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SubjectRe: [RFC 1/3] watchdog: change watchdog_need_worker logic
Hi Rasmus,

> If the driver indicates that the watchdog is running, the framework
> should feed it until userspace opens the device, regardless of whether
> the driver has set max_hw_heartbeat_ms.
>
> This patch only affects the case where wdd->max_hw_heartbeat_ms is
> zero, wdd->timeout is non-zero, the watchdog is not active and the
> hardware device is running (*):
>
> - If wdd->timeout is zero, watchdog_need_worker() returns false both
> before and after this patch, and watchdog_next_keepalive() is not
> called.
>
> - If watchdog_active(wdd), the return value from watchdog_need_worker
> is also the same as before (namely, hm && t > hm). Hence in that case,
> watchdog_next_keepalive() is only called if hm == max_hw_heartbeat_ms
> is non-zero, so the change to min_not_zero there is a no-op.
>
> - If the watchdog is not active and the device is not running, we
> return false from watchdog_need_worker just as before.
>
> That leaves the watchdog_hw_running(wdd) && !watchdog_active(wdd) &&
> wdd->timeout case. Again, it's easy to see that if
> wdd->max_hw_heartbeat_ms is non-zero, we return true from
> watchdog_need_worker with and without this patch, and the logic in
> watchdog_next_keepalive is unchanged. Finally, if
> wdd->max_hw_heartbeat_ms is 0, we used to end up in the
> cancel_delayed_work branch, whereas with this patch we end up
> scheduling a ping timeout_ms/2 from now.
>
> (*) This should imply that no current kernel drivers are affected,
> since the only drivers which explicitly set WDOG_HW_RUNNING are
> imx2_wdt.c and dw_wdt.c, both of which also provide a non-zero value
> for max_hw_heartbeat_ms. The watchdog core also sets WDOG_HW_RUNNING,
> but only when the driver doesn't provide ->stop, in which case it
> must, according to Documentation/watchdog/watchdog-kernel-api.txt, set
> max_hw_heartbeat_ms.

This isn't completely true. We will have the following in the linux-watchdog tree:
drivers/watchdog/aspeed_wdt.c: set_bit(WDOG_HW_RUNNING, &wdt->wdd.status);
drivers/watchdog/dw_wdt.c: set_bit(WDOG_HW_RUNNING, &wdd->status);
drivers/watchdog/dw_wdt.c: set_bit(WDOG_HW_RUNNING, &wdd->status);
drivers/watchdog/imx2_wdt.c: set_bit(WDOG_HW_RUNNING, &wdog->status);
drivers/watchdog/imx2_wdt.c: set_bit(WDOG_HW_RUNNING, &wdog->status);
drivers/watchdog/max77620_wdt.c: set_bit(WDOG_HW_RUNNING, &wdt_dev->status);
drivers/watchdog/sbsa_gwdt.c: set_bit(WDOG_HW_RUNNING, &wdd->status);
drivers/watchdog/tangox_wdt.c: set_bit(WDOG_HW_RUNNING, &dev->wdt.status);

I checked the ones that aren't mentioned and aspeed_wdt, max77620_wdt and sbsa_gwdt.c
also have a non-zero value for max_hw_heartbeat_ms. But tangox_wdt.c doesn't set it.
This one will need to be looked at closer.

>
> Signed-off-by: Rasmus Villemoes <rasmus.villemoes@prevas.dk>
> ---
> drivers/watchdog/watchdog_dev.c | 10 +++++++---
> 1 file changed, 7 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/watchdog/watchdog_dev.c b/drivers/watchdog/watchdog_dev.c
> index 3595cff..14f8a92 100644
> --- a/drivers/watchdog/watchdog_dev.c
> +++ b/drivers/watchdog/watchdog_dev.c
> @@ -92,9 +92,13 @@ static inline bool watchdog_need_worker(struct watchdog_device *wdd)
> * thus is aware that the framework supports generating heartbeat
> * requests.
> * - Userspace requests a longer timeout than the hardware can handle.
> + *
> + * Alternatively, if userspace has not opened the watchdog
> + * device, we take care of feeding the watchdog if it is
> + * running.
> */
> - return hm && ((watchdog_active(wdd) && t > hm) ||
> - (t && !watchdog_active(wdd) && watchdog_hw_running(wdd)));
> + return (hm && watchdog_active(wdd) && t > hm) ||
> + (t && !watchdog_active(wdd) && watchdog_hw_running(wdd));
> }
>
> static long watchdog_next_keepalive(struct watchdog_device *wdd)
> @@ -107,7 +111,7 @@ static long watchdog_next_keepalive(struct watchdog_device *wdd)
> unsigned int hw_heartbeat_ms;
>
> virt_timeout = wd_data->last_keepalive + msecs_to_jiffies(timeout_ms);
> - hw_heartbeat_ms = min(timeout_ms, wdd->max_hw_heartbeat_ms);
> + hw_heartbeat_ms = min_not_zero(timeout_ms, wdd->max_hw_heartbeat_ms);
> keepalive_interval = msecs_to_jiffies(hw_heartbeat_ms / 2);
>
> if (!watchdog_active(wdd))
> --
> 2.5.0
>

Kind regards,
Wim.

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