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SubjectRe: [PATCH perf/core v13 04/15] perf/sdt: ELF support for SDT
On Fri, 1 Jul 2016 15:56:49 -0300
Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@kernel.org> wrote:

> Em Fri, Jul 01, 2016 at 05:03:46PM +0900, Masami Hiramatsu escreveu:
> > From: Hemant Kumar <hemant@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
> >
> > This patch serves the initial support to identify and list SDT events in binaries.
> > When programs containing SDT markers are compiled, gcc with the help of assembler
> > directives identifies them and places them in the section ".note.stapsdt". To find
> > these markers from the binaries, one needs to traverse through this section and
> > parse the relevant details like the name, type and location of the marker. Also,
> > the original location could be skewed due to the effect of prelinking. If that is
> > the case, the locations need to be adjusted.
> >
> > The functions in this patch open a given ELF, find out the SDT section, parse the
> > relevant details, adjust the location (if necessary) and populate them in a list.
>
> Breaks the build on older systems:
>
>
> [root@jouet perf]# dm
> centos:5: FAIL
> CC /tmp/build/perf/util/symbol-elf.o
> cc1: warnings being treated as errors
> util/symbol-elf.c: In function 'construct_sdt_notes_list':
> util/symbol-elf.c:1927: warning: implicit declaration of function 'elf_getshdrstrndx'
> util/symbol-elf.c:1927: warning: nested extern declaration of 'elf_getshdrstrndx'
> mv: cannot stat `/tmp/build/perf/util/.symbol-elf.o.tmp': No such file or directory
> make[3]: *** [/tmp/build/perf/util/symbol-elf.o] Error 1
> make[3]: *** Waiting for unfinished jobs....
> make[2]: *** [util] Error 2
> make[1]: *** [/tmp/build/perf/libperf-in.o] Error 2
> make: *** [install-bin] Error 2
> make: Leaving directory `/git/linux/tools/perf'
> centos:6: Ok
> centos:7: Ok
> debian:experimental: Ok
> debian:7: Ok
> debian:8: Ok
> fedora:21: Ok
> fedora:22: Ok
> fedora:23: Ok
> fedora:24: Ok
> opensuse:13.2: Ok
> opensuse:42.1: Ok
> ubuntu:14.04.4: Ok
> ubuntu:15.10: Ok
> ubuntu:16.04: Ok
> ubuntu:12.04.5: Ok
>
> ---------

OK, that API is newer one. We have to check wheter it is supported by libelf.

>
> Needs a feature detection test, I will try to contribute that.

Thanks!

