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SubjectRe: [PATCH v5 2/3] LSM: module hierarchy in /proc/.../attr
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On 06/29/2016 10:03 AM, Paul Moore wrote:
> On Fri, Jun 24, 2016 at 7:29 PM, Casey Schaufler <casey@schaufler-ca.com> wrote:
>> Subject: [PATCH v5 2/3] LSM: module hierarchy in /proc/.../attr
>>
>> Back in 2007 I made what turned out to be a rather serious
>> mistake in the implementation of the Smack security module.
>> The SELinux module used an interface in /proc to manipulate
>> the security context on processes. Rather than use a similar
>> interface, I used the same interface. The AppArmor team did
>> likewise. Now /proc/.../attr/current will tell you the
>> security "context" of the process, but it will be different
>> depending on the security module you're using. That hasn't
>> been a problem to date, as you can only have one module
>> that supports process attributes at a time. We are coming
>> up on a change to that, where multiple modules with process
>> attributes can be supported. (Not included here)
>>
>> This patch provides a subdirectory in /proc/.../attr for
>> each of the security modules that use the LSM hooks
>> getprocattr() and setprocattr(). Each of the interfaces
>> used by a module are presented in the subdirectory. The
>> old interfaces remain and work the same as before.
>> User space code can begin migrating to the subdirectory
>> interfaces in anticipation of the time when what comes
>> from /proc/self/attr/current might not be what a runtime
>> wants.
>>
>> The original implementation is by Kees Cook. The code
>> has been changed a bit to reflect changes in the direction
>> of the multiple concurrent module work, to be independent
>> of it, and to bring it up to date with the current tree.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Casey Schaufler <casey@schaufler-ca.com>
>>
>> ---
>> Documentation/security/LSM.txt | 19 ++++++---
>> fs/proc/base.c | 91 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----
>> fs/proc/internal.h | 1 +
>> include/linux/security.h | 15 ++++---
>> security/security.c | 31 ++++++++++++--
>> 5 files changed, 133 insertions(+), 24 deletions(-)
>
> Acked-by: Paul Moore <paul@paul-moore.com>

Acked-by: John Johansen <john.johansen@canonical.com>

>
>> diff --git a/Documentation/security/LSM.txt b/Documentation/security/LSM.txt
>> index c2683f2..125c489 100644
>> --- a/Documentation/security/LSM.txt
>> +++ b/Documentation/security/LSM.txt
>> @@ -16,11 +16,10 @@ MAC extensions, other extensions can be built using the LSM to provide
>> specific changes to system operation when these tweaks are not available
>> in the core functionality of Linux itself.
>>
>> -Without a specific LSM built into the kernel, the default LSM will be the
>> -Linux capabilities system. Most LSMs choose to extend the capabilities
>> -system, building their checks on top of the defined capability hooks.
>> -For more details on capabilities, see capabilities(7) in the Linux
>> -man-pages project.
>> +The Linux capabilities modules will always be included. For more details
>> +on capabilities, see capabilities(7) in the Linux man-pages project.
>> +This may be followed by any number of "minor" modules and at most one
>> +"major" module.
>>
>> A list of the active security modules can be found by reading
>> /sys/kernel/security/lsm. This is a comma separated list, and
>> @@ -29,6 +28,14 @@ order in which checks are made. The capability module will always
>> be first, followed by any "minor" modules (e.g. Yama) and then
>> the one "major" module (e.g. SELinux) if there is one configured.
>>
>> +Process attributes associated with "major" security modules should
>> +be accessed and maintained using the special files in the module
>> +specific subdirectories in /proc/.../attr. The attributes related
>> +to Smack would be found in /proc/.../attr/smack while the attributes
>> +for SELinux would be in /proc/.../attr/selinux. Using the files
>> +found directly in /proc/.../attr (e.g. current) should be avoided.
>> +These files remain as legacy interfaces.
>> +
>> Based on https://lkml.org/lkml/2007/10/26/215,
>> a new LSM is accepted into the kernel when its intent (a description of
>> what it tries to protect against and in what cases one would expect to
>> @@ -38,4 +45,4 @@ that end users and distros can make a more informed decision about which
>> LSMs suit their requirements.
>>
>> For extensive documentation on the available LSM hook interfaces, please
>> -see include/linux/security.h.
>> +see include/linux/lsm_hooks.h.
>> diff --git a/fs/proc/base.c b/fs/proc/base.c
>> index a11eb71..182bc28 100644
>> --- a/fs/proc/base.c
>> +++ b/fs/proc/base.c
>> @@ -131,9 +131,13 @@ struct pid_entry {
>> #define REG(NAME, MODE, fops) \
>> NOD(NAME, (S_IFREG|(MODE)), NULL, &fops, {})
>> #define ONE(NAME, MODE, show) \
>> - NOD(NAME, (S_IFREG|(MODE)), \
>> + NOD(NAME, (S_IFREG|(MODE)), \
>> NULL, &proc_single_file_operations, \
>> { .proc_show = show } )
>> +#define ATTR(LSM, NAME, MODE) \
>> + NOD(NAME, (S_IFREG|(MODE)), \
>> + NULL, &proc_pid_attr_operations, \
>> + { .lsm = LSM })
>>
>> /*
>> * Count the number of hardlinks for the pid_entry table, excluding the .
