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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 2/2] watchdog: introduce CONFIG_WATCHDOG_OPEN_TIMEOUT
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On 12/14/2016 05:37 AM, Rasmus Villemoes wrote:
> The watchdog framework takes care of feeding a hardware watchdog until
> userspace opens /dev/watchdogN. If that never happens for some reason
> (buggy init script, corrupt root filesystem or whatnot) but the kernel
> itself is fine, the machine stays up indefinitely. This patch allows
> setting an upper limit for how long the kernel will take care of the
> watchdog, thus ensuring that the watchdog will eventually reset the
> machine if userspace fails to come up.
>
> This is particularly useful for embedded devices where some fallback
> logic is implemented in the bootloader (e.g., use a different root
> partition, boot from network, ...).
>
> The open timeout is also used as a maximum time for an application to
> re-open /dev/watchdogN after closing it.
>
> The open timeout is taken from the device property "open-timeout", and
> if that is not present, defaults to CONFIG_WATCHDOG_OPEN_TIMEOUT, which
> in turn defaults to 0, which means there is no upper limit (as must be
> the default, since there may be existing systems out there relying on
> the kernel taking care of the watchdog forever).
>
> Signed-off-by: Rasmus Villemoes <rasmus.villemoes@prevas.dk>
> ---
> drivers/watchdog/Kconfig | 14 ++++++++++++++
> drivers/watchdog/watchdog_core.c | 16 ++++++++++++++++
> drivers/watchdog/watchdog_dev.c | 22 +++++++++++++++++++++-
> include/linux/watchdog.h | 7 +++++++
> 4 files changed, 58 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/watchdog/Kconfig b/drivers/watchdog/Kconfig
> index 3eb58cb..890418c 100644
> --- a/drivers/watchdog/Kconfig
> +++ b/drivers/watchdog/Kconfig
> @@ -52,6 +52,20 @@ config WATCHDOG_SYSFS
> Say Y here if you want to enable watchdog device status read through
> sysfs attributes.
>
> +config WATCHDOG_OPEN_TIMEOUT
> + int "Default timeout value for opening watchdog device (seconds)"
> + default 0
> + help
> + If a watchdog driver indicates to the framework that the
> + hardware watchdog is running, the framework takes care of
> + pinging the watchdog until userspace opens
> + /dev/watchdogN. This value (overridden by the device's
> + "open-timeout" property if present) sets an upper bound for
> + how long the kernel does this - thus, if userspace hasn't
> + opened the device within the timeout, the board reboots. A
> + value of 0 means there is no timeout.
> +
> +

Dual empty line. Also, as mentioned before, I am not a friend of such
configuration variables. It forces distribution vendors to make the decision
for everyone. Please consider defining a command line parameter such as
watchdog_open_timeout.

> #
> # General Watchdog drivers
> #
> diff --git a/drivers/watchdog/watchdog_core.c b/drivers/watchdog/watchdog_core.c
> index 74265b2..d968e0f 100644
> --- a/drivers/watchdog/watchdog_core.c
> +++ b/drivers/watchdog/watchdog_core.c
> @@ -38,6 +38,7 @@
> #include <linux/idr.h> /* For ida_* macros */
> #include <linux/err.h> /* For IS_ERR macros */
> #include <linux/of.h> /* For of_get_timeout_sec */
> +#include <linux/property.h> /* For device_property_read_u32 */
>
> #include "watchdog_core.h" /* For watchdog_dev_register/... */
>
> @@ -191,6 +192,19 @@ void watchdog_set_restart_priority(struct watchdog_device *wdd, int priority)
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(watchdog_set_restart_priority);
>
> +static void
> +watchdog_set_open_timeout(struct watchdog_device *wdd)
> +{
> + u32 t;
> + struct device *dev;
> +
> + dev = wdd->parent;
> + if (dev && !device_property_read_u32(dev, "open-timeout", &t))
> + wdd->open_timeout = t;

The check if dev == NULL is unnecessary.

New devicetree properties need to be documented and approved by devicetree maintainers.

