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SubjectRe: [PATCH 3/3] mm/page_owner: track page free call chain
Hello,

On (07/04/16 13:57), Joonsoo Kim wrote:
> On Sun, Jul 03, 2016 at 01:16:56AM +0900, Sergey Senozhatsky wrote:
> > Introduce PAGE_OWNER_TRACK_FREE config option to extend page owner with
> > free_pages() tracking functionality. This adds to the dump_page_owner()
> > output an additional backtrace, that tells us what path has freed the
> > page.
>
> Hmm... Do you have other ideas to use this feature? Following example is
> just to detect use-after-free and we have other good tools for it
> (KASAN or DEBUG_PAGEALLOC) so I'm not sure whether it's useful or not.

there is no kasan for ARM32, for example (apart from the fact that
it's really hard to use kasan sometimes due to its cpu cycles and
memory requirements).

educate me, will DEBUG_PAGEALLOC tell us what path has triggered the
extra put_page()? hm... does ARM32 provide ARCH_SUPPORTS_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC?

-ss

>
> And, if there is a good usage, I think that we don't need to add new
> Kconfig, PAGE_OWNER_TRACK_FREE. It only takes 8 bytes per page and
> it's not that big in this debugging context.
>
> Thanks.
>
> >
> > Aa a trivial example, let's assume that do_some_foo() has an error - extra
> > put_page() on error return path, and the function is also getting preempted,
> > letting some other task to allocate the same page, which is then mistakenly
> > getting freed once again by do_some_foo().
> >
> > CPUA CPUB
> >
> > void do_some_foo(void)
> > {
> > page = alloc_page();
> > if (error) {
> > put_page(page);
> > goto out;
> > }
> > ...
> > out:
> > <<preempted>>
> > void do_some_bar()
> > {
> > page = alloc_page();
> > ...
> > <<preempted>>
> > ...
> > put_page(page);
> > }
> > <<use freed page>>
> > put_page(page);
> > }
> >
> >
> > Backtrace:
> >
> >
> > BUG: Bad page state in process cc1 pfn:bae1d
> > page:ffffea0002eb8740 count:-1 mapcount:0 mapping: (null) index:0x0
> > flags: 0x4000000000000000()
> > page dumped because: nonzero _count
> > page allocated via order 0, migratetype Unmovable, gfp_mask 0x2000200(GFP_NOWAIT|__GFP_NOWARN)
> > [<ffffffff8101bc9c>] save_stack_trace+0x26/0x41
> > [<ffffffff81110fe4>] save_stack+0x46/0xc3
> > [<ffffffff81111481>] __page_owner_alloc_pages+0x24/0x41
> > [<ffffffff810c9867>] post_alloc_hook+0x1e/0x20
> > [<ffffffff810ca63d>] get_page_from_freelist+0x4fd/0x756
> > [<ffffffff810cadea>] __alloc_pages_nodemask+0xe7/0xbcf
> > [<ffffffff810cb8e4>] __get_free_pages+0x12/0x40
> > [<ffffffff810e6b64>] __tlb_remove_page_size.part.12+0x37/0x78
> > [<ffffffff810e6d9b>] __tlb_remove_page_size+0x21/0x23
> > [<ffffffff810e7ff2>] unmap_page_range+0x63a/0x75b
> > [<ffffffff810e81cf>] unmap_single_vma+0xbc/0xc6
> > [<ffffffff810e82d2>] unmap_vmas+0x35/0x44
> > [<ffffffff810ee6f4>] exit_mmap+0x5a/0xec
> > [<ffffffff810385b4>] mmput+0x4a/0xdc
> > [<ffffffff8103dff7>] do_exit+0x398/0x8de
> > [<ffffffff8103e5ae>] do_group_exit+0x45/0xb0
> > page freed via order 0, migratetype Unmovable, gfp_mask 0x2000200(GFP_NOWAIT|__GFP_NOWARN)
> > [<ffffffff8101bc9c>] save_stack_trace+0x26/0x41
> > [<ffffffff81110fe4>] save_stack+0x46/0xc3
> > [<ffffffff81111411>] __page_owner_free_pages+0x25/0x71
> > [<ffffffff810c9f0a>] free_hot_cold_page+0x1d6/0x1ea
> > [<ffffffff810d03e1>] __put_page+0x37/0x3a
> > [<ffffffff8115b8da>] do_some_foo()+0x8a/0x8e
> > ...
