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Subject[PATCH v13 05/12] task_isolation: track asynchronous interrupts
Date
This commit adds support for tracking asynchronous interrupts
delivered to task-isolation tasks, e.g. IPIs or IRQs. Just
as for exceptions and syscalls, when this occurs we arrange to
deliver a signal to the task so that it knows it has been
interrupted. If the task is interrupted by an NMI, we can't
safely deliver a signal, so we just dump out a console stack.

We also support a new "task_isolation_debug" flag which forces
the console stack to be dumped out regardless. We try to catch
the original source of the interrupt, e.g. if an IPI is dispatched
to a task-isolation task, we dump the backtrace of the remote
core that is sending the IPI, rather than just dumping out a
trace showing the core received an IPI from somewhere.

Calls to task_isolation_debug() can be placed in the
platform-independent code when that results in fewer lines
of code changes, as for example is true of the users of the
arch_send_call_function_*() APIs. Or, they can be placed in the
per-architecture code when there are many callers, as for example
is true of the smp_send_reschedule() call.

A further cleanup might be to create an intermediate layer, so that
for example smp_send_reschedule() is a single generic function that
just calls arch_smp_send_reschedule(), allowing generic code to be
called every time smp_send_reschedule() is invoked. But for now,
we just update either callers or callees as makes most sense.

Signed-off-by: Chris Metcalf <cmetcalf@mellanox.com>
---
Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt | 8 ++++
include/linux/context_tracking_state.h | 6 +++
include/linux/isolation.h | 13 ++++++
kernel/irq_work.c | 5 ++-
kernel/isolation.c | 74 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
kernel/sched/core.c | 42 +++++++++++++++++++
kernel/signal.c | 7 ++++
kernel/smp.c | 6 ++-
kernel/softirq.c | 33 +++++++++++++++
9 files changed, 192 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt b/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
index 3db9bea08ed6..15fe7f029f8b 100644
--- a/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
+++ b/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
@@ -3900,6 +3900,14 @@ bytes respectively. Such letter suffixes can also be entirely omitted.
also sets up nohz_full and isolcpus mode for the
listed set of cpus.

+ task_isolation_debug [KNL]
+ In kernels built with CONFIG_TASK_ISOLATION
+ and booted in task_isolation= mode, this
+ setting will generate console backtraces when
+ the kernel is about to interrupt a task that
+ has requested PR_TASK_ISOLATION_ENABLE and is
+ running on a task_isolation core.
+
tcpmhash_entries= [KNL,NET]
Set the number of tcp_metrics_hash slots.
Default value is 8192 or 16384 depending on total
diff --git a/include/linux/context_tracking_state.h b/include/linux/context_tracking_state.h
index 1d34fe68f48a..4e2c4b900b82 100644
--- a/include/linux/context_tracking_state.h
+++ b/include/linux/context_tracking_state.h
@@ -39,8 +39,14 @@ static inline bool context_tracking_in_user(void)
{
return __this_cpu_read(context_tracking.state) == CONTEXT_USER;
}
+
+static inline bool context_tracking_cpu_in_user(int cpu)
+{
+ return per_cpu(context_tracking.state, cpu) == CONTEXT_USER;
+}
#else
static inline bool context_tracking_in_user(void) { return false; }
+static inline bool context_tracking_cpu_in_user(int cpu) { return false; }
static inline bool context_tracking_active(void) { return false; }
static inline bool context_tracking_is_enabled(void) { return false; }
static inline bool context_tracking_cpu_is_enabled(void) { return false; }
diff --git a/include/linux/isolation.h b/include/linux/isolation.h
index d9288b85b41f..02728b1f8775 100644
--- a/include/linux/isolation.h
+++ b/include/linux/isolation.h
@@ -46,6 +46,17 @@ extern void _task_isolation_quiet_exception(const char *fmt, ...);
_task_isolation_quiet_exception(fmt, ## __VA_ARGS__); \
} while (0)

+extern void _task_isolation_debug(int cpu, const char *type);
+#define task_isolation_debug(cpu, type) \
+ do { \
+ if (task_isolation_possible(cpu)) \
+ _task_isolation_debug(cpu, type); \
+ } while (0)
+
+extern void task_isolation_debug_cpumask(const struct cpumask *,
+ const char *type);
+extern void task_isolation_debug_task(int cpu, struct task_struct *p,
+ const char *type);
#else
static inline void task_isolation_init(void) { }
static inline bool task_isolation_possible(int cpu) { return false; }
@@ -55,6 +66,8 @@ extern inline void task_isolation_set_flags(struct task_struct *p,
unsigned int flags) { }
static inline int task_isolation_syscall(int nr) { return 0; }
static inline void task_isolation_quiet_exception(const char *fmt, ...) { }
+static inline void task_isolation_debug(int cpu, const char *type) { }
+#define task_isolation_debug_cpumask(mask, type) do {} while (0)
#endif

