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Subject[PATCH v8] arm64: cpuinfo: Expose MIDR_EL1 and REVIDR_EL1 to sysfs
Date
From: Steve Capper <steve.capper@linaro.org>

It can be useful for JIT software to be aware of MIDR_EL1 and
REVIDR_EL1 to ascertain the presence of any core errata that could
affect code generation.

This patch exposes these registers through sysfs:

/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu$ID/regs/identification/midr_el1
/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu$ID/regs/identification/revidr_el1

where $ID is the cpu number. For big.LITTLE systems, one can have a
mixture of cores (e.g. Cortex A53 and Cortex A57), thus all CPUs need
to be enumerated.

If the kernel does not have valid information to populate these entries
with, an empty string is returned to userspace.

Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Steve Capper <steve.capper@linaro.org>
[ ABI documentation updates, hotplug notifiers, kobject changes ]
Signed-off-by: Suzuki K Poulose <suzuki.poulose@arm.com>
---
Changes since V7:
- Remove unnecessary clean up cpuinfo_regs_init
Changes since V6:
- Introduce regs/identification hierarchy(using kobject for the added level)
- Use the register names as in ARM ARM (i.e, midr => midr_el1)
Changes since V5:
- Add hotplug notifier to {add/remove} the attributes when the CPU is brought
{online/offline}.
- Replace cpu_hotplug_{disable,enable} => cpu_notifier_register_{begin/done}
- Remove redundant check for cpu present, as the sysfs infrastructure does
check already returning -ENODEV, if the CPU goes offline between open() and
read().
Changes since V4:
- Update comment as suggested by Mark Rutland
Changes since V3:
- Disable cpu hotplug while we initialise
- Added a comment to explain why expose 64bit value
- Update Document/ABI/testing/sysfs-devices-system-cpu
Changes since V2:
- Fix errno for failures (Spotted-by: Russell King)
- Roll back, if we encounter a missing cpu device
- Return error for access to registers of CPUs not present.
---
Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-devices-system-cpu | 11 ++
arch/arm64/include/asm/cpu.h | 2 +
arch/arm64/kernel/cpuinfo.c | 118 +++++++++++++++++++++
3 files changed, 131 insertions(+)

diff --git a/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-devices-system-cpu b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-devices-system-cpu
index 1650133..5062dc1 100644
--- a/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-devices-system-cpu
+++ b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-devices-system-cpu
@@ -340,3 +340,14 @@ Description: POWERNV CPUFreq driver's frequency throttle stats directory and
'policyX/throttle_stats' directory and all the attributes are same as
the /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpuX/cpufreq/throttle_stats directory and
attributes which give the frequency throttle information of the chip.
+
+What: /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpuX/regs/
+ /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpuX/regs/identification/
+ /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpuX/regs/identification/midr_el1
+ /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpuX/regs/identification/revidr_el1
+Date: June 2016
+Contact: Linux ARM Kernel Mailing list <linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org>
+ Linux Kernel mailing list <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>
+Description: AArch64 CPU identification registers
+ 'identification' directory exposes the CPU ID registers for
+ identifying model and revision of the CPU.
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpu.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpu.h
index 13a6103..889226b 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpu.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpu.h
@@ -25,10 +25,12 @@
*/
struct cpuinfo_arm64 {
struct cpu cpu;
+ struct kobject kobj;
u32 reg_ctr;
u32 reg_cntfrq;
u32 reg_dczid;
u32 reg_midr;
+ u32 reg_revidr;

u64 reg_id_aa64dfr0;
u64 reg_id_aa64dfr1;
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/cpuinfo.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/cpuinfo.c
index c173d32..135c329 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/cpuinfo.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/cpuinfo.c
@@ -183,6 +183,121 @@ const struct seq_operations cpuinfo_op = {
.show = c_show
};

