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Subject[tip:x86/mm] x86: Apply more __ro_after_init and const
Commit-ID:  404f6aac9b3ef595735feca99979db084ea48315
Gitweb: http://git.kernel.org/tip/404f6aac9b3ef595735feca99979db084ea48315
Author: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
AuthorDate: Mon, 8 Aug 2016 16:29:06 -0700
Committer: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
CommitDate: Wed, 10 Aug 2016 14:55:05 +0200

x86: Apply more __ro_after_init and const

Guided by grsecurity's analogous __read_only markings in arch/x86,
this applies several uses of __ro_after_init to structures that are
only updated during __init, and const for some structures that are
never updated. Additionally extends __init markings to some functions
that are only used during __init, and cleans up some missing C99 style
static initializers.

Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Brad Spengler <spender@grsecurity.net>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: David Brown <david.brown@linaro.org>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: Emese Revfy <re.emese@gmail.com>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Mathias Krause <minipli@googlemail.com>
Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
Cc: PaX Team <pageexec@freemail.hu>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: kernel-hardening@lists.openwall.com
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20160808232906.GA29731@www.outflux.net
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
---
arch/x86/include/asm/desc.h | 2 +-
arch/x86/include/asm/fpu/xstate.h | 3 ++-
arch/x86/kernel/apic/apic_flat_64.c | 6 +++---
arch/x86/kernel/apic/apic_noop.c | 2 +-
arch/x86/kernel/apic/bigsmp_32.c | 2 +-
arch/x86/kernel/apic/msi.c | 2 +-
arch/x86/kernel/apic/probe_32.c | 4 ++--
arch/x86/kernel/apic/x2apic_cluster.c | 2 +-
arch/x86/kernel/apic/x2apic_phys.c | 2 +-
arch/x86/kernel/apic/x2apic_uv_x.c | 2 +-
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c | 11 ++++++++---
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mtrr/main.c | 4 ++--
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mtrr/mtrr.h | 2 +-
arch/x86/kernel/ksysfs.c | 2 +-
arch/x86/kernel/kvmclock.c | 2 +-
arch/x86/kernel/paravirt.c | 2 +-
arch/x86/kernel/ptrace.c | 6 +++---
arch/x86/kernel/reboot.c | 2 +-
arch/x86/kernel/setup.c | 4 ++--
arch/x86/kernel/setup_percpu.c | 2 +-
arch/x86/kernel/x86_init.c | 6 +++---
arch/x86/kvm/svm.c | 2 +-
arch/x86/kvm/vmx.c | 2 +-
arch/x86/pci/pcbios.c | 7 +++++--
24 files changed, 45 insertions(+), 36 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/desc.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/desc.h
index 4e10d73..12080d8 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/desc.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/desc.h
@@ -36,7 +36,7 @@ static inline void fill_ldt(struct desc_struct *desc, const struct user_desc *in

extern struct desc_ptr idt_descr;
extern gate_desc idt_table[];
-extern struct desc_ptr debug_idt_descr;
+extern const struct desc_ptr debug_idt_descr;
extern gate_desc debug_idt_table[];

struct gdt_page {
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/fpu/xstate.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/fpu/xstate.h
index ae55a43..d4957ac 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/fpu/xstate.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/fpu/xstate.h
@@ -45,7 +45,8 @@
extern u64 xfeatures_mask;
extern u64 xstate_fx_sw_bytes[USER_XSTATE_FX_SW_WORDS];

-extern void update_regset_xstate_info(unsigned int size, u64 xstate_mask);
+extern void __init update_regset_xstate_info(unsigned int size,
+ u64 xstate_mask);

void fpu__xstate_clear_all_cpu_caps(void);
void *get_xsave_addr(struct xregs_state *xsave, int xstate);
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/apic/apic_flat_64.c b/arch/x86/kernel/apic/apic_flat_64.c
index 5b2ae10..8862da7 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/apic/apic_flat_64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/apic/apic_flat_64.c
@@ -25,7 +25,7 @@
static struct apic apic_physflat;
static struct apic apic_flat;

