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SubjectRe: [PATCH RFC] sched: Make wake_up_nohz_cpu() handle CPUs going offline
On Fri, Jul 01, 2016 at 05:15:06PM -0700, Paul E. McKenney wrote:
> On Sat, Jul 02, 2016 at 01:49:56AM +0200, Frederic Weisbecker wrote:
> > On Fri, Jul 01, 2016 at 11:40:54AM -0700, Paul E. McKenney wrote:
> > > On Fri, Jul 01, 2016 at 01:29:59AM +0200, Frederic Weisbecker wrote:
> > > > > +/*
> > > > > + * Wake up the specified CPU. If the CPU is going offline, it is the
> > > > > + * caller's responsibility to deal with the lost wakeup, for example,
> > > > > + * by hooking into the CPU_DEAD notifier like timers and hrtimers do.
> > > > > + */
> > > > > void wake_up_nohz_cpu(int cpu)
> > > > > {
> > > > > - if (!wake_up_full_nohz_cpu(cpu))
> > > > > + if (cpu_online(cpu) && !wake_up_full_nohz_cpu(cpu))
> > > >
> > > > So at this point, as we passed CPU_DYING, I believe the CPU isn't visible in the domains
> > > > anymore (correct me if I'm wrong), therefore get_nohz_timer_target() can't return it,
> > > > unless smp_processor_id() is the only alternative.
> > >
> > > Right, but the timers have been posted long before even CPU_UP_PREPARE.
> > > From what I can see, they are left alone until CPU_DEAD. Which means
> > > that if you try to mod_timer() them between CPU_DYING and CPU_DEAD,
> > > you can get the above splat.
> > >
> > > Or am I missing somthing subtle here?
> >
> > Yes that's exactly what I meant. It happens on mod_timer() calls
> > between CPU_DYING and CPU_DEAD. I just wanted to clarify the
> > conditions for it to happen: the fact that it shouldn't concern
> > remote CPU targets, only local pinned timers.
>
> OK. What happens in the following sequence of events?
>
> o CPU 5 posts a timer, which might well be locally pinned.
> This is rcu_torture_reader() posting its on-stack timer
> creatively named "t".
>
> o CPU 5 starts going offline, so that rcu_torture_reader() gets
> migrated to CPU 6.
>
> o CPU 5 reaches CPU_DYING but has not yet reached CPU_DEAD.
>
> o CPU 6 invokes mod_timer() on its timer "t".
>
> Wouldn't that trigger the scenario that I am seeing?

No I don't think so because "t" is then going to be enqueued to CPU 6.
__mod_timer() -> get_target_base() uses local accessor on timer base.

So the target of pinned timers is always the CPU of the caller.

> > > > BTW, it seems that rcutorture stops its kthreads after CPU_DYING, is it expected that
> > > > it queues timers at this stage?
> > >
> > > Hmmm... From what I can see, rcutorture cleans up its priority-boost
> > > kthreads at CPU_DOWN_PREPARE time. The other threads are allowed to
> > > migrate wherever the scheduler wants, give or take the task shuffling.
> > > The task shuffling only excludes one CPU at a time, and I have seen
> > > this occur when multiple CPUs were running, e.g., 0, 2, and 3 while
> > > offlining 1.
> >
> > But if rcutorture kthreads are cleaned up at CPU_DOWN_PREPARE, they
> > shouldn't be calling mod_timer() on CPU_DYING time. Or there are other
> > rcutorture threads?
>
> The rcu_torture_reader() kthreads aren't associated with any particular
> CPU, so when CPUs go offline, they just get migrated to other CPUs.
> This allows them to execute on those other CPUs between CPU_DYING and
> CPU_DEAD time, correct?

Indeed. Timers get migrated on CPU_DEAD only. So if rcu_torture_reader()
enqueued a pinned timer to CPU 5, then get migrated to CPU 6, the timer
may well fire after CPU_DYING on CPU 5 and even re-enqueue itself in CPU 5,
provided the timer is self-enqueued.

>
> Other rcutorture kthreads -are- bound to specific CPUs, but they are
> testing priority boosting, not simple reading.

I see.

>
> > > Besides which, doesn't the scheduler prevent anything but the idle
> > > thread from running after CPU_DYING time?
> >
> > Indeed migrate_tasks() is called on CPU_DYING but pinned kthreads, outside
> > smpboot, have their own way to deal with hotplug through notifiers.
>
> Agreed, but the rcu_torture_reader() kthreads aren't pinned, so they
> should migrate automatically at CPU_DYING time.

Yes indeed.

>
> diff --git a/kernel/sched/core.c b/kernel/sched/core.c
> index 7f2cae4620c7..1a91fc733a0f 100644
> --- a/kernel/sched/core.c
> +++ b/kernel/sched/core.c
> @@ -580,6 +580,8 @@ static bool wake_up_full_nohz_cpu(int cpu)
> * If needed we can still optimize that later with an
> * empty IRQ.
> */
> + if (cpu_is_offline(cpu))
> + return true;

Preferably put this under the tick_nohz_full_cpu() below because
it has a static key optimizations. Distros build NO_HZ_FULL but
don't use it 99.99999% of the time.

> if (tick_nohz_full_cpu(cpu)) {
> if (cpu != smp_processor_id() ||
> tick_nohz_tick_stopped())
> @@ -590,6 +592,11 @@ static bool wake_up_full_nohz_cpu(int cpu)
> return false;
> }
>
> +/*
> + * Wake up the specified CPU. If the CPU is going offline, it is the
> + * caller's responsibility to deal with the lost wakeup, for example,
> + * by hooking into the CPU_DEAD notifier like timers and hrtimers do.
> + */

I think it's more transparent than that for the caller. migrate_timers() is
called soon after and it takes care of waking up the destination of the migration
if necessary. So the caller shouldn't care after all.

But the cpu_is_offline() check above may need a comment about that.

Thanks!

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