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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 13/24] platform: add video-multiplexer subdevice driver
From
Date
On 01/07/2017 03:11 AM, Steve Longerbeam wrote:
> From: Philipp Zabel <p.zabel@pengutronix.de>
>
> This driver can handle SoC internal and external video bus multiplexers,
> controlled either by register bit fields or by a GPIO. The subdevice
> passes through frame interval and mbus configuration of the active input
> to the output side.
>
> Signed-off-by: Sascha Hauer <s.hauer@pengutronix.de>
> Signed-off-by: Philipp Zabel <p.zabel@pengutronix.de>
>
> --
>
> - fixed a cut&paste error in vidsw_remove(): v4l2_async_register_subdev()
> should be unregister.
>
> - added media_entity_cleanup() and v4l2_device_unregister_subdev()
> to vidsw_remove().
>
> - there was a line left over from a previous iteration that negated
> the new way of determining the pad count just before it which
> has been removed (num_pads = of_get_child_count(np)).
>
> - Philipp Zabel has developed a set of patches that allow adding
> to the subdev async notifier waiting list using a chaining method
> from the async registered callbacks (v4l2_of_subdev_registered()
> and the prep patches for that). For now, I've removed the use of
> v4l2_of_subdev_registered() for the vidmux driver's registered
> callback. This doesn't affect the functionality of this driver,
> but allows for it to be merged now, before adding the chaining
> support.
>
> Signed-off-by: Steve Longerbeam <steve_longerbeam@mentor.com>
> ---
> .../bindings/media/video-multiplexer.txt | 59 +++
> drivers/media/platform/Kconfig | 8 +
> drivers/media/platform/Makefile | 2 +
> drivers/media/platform/video-multiplexer.c | 472 +++++++++++++++++++++
> 4 files changed, 541 insertions(+)
> create mode 100644 Documentation/devicetree/bindings/media/video-multiplexer.txt
> create mode 100644 drivers/media/platform/video-multiplexer.c
>
> diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/media/video-multiplexer.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/media/video-multiplexer.txt
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..9d133d9
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/media/video-multiplexer.txt
> @@ -0,0 +1,59 @@
> +Video Multiplexer
> +=================
> +
> +Video multiplexers allow to select between multiple input ports. Video received
> +on the active input port is passed through to the output port. Muxes described
> +by this binding may be controlled by a syscon register bitfield or by a GPIO.
> +
> +Required properties:
> +- compatible : should be "video-multiplexer"
> +- reg: should be register base of the register containing the control bitfield
> +- bit-mask: bitmask of the control bitfield in the control register
> +- bit-shift: bit offset of the control bitfield in the control register
> +- gpios: alternatively to reg, bit-mask, and bit-shift, a single GPIO phandle
> + may be given to switch between two inputs
> +- #address-cells: should be <1>
> +- #size-cells: should be <0>
> +- port@*: at least three port nodes containing endpoints connecting to the
> + source and sink devices according to of_graph bindings. The last port is
> + the output port, all others are inputs.
> +
> +Example:
> +
> +syscon {
> + compatible = "syscon", "simple-mfd";
> +
> + mux {
> + compatible = "video-multiplexer";
> + /* Single bit (1 << 19) in syscon register 0x04: */
> + reg = <0x04>;
> + bit-mask = <1>;
> + bit-shift = <19>;
> + #address-cells = <1>;
> + #size-cells = <0>;
> +
> + port@0 {
> + reg = <0>;
> +
> + mux_in0: endpoint {
> + remote-endpoint = <&video_source0_out>;
> + };
> + };
> +
> + port@1 {
> + reg = <1>;
> +
> + mux_in1: endpoint {
> + remote-endpoint = <&video_source1_out>;
> + };
> + };
> +
> + port@2 {
> + reg = <2>;
> +
> + mux_out: endpoint {
> + remote-endpoint = <&capture_interface_in>;
> + };
> + };
> + };
> +};
> diff --git a/drivers/media/platform/Kconfig b/drivers/media/platform/Kconfig
> index d944421..65614b5 100644
> --- a/drivers/media/platform/Kconfig
> +++ b/drivers/media/platform/Kconfig
> @@ -74,6 +74,14 @@ config VIDEO_M32R_AR_M64278
> To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the
> module will be called arv.
>
> +config VIDEO_MULTIPLEXER
> + tristate "Video Multiplexer"
> + depends on VIDEO_V4L2_SUBDEV_API && MEDIA_CONTROLLER
> + help
> + This driver provides support for SoC internal N:1 video bus
> + multiplexers controlled by register bitfields as well as external
> + 2:1 video multiplexers controlled by a single GPIO.
