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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 3/9] DocBook/v4l: Add compressed video formats used on MT8173 codec driver
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Hi Nicolas,

On Wed, 2016-07-13 at 09:55 -0400, Nicolas Dufresne wrote:
> Le mercredi 13 juillet 2016 à 10:00 +0800, tiffany lin a écrit :
> > Hi Nicolas,
> >
> > On Tue, 2016-07-12 at 15:14 -0400, Nicolas Dufresne wrote:
> > > Le mardi 12 juillet 2016 à 15:08 -0400, Nicolas Dufresne a écrit :
> > > > Le mardi 12 juillet 2016 à 16:16 +0800, Wu-Cheng Li (李務誠) a écrit
> > :
> > > > > Decoder hardware produces MT21 (compressed). Image processor
> > can
> > > > > convert it to a format that can be input of display driver.
> > > > > Tiffany.
> > > > > When do you plan to upstream image processor (mtk-mdp)?
> > > > > >
> > > > > > It can be as input format for encoder, MDP and display
> > drivers in
> > > > > our
> > > > > > platform.
> > > > > I remember display driver can only accept uncompressed MT21.
> > Right?
> > > > > Basically V4L2_PIX_FMT_MT21 is compressed and is like an opaque
> > > > > format. It's not usable until it's decompressed and converted
> > by
> > > > > image
> > > > > processor.
> > > >
> > > > Previously it was described as MediaTek block mode, and now as a
> > > > MediaTek compressed format. It makes me think you have no idea
> > what
> > > > this pixel format really is. Is that right ?
> > > >
> > > > The main reason why I keep asking, is that we often find
> > similarities
> > > > between what vendor like to call their proprietary formats. Doing
> > the
> > > > proper research helps not creating a mess like in Android where
> > you
> > > > have a lot of formats that all point to the same format. I
> > believe
> > > > there was the same concern when Samsung wanted to introduce their
> > Z-
> > > > flip-Z NV12 tile format. In the end they simply provided
> > sufficient
> > > > documentation so we could document it and implement software
> > > > converters
> > > > for test and validation purpose.
> > >
> > > Here's the kind of information we want in the documentation.
> > >
> > > https://chromium.googlesource.com/chromium/src/media/+/master/base/
> > vide
> > > o_types.h#40
> > >
> > > // MediaTek proprietary format. MT21 is similar to NV21 except
> > the memory
> > > // layout and pixel layout (swizzles). 12bpp with Y plane
> > followed by a 2x2
> > > // interleaved VU plane. Each image contains two buffers -- Y
> > plane and VU
> > > // plane. Two planes can be non-contiguous in memory. The
> > starting addresses
> > > // of Y plane and VU plane are 4KB alignment.
> > > // Suppose image dimension is (width, height). For both Y plane
> > and VU plane:
> > > // Row pitch = ((width+15)/16) * 16.
> > > // Plane size = Row pitch * (((height+31)/32)*32)
> > >
> > > Now obviously this is incomplete, as the swizzling need to be
> > documented of course.
> > >
> > Because it's finally a compressed format from our codec hw, we cannot
> > describe its swizzling.
>
> Can you clarify why it cannot be described ? I don't buy any argument
> that it's impossible to convert without hardware. Intel did document
> their compressed formats.
>
What's the Intel compressed formats? Could you provide link so we could
reference how they provide this information.

> Debugging an integration with such format that we have literally
> decided to no make public is a pain. A lot of decoder got abandoned or
> never used because of that.
>
> It would be nice to explain the architecture you are suggesting to make
> this decoder useful. How will userspace application be able to use your
> decoder. Will the image processor usable outside the display path ?
> People might want to do transcoding, or other relatively common task
> that does not imply a display.
>

In MT8173 platform, it has MDP driver, it could convert
V4L2_PIX_FMT_MT21 to V4L2_PIX_FMT_NV12M or V4L2_PIX_FMT_YUV420M.

MDP is stand alone driver, it is usable outside the display path.

NV12M/YUV420M/MT21 -> MDP -> NV12M/YUV420M

NV12M/NV21M/YUV420M/YVU420M -> mt8173 Encoder -> H264/VP8

H264/VP8/VP9 -> mtk8173 Decoder -> MT21

When encode with MT21 source, the pipeline will be:
MT21 -> MDP driver-> NV12M/NV21M/YUV420M/YVU420M -> Encoder -> H264/VP8

When playback, the pipeline will be:
H264/VP8/VP9 -> Decoder driver -> MT21 -> MDP Driver -> DRM


best regards,
Tiffany


> regards,
> Nicolas
>
> p.s.
> A small note to Wu-Cheng, the definition of the DRM format in your
> Chromium branch is not correct. DRM uses format modifier, such that the
> format is the family, in your case it's most likely NV21, and the
> modifier is the compression or tiling algorithm in place (or both as
> needed).


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