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Subject[PATCH v3] powerpc: Do not make the entire heap executable
Date
On 32-bit powerps the ELF PLT sections of binaries (built with --bss-plt,
or with a toolchain which defaults to it) look like this:

[17] .sbss NOBITS 0002aff8 01aff8 000014 00 WA 0 0 4
[18] .plt NOBITS 0002b00c 01aff8 000084 00 WAX 0 0 4
[19] .bss NOBITS 0002b090 01aff8 0000a4 00 WA 0 0 4

Which results in an ELF load header:

Type Offset VirtAddr PhysAddr FileSiz MemSiz Flg Align
LOAD 0x019c70 0x00029c70 0x00029c70 0x01388 0x014c4 RWE 0x10000

This is all correct, the load region containing the PLT is marked as
executable. Note that the PLT starts at 0002b00c but the file mapping ends at
0002aff8, so the PLT falls in the 0 fill section described by the load header,
and after a page boundary.

Unfortunately the generic ELF loader ignores the X bit in the load headers
when it creates the 0 filled non-file backed mappings. It assumes all of these
mappings are RW BSS sections, which is not the case for PPC.

gcc/ld has an option (--secure-plt) to not do this, this is said to incur
a small performance penalty.

Currently, to support 32-bit binaries with PLT in BSS kernel maps *entire
brk area* with executable rights for all binaries, even --secure-plt ones.

Stop doing that.

Teach the ELF loader to check the X bit in the relevant load header
and create 0 filled anonymous mappings that are executable
if the load header requests that.

The patch was originally posted in 2012 by Jason Gunthorpe
and apparently ignored:

https://lkml.org/lkml/2012/9/30/138

Lightly run-tested.

Signed-off-by: Jason Gunthorpe <jgunthorpe@obsidianresearch.com>
Signed-off-by: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
CC: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
CC: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
CC: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
CC: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com>
CC: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
CC: Florian Weimer <fweimer@redhat.com>
CC: linux-mm@kvack.org
CC: linuxppc-dev@lists.ozlabs.org
CC: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
---
Changes since v2:
* moved capability to map with VM_EXEC into vm_brk_flags()

Changes since v1:
* wrapped lines to not exceed 79 chars
* improved comment
* expanded CC list

arch/powerpc/include/asm/page.h | 10 +---------
arch/powerpc/include/asm/page_32.h | 2 --
arch/powerpc/include/asm/page_64.h | 4 ----
fs/binfmt_elf.c | 34 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------
include/linux/mm.h | 1 +
mm/mmap.c | 20 +++++++++++++++-----
6 files changed, 43 insertions(+), 28 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/page.h b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/page.h
index 56398e7..42d7ea1 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/page.h
+++ b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/page.h
@@ -225,15 +225,7 @@ extern long long virt_phys_offset;
#endif
#endif

-/*
- * Unfortunately the PLT is in the BSS in the PPC32 ELF ABI,
- * and needs to be executable. This means the whole heap ends
- * up being executable.
- */
-#define VM_DATA_DEFAULT_FLAGS32 (VM_READ | VM_WRITE | VM_EXEC | \
- VM_MAYREAD | VM_MAYWRITE | VM_MAYEXEC)
-
-#define VM_DATA_DEFAULT_FLAGS64 (VM_READ | VM_WRITE | \
+#define VM_DATA_DEFAULT_FLAGS (VM_READ | VM_WRITE | \
VM_MAYREAD | VM_MAYWRITE | VM_MAYEXEC)

#ifdef __powerpc64__
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/page_32.h b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/page_32.h
index 6a8e179..6113fa8 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/page_32.h
+++ b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/page_32.h
@@ -9,8 +9,6 @@
#endif
#endif

-#define VM_DATA_DEFAULT_FLAGS VM_DATA_DEFAULT_FLAGS32
-
#ifdef CONFIG_NOT_COHERENT_CACHE
#define ARCH_DMA_MINALIGN L1_CACHE_BYTES
#endif
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/page_64.h b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/page_64.h
index dd5f071..52d8e9c 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/page_64.h
+++ b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/page_64.h
@@ -159,10 +159,6 @@ do { \

#endif /* !CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE */

-#define VM_DATA_DEFAULT_FLAGS \
- (is_32bit_task() ? \
- VM_DATA_DEFAULT_FLAGS32 : VM_DATA_DEFAULT_FLAGS64)
-
/*
* This is the default if a program doesn't have a PT_GNU_STACK
* program header entry. The PPC64 ELF ABI has a non executable stack
diff --git a/fs/binfmt_elf.c b/fs/binfmt_elf.c
index a7a28110..d4a1966 100644
--- a/fs/binfmt_elf.c
+++ b/fs/binfmt_elf.c
@@ -91,12 +91,18 @@ static struct linux_binfmt elf_format = {

#define BAD_ADDR(x) ((unsigned long)(x) >= TASK_SIZE)

-static int set_brk(unsigned long start, unsigned long end)
+static int set_brk(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, int prot)
{
start = ELF_PAGEALIGN(start);
end = ELF_PAGEALIGN(end);
if (end > start) {
- int error = vm_brk(start, end - start);
+ /*
+ * Map the last of the bss segment.
+ * If the header is requesting these pages to be
+ * executable, honour that (ppc32 needs this).
+ */
+ int error = vm_brk_flags(start, end - start,
+ prot & PROT_EXEC ? VM_EXEC : 0);
if (error)
return error;
}
@@ -524,6 +530,7 @@ static unsigned long load_elf_interp(struct elfhdr *interp_elf_ex,
unsigned long load_addr = 0;
int load_addr_set = 0;
unsigned long last_bss = 0, elf_bss = 0;
+ int bss_prot = 0;
unsigned long error = ~0UL;
unsigned long total_size;
int i;
@@ -606,8 +613,10 @@ static unsigned long load_elf_interp(struct elfhdr *interp_elf_ex,
* elf_bss and last_bss is the bss section.
*/
k = load_addr + eppnt->p_memsz + eppnt->p_vaddr;
- if (k > last_bss)
+ if (k > last_bss) {
last_bss = k;
+ bss_prot = elf_prot;
+ }
}
}