> +
> config VIDEO_OMAP3
> tristate "OMAP 3 Camera support"
> depends on VIDEO_V4L2 && I2C && VIDEO_V4L2_SUBDEV_API && ARCH_OMAP3
> diff --git a/drivers/media/platform/Makefile b/drivers/media/platform/Makefile
> index 5b3cb27..7cf0ee5 100644
> --- a/drivers/media/platform/Makefile
> +++ b/drivers/media/platform/Makefile
> @@ -27,6 +27,8 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_VIDEO_SH_VEU) += sh_veu.o
>
> obj-$(CONFIG_VIDEO_MEM2MEM_DEINTERLACE) += m2m-deinterlace.o
>
> +obj-$(CONFIG_VIDEO_MULTIPLEXER) += video-multiplexer.o
> +
> obj-$(CONFIG_VIDEO_S3C_CAMIF) += s3c-camif/
> obj-$(CONFIG_VIDEO_SAMSUNG_EXYNOS4_IS) += exynos4-is/
> obj-$(CONFIG_VIDEO_SAMSUNG_S5P_JPEG) += s5p-jpeg/
> diff --git a/drivers/media/platform/video-multiplexer.c b/drivers/media/platform/video-multiplexer.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..48980c4
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/drivers/media/platform/video-multiplexer.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,472 @@
> +/*
> + * video stream multiplexer controlled via gpio or syscon
> + *
> + * Copyright (C) 2013 Pengutronix, Sascha Hauer <kernel@pengutronix.de>
> + * Copyright (C) 2016 Pengutronix, Philipp Zabel <kernel@pengutronix.de>
> + *
> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
> + * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
> + * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2
> + * of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
> + * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
> + * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
> + * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
> + * GNU General Public License for more details.
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/err.h>
> +#include <linux/gpio/consumer.h>
> +#include <linux/mfd/syscon.h>
> +#include <linux/module.h>
> +#include <linux/of.h>
> +#include <linux/of_graph.h>
> +#include <linux/platform_device.h>
> +#include <linux/regmap.h>
> +#include <media/v4l2-async.h>
> +#include <media/v4l2-device.h>
> +#include <media/v4l2-subdev.h>
> +#include <media/v4l2-of.h>
> +
> +struct vidsw {
> + struct v4l2_subdev subdev;
> + unsigned int num_pads;
> + struct media_pad *pads;
> + struct v4l2_mbus_framefmt *format_mbus;
> + struct v4l2_fract timeperframe;
> + struct v4l2_of_endpoint *endpoint;
> + struct regmap_field *field;
> + struct gpio_desc *gpio;
> + int active;
> +};
> +
> +static inline struct vidsw *v4l2_subdev_to_vidsw(struct v4l2_subdev *sd)
> +{
> + return container_of(sd, struct vidsw, subdev);
> +}
> +
> +static void vidsw_set_active(struct vidsw *vidsw, int active)
> +{
> + vidsw->active = active;
> + if (active < 0)
> + return;
> +
> + dev_dbg(vidsw->subdev.dev, "setting %d active\n", active);
> +
> + if (vidsw->field)
> + regmap_field_write(vidsw->field, active);
> + else if (vidsw->gpio)
> + gpiod_set_value(vidsw->gpio, active);
> +}
> +
> +static int vidsw_link_setup(struct media_entity *entity,
> + const struct media_pad *local,
> + const struct media_pad *remote, u32 flags)
> +{
> + struct v4l2_subdev *sd = media_entity_to_v4l2_subdev(entity);
> + struct vidsw *vidsw = v4l2_subdev_to_vidsw(sd);
> +
> + /* We have no limitations on enabling or disabling our output link */
> + if (local->index == vidsw->num_pads - 1)
> + return 0;
> +
> + dev_dbg(sd->dev, "link setup %s -> %s", remote->entity->name,
> + local->entity->name);
> +
> + if (!(flags & MEDIA_LNK_FL_ENABLED)) {
> + if (local->index == vidsw->active) {
> + dev_dbg(sd->dev, "going inactive\n");
> + vidsw->active = -1;
> + }
> + return 0;
> + }
> +
> + if (vidsw->active >= 0) {
> + struct media_pad *pad;
> +
