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Subject[PATCH v4 0/9] kexec_file_load implementation for PowerPC

Note: We are currently discussing whether we need a new syscall so that
userspace can provide a custom device tree for the new kernel. Even if
that ends up being the way forward, it would affect only patches 7 and 8,
and even in those patches a significant part of the code would stay
the same. Therefore, it's still important for me to get feedback on
this series.

Cover letter:

This patch series implements the kexec_file_load system call on PowerPC.

This system call moves the reading of the kernel, initrd and the device tree
from the userspace kexec tool to the kernel. This is needed if you want to
do one or both of the following:

1. only allow loading of signed kernels.
2. "measure" (i.e., record the hashes of) the kernel, initrd, kernel
command line and other boot inputs for the Integrity Measurement
Architecture subsystem.

The above are the functions kexec already has built into kexec_file_load.
Yesterday I posted a set of patches which allows a third feature:

3. have IMA pass-on its event log (where integrity measurements are
registered) accross kexec to the second kernel, so that the event
history is preserved.

Because OpenPower uses an intermediary Linux instance as a boot loader
(skiroot), feature 1 is needed to implement secure boot for the platform,
while features 2 and 3 are needed to implement trusted boot.

This patch series starts by removing an x86 assumption from kexec_file:
kexec_add_buffer uses iomem to find reserved memory ranges, but PowerPC
uses the memblock subsystem. A hook is added so that each arch can
specify how memory ranges can be found.

Also, the memory-walking logic in kexec_add_buffer is useful in this
implementation to find a free area for the purgatory's stack, so the
next patch moves that logic to kexec_locate_mem_hole.

The kexec_file_load system call needs to apply relocations to the
purgatory but adding code for that would duplicate functionality with
the module loading mechanism, which also needs to apply relocations to
the kernel modules. Therefore, this patch series factors out the module
relocation code so that it can be shared.

One thing that is still missing is crashkernel support, which I intend
to submit shortly. For now, arch_kexec_kernel_image_probe rejects crash

This code is based on kexec-tools, but with many modifications to adapt
it to the kernel environment and facilities. Except the purgatory,
which only has minimal changes.

Changes for v4:
- Rebased series on today's powerpc/next.
- Patch "kexec_file: Remove unused members from struct kexec_buf.":
- Dropped from the series.
- Patch "kexec_file: Allow arch-specific memory walking function for
- Changed subject line to be more specific. Was: "kexec_file: Generalize
- Changed description to refer to x86 arch instead of Intel arch.
- Moved documentation comments for struct kexec_buf to this patch.
- Patch "kexec_file: Change kexec_add_buffer to take kexec_buf as argument.":
- New patch.
- Patch "kexec_file: Factor out kexec_locate_mem_hole from kexec_add_buffer.":
- Changed kexec_locate_mem_hole to take kexec_buf as argument.
- Improved description of kexec_locate_mem_hole in documentation comment.

Changes for v3:
- Rebased series on today's powerpc/next.
- Patch "kexec_file: Generalize kexec_add_buffer.":
- Removed most arguments from arch_kexec_walk_mem and pass kbuf
- Patch "powerpc: Add functions to read ELF files of any endianness.":
- Fixed whitespace issues found by
- Patch "powerpc: Factor out relocation code from module_64.c to
- Changed to use the new PPC64_ELF_ABI_v2 macro.
- Patch "powerpc: Add support for loading ELF kernels with
- Adapted arch_kexec_walk_mem implementation to changes in its
argument list.
- Fixed whitespace and GPL header issues found by
- Patch "powerpc: Add purgatory for kexec_file_load implementation.":
- Fixed whitespace and GPL header issues found by
- Changed to use the new PPC64_ELF_ABI_v2 macro.

Changes for v2:
- All patches: forgot to add Signed-off-by lines in v1, so added them now.
- Patch "kexec_file: Generalize kexec_add_buffer.": broke in two, one
adding arch_kexec_walk_mem and the other adding kexec_locate_mem_hole.
- Patch "powerpc: Implement kexec_file_load.":
- Moved relocation changes and the arch_kexec_walk_mem implementation
to the next patch in the series.
- Removed pr_fmt from machine_kexec_64.c, since the patch doesn't add
any call to pr_debug in that file.
- Changed arch_kexec_kernel_image_probe to reject crash kernels.