#endif
diff --git a/kernel/irq_work.c b/kernel/irq_work.c
index bcf107ce0854..15f3d44acf11 100644
--- a/kernel/irq_work.c
+++ b/kernel/irq_work.c
@@ -17,6 +17,7 @@
#include <linux/cpu.h>
#include <linux/notifier.h>
#include <linux/smp.h>
+#include <linux/isolation.h>
#include <asm/processor.h>


@@ -75,8 +76,10 @@ bool irq_work_queue_on(struct irq_work *work, int cpu)
if (!irq_work_claim(work))
return false;

- if (llist_add(&work->llnode, &per_cpu(raised_list, cpu)))
+ if (llist_add(&work->llnode, &per_cpu(raised_list, cpu))) {
+ task_isolation_debug(cpu, "irq_work");
arch_send_call_function_single_ipi(cpu);
+ }

return true;
}
diff --git a/kernel/isolation.c b/kernel/isolation.c
index bf3ebb0a727c..a9fd4709825a 100644
--- a/kernel/isolation.c
+++ b/kernel/isolation.c
@@ -11,6 +11,7 @@
#include <linux/vmstat.h>
#include <linux/isolation.h>
#include <linux/syscalls.h>
+#include <linux/ratelimit.h>
#include <asm/unistd.h>
#include <asm/syscall.h>
#include "time/tick-sched.h"
@@ -215,3 +216,76 @@ int task_isolation_syscall(int syscall)
-ERESTARTNOINTR, -1);
return -1;
}
+
+/* Enable debugging of any interrupts of task_isolation cores. */
+static int task_isolation_debug_flag;
+static int __init task_isolation_debug_func(char *str)
+{
+ task_isolation_debug_flag = true;
+ return 1;
+}
+__setup("task_isolation_debug", task_isolation_debug_func);
+
+void task_isolation_debug_task(int cpu, struct task_struct *p, const char *type)
+{
+ static DEFINE_RATELIMIT_STATE(console_output, HZ, 1);
+ bool force_debug = false;
+
+ /*
+ * Our caller made sure the task was running on a task isolation
+ * core, but make sure the task has enabled isolation.
+ */
+ if (!(p->task_isolation_flags & PR_TASK_ISOLATION_ENABLE))
+ return;
+
+ /*
+ * Ensure the task is actually in userspace; if it is in kernel
+ * mode, it is expected that it may receive interrupts, and in
+ * any case they don't affect the isolation. Note that there
+ * is a race condition here as a task may have committed
+ * to returning to user space but not yet set the context
+ * tracking state to reflect it, and the check here is before
+ * we trigger the interrupt, so we might fail to warn about a
+ * legitimate interrupt. However, the race window is narrow
+ * and hitting it does not cause any incorrect behavior other
+ * than failing to send the warning.
+ */
+ if (!context_tracking_cpu_in_user(cpu))
+ return;
+
+ /*
+ * We disable task isolation mode when we deliver a signal
+ * so we won't end up recursing back here again.
+ * If we are in an NMI, we don't try delivering the signal
+ * and instead just treat it as if "debug" mode was enabled,
+ * since that's pretty much all we can do.
+ */
+ if (in_nmi())
+ force_debug = true;
+ else
+ task_isolation_deliver_signal(p, type);
+
+ /*
+ * If (for example) the timer interrupt starts ticking
+ * unexpectedly, we will get an unmanageable flow of output,
+ * so limit to one backtrace per second.
+ */
+ if (force_debug ||
+ (task_isolation_debug_flag && __ratelimit(&console_output))) {
+ pr_err("cpu %d: %s violating task isolation for %s/%d on cpu %d\n",
+ smp_processor_id(), type, p->comm, p->pid, cpu);
+ dump_stack();
+ }
+}
+
+void task_isolation_debug_cpumask(const struct cpumask *mask, const char *type)
+{
+ int cpu, thiscpu = get_cpu();
+
+ /* No need to report on this cpu since we're already in the kernel. */
+ for_each_cpu_and(cpu, mask, task_isolation_map)
+ if (cpu != thiscpu)
+ _task_isolation_debug(cpu, type);
+
+ put_cpu();
+}
diff --git a/kernel/sched/core.c b/kernel/sched/core.c
index 51d7105f529a..7d230e70e195 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/core.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/core.c
@@ -74,6 +74,7 @@
#include <linux/context_tracking.h>
#include <linux/compiler.h>
#include <linux/frame.h>
+#include <linux/isolation.h>

#include <asm/switch_to.h>
#include <asm/tlb.h>
@@ -663,6 +664,47 @@ bool sched_can_stop_tick(struct rq *rq)
}
#endif /* CONFIG_NO_HZ_FULL */