> + if (vidsw->active == local->index)
> + return 0;
> +
> + pad = media_entity_remote_pad(&vidsw->pads[vidsw->active]);
> + if (pad) {
> + struct media_link *link;
> + int ret;
> +
> + link = media_entity_find_link(pad,
> + &vidsw->pads[vidsw->active]);
> + if (link) {
> + ret = __media_entity_setup_link(link, 0);
> + if (ret)
> + return ret;
> + }
> + }
> + }
> +
> + vidsw_set_active(vidsw, local->index);
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static struct media_entity_operations vidsw_ops = {
> + .link_setup = vidsw_link_setup,
> +};
> +
> +static bool vidsw_endpoint_disabled(struct device_node *ep)
> +{
> + struct device_node *rpp;
> +
> + if (!of_device_is_available(ep))
> + return true;
> +
> + rpp = of_graph_get_remote_port_parent(ep);
> + if (!rpp)
> + return true;
> +
> + return !of_device_is_available(rpp);
> +}
> +
> +static int vidsw_async_init(struct vidsw *vidsw, struct device_node *node)
> +{
> + struct device_node *ep;
> + u32 portno;
> + int numports;
> + int ret;
> + int i;
> + bool active_link = false;
> +
> + numports = vidsw->num_pads;
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < numports - 1; i++)
> + vidsw->pads[i].flags = MEDIA_PAD_FL_SINK;
> + vidsw->pads[numports - 1].flags = MEDIA_PAD_FL_SOURCE;
> +
> + vidsw->subdev.entity.function = MEDIA_ENT_F_MUX;
> + ret = media_entity_pads_init(&vidsw->subdev.entity, numports,
> + vidsw->pads);
> + if (ret < 0)
> + return ret;
> +
> + vidsw->subdev.entity.ops = &vidsw_ops;
> +
> + for_each_endpoint_of_node(node, ep) {
> + struct v4l2_of_endpoint endpoint;
> +
> + v4l2_of_parse_endpoint(ep, &endpoint);
> +
> + portno = endpoint.base.port;
> + if (portno >= numports - 1)
> + continue;
> +
> + if (vidsw_endpoint_disabled(ep)) {
> + dev_dbg(vidsw->subdev.dev, "port %d disabled\n", portno);
> + continue;
> + }
> +
> + vidsw->endpoint[portno] = endpoint;
> +
> + if (portno == vidsw->active)
> + active_link = true;
> + }
> +
> + for (portno = 0; portno < numports - 1; portno++) {
> + if (!vidsw->endpoint[portno].base.local_node)
> + continue;
> +
> + /* If the active input is not connected, use another */
> + if (!active_link) {
> + vidsw_set_active(vidsw, portno);
> + active_link = true;
> + }
> + }
> +
> + return v4l2_async_register_subdev(&vidsw->subdev);
> +}
> +
> +int vidsw_g_mbus_config(struct v4l2_subdev *sd, struct v4l2_mbus_config *cfg)
> +{
> + struct vidsw *vidsw = v4l2_subdev_to_vidsw(sd);
> + struct media_pad *pad;
> + int ret;
> +
> + if (vidsw->active == -1) {
> + dev_err(sd->dev, "no configuration for inactive mux\n");
> + return -EINVAL;
> + }
> +
> + /*
> + * Retrieve media bus configuration from the entity connected to the
> + * active input
> + */
> + pad = media_entity_remote_pad(&vidsw->pads[vidsw->active]);
> + if (pad) {
> + sd = media_entity_to_v4l2_subdev(pad->entity);
> + ret = v4l2_subdev_call(sd, video, g_mbus_config, cfg);
> + if (ret == -ENOIOCTLCMD)
> + pad = NULL;
> + else if (ret < 0) {
> + dev_err(sd->dev, "failed to get source configuration\n");
> + return ret;
> + }
> + }
> + if (!pad) {
> + /* Mirror the input side on the output side */
> + cfg->type = vidsw->endpoint[vidsw->active].bus_type;
> + if (cfg->type == V4L2_MBUS_PARALLEL ||
> + cfg->type == V4L2_MBUS_BT656)
> + cfg->flags = vidsw->endpoint[vidsw->active].bus.parallel.flags;
> + }
> +
> + return 0;
> +}

I am not certain this op is needed at all. In the current kernel this op is only
used by soc_camera, pxa_camera and omap3isp (somewhat dubious). Normally this
information should come from the device tree and there should be no need for this op.

My (tentative) long-term plan was to get rid of this op.

If you don't need it, then I recommend it is removed.