-struct apic __read_mostly *apic = &apic_flat;
+struct apic *apic __ro_after_init = &apic_flat;
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(apic);

static int flat_acpi_madt_oem_check(char *oem_id, char *oem_table_id)
@@ -154,7 +154,7 @@ static int flat_probe(void)
return 1;
}

-static struct apic apic_flat = {
+static struct apic apic_flat __ro_after_init = {
.name = "flat",
.probe = flat_probe,
.acpi_madt_oem_check = flat_acpi_madt_oem_check,
@@ -248,7 +248,7 @@ static int physflat_probe(void)
return 0;
}

-static struct apic apic_physflat = {
+static struct apic apic_physflat __ro_after_init = {

.name = "physical flat",
.probe = physflat_probe,
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/apic/apic_noop.c b/arch/x86/kernel/apic/apic_noop.c
index c05688b..b109e43 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/apic/apic_noop.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/apic/apic_noop.c
@@ -108,7 +108,7 @@ static void noop_apic_write(u32 reg, u32 v)
WARN_ON_ONCE(boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_APIC) && !disable_apic);
}

-struct apic apic_noop = {
+struct apic apic_noop __ro_after_init = {
.name = "noop",
.probe = noop_probe,
.acpi_madt_oem_check = NULL,
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/apic/bigsmp_32.c b/arch/x86/kernel/apic/bigsmp_32.c
index 06dbaa4..5601201 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/apic/bigsmp_32.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/apic/bigsmp_32.c
@@ -142,7 +142,7 @@ static int probe_bigsmp(void)
return dmi_bigsmp;
}

-static struct apic apic_bigsmp = {
+static struct apic apic_bigsmp __ro_after_init = {

.name = "bigsmp",
.probe = probe_bigsmp,
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/apic/msi.c b/arch/x86/kernel/apic/msi.c
index ade2532..015bbf3 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/apic/msi.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/apic/msi.c
@@ -269,7 +269,7 @@ static void hpet_msi_write_msg(struct irq_data *data, struct msi_msg *msg)
hpet_msi_write(irq_data_get_irq_handler_data(data), msg);
}

-static struct irq_chip hpet_msi_controller = {
+static struct irq_chip hpet_msi_controller __ro_after_init = {
.name = "HPET-MSI",
.irq_unmask = hpet_msi_unmask,
.irq_mask = hpet_msi_mask,
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/apic/probe_32.c b/arch/x86/kernel/apic/probe_32.c
index 7c43e71..e5fb2f0 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/apic/probe_32.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/apic/probe_32.c
@@ -72,7 +72,7 @@ static int probe_default(void)
return 1;
}

-static struct apic apic_default = {
+static struct apic apic_default __ro_after_init = {

.name = "default",
.probe = probe_default,
@@ -126,7 +126,7 @@ static struct apic apic_default = {

apic_driver(apic_default);

-struct apic *apic = &apic_default;
+struct apic *apic __ro_after_init = &apic_default;
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(apic);

static int cmdline_apic __initdata;
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/apic/x2apic_cluster.c b/arch/x86/kernel/apic/x2apic_cluster.c
index 6368fa6..766bdef 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/apic/x2apic_cluster.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/apic/x2apic_cluster.c
@@ -222,7 +222,7 @@ static void cluster_vector_allocation_domain(int cpu, struct cpumask *retmask,
cpumask_and(retmask, mask, per_cpu(cpus_in_cluster, cpu));
}

-static struct apic apic_x2apic_cluster = {
+static struct apic apic_x2apic_cluster __ro_after_init = {