>
> - Arnaldo
>
>
> > A typical note entry in ".note.stapsdt" section is as follows :
> >
> >
> > |--nhdr.n_namesz--|
> > ------------------------------------
> > | nhdr | "stapsdt" |
> > ----- |----------------------------------|
> > | | <location> <base_address> |
> > | | <semaphore> |
> > nhdr.n_descsize | "provider_name" "note_name" |
> > | | <args> |
> > ----- |----------------------------------|
> > | nhdr | "stapsdt" |
> > |...
> >
> > The above shows an excerpt from the section ".note.stapsdt".
> > 'nhdr' is a structure which has the note name size (n_namesz), note
> > description size (n_desc_sz) and note type (n_type). So, in order to
> > parse the note note info, we need nhdr to tell us where to start from.
> > As can be seen from <sys/sdt.h>, the name of the SDT notes given is "stapsdt".
> > But this is not the identifier of the note.
> > After that, we go to description of the note to find out its location, the
> > address of the ".stapsdt.base" section and the semaphore address.
> > Then, we find the provider name and the SDT marker name and then follow the
> > arguments.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Hemant Kumar <hemant@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
> > Reviewed-by: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org>
> > Acked-by: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@kernel.org>
> > ---
> > tools/perf/util/symbol-elf.c | 252 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> > tools/perf/util/symbol.h | 22 ++++
> > 2 files changed, 274 insertions(+)
> >
> > diff --git a/tools/perf/util/symbol-elf.c b/tools/perf/util/symbol-elf.c
> > index 87a297d..e74ce17 100644
> > --- a/tools/perf/util/symbol-elf.c
> > +++ b/tools/perf/util/symbol-elf.c
> > @@ -1781,6 +1781,258 @@ void kcore_extract__delete(struct kcore_extract *kce)
> > unlink(kce->extract_filename);
> > }
> >
> > +/**
> > + * populate_sdt_note : Parse raw data and identify SDT note
> > + * @elf: elf of the opened file
> > + * @data: raw data of a section with description offset applied
> > + * @len: note description size
> > + * @type: type of the note
> > + * @sdt_notes: List to add the SDT note
> > + *
> > + * Responsible for parsing the @data in section .note.stapsdt in @elf and
> > + * if its an SDT note, it appends to @sdt_notes list.
> > + */
> > +static int populate_sdt_note(Elf **elf, const char *data, size_t len,
> > + struct list_head *sdt_notes)
> > +{
> > + const char *provider, *name;
> > + struct sdt_note *tmp = NULL;
> > + GElf_Ehdr ehdr;
> > + GElf_Addr base_off = 0;
> > + GElf_Shdr shdr;
> > + int ret = -EINVAL;
> > +
> > + union {
> > + Elf64_Addr a64[NR_ADDR];
> > + Elf32_Addr a32[NR_ADDR];
> > + } buf;
> > +
> > + Elf_Data dst = {
> > + .d_buf = &buf, .d_type = ELF_T_ADDR, .d_version = EV_CURRENT,
> > + .d_size = gelf_fsize((*elf), ELF_T_ADDR, NR_ADDR, EV_CURRENT),
> > + .d_off = 0, .d_align = 0
> > + };
> > + Elf_Data src = {
> > + .d_buf = (void *) data, .d_type = ELF_T_ADDR,
> > + .d_version = EV_CURRENT, .d_size = dst.d_size, .d_off = 0,
> > + .d_align = 0
> > + };
> > +
> > + tmp = (struct sdt_note *)calloc(1, sizeof(struct sdt_note));
> > + if (!tmp) {
> > + ret = -ENOMEM;
> > + goto out_err;
> > + }
> > +
> > + INIT_LIST_HEAD(&tmp->note_list);
> > +
> > + if (len < dst.d_size + 3)
> > + goto out_free_note;
> > +
> > + /* Translation from file representation to memory representation */
> > + if (gelf_xlatetom(*elf, &dst, &src,
> > + elf_getident(*elf, NULL)[EI_DATA]) == NULL) {
> > + pr_err("gelf_xlatetom : %s\n", elf_errmsg(-1));
> > + goto out_free_note;
> > + }
> > +
> > + /* Populate the fields of sdt_note */
> > + provider = data + dst.d_size;
> > +
> > + name = (const char *)memchr(provider, '\0', data + len - provider);
> > + if (name++ == NULL)
> > + goto out_free_note;
> > +
> > + tmp->provider = strdup(provider);
> > + if (!tmp->provider) {
> > + ret = -ENOMEM;
> > + goto out_free_note;
> > + }
> > + tmp->name = strdup(name);
> > + if (!tmp->name) {
> > + ret = -ENOMEM;
> > + goto out_free_prov;
> > + }
> > +
> > + if (gelf_getclass(*elf) == ELFCLASS32) {
> > + memcpy(&tmp->addr, &buf, 3 * sizeof(Elf32_Addr));
> > + tmp->bit32 = true;
> > + } else {
> > + memcpy(&tmp->addr, &buf, 3 * sizeof(Elf64_Addr));
> > + tmp->bit32 = false;
> > + }
> > +
> > + if (!gelf_getehdr(*elf, &ehdr)) {
> > + pr_debug("%s : cannot get elf header.\n", __func__);
> > + ret = -EBADF;
> > + goto out_free_name;
> > + }
> > +
> > + /* Adjust the prelink effect :
> > + * Find out the .stapsdt.base section.
> > + * This scn will help us to handle prelinking (if present).
> > + * Compare the retrieved file offset of the base section with the
> > + * base address in the description of the SDT note. If its different,
> > + * then accordingly, adjust the note location.
> > + */
> > + if (elf_section_by_name(*elf, &ehdr, &shdr, SDT_BASE_SCN, NULL)) {
> > + base_off = shdr.sh_offset;
> > + if (base_off) {
> > + if (tmp->bit32)
> > + tmp->addr.a32[0] = tmp->addr.a32[0] + base_off -
> > + tmp->addr.a32[1];
> > + else
> > + tmp->addr.a64[0] = tmp->addr.a64[0] + base_off -
> > + tmp->addr.a64[1];
