lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2017]   [Jan]   [11]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
From
Subject[PATCH] mm: Ignore __GFP_NOWARN when reporting stalls
Date
Currently, warn_alloc() prints warning messages only if __GFP_NOWARN
is not specified. When warn_alloc() was proposed, I asserted that
warn_alloc() should print stall warning messages even if __GFP_NOWARN
is specified, but that assertion was not accepted [1].

Compared to asynchronous watchdog [2], warn_alloc() for reporting stalls
is broken in many aspects. First of all, we can't guarantee forward
progress of memory allocation request. It is important to understand that
the reason is not limited to the "too small to fail" memory-allocation
rule [3]. We need to learn that the caller may fail to call warn_alloc()
from page allocator whereas warn_alloc() assumes that stalling threads
can call warn_alloc() from page allocator.

An easily reproducible situation is that kswapd is blocked on other
threads doing memory allocations while other threads doing memory
allocations are blocked on kswapd [4]. But what is silly is that, even
if some allocation request was lucky enough to escape from
too_many_isolated() loop because it was GFP_NOIO or GFP_NOFS, it fails
to print warning messages because it was __GFP_NOWARN when all other
allocations were looping inside too_many_isolated() loop (an example [5]
is shown below). We are needlessly discarding a chance to know that
the system got livelocked.