.name = "cluster x2apic",
.probe = x2apic_cluster_probe,
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/apic/x2apic_phys.c b/arch/x86/kernel/apic/x2apic_phys.c
index 4f13f54f..ff111f0 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/apic/x2apic_phys.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/apic/x2apic_phys.c
@@ -98,7 +98,7 @@ static int x2apic_phys_probe(void)
return apic == &apic_x2apic_phys;
}

-static struct apic apic_x2apic_phys = {
+static struct apic apic_x2apic_phys __ro_after_init = {

.name = "physical x2apic",
.probe = x2apic_phys_probe,
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/apic/x2apic_uv_x.c b/arch/x86/kernel/apic/x2apic_uv_x.c
index 09b59ad..ed887de 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/apic/x2apic_uv_x.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/apic/x2apic_uv_x.c
@@ -554,7 +554,7 @@ static int uv_probe(void)
return apic == &apic_x2apic_uv_x;
}

-static struct apic __refdata apic_x2apic_uv_x = {
+static struct apic apic_x2apic_uv_x __ro_after_init = {

.name = "UV large system",
.probe = uv_probe,
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c
index 809eda0..d3b91be 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c
@@ -1265,9 +1265,14 @@ static __init int setup_disablecpuid(char *arg)
__setup("clearcpuid=", setup_disablecpuid);

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
-struct desc_ptr idt_descr = { NR_VECTORS * 16 - 1, (unsigned long) idt_table };
-struct desc_ptr debug_idt_descr = { NR_VECTORS * 16 - 1,
- (unsigned long) debug_idt_table };
+struct desc_ptr idt_descr __ro_after_init = {
+ .size = NR_VECTORS * 16 - 1,
+ .address = (unsigned long) idt_table,
+};
+const struct desc_ptr debug_idt_descr = {
+ .size = NR_VECTORS * 16 - 1,
+ .address = (unsigned long) debug_idt_table,
+};

DEFINE_PER_CPU_FIRST(union irq_stack_union,
irq_stack_union) __aligned(PAGE_SIZE) __visible;
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mtrr/main.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mtrr/main.c
index 28f1b54..24e87e7 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mtrr/main.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mtrr/main.c
@@ -72,14 +72,14 @@ static DEFINE_MUTEX(mtrr_mutex);
u64 size_or_mask, size_and_mask;
static bool mtrr_aps_delayed_init;

-static const struct mtrr_ops *mtrr_ops[X86_VENDOR_NUM];
+static const struct mtrr_ops *mtrr_ops[X86_VENDOR_NUM] __ro_after_init;

const struct mtrr_ops *mtrr_if;

static void set_mtrr(unsigned int reg, unsigned long base,
unsigned long size, mtrr_type type);

-void set_mtrr_ops(const struct mtrr_ops *ops)
+void __init set_mtrr_ops(const struct mtrr_ops *ops)
{
if (ops->vendor && ops->vendor < X86_VENDOR_NUM)
mtrr_ops[ops->vendor] = ops;
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mtrr/mtrr.h b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mtrr/mtrr.h
index 6c7ced0..ad8bd76 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mtrr/mtrr.h
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mtrr/mtrr.h
@@ -54,7 +54,7 @@ void fill_mtrr_var_range(unsigned int index,
bool get_mtrr_state(void);
void mtrr_bp_pat_init(void);

-extern void set_mtrr_ops(const struct mtrr_ops *ops);
+extern void __init set_mtrr_ops(const struct mtrr_ops *ops);

extern u64 size_or_mask, size_and_mask;
extern const struct mtrr_ops *mtrr_if;
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/ksysfs.c b/arch/x86/kernel/ksysfs.c
index c2bedae..4afc67f 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/ksysfs.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/ksysfs.c
@@ -184,7 +184,7 @@ out:

static struct kobj_attribute type_attr = __ATTR_RO(type);

