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SubjectRe: [PATCH 7/8] mq-deadline: add blk-mq adaptation of the deadline IO scheduler
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> Il giorno 17 dic 2016, alle ore 01:12, Jens Axboe <axboe@fb.com> ha scritto:
>
> This is basically identical to deadline-iosched, except it registers
> as a MQ capable scheduler. This is still a single queue design.
>

Jens,
no spin_lock_irq* in the code. So, also request dispatches are
guaranteed to never be executed in IRQ context? I'm asking this
question to understand whether I'm missing something that, even in
BFQ, would somehow allow me to not disable irqs in critical sections,
even if there is the slice_idle-expiration handler. Be patient with
my ignorance.

Thanks,
Paolo

> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@fb.com>
> ---
> block/Kconfig.iosched | 6 +
> block/Makefile | 1 +
> block/mq-deadline.c | 649 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 3 files changed, 656 insertions(+)
> create mode 100644 block/mq-deadline.c
>
> diff --git a/block/Kconfig.iosched b/block/Kconfig.iosched
> index 421bef9c4c48..490ef2850fae 100644
> --- a/block/Kconfig.iosched
> +++ b/block/Kconfig.iosched
> @@ -32,6 +32,12 @@ config IOSCHED_CFQ
>
> This is the default I/O scheduler.
>
> +config MQ_IOSCHED_DEADLINE
> + tristate "MQ deadline I/O scheduler"
> + default y
> + ---help---
> + MQ version of the deadline IO scheduler.
> +
> config CFQ_GROUP_IOSCHED
> bool "CFQ Group Scheduling support"
> depends on IOSCHED_CFQ && BLK_CGROUP
> diff --git a/block/Makefile b/block/Makefile
> index 2eee9e1bb6db..3ee0abd7205a 100644
> --- a/block/Makefile
> +++ b/block/Makefile
> @@ -18,6 +18,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_BLK_DEV_THROTTLING) += blk-throttle.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_IOSCHED_NOOP) += noop-iosched.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_IOSCHED_DEADLINE) += deadline-iosched.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_IOSCHED_CFQ) += cfq-iosched.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_MQ_IOSCHED_DEADLINE) += mq-deadline.o
>
> obj-$(CONFIG_BLOCK_COMPAT) += compat_ioctl.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_BLK_CMDLINE_PARSER) += cmdline-parser.o
> diff --git a/block/mq-deadline.c b/block/mq-deadline.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..3cb9de21ab21
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/block/mq-deadline.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,649 @@
> +/*
> + * MQ Deadline i/o scheduler - adaptation of the legacy deadline scheduler,
> + * for the blk-mq scheduling framework
> + *
> + * Copyright (C) 2016 Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
> + */
> +#include <linux/kernel.h>
> +#include <linux/fs.h>
> +#include <linux/blkdev.h>
> +#include <linux/blk-mq.h>
> +#include <linux/elevator.h>
> +#include <linux/bio.h>
> +#include <linux/module.h>
> +#include <linux/slab.h>
> +#include <linux/init.h>
> +#include <linux/compiler.h>
> +#include <linux/rbtree.h>
> +#include <linux/sbitmap.h>
> +
> +#include "blk.h"
> +#include "blk-mq.h"
> +#include "blk-mq-tag.h"
> +#include "blk-mq-sched.h"
> +
> +static unsigned int queue_depth = 256;
> +module_param(queue_depth, uint, 0644);
> +MODULE_PARM_DESC(queue_depth, "Use this value as the scheduler queue depth");
> +
> +/*
> + * See Documentation/block/deadline-iosched.txt
> + */
> +static const int read_expire = HZ / 2; /* max time before a read is submitted. */
> +static const int write_expire = 5 * HZ; /* ditto for writes, these limits are SOFT! */
> +static const int writes_starved = 2; /* max times reads can starve a write */
> +static const int fifo_batch = 16; /* # of sequential requests treated as one
> + by the above parameters. For throughput. */
> +
> +struct deadline_data {
> + /*
> + * run time data
> + */
> +
> + /*
> + * requests (deadline_rq s) are present on both sort_list and fifo_list