> > Modules linked in: ....
> > CPU: 3 PID: 1274 Comm: cc1 Not tainted 4.7.0-rc5-next-20160701-dbg-00009-ge01494f-dirty #535
> > 0000000000000000 ffff8800aeea3c18 ffffffff811e67ca ffffea0002eb8740
> > ffffffff8175675e ffff8800aeea3c40 ffffffff810c87f5 0000000000000000
> > ffffffff81880b40 ffff880137d98438 ffff8800aeea3c50 ffffffff810c88d5
> > Call Trace:
> > [<ffffffff811e67ca>] dump_stack+0x68/0x92
> > [<ffffffff810c87f5>] bad_page+0xf8/0x11e
> > [<ffffffff810c88d5>] check_new_page_bad+0x63/0x65
> > [<ffffffff810ca36a>] get_page_from_freelist+0x22a/0x756
> > [<ffffffff810cadea>] __alloc_pages_nodemask+0xe7/0xbcf
> > [<ffffffff81073a43>] ? trace_hardirqs_on_caller+0x16d/0x189
> > [<ffffffff810ede8d>] ? vma_merge+0x159/0x249
> > [<ffffffff81074aa0>] ? __lock_acquire+0x2ac/0x15c7
> > [<ffffffff81034ace>] pte_alloc_one+0x1b/0x67
> > [<ffffffff810e922b>] __pte_alloc+0x19/0xa6
> > [<ffffffff810eb09f>] handle_mm_fault+0x409/0xc59
> > [<ffffffff810309f6>] __do_page_fault+0x1d8/0x3ac
> > [<ffffffff81030bf7>] do_page_fault+0xc/0xe
> > [<ffffffff814a84af>] page_fault+0x1f/0x30
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Sergey Senozhatsky <sergey.senozhatsky@gmail.com>
> > ---
> > include/linux/page_ext.h | 13 ++++++-
> > lib/Kconfig.debug | 10 +++++
> > mm/page_owner.c | 98 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------------
> > mm/vmstat.c | 3 ++
> > 4 files changed, 95 insertions(+), 29 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/include/linux/page_ext.h b/include/linux/page_ext.h
> > index 66ba2bb..90bd44a 100644
> > --- a/include/linux/page_ext.h
> > +++ b/include/linux/page_ext.h
> > @@ -27,12 +27,23 @@ enum page_ext_flags {
> > PAGE_EXT_DEBUG_POISON, /* Page is poisoned */
> > PAGE_EXT_DEBUG_GUARD,
> > PAGE_EXT_OWNER_ALLOC,
> > + PAGE_EXT_OWNER_FREE,
> > #if defined(CONFIG_IDLE_PAGE_TRACKING) && !defined(CONFIG_64BIT)
> > PAGE_EXT_YOUNG,
> > PAGE_EXT_IDLE,
> > #endif
> > };
> >
> > +#ifdef CONFIG_PAGE_OWNER
> > +enum page_owner_handles {
> > + PAGE_OWNER_HANDLE_ALLOC,
> > +#ifdef CONFIG_PAGE_OWNER_TRACK_FREE
> > + PAGE_OWNER_HANDLE_FREE,
> > +#endif
> > + PAGE_OWNER_HANDLE_MAX
> > +};
> > +#endif
> > +
> > /*
> > * Page Extension can be considered as an extended mem_map.
> > * A page_ext page is associated with every page descriptor. The
> > @@ -46,7 +57,7 @@ struct page_ext {
> > unsigned int order;
> > gfp_t gfp_mask;
> > int last_migrate_reason;
> > - depot_stack_handle_t handle;
> > + depot_stack_handle_t handles[PAGE_OWNER_HANDLE_MAX];
> > #endif
> > };
> >
> > diff --git a/lib/Kconfig.debug b/lib/Kconfig.debug
> > index 0f99819..20ac03b 100644
> > --- a/lib/Kconfig.debug
> > +++ b/lib/Kconfig.debug
> > @@ -260,6 +260,16 @@ config PAGE_OWNER
> >
> > If unsure, say N.
> >
> > +config PAGE_OWNER_TRACK_FREE
> > + bool "Track page free call chains"
> > + depends on PAGE_OWNER
> > + help
> > + Page owner keeps track of what call chain is the owner of a page (has
> > + allocated the page), this option enables an additional functionality
> > + to also track what call chain has freed the page.
