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SubjectRe: [PATCH RFC 2/3] mm, vmscan: limit kswapd loop if no progress is made
On Tue 24-01-17 15:49:03, Jia He wrote:
> Currently there is no hard limitation for kswapd retry times if no progress
> is made.

Yes, because the main objective of the kswapd is to balance all memory
zones. So having a hard limit on retries doesn't make any sense.

> Then kswapd will take 100% for a long time.

Where it is spending time?

> In my test, I tried to allocate 4000 hugepages by:
> echo 4000 > /proc/sys/vm/nr_hugepages
>
> Then,kswapd will take 100% cpu for a long time.
>
> The numa layout is:
> available: 7 nodes (0-6)
> node 0 cpus: 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
> node 0 size: 6611 MB
> node 0 free: 1103 MB
> node 1 cpus:
> node 1 size: 12527 MB
> node 1 free: 8477 MB
> node 2 cpus:
> node 2 size: 15087 MB
> node 2 free: 11037 MB
> node 3 cpus:
> node 3 size: 16111 MB
> node 3 free: 12060 MB
> node 4 cpus: 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
> node 4 size: 24815 MB
> node 4 free: 20704 MB
> node 5 cpus:
> node 5 size: 4095 MB
> node 5 free: 61 MB
> node 6 cpus:
> node 6 size: 22750 MB
> node 6 free: 18716 MB
>
> The cause is kswapd will loop for long time even if there is no progress in
> balance_pgdat.

How does this solve anything? If the kswapd just backs off then the more
work has to be done in the direct reclaim context.

> Signed-off-by: Jia He <hejianet@gmail.com>
> ---
> mm/vmscan.c | 25 ++++++++++++++++++++++---
> 1 file changed, 22 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/mm/vmscan.c b/mm/vmscan.c
> index 532a2a7..7396a0a 100644
> --- a/mm/vmscan.c
> +++ b/mm/vmscan.c
> @@ -59,6 +59,7 @@
> #define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS
> #include <trace/events/vmscan.h>
>
> +#define MAX_KSWAPD_RECLAIM_RETRIES 16
> struct scan_control {
> /* How many pages shrink_list() should reclaim */
> unsigned long nr_to_reclaim;
> @@ -3202,7 +3203,8 @@ static bool kswapd_shrink_node(pg_data_t *pgdat,
> * or lower is eligible for reclaim until at least one usable zone is
> * balanced.
> */
> -static int balance_pgdat(pg_data_t *pgdat, int order, int classzone_idx)
> +static int balance_pgdat(pg_data_t *pgdat, int order, int classzone_idx,
> + int *did_some_progress)
> {
> int i;
> unsigned long nr_soft_reclaimed;
> @@ -3322,6 +3324,7 @@ static int balance_pgdat(pg_data_t *pgdat, int order, int classzone_idx)
> * entered the allocator slow path while kswapd was awake, order will
> * remain at the higher level.
> */
> + *did_some_progress = !!(sc.nr_scanned || sc.nr_reclaimed);
> return sc.order;
> }
>
> @@ -3417,6 +3420,8 @@ static int kswapd(void *p)
> unsigned int alloc_order, reclaim_order, classzone_idx;
> pg_data_t *pgdat = (pg_data_t*)p;
> struct task_struct *tsk = current;
> + int no_progress_loops = 0;
> + int did_some_progress = 0;
>
> struct reclaim_state reclaim_state = {
> .reclaimed_slab = 0,
> @@ -3480,9 +3485,23 @@ static int kswapd(void *p)
> */
> trace_mm_vmscan_kswapd_wake(pgdat->node_id, classzone_idx,
> alloc_order);
> - reclaim_order = balance_pgdat(pgdat, alloc_order, classzone_idx);
> - if (reclaim_order < alloc_order)
> + reclaim_order = balance_pgdat(pgdat, alloc_order, classzone_idx,
> + &did_some_progress);
> +
> + if (reclaim_order < alloc_order) {
> + no_progress_loops = 0;
> goto kswapd_try_sleep;
> + }
> +
> + if (did_some_progress)
> + no_progress_loops = 0;
> + else
> + no_progress_loops++;
> +
> + if (no_progress_loops >= MAX_KSWAPD_RECLAIM_RETRIES) {
> + no_progress_loops = 0;
> + goto kswapd_try_sleep;
> + }
>
> alloc_order = reclaim_order = pgdat->kswapd_order;
> classzone_idx = pgdat->kswapd_classzone_idx;
> --
> 2.5.5
>

--
Michal Hocko
SUSE Labs

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