Thiago Jung Bauermann (9):
kexec_file: Allow arch-specific memory walking for kexec_add_buffer
kexec_file: Change kexec_add_buffer to take kexec_buf as argument.
kexec_file: Factor out kexec_locate_mem_hole from kexec_add_buffer.
powerpc: Factor out relocation code from module_64.c to elf_util_64.c.
powerpc: Generalize elf64_apply_relocate_add.
powerpc: Add functions to read ELF files of any endianness.
powerpc: Implement kexec_file_load.
powerpc: Add support for loading ELF kernels with kexec_file_load.
powerpc: Add purgatory for kexec_file_load implementation.

arch/powerpc/Kconfig | 13 +
arch/powerpc/Makefile | 4 +
arch/powerpc/include/asm/elf_util.h | 92 +++++
arch/powerpc/include/asm/kexec_elf_64.h | 10 +
arch/powerpc/include/asm/module.h | 14 +-
arch/powerpc/include/asm/systbl.h | 1 +
arch/powerpc/include/asm/unistd.h | 2 +-
arch/powerpc/include/uapi/asm/unistd.h | 1 +
arch/powerpc/kernel/Makefile | 7 +
arch/powerpc/kernel/elf_util.c | 476 +++++++++++++++++++++++++
arch/powerpc/kernel/elf_util_64.c | 374 +++++++++++++++++++
arch/powerpc/kernel/kexec_elf_64.c | 575 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
arch/powerpc/kernel/machine_kexec_64.c | 134 +++++++
arch/powerpc/kernel/module_64.c | 328 +++--------------
arch/powerpc/purgatory/.gitignore | 2 +
arch/powerpc/purgatory/Makefile | 36 ++
arch/powerpc/purgatory/console-ppc64.c | 38 ++
arch/powerpc/purgatory/crashdump-ppc64.h | 42 +++
arch/powerpc/purgatory/crashdump_backup.c | 36 ++
arch/powerpc/purgatory/crtsavres.S | 5 +
arch/powerpc/purgatory/hvCall.S | 27 ++
arch/powerpc/purgatory/hvCall.h | 8 +
arch/powerpc/purgatory/kexec-sha256.h | 11 +
arch/powerpc/purgatory/ppc64_asm.h | 20 ++
arch/powerpc/purgatory/printf.c | 164 +++++++++
arch/powerpc/purgatory/purgatory-ppc64.c | 41 +++
arch/powerpc/purgatory/purgatory-ppc64.h | 6 +
arch/powerpc/purgatory/purgatory.c | 62 ++++
arch/powerpc/purgatory/purgatory.h | 11 +
arch/powerpc/purgatory/sha256.c | 6 +
arch/powerpc/purgatory/sha256.h | 1 +
arch/powerpc/purgatory/string.S | 1 +
arch/powerpc/purgatory/v2wrap.S | 134 +++++++
arch/x86/kernel/crash.c | 37 +-
arch/x86/kernel/kexec-bzimage64.c | 48 +--
include/linux/kexec.h | 36 +-
kernel/kexec_file.c | 141 ++++----
kernel/kexec_internal.h | 16 -
38 files changed, 2553 insertions(+), 407 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 arch/powerpc/include/asm/elf_util.h
create mode 100644 arch/powerpc/include/asm/kexec_elf_64.h
create mode 100644 arch/powerpc/kernel/elf_util.c
create mode 100644 arch/powerpc/kernel/elf_util_64.c
create mode 100644 arch/powerpc/kernel/kexec_elf_64.c
create mode 100644 arch/powerpc/purgatory/.gitignore
create mode 100644 arch/powerpc/purgatory/Makefile
create mode 100644 arch/powerpc/purgatory/console-ppc64.c
create mode 100644 arch/powerpc/purgatory/crashdump-ppc64.h
create mode 100644 arch/powerpc/purgatory/crashdump_backup.c
create mode 100644 arch/powerpc/purgatory/crtsavres.S
create mode 100644 arch/powerpc/purgatory/hvCall.S
create mode 100644 arch/powerpc/purgatory/hvCall.h
create mode 100644 arch/powerpc/purgatory/kexec-sha256.h
create mode 100644 arch/powerpc/purgatory/ppc64_asm.h
create mode 100644 arch/powerpc/purgatory/printf.c
create mode 100644 arch/powerpc/purgatory/purgatory-ppc64.c
create mode 100644 arch/powerpc/purgatory/purgatory-ppc64.h
create mode 100644 arch/powerpc/purgatory/purgatory.c
create mode 100644 arch/powerpc/purgatory/purgatory.h
create mode 100644 arch/powerpc/purgatory/sha256.c
create mode 100644 arch/powerpc/purgatory/sha256.h
create mode 100644 arch/powerpc/purgatory/string.S
create mode 100644 arch/powerpc/purgatory/v2wrap.S


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