17 +189,22 @@ OPTIONS
i.e., -F "" is not allowed.

The brstack output includes branch related information with raw addresses using the
- /v/v/v/v/ syntax in the following order:
+ /v/v/v/v/cycles syntax in the following order:
FROM: branch source instruction
TO : branch target instruction
M/P/-: M=branch target mispredicted or branch direction was mispredicted, P=target predicted or direction predicted, -=not supported
X/- : X=branch inside a transactional region, -=not in transaction region or not supported
A/- : A=TSX abort entry, -=not aborted region or not supported
+ cycles

The brstacksym is identical to brstack, except that the FROM and TO addresses are printed in a symbolic form if possible.

When asm is specified the assembler instruction of each sample is printed in disassembled form.

+ When brstackasm is specified the full assembler sequences of branch sequences for each sample
+ is printed. This is the full execution path leading to the sample. This is only supported when the
+ sample was recorded with perf record -b or -j any.
+
-k::
--vmlinux=<file>::
vmlinux pathname
@@ -301,6 +306,10 @@ include::itrace.txt[]
stop time is not given (i.e, time string is 'x.y,') then analysis goes
to end of file.

+--max-blocks::
+ Set the maximum number of program blocks to print with brstackasm for
+ each sample.
+
SEE ALSO
--------
linkperf:perf-record[1], linkperf:perf-script-perl[1],
diff --git a/tools/perf/builtin-script.c b/tools/perf/builtin-script.c
index e96668b1cc63..b19e207528d2 100644
--- a/tools/perf/builtin-script.c
+++ b/tools/perf/builtin-script.c
@@ -43,6 +43,7 @@ static bool nanosecs;
static const char *cpu_list;
static DECLARE_BITMAP(cpu_bitmap, MAX_NR_CPUS);
static struct perf_stat_config stat_config;
+static int max_blocks;

unsigned int scripting_max_stack = PERF_MAX_STACK_DEPTH;

@@ -71,6 +72,7 @@ enum perf_output_field {
PERF_OUTPUT_INSN = 1U << 21,
PERF_OUTPUT_INSNLEN = 1U << 22,
PERF_OUTPUT_ASM = 1U << 23,
+ PERF_OUTPUT_BRSTACKASM = 1U << 24,
};

struct output_option {
@@ -101,6 +103,7 @@ struct output_option {
{.str = "insn", .field = PERF_OUTPUT_INSN},
{.str = "insnlen", .field = PERF_OUTPUT_INSNLEN},
{.str = "asm", .field = PERF_OUTPUT_ASM},
+ {.str = "brstackasm", .field = PERF_OUTPUT_BRSTACKASM},
};

/* default set to maintain compatibility with current format */
@@ -300,6 +303,13 @@ static int perf_evsel__check_attr(struct perf_evsel *evsel,
"selected.\n");
return -EINVAL;
}
+ if (PRINT_FIELD(BRSTACKASM) &&
+ !(perf_evlist__combined_branch_type(session->evlist) &
+ PERF_SAMPLE_BRANCH_ANY)) {
+ pr_err("Display of branch stack assembler requested, but non all-branch filter set\n");
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
if ((PRINT_FIELD(PID) || PRINT_FIELD(TID)) &&
perf_evsel__check_stype(evsel, PERF_SAMPLE_TID, "TID",
PERF_OUTPUT_TID|PERF_OUTPUT_PID))
@@ -586,6 +596,254 @@ static void print_sample_brstacksym(struct perf_sample *sample,
}
}

