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Subject[PATCH v5] watchdog: ziirave_wdt: Add support to upload the firmware.
Date
This patch adds and entry to the sysfs to start firmware upload process
on the specified device with the requested firmware.

The uploading of the firmware needs only to happen once per firmware
upgrade, as the firmware is stored in persistent storage. If the
firmware upload or the firmware verification fails then we print and
error message and exit.

Signed-off-by: Enric Balletbo i Serra <enric.balletbo@collabora.com>
---

Changes since v4: (requester by Guenter)
- Fix mutex and release firmware order.

Changes since v3: (requested by Guenter and Martyn)
- wait_for_ack: Add a wider range to give the kernel some leeway
- wait_for_ack: Add a timeout.
- Drop empty lines between assignments and value checks.
- Remove unnecessary typecast.
- Apply the mutex for all chip accesses.

Changes since v2: (requested by Guenter)
- Remove ihex parsing, convert the file into binary before passing it to the
kernel (ihex2fw <src.HEX> <dst.fw>).
- New binary firmware parsed using the ihex.h helpers.
- Protect firmware upgrade with a mutex.
- Remove a noisy message.
- Remove some unneded memset.
- Remove some unnecessary ()

Changes since v1: (requested by Martyn)
- Remove two defines that are not used.
- Fix typo in documentation count -> length

drivers/watchdog/ziirave_wdt.c | 409 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
1 file changed, 404 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/watchdog/ziirave_wdt.c b/drivers/watchdog/ziirave_wdt.c
index fa1efef..b4e0cea 100644
--- a/drivers/watchdog/ziirave_wdt.c
+++ b/drivers/watchdog/ziirave_wdt.c
@@ -18,7 +18,10 @@
* GNU General Public License for more details.
*/

+#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/i2c.h>
+#include <linux/ihex.h>
+#include <linux/firmware.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
@@ -36,6 +39,8 @@
#define ZIIRAVE_STATE_OFF 0x1
#define ZIIRAVE_STATE_ON 0x2

+#define ZIIRAVE_FW_NAME "ziirave_wdt.fw"
+
static char *ziirave_reasons[] = {"power cycle", "hw watchdog", NULL, NULL,
"host request", NULL, "illegal configuration",
"illegal instruction", "illegal trap",
@@ -50,12 +55,35 @@ static char *ziirave_reasons[] = {"power cycle", "hw watchdog", NULL, NULL,
#define ZIIRAVE_WDT_PING 0x9
#define ZIIRAVE_WDT_RESET_DURATION 0xa

+#define ZIIRAVE_FIRM_PKT_TOTAL_SIZE 20
+#define ZIIRAVE_FIRM_PKT_DATA_SIZE 16
+#define ZIIRAVE_FIRM_FLASH_MEMORY_START 0x1600
+#define ZIIRAVE_FIRM_FLASH_MEMORY_END 0x2bbf
+
+/* Received and ready for next Download packet. */
+#define ZIIRAVE_FIRM_DOWNLOAD_ACK 1
+/* Currently writing to flash. Retry Download status in a moment! */
+#define ZIIRAVE_FIRM_DOWNLOAD_BUSY 2
+
+/* Wait for ACK timeout in ms */
+#define ZIIRAVE_FIRM_WAIT_FOR_ACK_TIMEOUT 50
+
+/* Firmware commands */
+#define ZIIRAVE_CMD_DOWNLOAD_START 0x10
+#define ZIIRAVE_CMD_DOWNLOAD_END 0x11
+#define ZIIRAVE_CMD_DOWNLOAD_SET_READ_ADDR 0x12
+#define ZIIRAVE_CMD_DOWNLOAD_READ_BYTE 0x13
+#define ZIIRAVE_CMD_RESET_PROCESSOR 0x0b
+#define ZIIRAVE_CMD_JUMP_TO_BOOTLOADER 0x0c
+#define ZIIRAVE_CMD_DOWNLOAD_PACKET 0x0e
+
struct ziirave_wdt_rev {
unsigned char major;
unsigned char minor;
};

struct ziirave_wdt_data {
+ struct mutex sysfs_mutex;
struct watchdog_device wdd;
struct ziirave_wdt_rev bootloader_rev;
struct ziirave_wdt_rev firmware_rev;
@@ -146,6 +174,293 @@ static unsigned int ziirave_wdt_get_timeleft(struct watchdog_device *wdd)
return ret;
}