----------
[ 339.759355] a.out(5337): page allocation stalls for 160001ms, order:1 mode:0x2604240(GFP_NOFS|__GFP_NOWARN|__GFP_COMP|__GFP_NOTRACK)
[ 349.760561] a.out(5337): page allocation stalls for 170002ms, order:1 mode:0x2604240(GFP_NOFS|__GFP_NOWARN|__GFP_COMP|__GFP_NOTRACK)
[ 359.760531] a.out(5337): page allocation stalls for 180002ms, order:1 mode:0x2604240(GFP_NOFS|__GFP_NOWARN|__GFP_COMP|__GFP_NOTRACK)
(...snipped...)
[ 779.759436] a.out(5337): page allocation stalls for 600001ms, order:1 mode:0x2604240(GFP_NOFS|__GFP_NOWARN|__GFP_COMP|__GFP_NOTRACK)
[ 789.759370] a.out(5337): page allocation stalls for 610001ms, order:1 mode:0x2604240(GFP_NOFS|__GFP_NOWARN|__GFP_COMP|__GFP_NOTRACK)
[ 799.760557] a.out(5337): page allocation stalls for 620002ms, order:1 mode:0x2604240(GFP_NOFS|__GFP_NOWARN|__GFP_COMP|__GFP_NOTRACK)
[ 800.879431] sysrq: SysRq : Show State
[ 800.880939] task PC stack pid father
[ 800.883078] systemd D11320 1 0 0x00000000
[ 800.885028] ffff88006d58d840 ffff88006d58ac40 ffff88006baf8040 ffff880074450040
[ 800.887757] ffff8800757da218 ffffc90000017590 ffffffff817524d8 ffffffff813a55b6
[ 800.890420] 0000000000000000 ffff8800757da218 0000000000000296 ffff880074450040
[ 800.893148] Call Trace:
[ 800.894114] [<ffffffff817524d8>] ? __schedule+0x2f8/0xbc0
[ 800.896169] [<ffffffff813a55b6>] ? debug_object_activate+0x166/0x210
[ 800.898420] [<ffffffff81752ddd>] schedule+0x3d/0x90
[ 800.900215] [<ffffffff8175806a>] schedule_timeout+0x22a/0x540
[ 800.902346] [<ffffffff81127910>] ? lock_timer_base+0xa0/0xa0
[ 800.904492] [<ffffffff811332ac>] ? ktime_get+0xac/0x140
[ 800.906453] [<ffffffff81752176>] io_schedule_timeout+0xa6/0x110
[ 800.908587] [<ffffffff81209c76>] congestion_wait+0x86/0x260
[ 800.910691] [<ffffffff810eee70>] ? prepare_to_wait_event+0xf0/0xf0
[ 800.912948] [<ffffffff811fad79>] shrink_inactive_list+0x639/0x680
[ 800.915200] [<ffffffff811fb656>] shrink_node_memcg+0x526/0x7d0
[ 800.917689] [<ffffffff811fb9e1>] shrink_node+0xe1/0x310
[ 800.919774] [<ffffffff811fbf4d>] do_try_to_free_pages+0xed/0x380
[ 800.922350] [<ffffffff811fc311>] try_to_free_pages+0x131/0x3f0
[ 800.924567] [<ffffffff81281af8>] __alloc_pages_slowpath+0x3ac/0x9db
[ 800.926962] [<ffffffff811e9966>] __alloc_pages_nodemask+0x456/0x4e0
[ 800.929316] [<ffffffff81247507>] alloc_pages_current+0x97/0x1b0
[ 800.931586] [<ffffffff811dc485>] ? find_get_entry+0x5/0x300
[ 800.933721] [<ffffffff811dbc2d>] __page_cache_alloc+0x15d/0x1a0
[ 800.936030] [<ffffffff811dddbc>] ? pagecache_get_page+0x2c/0x2b0
[ 800.938314] [<ffffffff811e06ce>] filemap_fault+0x48e/0x6d0
[ 800.940394] [<ffffffff811e0579>] ? filemap_fault+0x339/0x6d0
[ 800.942717] [<ffffffffa0272781>] xfs_filemap_fault+0x71/0x1e0 [xfs]
[ 800.945106] [<ffffffff811dcfd3>] ? filemap_map_pages+0x2d3/0x5d0
[ 800.947649] [<ffffffff8121a700>] __do_fault+0x80/0x130
[ 800.949708] [<ffffffff8121ec9b>] do_fault+0x4cb/0x6d0
[ 800.951729] [<ffffffff81220e4b>] handle_mm_fault+0x74b/0x1010
[ 800.953979] [<ffffffff8122075b>] ? handle_mm_fault+0x5b/0x1010
[ 800.956294] [<ffffffff810783a5>] ? __do_page_fault+0x175/0x530
[ 800.958626] [<ffffffff8107847a>] __do_page_fault+0x24a/0x530
[ 800.960875] [<ffffffff81078790>] do_page_fault+0x30/0x80
[ 800.962956] [<ffffffff8175b598>] page_fault+0x28/0x30
(...snipped...)
[ 802.637484] kswapd0 D10584 56 2 0x00000000
[ 802.639758] 0000000000000000 ffff88004b572c40 ffff88007048ca40 ffff880072174a40
[ 802.642735] ffff8800757da218 ffffc900006ff6b0 ffffffff817524d8 ffffc900006ff660
[ 802.645755] ffffc900006ff670 ffff8800757da218 0000000044e61594 ffff880072174a40
[ 802.648778] Call Trace:
[ 802.650042] [<ffffffff817524d8>] ? __schedule+0x2f8/0xbc0
[ 802.652339] [<ffffffff81752ddd>] schedule+0x3d/0x90
[ 802.654425] [<ffffffff817573fd>] rwsem_down_read_failed+0xfd/0x180
[ 802.657362] [<ffffffffa0261b9f>] ? xfs_map_blocks+0x9f/0x550 [xfs]
[ 802.660493] [<ffffffff81395b78>] call_rwsem_down_read_failed+0x18/0x30
[ 802.663313] [<ffffffffa02858f4>] ? xfs_ilock+0x1a4/0x350 [xfs]
[ 802.665936] [<ffffffff810f714f>] down_read_nested+0xaf/0xc0
[ 802.668457] [<ffffffffa02858f4>] ? xfs_ilock+0x1a4/0x350 [xfs]
[ 802.670988] [<ffffffffa02858f4>] xfs_ilock+0x1a4/0x350 [xfs]
[ 802.673534] [<ffffffffa0261b9f>] xfs_map_blocks+0x9f/0x550 [xfs]
[ 802.676124] [<ffffffffa0262293>] xfs_do_writepage+0x243/0x940 [xfs]
[ 802.678773] [<ffffffff811eca54>] ? clear_page_dirty_for_io+0xb4/0x310
[ 802.681872] [<ffffffffa02629cb>] xfs_vm_writepage+0x3b/0x70 [xfs]
[ 802.684442] [<ffffffff811f77a4>] pageout.isra.49+0x1a4/0x460