>> @@ -2433,7 +2437,7 @@ static ssize_t proc_pid_attr_read(struct file * file, char __user * buf,
>> if (!task)
>> return -ESRCH;
>>
>> - length = security_getprocattr(task,
>> + length = security_getprocattr(task, PROC_I(inode)->op.lsm,
>> (char*)file->f_path.dentry->d_name.name,
>> &p);
>> put_task_struct(task);
>> @@ -2473,7 +2477,7 @@ static ssize_t proc_pid_attr_write(struct file * file, const char __user * buf,
>> if (length < 0)
>> goto out_free;
>>
>> - length = security_setprocattr(task,
>> + length = security_setprocattr(task, PROC_I(inode)->op.lsm,
>> (char*)file->f_path.dentry->d_name.name,
>> page, count);
>> mutex_unlock(&task->signal->cred_guard_mutex);
>> @@ -2491,13 +2495,82 @@ static const struct file_operations proc_pid_attr_operations = {
>> .llseek = generic_file_llseek,
>> };
>>
>> +#define LSM_DIR_OPS(LSM) \
>> +static int proc_##LSM##_attr_dir_iterate(struct file *filp, \
>> + struct dir_context *ctx) \
>> +{ \
>> + return proc_pident_readdir(filp, ctx, \
>> + LSM##_attr_dir_stuff, \
>> + ARRAY_SIZE(LSM##_attr_dir_stuff)); \
>> +} \
>> +\
>> +static const struct file_operations proc_##LSM##_attr_dir_ops = { \
>> + .read = generic_read_dir, \
>> + .iterate = proc_##LSM##_attr_dir_iterate, \
>> + .llseek = default_llseek, \
>> +}; \
>> +\
>> +static struct dentry *proc_##LSM##_attr_dir_lookup(struct inode *dir, \
>> + struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int flags) \
>> +{ \
>> + return proc_pident_lookup(dir, dentry, \
>> + LSM##_attr_dir_stuff, \
>> + ARRAY_SIZE(LSM##_attr_dir_stuff)); \
>> +} \
>> +\
>> +static const struct inode_operations proc_##LSM##_attr_dir_inode_ops = { \
>> + .lookup = proc_##LSM##_attr_dir_lookup, \
>> + .getattr = pid_getattr, \
>> + .setattr = proc_setattr, \
>> +}
>> +
>> +#ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_SELINUX
>> +static const struct pid_entry selinux_attr_dir_stuff[] = {
>> + ATTR("selinux", "current", S_IRUGO|S_IWUGO),
>> + ATTR("selinux", "prev", S_IRUGO),
>> + ATTR("selinux", "exec", S_IRUGO|S_IWUGO),
>> + ATTR("selinux", "fscreate", S_IRUGO|S_IWUGO),
>> + ATTR("selinux", "keycreate", S_IRUGO|S_IWUGO),
>> + ATTR("selinux", "sockcreate", S_IRUGO|S_IWUGO),
>> +};
>> +LSM_DIR_OPS(selinux);
>> +#endif
>> +
>> +#ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_SMACK
>> +static const struct pid_entry smack_attr_dir_stuff[] = {
>> + ATTR("smack", "current", S_IRUGO|S_IWUGO),
>> +};
>> +LSM_DIR_OPS(smack);
>> +#endif
>> +
>> +#ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_APPARMOR
>> +static const struct pid_entry apparmor_attr_dir_stuff[] = {
>> + ATTR("apparmor", "current", S_IRUGO|S_IWUGO),
>> + ATTR("apparmor", "prev", S_IRUGO),
>> + ATTR("apparmor", "exec", S_IRUGO|S_IWUGO),
>> +};
>> +LSM_DIR_OPS(apparmor);
>> +#endif
>> +
>> static const struct pid_entry attr_dir_stuff[] = {
>> - REG("current", S_IRUGO|S_IWUGO, proc_pid_attr_operations),
>> - REG("prev", S_IRUGO, proc_pid_attr_operations),
>> - REG("exec", S_IRUGO|S_IWUGO, proc_pid_attr_operations),
>> - REG("fscreate", S_IRUGO|S_IWUGO, proc_pid_attr_operations),
>> - REG("keycreate", S_IRUGO|S_IWUGO, proc_pid_attr_operations),
>> - REG("sockcreate", S_IRUGO|S_IWUGO, proc_pid_attr_operations),
>> + ATTR(NULL, "current", S_IRUGO|S_IWUGO),
>> + ATTR(NULL, "prev", S_IRUGO),
>> + ATTR(NULL, "exec", S_IRUGO|S_IWUGO),
>> + ATTR(NULL, "fscreate", S_IRUGO|S_IWUGO),
>> + ATTR(NULL, "keycreate", S_IRUGO|S_IWUGO),
>> + ATTR(NULL, "sockcreate", S_IRUGO|S_IWUGO),
>> +#ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_SELINUX
>> + DIR("selinux", S_IRUGO|S_IXUGO,
>> + proc_selinux_attr_dir_inode_ops, proc_selinux_attr_dir_ops),
>> +#endif
>> +#ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_SMACK
>> + DIR("smack", S_IRUGO|S_IXUGO,
>> + proc_smack_attr_dir_inode_ops, proc_smack_attr_dir_ops),
>> +#endif
>> +#ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_APPARMOR
>> + DIR("apparmor", S_IRUGO|S_IXUGO,