-static struct bin_attribute data_attr = {
+static struct bin_attribute data_attr __ro_after_init = {
.attr = {
.name = "data",
.mode = S_IRUGO,
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/kvmclock.c b/arch/x86/kernel/kvmclock.c
index 1d39bfb..0964399 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/kvmclock.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/kvmclock.c
@@ -29,7 +29,7 @@
#include <asm/x86_init.h>
#include <asm/reboot.h>

-static int kvmclock = 1;
+static int kvmclock __ro_after_init = 1;
static int msr_kvm_system_time = MSR_KVM_SYSTEM_TIME;
static int msr_kvm_wall_clock = MSR_KVM_WALL_CLOCK;
static cycle_t kvm_sched_clock_offset;
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/paravirt.c b/arch/x86/kernel/paravirt.c
index ad5bc95..b8e4680 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/paravirt.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/paravirt.c
@@ -389,7 +389,7 @@ NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(native_load_idt);
#define PTE_IDENT __PV_IS_CALLEE_SAVE(_paravirt_ident_64)
#endif

-struct pv_mmu_ops pv_mmu_ops = {
+struct pv_mmu_ops pv_mmu_ops __ro_after_init = {

.read_cr2 = native_read_cr2,
.write_cr2 = native_write_cr2,
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/ptrace.c b/arch/x86/kernel/ptrace.c
index f79576a..2537cfb 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/ptrace.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/ptrace.c
@@ -1250,7 +1250,7 @@ long compat_arch_ptrace(struct task_struct *child, compat_long_t request,

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64

-static struct user_regset x86_64_regsets[] __read_mostly = {
+static struct user_regset x86_64_regsets[] __ro_after_init = {
[REGSET_GENERAL] = {
.core_note_type = NT_PRSTATUS,
.n = sizeof(struct user_regs_struct) / sizeof(long),
@@ -1291,7 +1291,7 @@ static const struct user_regset_view user_x86_64_view = {
#endif /* CONFIG_X86_64 */

#if defined CONFIG_X86_32 || defined CONFIG_IA32_EMULATION
-static struct user_regset x86_32_regsets[] __read_mostly = {
+static struct user_regset x86_32_regsets[] __ro_after_init = {
[REGSET_GENERAL] = {
.core_note_type = NT_PRSTATUS,
.n = sizeof(struct user_regs_struct32) / sizeof(u32),
@@ -1344,7 +1344,7 @@ static const struct user_regset_view user_x86_32_view = {
*/
u64 xstate_fx_sw_bytes[USER_XSTATE_FX_SW_WORDS];

-void update_regset_xstate_info(unsigned int size, u64 xstate_mask)
+void __init update_regset_xstate_info(unsigned int size, u64 xstate_mask)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
x86_64_regsets[REGSET_XSTATE].n = size / sizeof(u64);
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/reboot.c b/arch/x86/kernel/reboot.c
index 63bf27d..e244c19 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/reboot.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/reboot.c
@@ -705,7 +705,7 @@ static void native_machine_power_off(void)
tboot_shutdown(TB_SHUTDOWN_HALT);
}

-struct machine_ops machine_ops = {
+struct machine_ops machine_ops __ro_after_init = {
.power_off = native_machine_power_off,
.shutdown = native_machine_shutdown,
.emergency_restart = native_machine_emergency_restart,
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/setup.c b/arch/x86/kernel/setup.c
index 95cf31c..2d98798 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/setup.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/setup.c
@@ -210,9 +210,9 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(boot_cpu_data);


#if !defined(CONFIG_X86_PAE) || defined(CONFIG_X86_64)
-__visible unsigned long mmu_cr4_features;
+__visible unsigned long mmu_cr4_features __ro_after_init;
#else
-__visible unsigned long mmu_cr4_features = X86_CR4_PAE;
+__visible unsigned long mmu_cr4_features __ro_after_init = X86_CR4_PAE;
#endif