@@ -626,8 +635,13 @@ static unsigned long load_elf_interp(struct elfhdr *interp_elf_ex,
/* What we have mapped so far */
elf_bss = ELF_PAGESTART(elf_bss + ELF_MIN_ALIGN - 1);

- /* Map the last of the bss segment */
- error = vm_brk(elf_bss, last_bss - elf_bss);
+ /*
+ * Map the last of the bss segment.
+ * If the header is requesting these pages to be
+ * executable, honour that (ppc32 needs this).
+ */
+ error = vm_brk_flags(elf_bss, last_bss - elf_bss,
+ bss_prot & PROT_EXEC ? VM_EXEC : 0);
if (error)
goto out;
}
@@ -672,6 +686,7 @@ static int load_elf_binary(struct linux_binprm *bprm)
unsigned long error;
struct elf_phdr *elf_ppnt, *elf_phdata, *interp_elf_phdata = NULL;
unsigned long elf_bss, elf_brk;
+ int bss_prot = 0;
int retval, i;
unsigned long elf_entry;
unsigned long interp_load_addr = 0;
@@ -879,7 +894,8 @@ static int load_elf_binary(struct linux_binprm *bprm)
before this one. Map anonymous pages, if needed,
and clear the area. */
retval = set_brk(elf_bss + load_bias,
- elf_brk + load_bias);
+ elf_brk + load_bias,
+ bss_prot);
if (retval)
goto out_free_dentry;
nbyte = ELF_PAGEOFFSET(elf_bss);
@@ -973,8 +989,10 @@ static int load_elf_binary(struct linux_binprm *bprm)
if (end_data < k)
end_data = k;
k = elf_ppnt->p_vaddr + elf_ppnt->p_memsz;
- if (k > elf_brk)
+ if (k > elf_brk) {
+ bss_prot = elf_prot;
elf_brk = k;
+ }
}

loc->elf_ex.e_entry += load_bias;
@@ -990,7 +1008,7 @@ static int load_elf_binary(struct linux_binprm *bprm)
* mapping in the interpreter, to make sure it doesn't wind
* up getting placed where the bss needs to go.
*/
- retval = set_brk(elf_bss, elf_brk);
+ retval = set_brk(elf_bss, elf_brk, bss_prot);
if (retval)
goto out_free_dentry;
if (likely(elf_bss != elf_brk) && unlikely(padzero(elf_bss))) {
diff --git a/include/linux/mm.h b/include/linux/mm.h
index 08ed53e..3ffa76c 100644
--- a/include/linux/mm.h
+++ b/include/linux/mm.h
@@ -2058,6 +2058,7 @@ static inline void mm_populate(unsigned long addr, unsigned long len) {}

/* These take the mm semaphore themselves */
extern int __must_check vm_brk(unsigned long, unsigned long);
+extern int __must_check vm_brk_flags(unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long);
extern int vm_munmap(unsigned long, size_t);
extern unsigned long __must_check vm_mmap(struct file *, unsigned long,
unsigned long, unsigned long,
diff --git a/mm/mmap.c b/mm/mmap.c
index d44bee9..c92527f 100644
--- a/mm/mmap.c
+++ b/mm/mmap.c
@@ -2653,11 +2653,10 @@ static inline void verify_mm_writelocked(struct mm_struct *mm)
* anonymous maps. eventually we may be able to do some
* brk-specific accounting here.
*/
-static int do_brk(unsigned long addr, unsigned long len)
+static int do_brk_flags(unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long flags)
{
struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm;
struct vm_area_struct *vma, *prev;
- unsigned long flags;
struct rb_node **rb_link, *rb_parent;
pgoff_t pgoff = addr >> PAGE_SHIFT;
int error;
@@ -2666,7 +2665,7 @@ static int do_brk(unsigned long addr, unsigned long len)
if (!len)
return 0;

- flags = VM_DATA_DEFAULT_FLAGS | VM_ACCOUNT | mm->def_flags;
+ flags |= VM_DATA_DEFAULT_FLAGS | VM_ACCOUNT | mm->def_flags;

error = get_unmapped_area(NULL, addr, len, 0, MAP_FIXED);
if (offset_in_page(error))
@@ -2734,7 +2733,12 @@ out:
return 0;
}

-int vm_brk(unsigned long addr, unsigned long len)
+static int do_brk(unsigned long addr, unsigned long len)
+{
+ return do_brk_flags(addr, len, 0);
+}
+
+int vm_brk_flags(unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long flags)
{
struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm;
int ret;
@@ -2743,13 +2747,19 @@ int vm_brk(unsigned long addr, unsigned long len)
if (down_write_killable(&mm->mmap_sem))
return -EINTR;

- ret = do_brk(addr, len);
+ ret = do_brk_flags(addr, len, flags);
populate = ((mm->def_flags & VM_LOCKED) != 0);
up_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
if (populate && !ret)
mm_populate(addr, len);
return ret;
}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_brk_flags);
+
+int vm_brk(unsigned long addr, unsigned long len)
+{
+ return vm_brk_flags(addr, len, 0);
+}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_brk);

/* Release all mmaps. */
--
2.9.2
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