> +
> +static int vidsw_s_stream(struct v4l2_subdev *sd, int enable)
> +{
> + struct vidsw *vidsw = v4l2_subdev_to_vidsw(sd);
> + struct v4l2_subdev *upstream_sd;
> + struct media_pad *pad;
> +
> + if (vidsw->active == -1) {
> + dev_err(sd->dev, "Can not start streaming on inactive mux\n");
> + return -EINVAL;
> + }
> +
> + pad = media_entity_remote_pad(&sd->entity.pads[vidsw->active]);
> + if (!pad) {
> + dev_err(sd->dev, "Failed to find remote source pad\n");
> + return -ENOLINK;
> + }
> +
> + if (!is_media_entity_v4l2_subdev(pad->entity)) {
> + dev_err(sd->dev, "Upstream entity is not a v4l2 subdev\n");
> + return -ENODEV;
> + }
> +
> + upstream_sd = media_entity_to_v4l2_subdev(pad->entity);
> +
> + return v4l2_subdev_call(upstream_sd, video, s_stream, enable);
> +}
> +
> +static int vidsw_g_frame_interval(struct v4l2_subdev *sd,
> + struct v4l2_subdev_frame_interval *fi)
> +{
> + struct vidsw *vidsw = v4l2_subdev_to_vidsw(sd);
> +
> + fi->interval = vidsw->timeperframe;
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int vidsw_s_frame_interval(struct v4l2_subdev *sd,
> + struct v4l2_subdev_frame_interval *fi)
> +{
> + struct vidsw *vidsw = v4l2_subdev_to_vidsw(sd);
> +
> + vidsw->timeperframe = fi->interval;
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static const struct v4l2_subdev_video_ops vidsw_subdev_video_ops = {
> + .g_mbus_config = vidsw_g_mbus_config,
> + .s_stream = vidsw_s_stream,
> + .g_frame_interval = vidsw_g_frame_interval,
> + .s_frame_interval = vidsw_s_frame_interval,
> +};
> +
> +static struct v4l2_mbus_framefmt *
> +__vidsw_get_pad_format(struct v4l2_subdev *sd,
> + struct v4l2_subdev_pad_config *cfg,
> + unsigned int pad, u32 which)
> +{
> + struct vidsw *vidsw = v4l2_subdev_to_vidsw(sd);
> +
> + switch (which) {
> + case V4L2_SUBDEV_FORMAT_TRY:
> + return v4l2_subdev_get_try_format(sd, cfg, pad);
> + case V4L2_SUBDEV_FORMAT_ACTIVE:
> + return &vidsw->format_mbus[pad];
> + default:
> + return NULL;
> + }
> +}
> +
> +static int vidsw_get_format(struct v4l2_subdev *sd,
> + struct v4l2_subdev_pad_config *cfg,
> + struct v4l2_subdev_format *sdformat)
> +{
> + sdformat->format = *__vidsw_get_pad_format(sd, cfg, sdformat->pad,
> + sdformat->which);
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int vidsw_set_format(struct v4l2_subdev *sd,
> + struct v4l2_subdev_pad_config *cfg,
> + struct v4l2_subdev_format *sdformat)
> +{
> + struct vidsw *vidsw = v4l2_subdev_to_vidsw(sd);
> + struct v4l2_mbus_framefmt *mbusformat;
> +
> + if (sdformat->pad >= vidsw->num_pads)
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + mbusformat = __vidsw_get_pad_format(sd, cfg, sdformat->pad,
> + sdformat->which);
> + if (!mbusformat)
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + /* Output pad mirrors active input pad, no limitations on input pads */
> + if (sdformat->pad == (vidsw->num_pads - 1) && vidsw->active >= 0)
> + sdformat->format = vidsw->format_mbus[vidsw->active];
> +
> + *mbusformat = sdformat->format;
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static struct v4l2_subdev_pad_ops vidsw_pad_ops = {
> + .get_fmt = vidsw_get_format,
> + .set_fmt = vidsw_set_format,
> +};
> +
> +static struct v4l2_subdev_ops vidsw_subdev_ops = {
> + .pad = &vidsw_pad_ops,
> + .video = &vidsw_subdev_video_ops,
> +};
> +
> +static int of_get_reg_field(struct device_node *node, struct reg_field *field)
> +{
> + u32 bit_mask;
> + int ret;
> +
> + ret = of_property_read_u32(node, "reg", &field->reg);
> + if (ret < 0)
> + return ret;
> +
> + ret = of_property_read_u32(node, "bit-mask", &bit_mask);
> + if (ret < 0)
> + return ret;
> +