/* Boot loader ID and version as integers, for the benefit of proc_dointvec */
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/setup_percpu.c b/arch/x86/kernel/setup_percpu.c
index 7a40e06..1d5c794 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/setup_percpu.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/setup_percpu.c
@@ -33,7 +33,7 @@ EXPORT_PER_CPU_SYMBOL(cpu_number);
DEFINE_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(unsigned long, this_cpu_off) = BOOT_PERCPU_OFFSET;
EXPORT_PER_CPU_SYMBOL(this_cpu_off);

-unsigned long __per_cpu_offset[NR_CPUS] __read_mostly = {
+unsigned long __per_cpu_offset[NR_CPUS] __ro_after_init = {
[0 ... NR_CPUS-1] = BOOT_PERCPU_OFFSET,
};
EXPORT_SYMBOL(__per_cpu_offset);
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/x86_init.c b/arch/x86/kernel/x86_init.c
index 76c5e52..0bd9f12 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/x86_init.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/x86_init.c
@@ -91,7 +91,7 @@ struct x86_cpuinit_ops x86_cpuinit = {
static void default_nmi_init(void) { };
static int default_i8042_detect(void) { return 1; };

-struct x86_platform_ops x86_platform = {
+struct x86_platform_ops x86_platform __ro_after_init = {
.calibrate_cpu = native_calibrate_cpu,
.calibrate_tsc = native_calibrate_tsc,
.get_wallclock = mach_get_cmos_time,
@@ -108,7 +108,7 @@ struct x86_platform_ops x86_platform = {
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(x86_platform);

#if defined(CONFIG_PCI_MSI)
-struct x86_msi_ops x86_msi = {
+struct x86_msi_ops x86_msi __ro_after_init = {
.setup_msi_irqs = native_setup_msi_irqs,
.teardown_msi_irq = native_teardown_msi_irq,
.teardown_msi_irqs = default_teardown_msi_irqs,
@@ -137,7 +137,7 @@ void arch_restore_msi_irqs(struct pci_dev *dev)
}
#endif

-struct x86_io_apic_ops x86_io_apic_ops = {
+struct x86_io_apic_ops x86_io_apic_ops __ro_after_init = {
.read = native_io_apic_read,
.disable = native_disable_io_apic,
};
diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/svm.c b/arch/x86/kvm/svm.c
index af523d8..1e6b84b 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/svm.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/svm.c
@@ -4961,7 +4961,7 @@ static inline void avic_post_state_restore(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
avic_handle_ldr_update(vcpu);
}

-static struct kvm_x86_ops svm_x86_ops = {
+static struct kvm_x86_ops svm_x86_ops __ro_after_init = {
.cpu_has_kvm_support = has_svm,
.disabled_by_bios = is_disabled,
.hardware_setup = svm_hardware_setup,
diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx.c b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx.c
index a45d858..87eaa6b 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx.c
@@ -11175,7 +11175,7 @@ static void vmx_setup_mce(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
~FEATURE_CONTROL_LMCE;
}

-static struct kvm_x86_ops vmx_x86_ops = {
+static struct kvm_x86_ops vmx_x86_ops __ro_after_init = {
.cpu_has_kvm_support = cpu_has_kvm_support,
.disabled_by_bios = vmx_disabled_by_bios,
.hardware_setup = hardware_setup,
diff --git a/arch/x86/pci/pcbios.c b/arch/x86/pci/pcbios.c
index 9770e55..1d97cea 100644
--- a/arch/x86/pci/pcbios.c
+++ b/arch/x86/pci/pcbios.c
@@ -120,9 +120,12 @@ static unsigned long __init bios32_service(unsigned long service)
static struct {
unsigned long address;
unsigned short segment;
-} pci_indirect = { 0, __KERNEL_CS };
+} pci_indirect __ro_after_init = {
+ .address = 0,
+ .segment = __KERNEL_CS,
+};

-static int pci_bios_present;
+static int pci_bios_present __ro_after_init;

static int __init check_pcibios(void)
{
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