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Subject[PATCH v5 3/4] make nbd device wait for its users
Date
	When a timeout occurs or a recv fails, then
instead of abruptly killing nbd block device
wait for its users to finish.

This is more required when filesystem(s) like
ext2 or ext3 don't expect their buffer heads to
disappear while the filesystem is mounted.

Each open is now refcounted with the device being released
for re-use only when there are no "other users".

A timedout or a disconnected device, if in use, can't
be used until it has been resetted. The reset happens
when all tasks having this bdev open closes this bdev.

Behavioral Change:

1) NBD_DO_IT will not wait for the device to be reset. Hence
the nbd-client "may exit" while some other process is using
this device without actually doing the reset on this device
, hence thus making it unusable until all such user space
processes have stopped using this device.

2) There's a window where the nbd-client will not be able to
change / issue ioctls to the nbd device. This is when there's
been a disconnect issued or a timeout has occured, however
there are "other" user processes which currently have this
nbd device opened.

Signed-off-by: Pranay Kr Srivastava <pranjas@gmail.com>
---
drivers/block/nbd.c | 37 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----
1 file changed, 32 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/block/nbd.c b/drivers/block/nbd.c
index 4919760..fe36280 100644
--- a/drivers/block/nbd.c
+++ b/drivers/block/nbd.c
@@ -74,6 +74,7 @@ struct nbd_device {
*This is specifically for calling sock_shutdown, for now.
*/
struct work_struct ws_shutdown;
+ atomic_t users; /* Users that opened the block device */
};

#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DEBUG_FS)
@@ -699,6 +700,9 @@ static void nbd_dev_dbg_close(struct nbd_device *nbd);
static int __nbd_ioctl(struct block_device *bdev, struct nbd_device *nbd,
unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
{
+ if (nbd->disconnect || nbd->timedout)
+ return -EBUSY;
+
switch (cmd) {
case NBD_DISCONNECT: {
struct request sreq;
@@ -728,7 +732,6 @@ static int __nbd_ioctl(struct block_device *bdev, struct nbd_device *nbd,
nbd_clear_que(nbd);
BUG_ON(!list_empty(&nbd->queue_head));
BUG_ON(!list_empty(&nbd->waiting_queue));
- kill_bdev(bdev);
return 0;

case NBD_SET_SOCK: {
@@ -804,16 +807,12 @@ static int __nbd_ioctl(struct block_device *bdev, struct nbd_device *nbd,
mutex_lock(&nbd->tx_lock);
nbd->task_recv = NULL;
nbd_clear_que(nbd);
- kill_bdev(bdev);
- nbd_bdev_reset(bdev);

if (nbd->disconnect) /* user requested, ignore socket errors */
error = 0;
if (nbd->timedout)
error = -ETIMEDOUT;

- nbd_reset(nbd);
-
return error;
}

@@ -852,10 +851,38 @@ static int nbd_ioctl(struct block_device *bdev, fmode_t mode,
return error;
}

+static int nbd_open(struct block_device *bdev, fmode_t mode)
+{
+ struct nbd_device *nbd = bdev->bd_disk->private_data;
+
+ atomic_inc(&nbd->users);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void nbd_release(struct gendisk *disk, fmode_t mode)
+{
+ struct nbd_device *nbd = disk->private_data;
+ struct block_device *bdev = bdget (part_devt(
+ dev_to_part(nbd_to_dev(nbd))));
+
+ WARN_ON(!bdev);
+ if (atomic_dec_and_test(&nbd->users)) {
+ if (bdev) {
+ nbd_bdev_reset(bdev);
+ kill_bdev(bdev);
+ bdput(bdev);
+ }
+ nbd_reset(nbd);
+ }
+}
+
static const struct block_device_operations nbd_fops = {
.owner = THIS_MODULE,
.ioctl = nbd_ioctl,
.compat_ioctl = nbd_ioctl,
+ .open = nbd_open,
+ .release = nbd_release,
};

static void nbd_ws_func_shutdown(struct work_struct *ws_nbd)
--
2.6.2
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