+static int ziirave_firm_wait_for_ack(struct watchdog_device *wdd)
+{
+ struct i2c_client *client = to_i2c_client(wdd->parent);
+ int ret;
+ unsigned long timeout;
+
+ timeout = jiffies + msecs_to_jiffies(ZIIRAVE_FIRM_WAIT_FOR_ACK_TIMEOUT);
+ do {
+ if (time_after(jiffies, timeout))
+ return -ETIMEDOUT;
+
+ usleep_range(5000, 10000);
+
+ ret = i2c_smbus_read_byte(client);
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ dev_err(&client->dev, "Failed to read byte\n");
+ return ret;
+ }
+ } while (ret == ZIIRAVE_FIRM_DOWNLOAD_BUSY);
+
+ return ret == ZIIRAVE_FIRM_DOWNLOAD_ACK ? 0 : -EIO;
+}
+
+static int ziirave_firm_set_read_addr(struct watchdog_device *wdd, u16 addr)
+{
+ struct i2c_client *client = to_i2c_client(wdd->parent);
+ u8 address[2];
+
+ address[0] = addr & 0xff;
+ address[1] = (addr >> 8) & 0xff;
+
+ return i2c_smbus_write_block_data(client,
+ ZIIRAVE_CMD_DOWNLOAD_SET_READ_ADDR,
+ ARRAY_SIZE(address), address);
+}
+
+static int ziirave_firm_write_block_data(struct watchdog_device *wdd,
+ u8 command, u8 length, const u8 *data,
+ bool wait_for_ack)
+{
+ struct i2c_client *client = to_i2c_client(wdd->parent);
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = i2c_smbus_write_block_data(client, command, length, data);
+ if (ret) {
+ dev_err(&client->dev,
+ "Failed to send command 0x%02x: %d\n", command, ret);
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ if (wait_for_ack)
+ ret = ziirave_firm_wait_for_ack(wdd);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static int ziirave_firm_write_byte(struct watchdog_device *wdd, u8 command,
+ u8 byte, bool wait_for_ack)
+{
+ return ziirave_firm_write_block_data(wdd, command, 1, &byte,
+ wait_for_ack);
+}
+
+/*
+ * ziirave_firm_write_pkt() - Build and write a firmware packet
+ *
+ * A packet to send to the firmware is composed by following bytes:
+ * Length | Addr0 | Addr1 | Data0 .. Data15 | Checksum |
+ * Where,
+ * Length: A data byte containing the length of the data.
+ * Addr0: Low byte of the address.
+ * Addr1: High byte of the address.
+ * Data0 .. Data15: Array of 16 bytes of data.
+ * Checksum: Checksum byte to verify data integrity.
+ */
+static int ziirave_firm_write_pkt(struct watchdog_device *wdd,
+ const struct ihex_binrec *rec)
+{
+ struct i2c_client *client = to_i2c_client(wdd->parent);
+ u8 i, checksum = 0, packet[ZIIRAVE_FIRM_PKT_TOTAL_SIZE];
+ int ret;
+ u16 addr;
+
+ memset(packet, 0, ARRAY_SIZE(packet));
+
+ /* Packet length */
+ packet[0] = (u8)be16_to_cpu(rec->len);
+ /* Packet address */
+ addr = (be32_to_cpu(rec->addr) & 0xffff) >> 1;
+ packet[1] = addr & 0xff;
+ packet[2] = (addr & 0xff00) >> 8;
+
+ /* Packet data */
+ if (be16_to_cpu(rec->len) > ZIIRAVE_FIRM_PKT_DATA_SIZE)
+ return -EMSGSIZE;
+ memcpy(packet + 3, rec->data, be16_to_cpu(rec->len));
+
+ /* Packet checksum */
+ for (i = 0; i < ZIIRAVE_FIRM_PKT_TOTAL_SIZE - 1; i++)