+#ifdef CONFIG_TASK_ISOLATION
+/*
+ * NOTE: this function is currently in linux-next and included here
+ * as a place-holder for merging upstream.
+ */
+static struct task_struct *try_get_task_struct(struct task_struct **ptask)
+{
+ struct task_struct *task;
+ struct sighand_struct *sighand;
+
+ rcu_read_lock();
+retry:
+ task = rcu_dereference(*ptask);
+ if (!task)
+ goto done;
+ probe_kernel_address(&task->sighand, sighand);
+ smp_rmb();
+ if (unlikely(task != READ_ONCE(*ptask)))
+ goto retry;
+ if (!sighand) {
+ task = NULL;
+ goto done;
+ }
+ get_task_struct(task);
+done:
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+ return task;
+}
+
+void _task_isolation_debug(int cpu, const char *type)
+{
+ struct rq *rq = cpu_rq(cpu);
+ struct task_struct *task = try_get_task_struct(&rq->curr);
+
+ if (task) {
+ task_isolation_debug_task(cpu, task, type);
+ put_task_struct(task);
+ }
+}
+#endif
+
void sched_avg_update(struct rq *rq)
{
s64 period = sched_avg_period();
diff --git a/kernel/signal.c b/kernel/signal.c
index 4ff9bafd5af0..5c98905df96f 100644
--- a/kernel/signal.c
+++ b/kernel/signal.c
@@ -639,6 +639,13 @@ int dequeue_signal(struct task_struct *tsk, sigset_t *mask, siginfo_t *info)
*/
void signal_wake_up_state(struct task_struct *t, unsigned int state)
{
+ /*
+ * We're delivering a signal anyway, so no need for more
+ * warnings. This also avoids self-deadlock since an IPI to
+ * kick the task would otherwise generate another signal.
+ */
+ task_isolation_set_flags(t, 0);
+
set_tsk_thread_flag(t, TIF_SIGPENDING);
/*
* TASK_WAKEKILL also means wake it up in the stopped/traced/killable
diff --git a/kernel/smp.c b/kernel/smp.c
index 74165443c240..58e8129a87e9 100644
--- a/kernel/smp.c
+++ b/kernel/smp.c
@@ -14,6 +14,7 @@
#include <linux/smp.h>
#include <linux/cpu.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/isolation.h>

#include "smpboot.h"

@@ -177,8 +178,10 @@ static int generic_exec_single(int cpu, struct call_single_data *csd,
* locking and barrier primitives. Generic code isn't really
* equipped to do the right thing...
*/
- if (llist_add(&csd->llist, &per_cpu(call_single_queue, cpu)))
+ if (llist_add(&csd->llist, &per_cpu(call_single_queue, cpu))) {
+ task_isolation_debug(cpu, "IPI function");
arch_send_call_function_single_ipi(cpu);
+ }

return 0;
}
@@ -456,6 +459,7 @@ void smp_call_function_many(const struct cpumask *mask,
}

/* Send a message to all CPUs in the map */
+ task_isolation_debug_cpumask(cfd->cpumask, "IPI function");
arch_send_call_function_ipi_mask(cfd->cpumask);

if (wait) {
diff --git a/kernel/softirq.c b/kernel/softirq.c
index 17caf4b63342..2f1065795318 100644
--- a/kernel/softirq.c
+++ b/kernel/softirq.c
@@ -26,6 +26,7 @@
#include <linux/smpboot.h>
#include <linux/tick.h>
#include <linux/irq.h>
+#include <linux/isolation.h>

#define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS
#include <trace/events/irq.h>
@@ -319,6 +320,37 @@ asmlinkage __visible void do_softirq(void)
local_irq_restore(flags);
}

+/* Determine whether this IRQ is something task isolation cares about. */
+static void task_isolation_irq(void)
+{
+#ifdef CONFIG_TASK_ISOLATION
+ struct pt_regs *regs;
+
+ if (!context_tracking_cpu_is_enabled())
+ return;
+
+ /*
+ * We have not yet called __irq_enter() and so we haven't
+ * adjusted the hardirq count. This test will allow us to
+ * avoid false positives for nested IRQs.
+ */
+ if (in_interrupt())
+ return;
+
+ /*
+ * If we were already in the kernel, not from an irq but from
+ * a syscall or synchronous exception/fault, this test should
+ * avoid a false positive as well. Note that this requires
+ * architecture support for calling set_irq_regs() prior to
+ * calling irq_enter(), and if it's not done consistently, we
+ * will not consistently avoid false positives here.
+ */
+ regs = get_irq_regs();
+ if (regs && user_mode(regs))
+ task_isolation_debug(smp_processor_id(), "irq");
+#endif
+}
+
/*
* Enter an interrupt context.
*/
@@ -335,6 +367,7 @@ void irq_enter(void)
_local_bh_enable();
}

+ task_isolation_irq();
__irq_enter();
}

--
2.7.2
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