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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 17/17] mm, vmscan: make compaction_ready() more accurate and readable
On Fri, Jun 24, 2016 at 11:54:37AM +0200, Vlastimil Babka wrote:
> The compaction_ready() is used during direct reclaim for costly order
> allocations to skip reclaim for zones where compaction should be attempted
> instead. It's combining the standard compaction_suitable() check with its own
> watermark check based on high watermark with extra gap, and the result is
> confusing at best.
>
> This patch attempts to better structure and document the checks involved.
> First, compaction_suitable() can determine that the allocation should either
> succeed already, or that compaction doesn't have enough free pages to proceed.
> The third possibility is that compaction has enough free pages, but we still
> decide to reclaim first - unless we are already above the high watermark with
> gap. This does not mean that the reclaim will actually reach this watermark
> during single attempt, this is rather an over-reclaim protection. So document
> the code as such. The check for compaction_deferred() is removed completely, as
> it in fact had no proper role here.
>
> The result after this patch is mainly a less confusing code. We also skip some
> over-reclaim in cases where the allocation should already succed.
>
> Signed-off-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
> ---
> mm/vmscan.c | 43 ++++++++++++++++++++-----------------------
> 1 file changed, 20 insertions(+), 23 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/mm/vmscan.c b/mm/vmscan.c
> index 484ff05d5a8f..724131661f0c 100644
> --- a/mm/vmscan.c
> +++ b/mm/vmscan.c
> @@ -2462,40 +2462,37 @@ static bool shrink_zone(struct zone *zone, struct scan_control *sc,
> }
>
> /*
> - * Returns true if compaction should go ahead for a high-order request, or
> - * the high-order allocation would succeed without compaction.
> + * Returns true if compaction should go ahead for a costly-order request, or
> + * the allocation would already succeed without compaction. Return false if we
> + * should reclaim first.
> */
> static inline bool compaction_ready(struct zone *zone, int order, int classzone_idx)
> {
> unsigned long balance_gap, watermark;
> - bool watermark_ok;
> + enum compact_result suitable;
> +
> + suitable = compaction_suitable(zone, order, 0, classzone_idx);
> + if (suitable == COMPACT_PARTIAL)
> + /* Allocation should succeed already. Don't reclaim. */
> + return true;
> + if (suitable == COMPACT_SKIPPED)
> + /* Compaction cannot yet proceed. Do reclaim. */
> + return false;
>
> /*
> - * Compaction takes time to run and there are potentially other
> - * callers using the pages just freed. Continue reclaiming until
> - * there is a buffer of free pages available to give compaction
> - * a reasonable chance of completing and allocating the page
> + * Compaction is already possible, but it takes time to run and there
> + * are potentially other callers using the pages just freed. So proceed
> + * with reclaim to make a buffer of free pages available to give
> + * compaction a reasonable chance of completing and allocating the page.
> + * Note that we won't actually reclaim the whole buffer in one attempt
> + * as the target watermark in should_continue_reclaim() is lower. But if
> + * we are already above the high+gap watermark, don't reclaim at all.
> */
> balance_gap = min(low_wmark_pages(zone), DIV_ROUND_UP(
> zone->managed_pages, KSWAPD_ZONE_BALANCE_GAP_RATIO));
> watermark = high_wmark_pages(zone) + balance_gap + compact_gap(order);
> - watermark_ok = zone_watermark_ok_safe(zone, 0, watermark, classzone_idx);

Hmm... it doesn't explain why both high_wmark_pages and balance_gap
are needed. If we want to make a buffer, one of them would work.

Thanks.

> -
> - /*
> - * If compaction is deferred, reclaim up to a point where
> - * compaction will have a chance of success when re-enabled
> - */
> - if (compaction_deferred(zone, order))
> - return watermark_ok;
> -
> - /*
> - * If compaction is not ready to start and allocation is not likely
> - * to succeed without it, then keep reclaiming.
> - */
> - if (compaction_suitable(zone, order, 0, classzone_idx) == COMPACT_SKIPPED)
> - return false;
>
> - return watermark_ok;
> + return zone_watermark_ok_safe(zone, 0, watermark, classzone_idx);
> }
>
> /*
> --
> 2.8.4

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