> + */
> + struct rb_root sort_list[2];
> + struct list_head fifo_list[2];
> +
> + /*
> + * next in sort order. read, write or both are NULL
> + */
> + struct request *next_rq[2];
> + unsigned int batching; /* number of sequential requests made */
> + unsigned int starved; /* times reads have starved writes */
> +
> + /*
> + * settings that change how the i/o scheduler behaves
> + */
> + int fifo_expire[2];
> + int fifo_batch;
> + int writes_starved;
> + int front_merges;
> +
> + spinlock_t lock;
> + struct list_head dispatch;
> + struct blk_mq_tags *tags;
> + atomic_t wait_index;
> +};
> +
> +static inline struct rb_root *
> +deadline_rb_root(struct deadline_data *dd, struct request *rq)
> +{
> + return &dd->sort_list[rq_data_dir(rq)];
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * get the request after `rq' in sector-sorted order
> + */
> +static inline struct request *
> +deadline_latter_request(struct request *rq)
> +{
> + struct rb_node *node = rb_next(&rq->rb_node);
> +
> + if (node)
> + return rb_entry_rq(node);
> +
> + return NULL;
> +}
> +
> +static void
> +deadline_add_rq_rb(struct deadline_data *dd, struct request *rq)
> +{
> + struct rb_root *root = deadline_rb_root(dd, rq);
> +
> + elv_rb_add(root, rq);
> +}
> +
> +static inline void
> +deadline_del_rq_rb(struct deadline_data *dd, struct request *rq)
> +{
> + const int data_dir = rq_data_dir(rq);
> +
> + if (dd->next_rq[data_dir] == rq)
> + dd->next_rq[data_dir] = deadline_latter_request(rq);
> +
> + elv_rb_del(deadline_rb_root(dd, rq), rq);
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * remove rq from rbtree and fifo.
> + */
> +static void deadline_remove_request(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq)
> +{
> + struct deadline_data *dd = q->elevator->elevator_data;
> +
> + list_del_init(&rq->queuelist);
> +
> + /*
> + * We might not be on the rbtree, if we are doing an insert merge
> + */
> + if (!RB_EMPTY_NODE(&rq->rb_node))
> + deadline_del_rq_rb(dd, rq);
> +
> + elv_rqhash_del(q, rq);
> + if (q->last_merge == rq)
> + q->last_merge = NULL;
> +}
> +
> +static void dd_request_merged(struct request_queue *q, struct request *req,
> + int type)
> +{
> + struct deadline_data *dd = q->elevator->elevator_data;
> +
> + /*
> + * if the merge was a front merge, we need to reposition request
> + */
> + if (type == ELEVATOR_FRONT_MERGE) {
> + elv_rb_del(deadline_rb_root(dd, req), req);
> + deadline_add_rq_rb(dd, req);
> + }
> +}
> +
> +static void dd_merged_requests(struct request_queue *q, struct request *req,
> + struct request *next)
> +{
> + /*
> + * if next expires before rq, assign its expire time to rq
> + * and move into next position (next will be deleted) in fifo
> + */
> + if (!list_empty(&req->queuelist) && !list_empty(&next->queuelist)) {
> + if (time_before((unsigned long)next->fifo_time,
> + (unsigned long)req->fifo_time)) {
> + list_move(&req->queuelist, &next->queuelist);
> + req->fifo_time = next->fifo_time;
> + }
> + }
> +
> + /*
> + * kill knowledge of next, this one is a goner
> + */
> + deadline_remove_request(q, next);
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * move an entry to dispatch queue
> + */
> +static void
> +deadline_move_request(struct deadline_data *dd, struct request *rq)
> +{
> + const int data_dir = rq_data_dir(rq);
> +
> + dd->next_rq[READ] = NULL;
> + dd->next_rq[WRITE] = NULL;
> + dd->next_rq[data_dir] = deadline_latter_request(rq);
> +
> + /*
> + * take it off the sort and fifo list
> + */
> + deadline_remove_request(rq->q, rq);
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * deadline_check_fifo returns 0 if there are no expired requests on the fifo,
> + * 1 otherwise. Requires !list_empty(&dd->fifo_list[data_dir])
> + */
> +static inline int deadline_check_fifo(struct deadline_data *dd, int ddir)
> +{
> + struct request *rq = rq_entry_fifo(dd->fifo_list[ddir].next);
> +
> + /*
> + * rq is expired!