[ 802.686880] [<ffffffff811f9e00>] shrink_page_list+0x8e0/0xbd0
[ 802.689343] [<ffffffff811fa94f>] shrink_inactive_list+0x20f/0x680
[ 802.691864] [<ffffffff811fb656>] shrink_node_memcg+0x526/0x7d0
[ 802.694240] [<ffffffff811fb9e1>] shrink_node+0xe1/0x310
[ 802.696405] [<ffffffff811fd1a2>] kswapd+0x362/0x9b0
[ 802.698472] [<ffffffff811fce40>] ? mem_cgroup_shrink_node+0x3b0/0x3b0
[ 802.701031] [<ffffffff810bfe92>] kthread+0x102/0x120
[ 802.703175] [<ffffffff810fbca9>] ? trace_hardirqs_on_caller+0xf9/0x1c0
[ 802.705797] [<ffffffff810bfd90>] ? kthread_park+0x60/0x60
[ 802.708074] [<ffffffff8175a33a>] ret_from_fork+0x2a/0x40
(...snipped...)
[ 809.550458] a.out R running task 11240 5337 4599 0x00000086
[ 809.553340] ffff88006e77f850 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 0000000000000000
[ 809.556327] 0000000000000000 ffff8800740d7498 ffffc90007e57268 ffffffff817596b7
[ 809.559340] ffff88006e77f838 ffffc90007e57288 ffffffff812177ea ffffffff81ccf160
[ 809.562334] Call Trace:
[ 809.563607] [<ffffffff817596b7>] ? _raw_spin_unlock+0x27/0x40
[ 809.565997] [<ffffffff812177ea>] ? __list_lru_count_one.isra.2+0x4a/0x80
[ 809.568709] [<ffffffff811f729e>] ? shrink_slab+0x31e/0x680
[ 809.570994] [<ffffffff81187c8e>] ? delayacct_end+0x3e/0x60
[ 809.573319] [<ffffffff810fdcd9>] ? lock_acquire+0xc9/0x250
[ 809.575595] [<ffffffff811fbbfc>] ? shrink_node+0x2fc/0x310
[ 809.577864] [<ffffffff811fbf4d>] ? do_try_to_free_pages+0xed/0x380
[ 809.580396] [<ffffffff811fc311>] ? try_to_free_pages+0x131/0x3f0
[ 809.582831] [<ffffffff81281af8>] ? __alloc_pages_slowpath+0x3ac/0x9db
[ 809.585433] [<ffffffff811e9966>] ? __alloc_pages_nodemask+0x456/0x4e0
[ 809.588026] [<ffffffff81247507>] ? alloc_pages_current+0x97/0x1b0
[ 809.590476] [<ffffffff81252e9a>] ? new_slab+0x4ca/0x6a0
[ 809.592664] [<ffffffff81255091>] ? ___slab_alloc+0x3a1/0x620
[ 809.594982] [<ffffffffa029a836>] ? kmem_alloc+0x96/0x120 [xfs]
[ 809.597347] [<ffffffffa029a836>] ? kmem_alloc+0x96/0x120 [xfs]
[ 809.599736] [<ffffffff812841ec>] ? __slab_alloc+0x46/0x7d
[ 809.601961] [<ffffffff812566c1>] ? __kmalloc+0x301/0x3b0
[ 809.604177] [<ffffffffa029a836>] ? kmem_alloc+0x96/0x120 [xfs]
[ 809.606583] [<ffffffff81254639>] ? kfree+0x1f9/0x330
[ 809.608683] [<ffffffffa02a227b>] ? xfs_log_commit_cil+0x54b/0x690 [xfs]
[ 809.611335] [<ffffffffa029ab86>] ? kmem_zone_alloc+0x96/0x120 [xfs]
[ 809.613853] [<ffffffffa0299bd7>] ? __xfs_trans_commit+0x97/0x250 [xfs]
[ 809.616430] [<ffffffffa029a2cc>] ? __xfs_trans_roll+0x6c/0xe0 [xfs]
[ 809.618963] [<ffffffffa029a365>] ? xfs_trans_roll+0x25/0x40 [xfs]
[ 809.621401] [<ffffffffa028969d>] ? xfs_itruncate_extents+0x2bd/0x730 [xfs]
[ 809.624332] [<ffffffffa02673e3>] ? xfs_free_eofblocks+0x1e3/0x240 [xfs]
[ 809.626963] [<ffffffffa0289cf4>] ? xfs_release+0x94/0x150 [xfs]
[ 809.629384] [<ffffffffa02720a5>] ? xfs_file_release+0x15/0x20 [xfs]
[ 809.631887] [<ffffffff81289ff8>] ? __fput+0xf8/0x200
[ 809.633954] [<ffffffff8128a13e>] ? ____fput+0xe/0x10
[ 809.636023] [<ffffffff810be103>] ? task_work_run+0x83/0xc0
[ 809.638305] [<ffffffff8109d43f>] ? do_exit+0x31f/0xcd0
[ 809.640431] [<ffffffff810abcfe>] ? get_signal+0xde/0x9b0
[ 809.642609] [<ffffffff8109de7c>] ? do_group_exit+0x4c/0xc0
[ 809.644856] [<ffffffff810abf7f>] ? get_signal+0x35f/0x9b0
[ 809.647073] [<ffffffffa02744f9>] ? xfs_file_buffered_aio_write+0xa9/0x3b0 [xfs]
[ 809.649904] [<ffffffff81036687>] ? do_signal+0x37/0x6c0
[ 809.652104] [<ffffffffa0274890>] ? xfs_file_write_iter+0x90/0x130 [xfs]
[ 809.654725] [<ffffffff81254639>] ? kfree+0x1f9/0x330
[ 809.656805] [<ffffffff810904cc>] ? exit_to_usermode_loop+0x51/0x92
[ 809.659293] [<ffffffff81003d65>] ? do_syscall_64+0x195/0x200
[ 809.661596] [<ffffffff8175a189>] ? entry_SYSCALL64_slow_path+0x25/0x25
(...snipped...)
[ 869.759462] a.out(5337): page allocation stalls for 690001ms, order:1 mode:0x2604240(GFP_NOFS|__GFP_NOWARN|__GFP_COMP|__GFP_NOTRACK)
[ 879.759414] a.out(5337): page allocation stalls for 700001ms, order:1 mode:0x2604240(GFP_NOFS|__GFP_NOWARN|__GFP_COMP|__GFP_NOTRACK)
[ 889.760595] a.out(5337): page allocation stalls for 710002ms, order:1 mode:0x2604240(GFP_NOFS|__GFP_NOWARN|__GFP_COMP|__GFP_NOTRACK)
[ 899.760518] a.out(5337): page allocation stalls for 720002ms, order:1 mode:0x2604240(GFP_NOFS|__GFP_NOWARN|__GFP_COMP|__GFP_NOTRACK)
[ 909.760429] a.out(5337): page allocation stalls for 730002ms, order:1 mode:0x2604240(GFP_NOFS|__GFP_NOWARN|__GFP_COMP|__GFP_NOTRACK)
[ 916.234927] sysrq: SysRq : Resetting
[ 916.237156] ACPI MEMORY or I/O RESET_REG.
----------