+ checksum += packet[i];
+ packet[ZIIRAVE_FIRM_PKT_TOTAL_SIZE - 1] = checksum;
+
+ ret = ziirave_firm_write_block_data(wdd, ZIIRAVE_CMD_DOWNLOAD_PACKET,
+ ARRAY_SIZE(packet), packet, true);
+ if (ret)
+ dev_err(&client->dev,
+ "Failed to write firmware packet at address 0x%04x: %d\n",
+ addr, ret);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static int ziirave_firm_verify(struct watchdog_device *wdd,
+ const struct firmware *fw)
+{
+ struct i2c_client *client = to_i2c_client(wdd->parent);
+ const struct ihex_binrec *rec;
+ int i, ret;
+ u8 data[ZIIRAVE_FIRM_PKT_DATA_SIZE];
+ u16 addr;
+
+ for (rec = (void *)fw->data; rec; rec = ihex_next_binrec(rec)) {
+ /* Zero length marks end of records */
+ if (!be16_to_cpu(rec->len))
+ break;
+
+ addr = (be32_to_cpu(rec->addr) & 0xffff) >> 1;
+ if (addr < ZIIRAVE_FIRM_FLASH_MEMORY_START ||
+ addr > ZIIRAVE_FIRM_FLASH_MEMORY_END)
+ continue;
+
+ ret = ziirave_firm_set_read_addr(wdd, addr);
+ if (ret) {
+ dev_err(&client->dev,
+ "Failed to send SET_READ_ADDR command: %d\n",
+ ret);
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(data); i++) {
+ ret = i2c_smbus_read_byte_data(client,
+ ZIIRAVE_CMD_DOWNLOAD_READ_BYTE);
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ dev_err(&client->dev,
+ "Failed to READ DATA: %d\n", ret);
+ return ret;
+ }
+ data[i] = ret;
+ }
+
+ if (memcmp(data, rec->data, be16_to_cpu(rec->len))) {
+ dev_err(&client->dev,
+ "Firmware mismatch at address 0x%04x\n", addr);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int ziirave_firm_upload(struct watchdog_device *wdd,
+ const struct firmware *fw)
+{
+ struct i2c_client *client = to_i2c_client(wdd->parent);
+ int ret, words_till_page_break;
+ const struct ihex_binrec *rec;
+ struct ihex_binrec *rec_new;
+
+ ret = ziirave_firm_write_byte(wdd, ZIIRAVE_CMD_JUMP_TO_BOOTLOADER, 1,
+ false);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ msleep(500);
+
+ ret = ziirave_firm_write_byte(wdd, ZIIRAVE_CMD_DOWNLOAD_START, 1, true);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ msleep(500);
+
+ for (rec = (void *)fw->data; rec; rec = ihex_next_binrec(rec)) {
+ /* Zero length marks end of records */
+ if (!be16_to_cpu(rec->len))
+ break;
+
+ /* Check max data size */
+ if (be16_to_cpu(rec->len) > ZIIRAVE_FIRM_PKT_DATA_SIZE) {
+ dev_err(&client->dev, "Firmware packet too long (%d)\n",
+ be16_to_cpu(rec->len));
+ return -EMSGSIZE;
+ }
+
+ /* Calculate words till page break */
+ words_till_page_break = (64 - ((be32_to_cpu(rec->addr) >> 1) &
+ 0x3f));
+ if ((be16_to_cpu(rec->len) >> 1) > words_till_page_break) {
+ /*
+ * Data in passes page boundary, so we need to split in
+ * two blocks of data. Create a packet with the first
+ * block of data.
+ */
+ rec_new = kzalloc(sizeof(struct ihex_binrec) +
+ (words_till_page_break << 1),
+ GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!rec_new)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ rec_new->len = cpu_to_be16(words_till_page_break << 1);
+ rec_new->addr = rec->addr;
+ memcpy(rec_new->data, rec->data,
+ be16_to_cpu(rec_new->len));
+
+ ret = ziirave_firm_write_pkt(wdd, rec_new);
+ kfree(rec_new);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ /* Create a packet with the second block of data */
+ rec_new = kzalloc(sizeof(struct ihex_binrec) +
+ be16_to_cpu(rec->len) -
+ (words_till_page_break << 1),
+ GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!rec_new)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ /* Remaining bytes */
+ rec_new->len = rec->len -
+ cpu_to_be16(words_till_page_break << 1);
+
+ rec_new->addr = cpu_to_be32(be32_to_cpu(rec->addr) +
+ (words_till_page_break << 1));
+
+ memcpy(rec_new->data,
+ rec->data + (words_till_page_break << 1),
+ be16_to_cpu(rec_new->len));
+
+ ret = ziirave_firm_write_pkt(wdd, rec_new);
+ kfree(rec_new);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+ } else {
+ ret = ziirave_firm_write_pkt(wdd, rec);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+ }
+ }
+
+ /* For end of download, the length field will be set to 0 */
+ rec_new = kzalloc(sizeof(struct ihex_binrec) + 1, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!rec_new)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ ret = ziirave_firm_write_pkt(wdd, rec_new);
+ kfree(rec_new);
+ if (ret) {
+ dev_err(&client->dev, "Failed to send EMPTY packet: %d\n", ret);
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ /* This sleep seems to be required */
+ msleep(20);
+
+ /* Start firmware verification */
+ ret = ziirave_firm_verify(wdd, fw);
+ if (ret) {
+ dev_err(&client->dev,
+ "Failed to verify firmware: %d\n", ret);
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ /* End download operation */
+ ret = ziirave_firm_write_byte(wdd, ZIIRAVE_CMD_DOWNLOAD_END, 1, false);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ /* Reset the processor */
+ ret = ziirave_firm_write_byte(wdd, ZIIRAVE_CMD_RESET_PROCESSOR, 1,
+ false);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ msleep(500);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
static const struct watchdog_info ziirave_wdt_info = {
.options = WDIOF_SETTIMEOUT | WDIOF_MAGICCLOSE | WDIOF_KEEPALIVEPING,
.identity = "Zodiac RAVE Watchdog",
@@ -166,9 +481,18 @@ static ssize_t ziirave_wdt_sysfs_show_firm(struct device *dev,
{
struct i2c_client *client = to_i2c_client(dev->parent);
struct ziirave_wdt_data *w_priv = i2c_get_clientdata(client);
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = mutex_lock_interruptible(&w_priv->sysfs_mutex);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ ret = sprintf(buf, "02.%02u.%02u", w_priv->firmware_rev.major,
+ w_priv->firmware_rev.minor);