>> + proc_apparmor_attr_dir_inode_ops, proc_apparmor_attr_dir_ops),
>> +#endif
>> };
>>
>> static int proc_attr_dir_readdir(struct file *file, struct dir_context *ctx)
>> diff --git a/fs/proc/internal.h b/fs/proc/internal.h
>> index aa27810..b607cd5 100644
>> --- a/fs/proc/internal.h
>> +++ b/fs/proc/internal.h
>> @@ -56,6 +56,7 @@ union proc_op {
>> int (*proc_show)(struct seq_file *m,
>> struct pid_namespace *ns, struct pid *pid,
>> struct task_struct *task);
>> + const char *lsm;
>> };
>>
>> struct proc_inode {
>> diff --git a/include/linux/security.h b/include/linux/security.h
>> index 14df373..383fcb0 100644
>> --- a/include/linux/security.h
>> +++ b/include/linux/security.h
>> @@ -355,8 +355,10 @@ int security_sem_semctl(struct sem_array *sma, int cmd);
>> int security_sem_semop(struct sem_array *sma, struct sembuf *sops,
>> unsigned nsops, int alter);
>> void security_d_instantiate(struct dentry *dentry, struct inode *inode);
>> -int security_getprocattr(struct task_struct *p, char *name, char **value);
>> -int security_setprocattr(struct task_struct *p, char *name, void *value, size_t size);
>> +int security_getprocattr(struct task_struct *p, const char *lsm, char *name,
>> + char **value);
>> +int security_setprocattr(struct task_struct *p, const char *lsm, char *name,
>> + void *value, size_t size);
>> int security_netlink_send(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb);
>> int security_ismaclabel(const char *name);
>> int security_secid_to_secctx(u32 secid, char **secdata, u32 *seclen);
>> @@ -1075,15 +1077,18 @@ static inline int security_sem_semop(struct sem_array *sma,
>> return 0;
>> }
>>
>> -static inline void security_d_instantiate(struct dentry *dentry, struct inode *inode)
>> +static inline void security_d_instantiate(struct dentry *dentry,
>> + struct inode *inode)
>> { }
>>
>> -static inline int security_getprocattr(struct task_struct *p, char *name, char **value)
>> +static inline int security_getprocattr(struct task_struct *p, const char *lsm,
>> + char *name, char **value)
>> {
>> return -EINVAL;
>> }
>>
>> -static inline int security_setprocattr(struct task_struct *p, char *name, void *value, size_t size)
>> +static inline int security_setprocattr(struct task_struct *p, const char *lsm,
>> + char *name, void *value, size_t size)
>> {
>> return -EINVAL;
>> }
>> diff --git a/security/security.c b/security/security.c
>> index 1093f73..1e9cb55 100644
>> --- a/security/security.c
>> +++ b/security/security.c
>> @@ -1182,14 +1182,37 @@ void security_d_instantiate(struct dentry *dentry, struct inode *inode)
>> }
>> EXPORT_SYMBOL(security_d_instantiate);
>>
>> -int security_getprocattr(struct task_struct *p, char *name, char **value)
>> +int security_getprocattr(struct task_struct *p, const char *lsm, char *name,
>> + char **value)
>> {
>> - return call_int_hook(getprocattr, -EINVAL, p, name, value);
>> + struct security_hook_list *hp;
>> + int rc = -EINVAL;
>> +
>> +
>> + list_for_each_entry(hp, &security_hook_heads.getprocattr, list) {
>> + if (lsm != NULL && strcmp(lsm, hp->lsm))
>> + continue;
>> + rc = hp->hook.getprocattr(p, name, value);
>> + if (rc != -ENOENT)
>> + return rc;
>> + }
>> + return -EINVAL;
>> }
>>
>> -int security_setprocattr(struct task_struct *p, char *name, void *value, size_t size)
>> +int security_setprocattr(struct task_struct *p, const char *lsm, char *name,
>> + void *value, size_t size)
>> {
>> - return call_int_hook(setprocattr, -EINVAL, p, name, value, size);
>> + struct security_hook_list *hp;
>> + int rc = -EINVAL;
>> +
>> + list_for_each_entry(hp, &security_hook_heads.setprocattr, list) {
>> + if (lsm != NULL && strcmp(lsm, hp->lsm))
>> + continue;
>> + rc = hp->hook.setprocattr(p, name, value, size);
>> + if (rc != -ENOENT)
>> + break;
>> + }
>> + return rc;
>> }
>>
>> int security_netlink_send(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb)
>>
>
>
>

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