> > +
> > + If unsure, say N.
> > +
> > config DEBUG_FS
> > bool "Debug Filesystem"
> > select SRCU
> > diff --git a/mm/page_owner.c b/mm/page_owner.c
> > index 4acccb7..5a108d6 100644
> > --- a/mm/page_owner.c
> > +++ b/mm/page_owner.c
> > @@ -13,6 +13,13 @@
> >
> > #define PAGE_OWNER_STACK_DEPTH (16)
> >
> > +static const char *page_owner_handles_names[PAGE_OWNER_HANDLE_MAX] = {
> > + "page allocated",
> > +#ifdef CONFIG_PAGE_OWNER_TRACK_FREE
> > + "page freed",
> > +#endif
> > +};
> > +
> > static bool page_owner_disabled = true;
> > DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(page_owner_inited);
> >
> > @@ -85,19 +92,6 @@ struct page_ext_operations page_owner_ops = {
> > .init = init_page_owner,
> > };
> >
> > -void __page_owner_free_pages(struct page *page, unsigned int order)
> > -{
> > - int i;
> > - struct page_ext *page_ext;
> > -
> > - for (i = 0; i < (1 << order); i++) {
> > - page_ext = lookup_page_ext(page + i);
> > - if (unlikely(!page_ext))
> > - continue;
> > - __clear_bit(PAGE_EXT_OWNER_ALLOC, &page_ext->flags);
> > - }
> > -}
> > -
> > static inline bool check_recursive_alloc(struct stack_trace *trace,
> > unsigned long ip)
> > {
> > @@ -147,6 +141,45 @@ static noinline depot_stack_handle_t save_stack(gfp_t flags)
> > return handle;
> > }
> >
> > +#ifdef CONFIG_PAGE_OWNER_TRACK_FREE
> > +void __page_owner_free_pages(struct page *page, unsigned int order)
> > +{
> > + int i;
> > + depot_stack_handle_t handle;
> > + struct page_ext *page_ext = lookup_page_ext(page);
> > +
> > + if (unlikely(!page_ext))
> > + return;
> > +
> > + handle = save_stack(0);
> > + page_ext->handles[PAGE_OWNER_HANDLE_FREE] = handle;
> > + __set_bit(PAGE_EXT_OWNER_FREE, &page_ext->flags);
> > +
> > + for (i = 1; i < (1 << order); i++) {
> > + struct page_ext *ext = lookup_page_ext(page + 1);
> > +
> > + if (unlikely(!ext))
> > + continue;
> > + ext->handles[PAGE_OWNER_HANDLE_FREE] = handle;
> > + __set_bit(PAGE_EXT_OWNER_FREE, &ext->flags);
> > + }
> > +}
> > +#else
> > +void __page_owner_free_pages(struct page *page, unsigned int order)
> > +{
> > + int i;
> > + struct page_ext *page_ext;
> > +
> > + for (i = 0; i < (1 << order); i++) {
> > + page_ext = lookup_page_ext(page + i);
> > +
> > + if (unlikely(!page_ext))
> > + continue;
> > + __clear_bit(PAGE_EXT_OWNER_ALLOC, &page_ext->flags);
> > + }
> > +}
> > +#endif
> > +
> > noinline void __page_owner_alloc_pages(struct page *page, unsigned int order,
> > gfp_t gfp_mask)
> > {
> > @@ -155,7 +188,7 @@ noinline void __page_owner_alloc_pages(struct page *page, unsigned int order,
> > if (unlikely(!page_ext))
> > return;
> >
> > - page_ext->handle = save_stack(gfp_mask);
> > + page_ext->handles[PAGE_OWNER_HANDLE_ALLOC] = save_stack(gfp_mask);
> > page_ext->order = order;
> > page_ext->gfp_mask = gfp_mask;
> > page_ext->last_migrate_reason = -1;
> > @@ -189,6 +222,7 @@ void __copy_page_owner(struct page *oldpage, struct page *newpage)
> > {
> > struct page_ext *old_ext = lookup_page_ext(oldpage);
> > struct page_ext *new_ext = lookup_page_ext(newpage);
> > + int i;
> >
> > if (unlikely(!old_ext || !new_ext))
> > return;
> > @@ -196,7 +230,9 @@ void __copy_page_owner(struct page *oldpage, struct page *newpage)
> > new_ext->order = old_ext->order;
> > new_ext->gfp_mask = old_ext->gfp_mask;