- return sprintf(buf, "02.%02u.%02u", w_priv->firmware_rev.major,
- w_priv->firmware_rev.minor);
+ mutex_unlock(&w_priv->sysfs_mutex);
+
+ return ret;
}

static DEVICE_ATTR(firmware_version, S_IRUGO, ziirave_wdt_sysfs_show_firm,
@@ -180,9 +504,18 @@ static ssize_t ziirave_wdt_sysfs_show_boot(struct device *dev,
{
struct i2c_client *client = to_i2c_client(dev->parent);
struct ziirave_wdt_data *w_priv = i2c_get_clientdata(client);
+ int ret;

- return sprintf(buf, "01.%02u.%02u", w_priv->bootloader_rev.major,
- w_priv->bootloader_rev.minor);
+ ret = mutex_lock_interruptible(&w_priv->sysfs_mutex);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ ret = sprintf(buf, "01.%02u.%02u", w_priv->bootloader_rev.major,
+ w_priv->bootloader_rev.minor);
+
+ mutex_unlock(&w_priv->sysfs_mutex);
+
+ return ret;
}

static DEVICE_ATTR(bootloader_version, S_IRUGO, ziirave_wdt_sysfs_show_boot,
@@ -194,17 +527,81 @@ static ssize_t ziirave_wdt_sysfs_show_reason(struct device *dev,
{
struct i2c_client *client = to_i2c_client(dev->parent);
struct ziirave_wdt_data *w_priv = i2c_get_clientdata(client);
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = mutex_lock_interruptible(&w_priv->sysfs_mutex);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ ret = sprintf(buf, "%s", ziirave_reasons[w_priv->reset_reason]);

- return sprintf(buf, "%s", ziirave_reasons[w_priv->reset_reason]);
+ mutex_unlock(&w_priv->sysfs_mutex);
+
+ return ret;
}

static DEVICE_ATTR(reset_reason, S_IRUGO, ziirave_wdt_sysfs_show_reason,
NULL);

+static ssize_t ziirave_wdt_sysfs_store_firm(struct device *dev,
+ struct device_attribute *attr,
+ const char *buf, size_t count)
+{
+ struct i2c_client *client = to_i2c_client(dev->parent);
+ struct ziirave_wdt_data *w_priv = i2c_get_clientdata(client);
+ const struct firmware *fw;
+ int err;
+
+ err = request_ihex_firmware(&fw, ZIIRAVE_FW_NAME, dev);
+ if (err) {
+ dev_err(&client->dev, "Failed to request ihex firmware\n");
+ return err;
+ }
+
+ err = mutex_lock_interruptible(&w_priv->sysfs_mutex);
+ if (err)
+ goto release_firmware;
+
+ err = ziirave_firm_upload(&w_priv->wdd, fw);
+ if (err) {
+ dev_err(&client->dev, "The firmware update failed: %d\n", err);
+ goto unlock_mutex;
+ }
+
+ /* Update firmware version */
+ err = ziirave_wdt_revision(client, &w_priv->firmware_rev,
+ ZIIRAVE_WDT_FIRM_VER_MAJOR);
+ if (err) {
+ dev_err(&client->dev, "Failed to read firmware version: %d\n",
+ err);
+ goto unlock_mutex;
+ }
+
+ dev_info(&client->dev, "Firmware updated to version 02.%02u.%02u\n",
+ w_priv->firmware_rev.major, w_priv->firmware_rev.minor);
+
+ /* Restore the watchdog timeout */
+ err = ziirave_wdt_set_timeout(&w_priv->wdd, w_priv->wdd.timeout);
+ if (err)
+ dev_err(&client->dev, "Failed to set timeout: %d\n", err);
+
+unlock_mutex:
+ mutex_unlock(&w_priv->sysfs_mutex);
+
+release_firmware:
+ release_firmware(fw);
+
+ return err ? err : count;
+}
+
+static DEVICE_ATTR(update_firmware, S_IWUSR, NULL,
+ ziirave_wdt_sysfs_store_firm);
+
static struct attribute *ziirave_wdt_attrs[] = {
&dev_attr_firmware_version.attr,
&dev_attr_bootloader_version.attr,
&dev_attr_reset_reason.attr,
+ &dev_attr_update_firmware.attr,
NULL
};
ATTRIBUTE_GROUPS(ziirave_wdt);
@@ -252,6 +649,8 @@ static int ziirave_wdt_probe(struct i2c_client *client,
if (!w_priv)
return -ENOMEM;

+ mutex_init(&w_priv->sysfs_mutex);
+
w_priv->wdd.info = &ziirave_wdt_info;
w_priv->wdd.ops = &ziirave_wdt_ops;
w_priv->wdd.min_timeout = ZIIRAVE_TIMEOUT_MIN;
--
2.1.0
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