> + */
> + if (time_after_eq(jiffies, (unsigned long)rq->fifo_time))
> + return 1;
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * deadline_dispatch_requests selects the best request according to
> + * read/write expire, fifo_batch, etc
> + */
> +static struct request *__dd_dispatch_request(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx)
> +{
> + struct deadline_data *dd = hctx->queue->elevator->elevator_data;
> + struct request *rq;
> + bool reads, writes;
> + int data_dir;
> +
> + spin_lock(&dd->lock);
> +
> + if (!list_empty(&dd->dispatch)) {
> + rq = list_first_entry(&dd->dispatch, struct request, queuelist);
> + list_del_init(&rq->queuelist);
> + goto done;
> + }
> +
> + reads = !list_empty(&dd->fifo_list[READ]);
> + writes = !list_empty(&dd->fifo_list[WRITE]);
> +
> + /*
> + * batches are currently reads XOR writes
> + */
> + if (dd->next_rq[WRITE])
> + rq = dd->next_rq[WRITE];
> + else
> + rq = dd->next_rq[READ];
> +
> + if (rq && dd->batching < dd->fifo_batch)
> + /* we have a next request are still entitled to batch */
> + goto dispatch_request;
> +
> + /*
> + * at this point we are not running a batch. select the appropriate
> + * data direction (read / write)
> + */
> +
> + if (reads) {
> + BUG_ON(RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&dd->sort_list[READ]));
> +
> + if (writes && (dd->starved++ >= dd->writes_starved))
> + goto dispatch_writes;
> +
> + data_dir = READ;
> +
> + goto dispatch_find_request;
> + }
> +
> + /*
> + * there are either no reads or writes have been starved
> + */
> +
> + if (writes) {
> +dispatch_writes:
> + BUG_ON(RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&dd->sort_list[WRITE]));
> +
> + dd->starved = 0;
> +
> + data_dir = WRITE;
> +
> + goto dispatch_find_request;
> + }
> +
> + spin_unlock(&dd->lock);
> + return NULL;
> +
> +dispatch_find_request:
> + /*
> + * we are not running a batch, find best request for selected data_dir
> + */
> + if (deadline_check_fifo(dd, data_dir) || !dd->next_rq[data_dir]) {
> + /*
> + * A deadline has expired, the last request was in the other
> + * direction, or we have run out of higher-sectored requests.
> + * Start again from the request with the earliest expiry time.
> + */
> + rq = rq_entry_fifo(dd->fifo_list[data_dir].next);
> + } else {
> + /*
> + * The last req was the same dir and we have a next request in
> + * sort order. No expired requests so continue on from here.
> + */
> + rq = dd->next_rq[data_dir];
> + }
> +
> + dd->batching = 0;
> +
> +dispatch_request:
> + /*
> + * rq is the selected appropriate request.
> + */
> + dd->batching++;
> + deadline_move_request(dd, rq);
> +done:
> + rq->rq_flags |= RQF_STARTED;
> + spin_unlock(&dd->lock);
> + return rq;
> +}
> +
> +static void dd_dispatch_requests(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx,
> + struct list_head *rq_list)
> +{
> + blk_mq_sched_dispatch_shadow_requests(hctx, rq_list, __dd_dispatch_request);
> +}
> +
> +static void dd_exit_queue(struct elevator_queue *e)
> +{
> + struct deadline_data *dd = e->elevator_data;
> +
> + BUG_ON(!list_empty(&dd->fifo_list[READ]));
> + BUG_ON(!list_empty(&dd->fifo_list[WRITE]));
> +
> + blk_mq_sched_free_requests(dd->tags);
> + kfree(dd);
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * initialize elevator private data (deadline_data).