> + else
> + wdd->open_timeout = CONFIG_WATCHDOG_OPEN_TIMEOUT;
> +}
> +
> static int __watchdog_register_device(struct watchdog_device *wdd)
> {
> int ret, id = -1;
> @@ -225,6 +239,8 @@ static int __watchdog_register_device(struct watchdog_device *wdd)
> return id;
> wdd->id = id;
>
> + watchdog_set_open_timeout(wdd);
> +
Consider moving this call to watchdog_dev_register().

> ret = watchdog_dev_register(wdd);
> if (ret) {
> ida_simple_remove(&watchdog_ida, id);
> diff --git a/drivers/watchdog/watchdog_dev.c b/drivers/watchdog/watchdog_dev.c
> index ca0a000..f153091 100644
> --- a/drivers/watchdog/watchdog_dev.c
> +++ b/drivers/watchdog/watchdog_dev.c
> @@ -80,6 +80,18 @@ static struct watchdog_core_data *old_wd_data;
>
> static struct workqueue_struct *watchdog_wq;
>
> +static bool watchdog_past_open_deadline(struct watchdog_device *wdd)
> +{
> + if (!wdd->open_timeout)
> + return false;
> + return time_is_before_jiffies(wdd->open_deadline);
> +}
> +
> +static void watchdog_set_open_deadline(struct watchdog_device *wdd)
> +{
> + wdd->open_deadline = jiffies + msecs_to_jiffies(1000 * wdd->open_timeout);
> +}
> +
> static inline bool watchdog_need_worker(struct watchdog_device *wdd)
> {
> /* All variables in milli-seconds */
> @@ -194,7 +206,13 @@ static int watchdog_ping(struct watchdog_device *wdd)
>
> static bool watchdog_worker_should_ping(struct watchdog_device *wdd)
> {
> - return wdd && (watchdog_active(wdd) || watchdog_hw_running(wdd));
> + if (!wdd)
> + return false;
> +
> + if (watchdog_active(wdd))
> + return true;
> +
> + return watchdog_hw_running(wdd) && !watchdog_past_open_deadline(wdd);
> }
>
> static void watchdog_ping_work(struct work_struct *work)
> @@ -857,6 +875,7 @@ static int watchdog_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
> watchdog_ping(wdd);
> }
>
> + watchdog_set_open_deadline(wdd);
> watchdog_update_worker(wdd);
>
> /* make sure that /dev/watchdog can be re-opened */
> @@ -955,6 +974,7 @@ static int watchdog_cdev_register(struct watchdog_device *wdd, dev_t devno)
>
> /* Record time of most recent heartbeat as 'just before now'. */
> wd_data->last_hw_keepalive = jiffies - 1;
> + watchdog_set_open_deadline(wdd);
>
> /*
> * If the watchdog is running, prevent its driver from being unloaded,
> diff --git a/include/linux/watchdog.h b/include/linux/watchdog.h
> index 35a4d81..a89a293 100644
> --- a/include/linux/watchdog.h
> +++ b/include/linux/watchdog.h
> @@ -76,6 +76,11 @@ struct watchdog_ops {
> * @max_hw_heartbeat_ms:
> * Hardware limit for maximum timeout, in milli-seconds.
> * Replaces max_timeout if specified.
> + * @open_timeout:
> + * The maximum time for which the kernel will ping the
> + * device after registration.
> + * @open_deadline:
> + * Set to jiffies + @open_timeout at registration.
> * @reboot_nb: The notifier block to stop watchdog on reboot.
> * @restart_nb: The notifier block to register a restart function.
> * @driver_data:Pointer to the drivers private data.
> @@ -107,6 +112,8 @@ struct watchdog_device {
> unsigned int max_timeout;
> unsigned int min_hw_heartbeat_ms;
> unsigned int max_hw_heartbeat_ms;
> + unsigned int open_timeout;
> + unsigned long open_deadline;

None of those need to be visible in drivers. I don't see why the variables should be
defined here and not in struct watchdog_core_data.

> struct notifier_block reboot_nb;
> struct notifier_block restart_nb;
> void *driver_data;
>

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