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SubjectRe: [LKP] [lkp] [xfs] 68a9f5e700: aim7.jobs-per-min -13.6% regression
On Wed, Aug 10, 2016 at 05:33:20PM -0700, Huang, Ying wrote:
> Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> writes:
>
> > On Wed, Aug 10, 2016 at 5:11 PM, Huang, Ying <ying.huang@intel.com> wrote:
> >>
> >> Here is the comparison result with perf-profile data.
> >
> > Heh. The diff is actually harder to read than just showing A/B
> > state.The fact that the call chain shows up as part of the symbol
> > makes it even more so.
> >
> > For example:
> >
> >> 0.00 ± -1% +Inf% 1.68 ± 1% perf-profile.cycles-pp.__add_to_page_cache_locked.add_to_page_cache_lru.pagecache_get_page.grab_cache_page_write_begin.iomap_write_begin
> >> 1.80 ± 1% -100.0% 0.00 ± -1% perf-profile.cycles-pp.__add_to_page_cache_locked.add_to_page_cache_lru.pagecache_get_page.grab_cache_page_write_begin.xfs_vm_write_begin
> >
> > Ok, so it went from 1.8% to 1.68%, and isn't actually that big of a
> > change, but it shows up as a big change because the caller changed
> > from xfs_vm_write_begin to iomap_write_begin.
> >
> > There's a few other cases of that too.
> >
> > So I think it would actually be easier to just see "what 20 functions
> > were the hottest" (or maybe 50) before and after separately (just
> > sorted by cycles), without the diff part. Because the diff is really
> > hard to read.
>
> Here it is,
>
> Before:
>
> "perf-profile.func.cycles-pp.intel_idle": 16.88,
> "perf-profile.func.cycles-pp.copy_user_enhanced_fast_string": 3.94,
> "perf-profile.func.cycles-pp.memset_erms": 3.26,
> "perf-profile.func.cycles-pp.__block_commit_write.isra.24": 2.47,
> "perf-profile.func.cycles-pp.___might_sleep": 2.33,
> "perf-profile.func.cycles-pp.__mark_inode_dirty": 1.88,
> "perf-profile.func.cycles-pp.unlock_page": 1.69,
> "perf-profile.func.cycles-pp.up_write": 1.61,
> "perf-profile.func.cycles-pp.__block_write_begin_int": 1.56,
> "perf-profile.func.cycles-pp.down_write": 1.55,
> "perf-profile.func.cycles-pp.mark_buffer_dirty": 1.53,
> "perf-profile.func.cycles-pp.entry_SYSCALL_64_fastpath": 1.47,
> "perf-profile.func.cycles-pp.generic_write_end": 1.36,
> "perf-profile.func.cycles-pp.generic_perform_write": 1.33,
> "perf-profile.func.cycles-pp.__radix_tree_lookup": 1.32,
> "perf-profile.func.cycles-pp.__might_sleep": 1.26,
> "perf-profile.func.cycles-pp._raw_spin_lock": 1.17,
> "perf-profile.func.cycles-pp.vfs_write": 1.14,
> "perf-profile.func.cycles-pp.__xfs_get_blocks": 1.07,

Ok, so that is the old block mapping call in the buffered IO path.
I don't see any of the functions it calls in the profile;
specifically xfs_bmapi_read(), and xfs_iomap_write_delay(), so it
appears the extent mapping and allocation overhead on the old code
totals somewhere under 2-3% of the entire CPU usage.

> "perf-profile.func.cycles-pp.xfs_file_write_iter": 1.03,
> "perf-profile.func.cycles-pp.pagecache_get_page": 1.03,
> "perf-profile.func.cycles-pp.native_queued_spin_lock_slowpath": 0.98,
> "perf-profile.func.cycles-pp.get_page_from_freelist": 0.94,
> "perf-profile.func.cycles-pp.rwsem_spin_on_owner": 0.94,
> "perf-profile.func.cycles-pp.__vfs_write": 0.87,
> "perf-profile.func.cycles-pp.iov_iter_copy_from_user_atomic": 0.87,
> "perf-profile.func.cycles-pp.xfs_file_buffered_aio_write": 0.84,
> "perf-profile.func.cycles-pp.find_get_entry": 0.79,
> "perf-profile.func.cycles-pp._raw_spin_lock_irqsave": 0.78,
>
>
> After:
>
> "perf-profile.func.cycles-pp.intel_idle": 16.82,
> "perf-profile.func.cycles-pp.copy_user_enhanced_fast_string": 3.27,
> "perf-profile.func.cycles-pp.memset_erms": 2.6,
> "perf-profile.func.cycles-pp.xfs_bmapi_read": 2.24,

Straight away - thats' at least 3x more overhead block mapping lookups
with the iomap code.

