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Subject[PATCH] PCI: Enumerate switches below PCI-to-PCIe bridges
PCI: Enumerate switches below PCI-to-PCIe bridges

A PCI-to-PCIe bridge (a "reverse bridge") has a PCI or PCI-X primary
interface and a PCI Express secondary interface. The PCIe interface is a
Downstream Port that originates a Link. See the "PCI Express to PCI/PCI-X
Bridge Specification", rev 1.0, sections 1.2 and A.6.

The bug report below involves a PCI-to-PCIe bridge and a PCIe switch below
the bridge:

00:1e.0 Intel 82801 PCI Bridge to [bus 01-0a]
01:00.0 Pericom PI7C9X111SL PCIe-to-PCI Reversible Bridge to [bus 02-0a]
02:00.0 Pericom Device 8608 [PCIe Upstream Port] to [bus 03-0a]
03:01.0 Pericom Device 8608 [PCIe Downstream Port] to [bus 0a]

01:00.0 is configured as a PCI-to-PCIe bridge (despite the name printed by
lspci). As we traverse a PCIe hierarchy, device connections alternate
between PCIe Links and internal Switch logic. Previously we did not
recognize that 01:00.0 had a secondary link, so we thought the 02:00.0
Upstream Port *did* have a secondary link. In fact, it's the other way
around: 01:00.0 has a secondary link, and 02:00.0 has internal Switch logic
on its secondary side.

When we thought 02:00.0 had a secondary link, the pci_scan_slot() ->
only_one_child() path assumed 02:00.0 could have only one child, so 03:00.0
was the only possible downstream device. But 03:00.0 doesn't exist, so we
didn't look for any other devices on bus 03.

Booting with "pci=pcie_scan_all" is a workaround, but we don't want users
to have to do that.

Recognize that PCI-to-PCIe bridges originate links on their secondary
interfaces.

Link: https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=189361
Fixes: d0751b98dfa3 ("PCI: Add dev->has_secondary_link to track downstream PCIe links")
Tested-by: Blake Moore <blake.moore@men.de>
Signed-off-by: Bjorn Helgaas <bhelgaas@google.com>
CC: stable@vger.kernel.org # v4.2+

diff --git a/drivers/pci/probe.c b/drivers/pci/probe.c
index e164b5c9f0f0..204960e70333 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/probe.c
+++ b/drivers/pci/probe.c
@@ -1169,6 +1169,7 @@ void set_pcie_port_type(struct pci_dev *pdev)
pos = pci_find_capability(pdev, PCI_CAP_ID_EXP);
if (!pos)
return;
+
pdev->pcie_cap = pos;
pci_read_config_word(pdev, pos + PCI_EXP_FLAGS, &reg16);
pdev->pcie_flags_reg = reg16;
@@ -1176,13 +1177,14 @@ void set_pcie_port_type(struct pci_dev *pdev)
pdev->pcie_mpss = reg16 & PCI_EXP_DEVCAP_PAYLOAD;

/*
- * A Root Port is always the upstream end of a Link. No PCIe
- * component has two Links. Two Links are connected by a Switch
- * that has a Port on each Link and internal logic to connect the
- * two Ports.
+ * A Root Port or a PCI-to-PCIe bridge is always the upstream end
+ * of a Link. No PCIe component has two Links. Two Links are
+ * connected by a Switch that has a Port on each Link and internal
+ * logic to connect the two Ports.
*/
type = pci_pcie_type(pdev);
- if (type == PCI_EXP_TYPE_ROOT_PORT)
+ if (type == PCI_EXP_TYPE_ROOT_PORT ||
+ type == PCI_EXP_TYPE_PCIE_BRIDGE)
pdev->has_secondary_link = 1;
else if (type == PCI_EXP_TYPE_UPSTREAM ||
type == PCI_EXP_TYPE_DOWNSTREAM) {
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