> + ret = of_property_read_u32(node, "bit-shift", &field->lsb);
> + if (ret < 0)
> + return ret;
> +
> + field->msb = field->lsb + fls(bit_mask) - 1;
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int vidsw_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
> +{
> + struct device_node *np = pdev->dev.of_node;
> + struct of_endpoint endpoint;
> + struct device_node *ep;
> + struct reg_field field;
> + struct vidsw *vidsw;
> + struct regmap *map;
> + unsigned int num_pads;
> + int ret;
> +
> + vidsw = devm_kzalloc(&pdev->dev, sizeof(*vidsw), GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!vidsw)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> +
> + platform_set_drvdata(pdev, vidsw);
> +
> + v4l2_subdev_init(&vidsw->subdev, &vidsw_subdev_ops);
> + snprintf(vidsw->subdev.name, sizeof(vidsw->subdev.name), "%s",
> + np->name);
> + vidsw->subdev.flags |= V4L2_SUBDEV_FL_HAS_DEVNODE;
> + vidsw->subdev.dev = &pdev->dev;
> +
> + /*
> + * The largest numbered port is the output port. It determines
> + * total number of pads
> + */
> + num_pads = 0;
> + for_each_endpoint_of_node(np, ep) {
> + of_graph_parse_endpoint(ep, &endpoint);
> + num_pads = max(num_pads, endpoint.port + 1);
> + }
> +
> + if (num_pads < 2) {
> + dev_err(&pdev->dev, "Not enough ports %d\n", num_pads);
> + return -EINVAL;
> + }
> +
> + ret = of_get_reg_field(np, &field);
> + if (ret == 0) {
> + map = syscon_node_to_regmap(np->parent);
> + if (!map) {
> + dev_err(&pdev->dev, "Failed to get syscon register map\n");
> + return PTR_ERR(map);
> + }
> +
> + vidsw->field = devm_regmap_field_alloc(&pdev->dev, map, field);
> + if (IS_ERR(vidsw->field)) {
> + dev_err(&pdev->dev, "Failed to allocate regmap field\n");
> + return PTR_ERR(vidsw->field);
> + }
> +
> + regmap_field_read(vidsw->field, &vidsw->active);
> + } else {
> + if (num_pads > 3) {
> + dev_err(&pdev->dev, "Too many ports %d\n", num_pads);
> + return -EINVAL;
> + }
> +
> + vidsw->gpio = devm_gpiod_get(&pdev->dev, NULL, GPIOD_OUT_LOW);
> + if (IS_ERR(vidsw->gpio)) {
> + dev_warn(&pdev->dev,
> + "could not request control gpio: %d\n", ret);
> + vidsw->gpio = NULL;
> + }
> +
> + vidsw->active = gpiod_get_value(vidsw->gpio) ? 1 : 0;
> + }
> +
> + vidsw->num_pads = num_pads;
> + vidsw->pads = devm_kzalloc(&pdev->dev, sizeof(*vidsw->pads) * num_pads,
> + GFP_KERNEL);
> + vidsw->format_mbus = devm_kzalloc(&pdev->dev,
> + sizeof(*vidsw->format_mbus) * num_pads, GFP_KERNEL);
> + vidsw->endpoint = devm_kzalloc(&pdev->dev,
> + sizeof(*vidsw->endpoint) * (num_pads - 1), GFP_KERNEL);
> +
> + ret = vidsw_async_init(vidsw, np);
> + if (ret)
> + return ret;
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int vidsw_remove(struct platform_device *pdev)
> +{
> + struct vidsw *vidsw = platform_get_drvdata(pdev);
> + struct v4l2_subdev *sd = &vidsw->subdev;
> +
> + v4l2_async_unregister_subdev(sd);
> + media_entity_cleanup(&sd->entity);
> + v4l2_device_unregister_subdev(sd);
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static const struct of_device_id vidsw_dt_ids[] = {
> + { .compatible = "video-multiplexer", },
> + { /* sentinel */ }
> +};
> +
> +static struct platform_driver vidsw_driver = {
> + .probe = vidsw_probe,
> + .remove = vidsw_remove,
> + .driver = {
> + .of_match_table = vidsw_dt_ids,
> + .name = "video-multiplexer",
> + },
> +};
> +
> +module_platform_driver(vidsw_driver);
> +
> +MODULE_DESCRIPTION("video stream multiplexer");
> +MODULE_AUTHOR("Sascha Hauer, Pengutronix");
> +MODULE_AUTHOR("Philipp Zabel, Pengutronix");
> +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
>

Regards,

Hans

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