> + */
> +static int dd_init_queue(struct request_queue *q, struct elevator_type *e)
> +{
> + struct deadline_data *dd;
> + struct elevator_queue *eq;
> +
> + eq = elevator_alloc(q, e);
> + if (!eq)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> +
> + dd = kzalloc_node(sizeof(*dd), GFP_KERNEL, q->node);
> + if (!dd) {
> + kobject_put(&eq->kobj);
> + return -ENOMEM;
> + }
> + eq->elevator_data = dd;
> +
> + dd->tags = blk_mq_sched_alloc_requests(queue_depth, q->node);
> + if (!dd->tags) {
> + kfree(dd);
> + kobject_put(&eq->kobj);
> + return -ENOMEM;
> + }
> +
> + INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dd->fifo_list[READ]);
> + INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dd->fifo_list[WRITE]);
> + dd->sort_list[READ] = RB_ROOT;
> + dd->sort_list[WRITE] = RB_ROOT;
> + dd->fifo_expire[READ] = read_expire;
> + dd->fifo_expire[WRITE] = write_expire;
> + dd->writes_starved = writes_starved;
> + dd->front_merges = 1;
> + dd->fifo_batch = fifo_batch;
> + spin_lock_init(&dd->lock);
> + INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dd->dispatch);
> + atomic_set(&dd->wait_index, 0);
> +
> + q->elevator = eq;
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int dd_request_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct request **rq,
> + struct bio *bio)
> +{
> + struct deadline_data *dd = q->elevator->elevator_data;
> + sector_t sector = bio_end_sector(bio);
> + struct request *__rq;
> +
> + if (!dd->front_merges)
> + return ELEVATOR_NO_MERGE;
> +
> + __rq = elv_rb_find(&dd->sort_list[bio_data_dir(bio)], sector);
> + if (__rq) {
> + BUG_ON(sector != blk_rq_pos(__rq));
> +
> + if (elv_bio_merge_ok(__rq, bio)) {
> + *rq = __rq;
> + return ELEVATOR_FRONT_MERGE;
> + }
> + }
> +
> + return ELEVATOR_NO_MERGE;
> +}
> +
> +static bool dd_bio_merge(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx, struct bio *bio)
> +{
> + struct request_queue *q = hctx->queue;
> + struct deadline_data *dd = q->elevator->elevator_data;
> + int ret;
> +
> + spin_lock(&dd->lock);
> + ret = blk_mq_sched_try_merge(q, bio);
> + spin_unlock(&dd->lock);
> +
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * add rq to rbtree and fifo
> + */
> +static void dd_insert_request(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx, struct request *rq,
> + bool at_head)
> +{
> + struct request_queue *q = hctx->queue;
> + struct deadline_data *dd = q->elevator->elevator_data;
> + const int data_dir = rq_data_dir(rq);
> +
> + if (blk_mq_sched_try_insert_merge(q, rq))
> + return;
> +
> + blk_mq_sched_request_inserted(rq);
> +
> + /*
> + * If we're trying to insert a real request, just send it directly
> + * to the hardware dispatch list. This only happens for a requeue,
> + * or FUA/FLUSH requests.