> "perf-profile.func.cycles-pp.___might_sleep": 2.04,
> "perf-profile.func.cycles-pp.mark_page_accessed": 1.93,
> "perf-profile.func.cycles-pp.__block_write_begin_int": 1.78,
> "perf-profile.func.cycles-pp.up_write": 1.72,
> "perf-profile.func.cycles-pp.xfs_iext_bno_to_ext": 1.7,

Plus this child.

> "perf-profile.func.cycles-pp.__block_commit_write.isra.24": 1.65,
> "perf-profile.func.cycles-pp.down_write": 1.51,
> "perf-profile.func.cycles-pp.__mark_inode_dirty": 1.51,
> "perf-profile.func.cycles-pp.unlock_page": 1.43,
> "perf-profile.func.cycles-pp.xfs_bmap_search_multi_extents": 1.25,
> "perf-profile.func.cycles-pp.xfs_bmap_search_extents": 1.23,

And these two.

> "perf-profile.func.cycles-pp.mark_buffer_dirty": 1.21,
> "perf-profile.func.cycles-pp.xfs_iomap_write_delay": 1.19,
> "perf-profile.func.cycles-pp.xfs_iomap_eof_want_preallocate.constprop.8": 1.15,

And these two.

So, essentially the old code had maybe 2-3% cpu usage overhead in
the block mapping path on this workload, but the new code is, for
some reason, showing at least 8-9% CPU usage overhead. That, right
now, makes no sense at all to me as we should be doing - at worst -
exactly the same number of block mapping calls as the old code.

We need to know what is happening that is different - there's a good
chance the mapping trace events will tell us. Huang, can you get
a raw event trace from the test?

I need to see these events:

xfs_file*
xfs_iomap*
xfs_get_block*

For both kernels. An example trace from 4.8-rc1 running the command
`xfs_io -f -c 'pwrite 0 512k -b 128k' /mnt/scratch/fooey doing an
overwrite and extend of the existing file ends up looking like:

$ sudo trace-cmd start -e xfs_iomap\* -e xfs_file\* -e xfs_get_blocks\*
$ sudo cat /sys/kernel/tracing/trace_pipe
<...>-2946 [001] .... 253971.750304: xfs_file_ioctl: dev 253:32 ino 0x84
xfs_io-2946 [001] .... 253971.750938: xfs_file_buffered_write: dev 253:32 ino 0x84 size 0x40000 offset 0x0 count 0x20000
xfs_io-2946 [001] .... 253971.750961: xfs_iomap_found: dev 253:32 ino 0x84 size 0x40000 offset 0x0 count 131072 type invalid startoff 0x0 startblock 24 blockcount 0x60
xfs_io-2946 [001] .... 253971.751114: xfs_file_buffered_write: dev 253:32 ino 0x84 size 0x40000 offset 0x20000 count 0x20000
xfs_io-2946 [001] .... 253971.751128: xfs_iomap_found: dev 253:32 ino 0x84 size 0x40000 offset 0x20000 count 131072 type invalid startoff 0x0 startblock 24 blockcount 0x60
xfs_io-2946 [001] .... 253971.751234: xfs_file_buffered_write: dev 253:32 ino 0x84 size 0x40000 offset 0x40000 count 0x20000
xfs_io-2946 [001] .... 253971.751236: xfs_iomap_found: dev 253:32 ino 0x84 size 0x40000 offset 0x40000 count 131072 type invalid startoff 0x0 startblock 24 blockcount 0x60
xfs_io-2946 [001] .... 253971.751381: xfs_file_buffered_write: dev 253:32 ino 0x84 size 0x40000 offset 0x60000 count 0x20000
xfs_io-2946 [001] .... 253971.751415: xfs_iomap_prealloc_size: dev 253:32 ino 0x84 prealloc blocks 128 shift 0 m_writeio_blocks 16
xfs_io-2946 [001] .... 253971.751425: xfs_iomap_alloc: dev 253:32 ino 0x84 size 0x40000 offset 0x60000 count 131072 type invalid startoff 0x60 startblock -1 blockcount 0x90

That's the output I need for the complete test - you'll need to use
a better recording mechanism that this (e.g. trace-cmd record,
trace-cmd report) because it will generate a lot of events. Compress
the two report files (they'll be large) and send them to me offlist.

Cheers,

Dave.
--
Dave Chinner
david@fromorbit.com

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