Therefore, this patch changes warn_alloc() to print stall warning messages
even if __GFP_NOWARN is specified. By applying this patch and inserting
warn_alloc() into every location which might wait for unbounded period
(e.g. shrink_inactive_list()), we can get closer to asynchronous watchdog
a bit.

[1] http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20160929091040.GE408@dhcp22.suse.cz
[2] http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1478416501-10104-1-git-send-email-penguin-kernel@I-love.SAKURA.ne.jp
[3] http://lwn.net/Articles/627419/
[4] http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20160211225929.GU14668@dastard
[5] http://I-love.SAKURA.ne.jp/tmp/serial-20161215-4.txt.xz

Signed-off-by: Tetsuo Handa <penguin-kernel@I-love.SAKURA.ne.jp>
---
mm/page_alloc.c | 8 ++++----
mm/vmalloc.c | 12 +++++++-----
2 files changed, 11 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)

diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
index 46ad035..ce5da4a 100644
--- a/mm/page_alloc.c
+++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
@@ -3042,8 +3042,7 @@ void warn_alloc(gfp_t gfp_mask, const char *fmt, ...)
static DEFINE_RATELIMIT_STATE(nopage_rs, DEFAULT_RATELIMIT_INTERVAL,
DEFAULT_RATELIMIT_BURST);

- if ((gfp_mask & __GFP_NOWARN) || !__ratelimit(&nopage_rs) ||
- debug_guardpage_minorder() > 0)
+ if (!__ratelimit(&nopage_rs) || debug_guardpage_minorder() > 0)
return;

pr_warn("%s: ", current->comm);
@@ -3732,8 +3731,9 @@ bool gfp_pfmemalloc_allowed(gfp_t gfp_mask)
}

nopage:
- warn_alloc(gfp_mask,
- "page allocation failure: order:%u", order);
+ if (!(gfp_mask & __GFP_NOWARN))
+ warn_alloc(gfp_mask,
+ "page allocation failure: order:%u", order);
got_pg:
return page;
}
diff --git a/mm/vmalloc.c b/mm/vmalloc.c
index 3ca82d4..228a1b1 100644
--- a/mm/vmalloc.c
+++ b/mm/vmalloc.c
@@ -1662,9 +1662,10 @@ static void *__vmalloc_area_node(struct vm_struct *area, gfp_t gfp_mask,
return area->addr;

fail:
- warn_alloc(gfp_mask,
- "vmalloc: allocation failure, allocated %ld of %ld bytes",
- (area->nr_pages*PAGE_SIZE), area->size);
+ if (!(gfp_mask & __GFP_NOWARN))
+ warn_alloc(gfp_mask,
+ "vmalloc: allocation failure, allocated %ld of %ld bytes",
+ (area->nr_pages*PAGE_SIZE), area->size);
vfree(area->addr);
return NULL;
}
@@ -1724,8 +1725,9 @@ void *__vmalloc_node_range(unsigned long size, unsigned long align,
return addr;

fail:
- warn_alloc(gfp_mask,
- "vmalloc: allocation failure: %lu bytes", real_size);
+ if (!(gfp_mask & __GFP_NOWARN))
+ warn_alloc(gfp_mask,
+ "vmalloc: allocation failure: %lu bytes", real_size);
return NULL;
}

--
1.8.3.1
\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2017-01-11 11:56    [W:0.066 / U:0.416 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site