> + */
> + if (!blk_mq_sched_rq_is_shadow(rq)) {
> + spin_lock(&hctx->lock);
> + list_add_tail(&rq->queuelist, &hctx->dispatch);
> + spin_unlock(&hctx->lock);
> + return;
> + }
> +
> + if (at_head || rq->cmd_type != REQ_TYPE_FS) {
> + if (at_head)
> + list_add(&rq->queuelist, &dd->dispatch);
> + else
> + list_add_tail(&rq->queuelist, &dd->dispatch);
> + } else {
> + deadline_add_rq_rb(dd, rq);
> +
> + if (rq_mergeable(rq)) {
> + elv_rqhash_add(q, rq);
> + if (!q->last_merge)
> + q->last_merge = rq;
> + }
> +
> + /*
> + * set expire time and add to fifo list
> + */
> + rq->fifo_time = jiffies + dd->fifo_expire[data_dir];
> + list_add_tail(&rq->queuelist, &dd->fifo_list[data_dir]);
> + }
> +}
> +
> +static void dd_insert_requests(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx,
> + struct list_head *list, bool at_head)
> +{
> + struct request_queue *q = hctx->queue;
> + struct deadline_data *dd = q->elevator->elevator_data;
> +
> + spin_lock(&dd->lock);
> + while (!list_empty(list)) {
> + struct request *rq;
> +
> + rq = list_first_entry(list, struct request, queuelist);
> + list_del_init(&rq->queuelist);
> + dd_insert_request(hctx, rq, at_head);
> + }
> + spin_unlock(&dd->lock);
> +}
> +
> +static struct request *dd_get_request(struct request_queue *q, unsigned int op,
> + struct blk_mq_alloc_data *data)
> +{
> + struct deadline_data *dd = q->elevator->elevator_data;
> + struct request *rq;
> +
> + /*
> + * The flush machinery intercepts before we insert the request. As
> + * a work-around, just hand it back a real request.
> + */
> + if (unlikely(op & (REQ_PREFLUSH | REQ_FUA)))
> + rq = __blk_mq_alloc_request(data, op);
> + else {
> + rq = blk_mq_sched_alloc_shadow_request(q, data, dd->tags, &dd->wait_index);
> + if (rq)
> + blk_mq_rq_ctx_init(q, data->ctx, rq, op);
> + }
> +
> + return rq;
> +}
> +
> +static bool dd_put_request(struct request *rq)
> +{
> + /*
> + * If it's a real request, we just have to free it. For a shadow
> + * request, we should only free it if we haven't started it. A
> + * started request is mapped to a real one, and the real one will
> + * free it. We can get here with request merges, since we then
> + * free the request before we start/issue it.
> + */
> + if (!blk_mq_sched_rq_is_shadow(rq))
> + return false;
> +
> + if (!(rq->rq_flags & RQF_STARTED)) {
> + struct request_queue *q = rq->q;
> + struct deadline_data *dd = q->elevator->elevator_data;
> +
> + /*
> + * IO completion would normally do this, but if we merge
> + * and free before we issue the request, drop both the
> + * tag and queue ref
> + */
> + blk_mq_sched_free_shadow_request(dd->tags, rq);
> + blk_queue_exit(q);
> + }
> +
> + return true;
> +}
> +
> +static void dd_completed_request(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx, struct request *rq)
> +{
> + struct request *sched_rq = rq->end_io_data;
> +
> + /*
> + * sched_rq can be NULL, if we haven't setup the shadow yet
> + * because we failed getting one.
> + */
> + if (sched_rq) {
> + struct deadline_data *dd = hctx->queue->elevator->elevator_data;
> +
> + blk_mq_sched_free_shadow_request(dd->tags, sched_rq);
> + blk_mq_start_stopped_hw_queue(hctx, true);
> + }
> +}
> +
> +static bool dd_has_work(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx)
> +{
> + struct deadline_data *dd = hctx->queue->elevator->elevator_data;
> +
> + return !list_empty_careful(&dd->dispatch) ||
> + !list_empty_careful(&dd->fifo_list[0]) ||
> + !list_empty_careful(&dd->fifo_list[1]);
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * sysfs parts below
> + */