> > + }
> > + }
> > +
> > + list_add_tail(&tmp->note_list, sdt_notes);
> > + return 0;
> > +
> > +out_free_name:
> > + free(tmp->name);
> > +out_free_prov:
> > + free(tmp->provider);
> > +out_free_note:
> > + free(tmp);
> > +out_err:
> > + return ret;
> > +}
> > +
> > +/**
> > + * construct_sdt_notes_list : constructs a list of SDT notes
> > + * @elf : elf to look into
> > + * @sdt_notes : empty list_head
> > + *
> > + * Scans the sections in 'elf' for the section
> > + * .note.stapsdt. It, then calls populate_sdt_note to find
> > + * out the SDT events and populates the 'sdt_notes'.
> > + */
> > +static int construct_sdt_notes_list(Elf *elf, struct list_head *sdt_notes)
> > +{
> > + GElf_Ehdr ehdr;
> > + Elf_Scn *scn = NULL;
> > + Elf_Data *data;
> > + GElf_Shdr shdr;
> > + size_t shstrndx, next;
> > + GElf_Nhdr nhdr;
> > + size_t name_off, desc_off, offset;
> > + int ret = 0;
> > +
> > + if (gelf_getehdr(elf, &ehdr) == NULL) {
> > + ret = -EBADF;
> > + goto out_ret;
> > + }
> > + if (elf_getshdrstrndx(elf, &shstrndx) != 0) {
> > + ret = -EBADF;
> > + goto out_ret;
> > + }
> > +
> > + /* Look for the required section */
> > + scn = elf_section_by_name(elf, &ehdr, &shdr, SDT_NOTE_SCN, NULL);
> > + if (!scn) {
> > + ret = -ENOENT;
> > + goto out_ret;
> > + }
> > +
> > + if ((shdr.sh_type != SHT_NOTE) || (shdr.sh_flags & SHF_ALLOC)) {
> > + ret = -ENOENT;
> > + goto out_ret;
> > + }
> > +
> > + data = elf_getdata(scn, NULL);
> > +
> > + /* Get the SDT notes */
> > + for (offset = 0; (next = gelf_getnote(data, offset, &nhdr, &name_off,
> > + &desc_off)) > 0; offset = next) {
> > + if (nhdr.n_namesz == sizeof(SDT_NOTE_NAME) &&
> > + !memcmp(data->d_buf + name_off, SDT_NOTE_NAME,
> > + sizeof(SDT_NOTE_NAME))) {
> > + /* Check the type of the note */
> > + if (nhdr.n_type != SDT_NOTE_TYPE)
> > + goto out_ret;
> > +
> > + ret = populate_sdt_note(&elf, ((data->d_buf) + desc_off),
> > + nhdr.n_descsz, sdt_notes);
> > + if (ret < 0)
> > + goto out_ret;
> > + }
> > + }
> > + if (list_empty(sdt_notes))
> > + ret = -ENOENT;
> > +
> > +out_ret:
> > + return ret;
> > +}
> > +
> > +/**
> > + * get_sdt_note_list : Wrapper to construct a list of sdt notes
> > + * @head : empty list_head
> > + * @target : file to find SDT notes from
> > + *
> > + * This opens the file, initializes
> > + * the ELF and then calls construct_sdt_notes_list.
> > + */
> > +int get_sdt_note_list(struct list_head *head, const char *target)
> > +{
> > + Elf *elf;
> > + int fd, ret;
> > +
> > + fd = open(target, O_RDONLY);
> > + if (fd < 0)
> > + return -EBADF;
> > +
> > + elf = elf_begin(fd, PERF_ELF_C_READ_MMAP, NULL);
> > + if (!elf) {
> > + ret = -EBADF;
> > + goto out_close;
> > + }
> > + ret = construct_sdt_notes_list(elf, head);
> > + elf_end(elf);
> > +out_close:
> > + close(fd);
> > + return ret;
> > +}
> > +
> > +/**
> > + * cleanup_sdt_note_list : free the sdt notes' list
> > + * @sdt_notes: sdt notes' list
> > + *
> > + * Free up the SDT notes in @sdt_notes.
> > + * Returns the number of SDT notes free'd.
> > + */
> > +int cleanup_sdt_note_list(struct list_head *sdt_notes)
> > +{
> > + struct sdt_note *tmp, *pos;
> > + int nr_free = 0;
> > +
> > + list_for_each_entry_safe(pos, tmp, sdt_notes, note_list) {
> > + list_del(&pos->note_list);
> > + free(pos->name);
> > + free(pos->provider);
> > + free(pos);
> > + nr_free++;
> > + }
> > + return nr_free;
> > +}
> > +
> > +/**
> > + * sdt_notes__get_count: Counts the number of sdt events
> > + * @start: list_head to sdt_notes list
> > + *
> > + * Returns the number of SDT notes in a list
> > + */
> > +int sdt_notes__get_count(struct list_head *start)
> > +{
> > + struct sdt_note *sdt_ptr;
> > + int count = 0;
> > +
> > + list_for_each_entry(sdt_ptr, start, note_list)
> > + count++;
> > + return count;
> > +}
> > +
> > void symbol__elf_init(void)
> > {
> > elf_version(EV_CURRENT);
> > diff --git a/tools/perf/util/symbol.h b/tools/perf/util/symbol.h
> > index b10d558..699f7cb 100644
> > --- a/tools/perf/util/symbol.h
> > +++ b/tools/perf/util/symbol.h
> > @@ -342,4 +342,26 @@ void arch__sym_update(struct symbol *s, GElf_Sym *sym);
> >
> > int arch__choose_best_symbol(struct symbol *syma, struct symbol *symb);
> >
> > +/* structure containing an SDT note's info */
> > +struct sdt_note {
> > + char *name; /* name of the note*/
> > + char *provider; /* provider name */
> > + bool bit32; /* whether the location is 32 bits? */
> > + union { /* location, base and semaphore addrs */
> > + Elf64_Addr a64[3];
> > + Elf32_Addr a32[3];
> > + } addr;
> > + struct list_head note_list; /* SDT notes' list */
> > +};
> > +
> > +int get_sdt_note_list(struct list_head *head, const char *target);
> > +int cleanup_sdt_note_list(struct list_head *sdt_notes);
> > +int sdt_notes__get_count(struct list_head *start);
> > +
> > +#define SDT_BASE_SCN ".stapsdt.base"
> > +#define SDT_NOTE_SCN ".note.stapsdt"
> > +#define SDT_NOTE_TYPE 3
> > +#define SDT_NOTE_NAME "stapsdt"
> > +#define NR_ADDR 3
> > +
> > #endif /* __PERF_SYMBOL */


--
Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org>

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