+#define MAXBB 16384UL
+
+static int grab_bb(u8 *buffer, u64 start, u64 end,
+ struct machine *machine, struct thread *thread,
+ bool *is64bit, u8 *cpumode)
+{
+ int offset, len;
+ struct addr_location al;
+ bool kernel;
+
+ if (!start || !end)
+ return 0;
+
+ kernel = machine__kernel_ip(machine, start);
+ if (kernel)
+ *cpumode = PERF_RECORD_MISC_KERNEL;
+ else
+ *cpumode = PERF_RECORD_MISC_USER;
+
+ /*
+ * Block overlaps between kernel and user.
+ * This can happen due to ring filtering
+ * On Intel CPUs the entry into the kernel is filtered,
+ * but the exit is not. Let the caller patch it up.
+ */
+ if (kernel != machine__kernel_ip(machine, end)) {
+ printf("\tblock %" PRIx64 "-%" PRIx64 " transfers between kernel and user\n",
+ start, end);
+ return -ENXIO;
+ }
+
+ memset(&al, 0, sizeof(al));
+ if (end - start > MAXBB - MAXINSN) {
+ printf("\tblock %" PRIx64 "-%" PRIx64 " (%ld) too long to dump\n",
+ start, end, end - start);
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ thread__find_addr_map(thread, *cpumode, MAP__FUNCTION, start, &al);
+ if (!al.map || !al.map->dso) {
+ printf("\tcannot resolve %" PRIx64 "-%" PRIx64 "\n",
+ start, end);
+ return 0;
+ }
+ if (al.map->dso->data.status == DSO_DATA_STATUS_ERROR) {
+ printf("\tcannot resolve %" PRIx64 "-%" PRIx64 "\n",
+ start, end);
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ /* Load maps to ensure dso->is_64_bit has been updated */
+ map__load(al.map);
+
+ offset = al.map->map_ip(al.map, start);
+ len = dso__data_read_offset(al.map->dso, machine,
+ offset, (u8 *)buffer,
+ end - start + MAXINSN);
+
+ *is64bit = al.map->dso->is_64_bit;
+ if (len <= 0)
+ printf("\tcannot fetch code for block at %" PRIx64 "-%" PRIx64 "\n",
+ start, end);
+ return len;
+}
+
+static void print_jump(uint64_t ip, struct branch_entry *en,
+ struct perf_dis *x, u8 *inbuf, int len,
+ int insn)
+{
+ printf("\t%016" PRIx64 "\t%-30s\t#%s%s%s%s",
+ ip,
+ disas_inst(x, ip, inbuf, len, NULL),
+ en->flags.predicted ? " PRED" : "",
+ en->flags.mispred ? " MISPRED" : "",
+ en->flags.in_tx ? " INTX" : "",
+ en->flags.abort ? " ABORT" : "");
+ if (en->flags.cycles) {
+ printf(" %d cycles", en->flags.cycles);
+ if (insn)
+ printf(" %.2f IPC", (float)insn / en->flags.cycles);
+ }
+ putchar('\n');
+}
+
+static void print_ip_sym(struct thread *thread,
+ u8 cpumode, int cpu,
+ uint64_t addr,
+ struct symbol **lastsym,
+ struct perf_event_attr *attr)
+{
+ struct addr_location al;
+ int off;
+
+ memset(&al, 0, sizeof(struct addr_location));
+
+ thread__find_addr_map(thread, cpumode, MAP__FUNCTION, addr, &al);
+ if (!al.map)
+ thread__find_addr_map(thread, cpumode, MAP__VARIABLE,
+ addr, &al);
+ if ((*lastsym) && al.addr >= (*lastsym)->start && al.addr < (*lastsym)->end)
+ return;
+
+ al.cpu = cpu;
+ al.sym = NULL;
+ if (al.map)
+ al.sym = map__find_symbol(al.map, al.addr);
+
+ if (!al.sym)
+ return;
+
+ if (al.addr < al.sym->end)
+ off = al.addr - al.sym->start;
+ else
+ off = al.addr - al.map->start - al.sym->start;
+ printf("\t%s", al.sym->name);
+ if (off)
+ printf("%+d", off);
+ putchar(':');
+ if (PRINT_FIELD(SRCLINE))
+ map__fprintf_srcline(al.map, al.addr, "\t", stdout);
+ putchar('\n');
+ *lastsym = al.sym;
+}
+
+static void print_sample_brstackasm(struct perf_sample *sample,
+ struct thread *thread,
+ struct perf_event_attr *attr,
+ struct machine *machine)
+{
+ struct branch_stack *br = sample->branch_stack;
+ u64 start, end;
+ int i, insn;
+ struct perf_dis x;
+ u8 buffer[MAXBB];
+ int len;
+ int nr;
+ unsigned off;
+ int ilen;
+ struct symbol *lastsym = NULL;