> +static ssize_t
> +deadline_var_show(int var, char *page)
> +{
> + return sprintf(page, "%d\n", var);
> +}
> +
> +static ssize_t
> +deadline_var_store(int *var, const char *page, size_t count)
> +{
> + char *p = (char *) page;
> +
> + *var = simple_strtol(p, &p, 10);
> + return count;
> +}
> +
> +#define SHOW_FUNCTION(__FUNC, __VAR, __CONV) \
> +static ssize_t __FUNC(struct elevator_queue *e, char *page) \
> +{ \
> + struct deadline_data *dd = e->elevator_data; \
> + int __data = __VAR; \
> + if (__CONV) \
> + __data = jiffies_to_msecs(__data); \
> + return deadline_var_show(__data, (page)); \
> +}
> +SHOW_FUNCTION(deadline_read_expire_show, dd->fifo_expire[READ], 1);
> +SHOW_FUNCTION(deadline_write_expire_show, dd->fifo_expire[WRITE], 1);
> +SHOW_FUNCTION(deadline_writes_starved_show, dd->writes_starved, 0);
> +SHOW_FUNCTION(deadline_front_merges_show, dd->front_merges, 0);
> +SHOW_FUNCTION(deadline_fifo_batch_show, dd->fifo_batch, 0);
> +#undef SHOW_FUNCTION
> +
> +#define STORE_FUNCTION(__FUNC, __PTR, MIN, MAX, __CONV) \
> +static ssize_t __FUNC(struct elevator_queue *e, const char *page, size_t count) \
> +{ \
> + struct deadline_data *dd = e->elevator_data; \
> + int __data; \
> + int ret = deadline_var_store(&__data, (page), count); \
> + if (__data < (MIN)) \
> + __data = (MIN); \
> + else if (__data > (MAX)) \
> + __data = (MAX); \
> + if (__CONV) \
> + *(__PTR) = msecs_to_jiffies(__data); \
> + else \
> + *(__PTR) = __data; \
> + return ret; \
> +}
> +STORE_FUNCTION(deadline_read_expire_store, &dd->fifo_expire[READ], 0, INT_MAX, 1);
> +STORE_FUNCTION(deadline_write_expire_store, &dd->fifo_expire[WRITE], 0, INT_MAX, 1);
> +STORE_FUNCTION(deadline_writes_starved_store, &dd->writes_starved, INT_MIN, INT_MAX, 0);
> +STORE_FUNCTION(deadline_front_merges_store, &dd->front_merges, 0, 1, 0);
> +STORE_FUNCTION(deadline_fifo_batch_store, &dd->fifo_batch, 0, INT_MAX, 0);
> +#undef STORE_FUNCTION
> +
> +#define DD_ATTR(name) \
> + __ATTR(name, S_IRUGO|S_IWUSR, deadline_##name##_show, \
> + deadline_##name##_store)
> +
> +static struct elv_fs_entry deadline_attrs[] = {
> + DD_ATTR(read_expire),
> + DD_ATTR(write_expire),
> + DD_ATTR(writes_starved),
> + DD_ATTR(front_merges),
> + DD_ATTR(fifo_batch),
> + __ATTR_NULL
> +};
> +
> +static struct elevator_type mq_deadline = {
> + .ops.mq = {
> + .get_request = dd_get_request,
> + .put_request = dd_put_request,
> + .insert_requests = dd_insert_requests,
> + .dispatch_requests = dd_dispatch_requests,
> + .completed_request = dd_completed_request,
> + .next_request = elv_rb_latter_request,
> + .former_request = elv_rb_former_request,
> + .bio_merge = dd_bio_merge,
> + .request_merge = dd_request_merge,
> + .requests_merged = dd_merged_requests,
> + .request_merged = dd_request_merged,
> + .has_work = dd_has_work,
> + .init_sched = dd_init_queue,
> + .exit_sched = dd_exit_queue,
> + },
> +
> + .uses_mq = true,
> + .elevator_attrs = deadline_attrs,
> + .elevator_name = "mq-deadline",
> + .elevator_owner = THIS_MODULE,
> +};
> +
> +static int __init deadline_init(void)
> +{
> + if (!queue_depth) {
> + pr_err("mq-deadline: queue depth must be > 0\n");
> + return -EINVAL;
> + }
> + return elv_register(&mq_deadline);
> +}
> +
> +static void __exit deadline_exit(void)
> +{
> + elv_unregister(&mq_deadline);
> +}
> +
> +module_init(deadline_init);
> +module_exit(deadline_exit);
> +
> +MODULE_AUTHOR("Jens Axboe");
> +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
> +MODULE_DESCRIPTION("MQ deadline IO scheduler");
> --
> 2.7.4
>
> --
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