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SubjectRe: [RFC] arm64: kexec_file_load support
Hi Dave,

On Tue, Jul 05, 2016 at 09:25:56AM +0800, Dave Young wrote:
> On 07/04/16 at 03:58pm, AKASHI Takahiro wrote:
> > Hi,
> >
> > On Fri, Jul 01, 2016 at 12:46:31PM -0300, Thiago Jung Bauermann wrote:
> > > Am Freitag, 01 Juli 2016, 14:11:12 schrieb AKASHI Takahiro:
> > > > I'm not sure whether there is any demand for kexec_file_load
> > > > support on arm64, but anyhow I'm working on this and now
> > > > my early prototype code does work fine.
> > >
> > > It is necessary if you want to support loading only signed kernels, and also
> > > if you want IMA to measure the kernel in its event log.
> > >
> > > > There is, however, one essential issue:
> > > > While arm64 kernel requires a device tree blob to be set up
> > > > correctly at boot time, the current system call API doesn't
> > > > have this parameter.
> > > > int kexec_file_load(int kernel_fd, int initrd_fd,
> > > > unsigned long cmdline_len, const char
> > > > *cmdline_ptr, unsigned long flags);
> > > >
> > > > Should we invent a new system call, like kexec_file_load2,
> > > > and, if so, what kind of interface would be desired?
> > >
> > > I'm facing the same issue on powerpc. What I'm doing is taking the device
> > > tree that was used to boot the current kernel and modifying it as necessary
> > > to pass it to the next kernel.
> >
> > That is exactly what I do.
> >
> > > I agree that it would be better if we could have a system call where a
> > > custom device tree could be passed. One suggestion is:
> >
> > For powerpc, you might be able to use dtbImage instead of Image
> > without changing the kernel interfaces.
> > >
> > > kexec_file_load2(int fds[], int fd_types[], int nr_fds,
> > > unsigned long cmdline_len, const char *cmdline_ptr,
> > > unsigned long flags);
> >
> > You don't want to simply add one more argument, i.e. dtb_fd, don't you.
> >
> > I prefer a slightly-simpler interface:
> > struct kexec_file_fd {
> > enum kexec_file_type;
> > int fd;
> > }
> >
> > int kexec_file_load2(struct kexec_file_fd[], int nr_fds, int flags);
> >
> > Or if you want to keep the compatibility with the existing system call,
> >
> > int kexec_file_load(int kernel_fd, int initrd_fd,
> > unsigned long cmdline_len, const char *cmdline_ptr,
> > unsigned long flags,
> > int struct kexec_file_fd[], int nr_fds);
> >
> > Here SYSCALL_DEFINE7() have to be defined, and I'm not sure that we will not
> > have a problem in adding a system call with more than 6 arguments.
> >
> > > Where fds is an array with nr_fds file descriptors and fd_types is an array
> > > specifying what each fd in fds is. So for example, if fds[i] is the kernel,
> > > then fd_types[i] would have the value KEXEC_FILE_KERNEL_FD. If fds[i] is the
> > > device tree blob, fd_types[i], would have the value KEXEC_FILE_DTB and so
> > > on. That way, the syscall can be extended for an arbitrary number and types
> > > of segments that have to be loaded, just like kexec_load.
> > >
> > > Another option is to have a struct:
> > >
> > > kexec_file_load2(struct kexec_file_params *params, unsigned long params_sz);
> >
> > Wow, we can add any number of new parameters with this interface.
> >
> > Thanks,
> > -Takahiro AKASHI
> >
> > > Where:
> > >
> > > struct kexec_file_params {
> > > int version; /* allows struct to be extended in the future */
> > > int fds[];
> > > int fd_types[];
> > > int nr_fds;
> > > unsigned long cmdline_len;
> > > const char *cmdline_ptr;
> > > unsigned long flags;
> > > };
> > >
> > > This is even more flexible.
>
> I would like to vote for this one, and use kexec_file_fd fds[] in the struct

If we take this approach, we'd better take "flags" out of struct,
and my preference would be:

enum kexec_file_type {
KEXEC_FILE_TYPE_KERNEL;
KEXEC_FILE_TYPE_INITRD;
KEXEC_FILE_TYPE_DTB;
}

struct kexec_file_fd {
enum kexec_file_type;
int fd;
}

sturct kexec_file_params {
int version;
unsigned char *cmdline;
unsigned long cmdline_len;
int nr_fds;
struct kexec_file_fd fds[0];
}

int kexec_file_load2(int kernel_fd, unsigned long flags,
sturct kexec_file_params extra);

So we don't have to retrieve extra if KEXEC_FILE_UNLOAD
(or kernel_fd < 0?),
and only once retrieve extra if extra != NULL && nr_fds == 0.

Thanks,
-Takahiro AKASHI

> Thanks
> Dave

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