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SubjectRe: powerpc allyesconfig / allmodconfig linux-next next-20160729 - next-20160729 build failures
On Thu, 04 Aug 2016 14:09:02 +0200
Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> wrote:

> On Thursday, August 4, 2016 9:47:13 PM CEST Nicholas Piggin wrote:
> > On Thu, 04 Aug 2016 12:37:41 +0200 Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> wrote:
> > > On Thursday, August 4, 2016 11:00:49 AM CEST Arnd Bergmann wrote:
> > > > I tried this
> > > >
> > > > diff --git a/scripts/link-vmlinux.sh b/scripts/link-vmlinux.sh
> > > > index b5e40ed86e60..89bca1a25916 100755
> > > > --- a/scripts/link-vmlinux.sh
> > > > +++ b/scripts/link-vmlinux.sh
> > > > @@ -44,7 +44,7 @@ modpost_link()
> > > > local objects
> > > >
> > > > if [ -n "${CONFIG_THIN_ARCHIVES}" ]; then
> > > > - objects="--whole-archive ${KBUILD_VMLINUX_INIT} ${KBUILD_VMLINUX_MAIN} --no-whole-archive"
> > > > + objects="${KBUILD_VMLINUX_INIT} ${KBUILD_VMLINUX_MAIN}"
> > > > else
> > > > objects="${KBUILD_VMLINUX_INIT} --start-group ${KBUILD_VMLINUX_MAIN} --end-group"
> > > > fi
> > > >
> > > > but that did not seem to change anything, the extra symbols are
> > > > still there. I have not tried to understand what that actually
> > > > does, so maybe I misunderstood your suggestion.
> > > >
> > >
> > > On a second attempt, I did the same change for vmlinux instead of the
> > > module (d'oh), and got a link failure instead:
> > >
> > >
> > > arch/arm/mm/proc-xscale.o: In function `cpu_xscale_do_resume':
> > > (.text+0x3d4): undefined reference to `cpu_resume_mmu'
> > > arch/arm/kernel/setup.o: In function `setup_arch':
> > > ...
> > >
> > > However, I also see a link failure in some rare configurations
> > > with just your patch:
> > >
> > > arch/arm/lib/lib.a(io-acorn.o): In function `outsl':
> > > (.text+0x38): undefined reference to `printk'
> > >
> > > The problem being a file in a library object that is not referenced,
> > > but that references another symbol that is not defined
> > > (CONFIG_PRINTK=n).
> >
> > The first problem is the existing link system is buggy. I think an
> > unconditional switch to --whole-archive (at least for modular kernels)
> > should probably be done anyway. For example, on powerpc when building
> > with --whole-archive, I have:
> >
> > +dma_noop_alloc
> > +dma_noop_free
> > +dma_noop_map_page
> > +dma_noop_mapping_error
> > +dma_noop_map_sg
> > +dma_noop_ops
> > +dma_noop_supported
> > +fdt_add_reservemap_entry
> > +fdt_begin_node
> > +fdt_create
> > +fdt_create_empty_tree
> > +fdt_end_node
> > +fdt_errtable
> > +find_cpio_data
> > +ioremap_page_range
> >
> > find_cpio_data is unnecessary and it's a codesize regression to link it.
> > But dma_noop_ops and ioremap_page_range are exported symbols. If I
> > reference dma_noop_ops from some random module with otherwise unpatched
> > kernel:
> >
> > ERROR: "dma_noop_ops" [drivers/char/bsr.ko] undefined!
>
> Right, but only on s390, which is the one architecture using this.
> I think we should just have a Kconfig symbol for this file that
> gets selected by any architecture that needs it.

No, the problem is that the module is being selected and built
but it is missing from the vmlinux despite being exported.


> This is also what we have ended up doing for almost all other
> files in lib/
>
> > The real problem is that our linkage requirements are like a shared
> > library when we build modular.
> >
> > We could build a list of exports and make it link objects with those
> > symbols, to solve this, but IMO that's just wasting lipstick on a pig.
> > But I will to propose a patch to always use --whole-archive, thin
> > archives or not, and transition all archs over to it in a few release
> > cycles. It just works by luck right now.
> >
> > Why is it a pig? Because having the linker to notice no external
> > references and just skipping the .o completely is trying to use a hammer
> > as a scalpel. It's just not a very effective way to eliminate dead code
> > -- I pulled in only a handful of unneeded functions by switching it.
>
> If we do that, we may just as well get rid of $(lib-y) in the process and
> always use $(obj-y).

Sure, after we switch everybody over.


> > I mean it is a quick simple feature that probably works well enough with
> > simple build systems. But not an advanced one that builds almost
> > everything on demand and also has loadable modules and must act like a
> > shared library.
> >
> > Real linker DCE is a valid optimisation that can't be replaced by the
> > build system of course, but we need to do it properly. Here's what I'm
> > working on.
> >
> > It applies on top of the previous patch I sent, plus some powerpc stuff
> > I'm working on that you should be able to just ignore for another arch.
> > it's a WIP, but if you can see if it works for arm that would be cool.
> >
> > It doesn't actually build allyesconfig after this,
> > ld: .tmp_vmlinux1: Too many sections: 220655 (>= 65280)
> >
> > But on a more reasonable configuration (ppc64le)
> > text data bss dec filename
> > 11191672 1183536 1923820 14299028 vmlinux
> > 10625528 861895 1919707 13407130 vmlinux.thin+gc
> >
> > 10M-552K 1M-314K ~ 13M-870K
>
> Nice!
>
> > And it actually boots too, which is fairly astounding considering that
> > it lost half a meg of code and 1/3 of its data. I'm not completely sure
> > I've not done something wrong...
>
> Nicolas Pitre has done some related work, adding him to Cc. IIRC we have
> actually had multiple implementations of -ffunction-sections/--gc-sections
> in the past that people have used in production, but none of them
> ever made it upstream.

Well I'll try to get it upstream for powerpc so that Stephen's thin ar
patch does not cause a regression. I don't see the problem -- except
with huge configs (that don't build with mainline powerpc anyway), but
it could be an option for build testers who want to do all(yes|mod)config


> One question is whether we should bother with --gc-sections at all,
> or use full LTO instead.

It's no bother. I'm not even sure lto is a complete superset of
ffunction-sections/gc-sections, but either way it is a huge change to
the build and toolchain, whereas gc sections is relatively unremarkable.
Lto is very interesting but will take a big effort to implement and
prove itself I think.

Thanks,
Nick

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