> > new_ext->last_migrate_reason = old_ext->last_migrate_reason;
> > - new_ext->handle = old_ext->handle;
> > +
> > + for (i = 0; i < PAGE_OWNER_HANDLE_MAX; i++)
> > + new_ext->handles[i] = old_ext->handles[i];
> >
> > /*
> > * We don't clear the bit on the oldpage as it's going to be freed
> > @@ -292,7 +328,7 @@ void __dump_page_owner(struct page *page)
> > };
> > depot_stack_handle_t handle;
> > gfp_t gfp_mask;
> > - int mt;
> > + int mt, i;
> >
> > if (unlikely(!page_ext)) {
> > pr_alert("There is not page extension available.\n");
> > @@ -301,25 +337,31 @@ void __dump_page_owner(struct page *page)
> > gfp_mask = page_ext->gfp_mask;
> > mt = gfpflags_to_migratetype(gfp_mask);
> >
> > - if (!test_bit(PAGE_EXT_OWNER_ALLOC, &page_ext->flags)) {
> > + if (!test_bit(PAGE_EXT_OWNER_ALLOC, &page_ext->flags) &&
> > + !test_bit(PAGE_EXT_OWNER_FREE, &page_ext->flags)) {
> > pr_alert("page_owner info is not active (free page?)\n");
> > return;
> > }
> >
> > - handle = READ_ONCE(page_ext->handle);
> > - if (!handle) {
> > - pr_alert("page_owner info is not active (free page?)\n");
> > - return;
> > - }
> > + for (i = 0; i < PAGE_OWNER_HANDLE_MAX; i++) {
> > + handle = READ_ONCE(page_ext->handles[i]);
> > + if (!handle) {
> > + pr_alert("page_owner info is not active for `%s'\n",
> > + page_owner_handles_names[i]);
> > + continue;
> > + }
> >
> > - depot_fetch_stack(handle, &trace);
> > - pr_alert("page allocated via order %u, migratetype %s, gfp_mask %#x(%pGg)\n",
> > - page_ext->order, migratetype_names[mt], gfp_mask, &gfp_mask);
> > - print_stack_trace(&trace, 0);
> > + depot_fetch_stack(handle, &trace);
> > + pr_alert("%s via order %u, migratetype %s, gfp_mask %#x(%pGg)\n",
> > + page_owner_handles_names[i], page_ext->order,
> > + migratetype_names[mt], gfp_mask, &gfp_mask);
> > + print_stack_trace(&trace, 0);
> >
> > - if (page_ext->last_migrate_reason != -1)
> > + if (page_ext->last_migrate_reason == -1)
> > + continue;
> > pr_alert("page has been migrated, last migrate reason: %s\n",
> > migrate_reason_names[page_ext->last_migrate_reason]);
> > + }
> > }
> >
> > static ssize_t
> > @@ -381,7 +423,7 @@ read_page_owner(struct file *file, char __user *buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
> > * Access to page_ext->handle isn't synchronous so we should
> > * be careful to access it.
> > */
> > - handle = READ_ONCE(page_ext->handle);
> > + handle = READ_ONCE(page_ext->handles[PAGE_OWNER_HANDLE_ALLOC]);
> > if (!handle)
> > continue;
> >
> > diff --git a/mm/vmstat.c b/mm/vmstat.c
> > index 63ef65f..4ff0135 100644
> > --- a/mm/vmstat.c
> > +++ b/mm/vmstat.c
> > @@ -1073,6 +1073,9 @@ static void pagetypeinfo_showmixedcount_print(struct seq_file *m,
> > if (!test_bit(PAGE_EXT_OWNER_ALLOC, &page_ext->flags))
> > continue;
> >
> > + if (!test_bit(PAGE_EXT_OWNER_FREE, &page_ext->flags))
> > + continue;
> > +
> > page_mt = gfpflags_to_migratetype(page_ext->gfp_mask);
> > if (pageblock_mt != page_mt) {
> > if (is_migrate_cma(pageblock_mt))
> > --
> > 2.9.0.37.g6d523a3
> >
> > --
> > To unsubscribe, send a message with 'unsubscribe linux-mm' in
> > the body to majordomo@kvack.org. For more info on Linux MM,
> > see: http://www.linux-mm.org/ .
> > Don't email: <a href=mailto:"dont@kvack.org"> email@kvack.org </a>
>

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