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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 1/2] arm64: implement FTRACE_WITH_REGS
On Fri, Jul 08, 2016 at 05:24:21PM +0200, Petr Mladek wrote:
> On Fri 2016-07-08 17:07:09, Torsten Duwe wrote:
> > On Fri, Jul 08, 2016 at 04:58:00PM +0200, Petr Mladek wrote:
> > > On Mon 2016-06-27 17:17:17, Torsten Duwe wrote:
> > > > Once gcc is enhanced to optionally generate NOPs at the beginning
> > > > of each function, like the concept proven in
> > > > https://gcc.gnu.org/ml/gcc-patches/2016-04/msg01671.html
> > > > (sans the "fprintf (... pad_size);", which spoils the data structure
> > > > for kernel use), the generated pads can nicely be used to reroute
> > > > function calls for tracing/profiling, or live patching.
> > > > diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/ftrace.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/ftrace.c
> > > > index ebecf9a..917065c 100644
> > > > --- a/arch/arm64/kernel/ftrace.c
> > > > +++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/ftrace.c
> > > > @@ -39,6 +39,12 @@ static int ftrace_modify_code(unsigned long pc, u32 old, u32 new,
> > > > if (aarch64_insn_read((void *)pc, &replaced))
> > > > return -EFAULT;
> > > >
> > > > + /* If we already have what we'll finally want,
> > > > + * report success. This is needed on startup.
> > > > + */
> > > > + if (replaced == new)
> > > > + return 0;
> > >
> > > This looks strange. I wonder if it actually hides a real bug that we
> > > modify the code twice or so.
> >
> > Not at all. All "profilers" we abused so far generate code that needs to
> > be disabled on boot first. prolog-pad generates nops, initially.
>
> Yeah, but I cannot find this kind of check in other architectures.
> I checked arch/x86/kernel/ftrace.c, arch/s390/kernel/ftrace.c, and
> arch/powerpc/kernel/ftrace.c. These all support ftrace with
> regs and livepatching.

My understanding is that other arches don't need this check because they
use -mfentry, so they have to modify the "call fentry" instruction to a
nop on startup.

Here, with -fprolog-pad, it's already a nop, so no change is needed.

--
Josh

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