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Subject[PATCH v15 08/10] arm64: Add trampoline code for kretprobes
Date
From: William Cohen <wcohen@redhat.com>

The trampoline code is used by kretprobes to capture a return from a probed
function. This is done by saving the registers, calling the handler, and
restoring the registers. The code then returns to the original saved caller
return address. It is necessary to do this directly instead of using a
software breakpoint because the code used in processing that breakpoint
could itself be kprobe'd and cause a problematic reentry into the debug
exception handler.

Signed-off-by: William Cohen <wcohen@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: David A. Long <dave.long@linaro.org>
Acked-by: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org>
---
arch/arm64/include/asm/kprobes.h | 2 +
arch/arm64/kernel/asm-offsets.c | 11 ++++
arch/arm64/kernel/probes/Makefile | 1 +
arch/arm64/kernel/probes/kprobes.c | 5 ++
arch/arm64/kernel/probes/kprobes_trampoline.S | 85 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++
5 files changed, 104 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 arch/arm64/kernel/probes/kprobes_trampoline.S

diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kprobes.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kprobes.h
index 79c9511..61b4915 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kprobes.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kprobes.h
@@ -56,5 +56,7 @@ int kprobe_exceptions_notify(struct notifier_block *self,
unsigned long val, void *data);
int kprobe_breakpoint_handler(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned int esr);
int kprobe_single_step_handler(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned int esr);
+void kretprobe_trampoline(void);
+void __kprobes *trampoline_probe_handler(struct pt_regs *regs);

#endif /* _ARM_KPROBES_H */
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/asm-offsets.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/asm-offsets.c
index f8e5d47..03dfa27 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/asm-offsets.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/asm-offsets.c
@@ -51,6 +51,17 @@ int main(void)
DEFINE(S_X5, offsetof(struct pt_regs, regs[5]));
DEFINE(S_X6, offsetof(struct pt_regs, regs[6]));
DEFINE(S_X7, offsetof(struct pt_regs, regs[7]));
+ DEFINE(S_X8, offsetof(struct pt_regs, regs[8]));
+ DEFINE(S_X10, offsetof(struct pt_regs, regs[10]));
+ DEFINE(S_X12, offsetof(struct pt_regs, regs[12]));
+ DEFINE(S_X14, offsetof(struct pt_regs, regs[14]));
+ DEFINE(S_X16, offsetof(struct pt_regs, regs[16]));
+ DEFINE(S_X18, offsetof(struct pt_regs, regs[18]));
+ DEFINE(S_X20, offsetof(struct pt_regs, regs[20]));
+ DEFINE(S_X22, offsetof(struct pt_regs, regs[22]));
+ DEFINE(S_X24, offsetof(struct pt_regs, regs[24]));
+ DEFINE(S_X26, offsetof(struct pt_regs, regs[26]));
+ DEFINE(S_X28, offsetof(struct pt_regs, regs[28]));
DEFINE(S_LR, offsetof(struct pt_regs, regs[30]));
DEFINE(S_SP, offsetof(struct pt_regs, sp));
#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/probes/Makefile b/arch/arm64/kernel/probes/Makefile
index e184d00..ce06312 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/probes/Makefile
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/probes/Makefile
@@ -1,2 +1,3 @@
obj-$(CONFIG_KPROBES) += kprobes.o decode-insn.o \
+ kprobes_trampoline.o \
simulate-insn.o
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/probes/kprobes.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/probes/kprobes.c
index 63eb0a1..be1f074 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/probes/kprobes.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/probes/kprobes.c
@@ -576,6 +576,11 @@ bool arch_within_kprobe_blacklist(unsigned long addr)
return false;
}

+void __kprobes __used *trampoline_probe_handler(struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ return NULL;
+}
+
int __init arch_init_kprobes(void)
{
return 0;
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/probes/kprobes_trampoline.S b/arch/arm64/kernel/probes/kprobes_trampoline.S
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..ba37d85
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/probes/kprobes_trampoline.S
@@ -0,0 +1,85 @@
+/*
+ * trampoline entry and return code for kretprobes.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/linkage.h>
+#include <asm/asm-offsets.h>
+#include <asm/assembler.h>
+
+ .text
+
+.macro save_all_base_regs
+ stp x0, x1, [sp, #S_X0]
+ stp x2, x3, [sp, #S_X2]
+ stp x4, x5, [sp, #S_X4]
+ stp x6, x7, [sp, #S_X6]
+ stp x8, x9, [sp, #S_X8]
+ stp x10, x11, [sp, #S_X10]
+ stp x12, x13, [sp, #S_X12]
+ stp x14, x15, [sp, #S_X14]
+ stp x16, x17, [sp, #S_X16]
+ stp x18, x19, [sp, #S_X18]
+ stp x20, x21, [sp, #S_X20]
+ stp x22, x23, [sp, #S_X22]
+ stp x24, x25, [sp, #S_X24]
+ stp x26, x27, [sp, #S_X26]
+ stp x28, x29, [sp, #S_X28]
+ add x0, sp, #S_FRAME_SIZE
+ stp lr, x0, [sp, #S_LR]
+/*
+ * Construct a useful saved PSTATE
+ */
+ mrs x0, nzcv
+ and x0, x0, #(PSR_N_BIT | PSR_Z_BIT | PSR_C_BIT | PSR_V_BIT)
+ mrs x1, daif
+ and x1, x1, #(PSR_D_BIT | PSR_A_BIT | PSR_I_BIT | PSR_F_BIT)
+ orr x0, x0, x1
+ mrs x1, CurrentEL
+ and x1, x1, #(3 << 2)
+ orr x0, x1, x0
+ mrs x1, SPSel
+ and x1, x1, #1
+ orr x0, x1, x0
+ str x0, [sp, #S_PSTATE]
+.endm
+
+.macro restore_all_base_regs
+ ldr x0, [sp, #S_PSTATE]
+ and x0, x0, #(PSR_N_BIT | PSR_Z_BIT | PSR_C_BIT | PSR_V_BIT)
+ msr nzcv, x0
+ ldp x0, x1, [sp, #S_X0]
+ ldp x2, x3, [sp, #S_X2]
+ ldp x4, x5, [sp, #S_X4]
+ ldp x6, x7, [sp, #S_X6]
+ ldp x8, x9, [sp, #S_X8]
+ ldp x10, x11, [sp, #S_X10]
+ ldp x12, x13, [sp, #S_X12]
+ ldp x14, x15, [sp, #S_X14]
+ ldp x16, x17, [sp, #S_X16]
+ ldp x18, x19, [sp, #S_X18]
+ ldp x20, x21, [sp, #S_X20]
+ ldp x22, x23, [sp, #S_X22]
+ ldp x24, x25, [sp, #S_X24]
+ ldp x26, x27, [sp, #S_X26]
+ ldp x28, x29, [sp, #S_X28]
+.endm
+
+ENTRY(kretprobe_trampoline)
+
+ sub sp, sp, #S_FRAME_SIZE
+
+ save_all_base_regs
+
+ mov x0, sp
+ bl trampoline_probe_handler
+ /* Replace trampoline address in lr with actual
+ orig_ret_addr return address. */
+ mov lr, x0
+
+ restore_all_base_regs
+
+ add sp, sp, #S_FRAME_SIZE
+
+ ret
+
+ENDPROC(kretprobe_trampoline)
--
2.5.0
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