+
+static struct kobj_type cpuregs_kobj_type = {
+ .sysfs_ops = &kobj_sysfs_ops,
+};
+
+/*
+ * The ARM ARM uses the phrase "32-bit register" to describe a register
+ * whose upper 32 bits are RES0 (per C5.1.1, ARM DDI 0487A.i), however
+ * no statement is made as to whether the upper 32 bits will or will not
+ * be made use of in future, and between ARM DDI 0487A.c and ARM DDI
+ * 0487A.d CLIDR_EL1 was expanded from 32-bit to 64-bit.
+ *
+ * Thus, while both MIDR_EL1 and REVIDR_EL1 are described as 32-bit
+ * registers, we expose them both as 64 bit values to cater for possible
+ * future expansion without an ABI break.
+ */
+#define kobj_to_cpuinfo(kobj) container_of(kobj, struct cpuinfo_arm64, kobj)
+#define CPUREGS_ATTR_RO(_name, _field) \
+ static ssize_t _name##_show(struct kobject *kobj, \
+ struct kobj_attribute *attr, char *buf) \
+ { \
+ struct cpuinfo_arm64 *info = kobj_to_cpuinfo(kobj); \
+ \
+ if (info->reg_midr) \
+ return sprintf(buf, "0x%016x\n", info->reg_##_field); \
+ else \
+ return 0; \
+ } \
+ static struct kobj_attribute cpuregs_attr_##_name = __ATTR_RO(_name)
+
+CPUREGS_ATTR_RO(midr_el1, midr);
+CPUREGS_ATTR_RO(revidr_el1, revidr);
+
+static struct attribute *cpuregs_id_attrs[] = {
+ &cpuregs_attr_midr_el1.attr,
+ &cpuregs_attr_revidr_el1.attr,
+ NULL
+};
+
+static struct attribute_group cpuregs_attr_group = {
+ .attrs = cpuregs_id_attrs,
+ .name = "identification"
+};
+
+static int cpuid_add_regs(int cpu)
+{
+ int rc;
+ struct device *dev;
+ struct cpuinfo_arm64 *info = &per_cpu(cpu_data, cpu);
+
+ dev = get_cpu_device(cpu);
+ if (dev) {
+ rc = kobject_add(&info->kobj, &dev->kobj, "regs");
+ if (!rc)
+ rc = sysfs_create_group(&info->kobj, &cpuregs_attr_group);
+ } else {
+ return -ENODEV;
+ }
+
+ return rc;
+}
+
+static int cpuid_remove_regs(int cpu)
+{
+ int rc = 0;
+ struct device *dev;
+ struct cpuinfo_arm64 *info = &per_cpu(cpu_data, cpu);
+
+ dev = get_cpu_device(cpu);
+ if (dev) {
+ sysfs_remove_group(&info->kobj, &cpuregs_attr_group);
+ kobject_del(&info->kobj);
+ } else {
+ rc = -ENODEV;
+ }
+
+ return rc;
+}
+
+static int cpuid_callback(struct notifier_block *nb,
+ unsigned long action, void *hcpu)
+{
+ int rc = 0;
+ unsigned long cpu = (unsigned long)hcpu;
+
+ switch (action & ~CPU_TASKS_FROZEN) {
+ case CPU_ONLINE:
+ rc = cpuid_add_regs(cpu);
+ break;
+ case CPU_DEAD:
+ rc = cpuid_remove_regs(cpu);
+ break;
+ }
+
+ return notifier_from_errno(rc);
+}
+
+static int __init cpuinfo_regs_init(void)
+{
+ int cpu;
+
+ cpu_notifier_register_begin();
+
+ for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
+ struct cpuinfo_arm64 *info = &per_cpu(cpu_data, cpu);
+
+ kobject_init(&info->kobj, &cpuregs_kobj_type);
+ if (cpu_online(cpu))
+ cpuid_add_regs(cpu);
+ }
+ __hotcpu_notifier(cpuid_callback, 0);
+
+ cpu_notifier_register_done();
+ return 0;
+}
static void cpuinfo_detect_icache_policy(struct cpuinfo_arm64 *info)
{
unsigned int cpu = smp_processor_id();
@@ -212,6 +327,7 @@ static void __cpuinfo_store_cpu(struct cpuinfo_arm64 *info)
info->reg_ctr = read_cpuid_cachetype();
info->reg_dczid = read_cpuid(DCZID_EL0);
info->reg_midr = read_cpuid_id();
+ info->reg_revidr = read_cpuid(REVIDR_EL1);

info->reg_id_aa64dfr0 = read_cpuid(ID_AA64DFR0_EL1);
info->reg_id_aa64dfr1 = read_cpuid(ID_AA64DFR1_EL1);
@@ -264,3 +380,5 @@ void __init cpuinfo_store_boot_cpu(void)
boot_cpu_data = *info;
init_cpu_features(&boot_cpu_data);
}
+
+device_initcall(cpuinfo_regs_init);
--
2.7.4
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