+
+ if (!(br && br->nr))
+ return;
+ nr = br->nr;
+ if (max_blocks && nr > max_blocks + 1)
+ nr = max_blocks + 1;
+
+ x.thread = thread;
+ x.cpu = sample->cpu;
+
+ putchar('\n');
+
+ /* Handle first from jump, of which we don't know the entry. */
+ len = grab_bb(buffer, br->entries[nr-1].from,
+ br->entries[nr-1].from,
+ machine, thread, &x.is64bit, &x.cpumode);
+ if (len > 0) {
+ print_ip_sym(thread, x.cpumode, x.cpu,
+ br->entries[nr - 1].from,
+ &lastsym, attr);
+ print_jump(br->entries[nr - 1].from, &br->entries[nr - 1],
+ &x, buffer, len, 0);
+ }
+
+ /* Print all blocks */
+ for (i = nr - 2; i >= 0; i--) {
+ if (br->entries[i].from || br->entries[i].to)
+ pr_debug("%d: %" PRIx64 "-%" PRIx64 "\n", i,
+ br->entries[i].from,
+ br->entries[i].to);
+ start = br->entries[i + 1].to;
+ end = br->entries[i].from;
+
+ len = grab_bb(buffer, start, end,
+ machine, thread, &x.is64bit,
+ &x.cpumode);
+ /* Patch up missing kernel transfers due to ring filters */
+ if (len == -ENXIO && i > 0) {
+ end = br->entries[--i].from;
+ pr_debug("\tpatching up to %" PRIx64 "-%" PRIx64 "\n",
+ start, end);
+ len = grab_bb(buffer, start, end,
+ machine, thread, &x.is64bit,
+ &x.cpumode);
+ }
+ if (len <= 0)
+ continue;
+
+ insn = 0;
+ for (off = 0;; off += ilen) {
+ uint64_t ip = start + off;
+
+ print_ip_sym(thread, x.cpumode, x.cpu,
+ ip,
+ &lastsym, attr);
+ if (ip == end) {
+ print_jump(ip, &br->entries[i], &x,
+ buffer + off,
+ len - off, insn);
+ break;
+ } else {
+ printf("\t%016" PRIx64 "\t%s\n", ip,
+ disas_inst(&x, ip, buffer + off,
+ len - off, &ilen));
+ if (ilen == 0)
+ break;
+ insn++;
+ }
+ }
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Hit the branch? In this case we are already done, and the target
+ * has not been executed yet.
+ */
+ if (br->entries[0].from == sample->ip)
+ return;
+ if (br->entries[0].flags.abort)
+ return;
+
+ /*
+ * Print final block upto sample
+ */
+ start = br->entries[0].to;
+ end = sample->ip;
+ len = grab_bb(buffer, start, end, machine, thread, &x.is64bit,
+ &x.cpumode);
+ print_ip_sym(thread, x.cpumode, x.cpu,
+ start,
+ &lastsym, attr);
+ if (len <= 0) {
+ /* Print at least last IP if basic block did not work */
+ len = grab_bb(buffer, sample->ip, sample->ip,
+ machine, thread, &x.is64bit, &x.cpumode);
+ if (len <= 0)
+ return;
+
+ printf("\t%016" PRIx64 "\t%s\n", sample->ip,
+ disas_inst(&x, sample->ip, buffer, len, NULL));
+ return;
+ }
+ for (off = 0; off <= end - start; off += ilen) {
+ printf("\t%016" PRIx64 "\t%s\n", start + off,
+ disas_inst(&x, start + off, buffer + off,
+ len - off, &ilen));
+ if (ilen == 0)
+ break;
+ }
+}

static void print_sample_addr(struct perf_sample *sample,
struct thread *thread,
@@ -689,6 +947,8 @@ static void print_insn(union perf_event *event,
}
if (PRINT_FIELD(ASM))
print_sample_asm(event, sample, thread, al, machine);
+ if (PRINT_FIELD(BRSTACKASM))
+ print_sample_brstackasm(sample, thread, attr, machine);
}

static void print_sample_bts(union perf_event *event,
@@ -2230,6 +2490,8 @@ int cmd_script(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix __maybe_unused)
"Show the mmap events"),
OPT_BOOLEAN('\0', "show-switch-events", &script.show_switch_events,
"Show context switch events (if recorded)"),
+ OPT_INTEGER(0, "max-blocks", &max_blocks,
+ "Maximum number of code blocks to dump with brstackasm"),
OPT_BOOLEAN('f', "force", &file.force, "don't complain, do it"),
OPT_BOOLEAN(0, "ns", &nanosecs,
"Use 9 decimal places when displaying time"),
--
2.9.3
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