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Subject[tip:perf/core] perf probe: Support @BUILDID or @FILE suffix for SDT events
Commit-ID:  a598180aa1279bac4d24dfc85cd2d78553c4210d
Gitweb: http://git.kernel.org/tip/a598180aa1279bac4d24dfc85cd2d78553c4210d
Author: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org>
AuthorDate: Tue, 12 Jul 2016 19:05:37 +0900
Committer: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>
CommitDate: Wed, 13 Jul 2016 23:09:08 -0300

perf probe: Support @BUILDID or @FILE suffix for SDT events

Support @BUILDID or @FILE suffix for SDT events. This allows perf to add
probes on SDTs/pre-cached events on given FILE or the file which has
given BUILDID (also, this complements BUILDID.)

For example, both gcc and libstdc++ has same SDTs as below. If you
would like to add a probe on sdt_libstdcxx:catch on gcc, you can do as
below.

----
# perf list sdt | tail -n 6
sdt_libstdcxx:catch@/usr/bin/gcc(0cc207fc4b27) [SDT event]
sdt_libstdcxx:catch@/usr/lib64/libstdc++.so.6.0.20(91c7a88fdf49)
sdt_libstdcxx:rethrow@/usr/bin/gcc(0cc207fc4b27) [SDT event]
sdt_libstdcxx:rethrow@/usr/lib64/libstdc++.so.6.0.20(91c7a88fdf49)
sdt_libstdcxx:throw@/usr/bin/gcc(0cc207fc4b27) [SDT event]
sdt_libstdcxx:throw@/usr/lib64/libstdc++.so.6.0.20(91c7a88fdf49)
# perf probe -a %sdt_libstdcxx:catch@0cc
Added new event:
sdt_libstdcxx:catch (on %catch in /usr/bin/gcc)

You can now use it in all perf tools, such as:

perf record -e sdt_libstdcxx:catch -aR sleep 1
----

Committer note:

Doing the full sequence of steps to get the results above:

With a clean build-id cache:

[root@jouet ~]# rm -rf ~/.debug/
[root@jouet ~]# perf list sdt

List of pre-defined events (to be used in -e):

[root@jouet ~]#

No events whatsoever, then, we can add all events in gcc to the build-id
cache, doing a --add + --dry-run:

[root@jouet ~]# perf probe --dry-run --cache -x /usr/bin/gcc --add %sdt_libstdcxx:\*
Added new events:
sdt_libstdcxx:throw (on %* in /usr/bin/gcc)
sdt_libstdcxx:rethrow (on %* in /usr/bin/gcc)
sdt_libstdcxx:catch (on %* in /usr/bin/gcc)

You can now use it in all perf tools, such as:

perf record -e sdt_libstdcxx:catch -aR sleep 1

[root@jouet ~]#

It really didn't add any events, it just cached them:

[root@jouet ~]# perf probe -l
[root@jouet ~]#

We can see that it was cached as:

[root@jouet ~]# ls -la ~/.debug/usr/bin/gcc/9a0730e2bcc6d2a2003d21ac46807e8ee6bcb7c2/
total 976
drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root 4096 Jul 13 21:47 .
drwxr-xr-x. 3 root root 4096 Jul 13 21:47 ..
-rwxr-xr-x. 4 root root 985912 Jun 22 18:52 elf
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 303 Jul 13 21:47 probes
[root@jouet ~]# file ~/.debug/usr/bin/gcc/9a0730e2bcc6d2a2003d21ac46807e8ee6bcb7c2/elf
/root/.debug/usr/bin/gcc/9a0730e2bcc6d2a2003d21ac46807e8ee6bcb7c2/elf: ELF 64-bit LSB executable, x86-64, version 1 (SYSV), dynamically linked, interpreter /lib64/ld-linux-x86-64.so.2, for GNU/Linux 2.6.32, BuildID[sha1]=9a0730e2bcc6d2a2003d21ac46807e8ee6bcb7c2, stripped
[root@jouet ~]# cat ~/.debug/usr/bin/gcc/9a0730e2bcc6d2a2003d21ac46807e8ee6bcb7c2/probes
%sdt_libstdcxx:throw=throw
p:sdt_libstdcxx/throw /usr/bin/gcc:0x71ffd
%sdt_libstdcxx:rethrow=rethrow
p:sdt_libstdcxx/rethrow /usr/bin/gcc:0x720b8
%sdt_libstdcxx:catch=catch
p:sdt_libstdcxx/catch /usr/bin/gcc:0x7307f
%sdt_libgcc:unwind=unwind
p:sdt_libgcc/unwind /usr/bin/gcc:0x7eec0
#sdt_libstdcxx:*=%*
[root@jouet ~]#

Ok, now we can use 'perf probe' to refer to those cached entries as:

Humm, nope, doing as above we end up with:

[root@jouet ~]# perf probe -a %sdt_libstdcxx:catch
Semantic error :* is bad for event name -it must follow C symbol-naming rule.
Error: Failed to add events.
[root@jouet ~]#

But it worked at some point, lets try not using --dry-run:

Resetting everything:

# rm -rf ~/.debug/
# perf probe -d *:*
# perf probe -l
# perf list sdt

List of pre-defined events (to be used in -e):

#

Ok, now it cached everything, even things we haven't asked it to
(sdt_libgcc:unwind):

[root@jouet ~]# perf probe -x /usr/bin/gcc --add %sdt_libstdcxx:\*
Added new events:
sdt_libstdcxx:throw (on %* in /usr/bin/gcc)
sdt_libstdcxx:rethrow (on %* in /usr/bin/gcc)
sdt_libstdcxx:catch (on %* in /usr/bin/gcc)

You can now use it in all perf tools, such as:

perf record -e sdt_libstdcxx:catch -aR sleep 1

[root@jouet ~]# perf list sdt

List of pre-defined events (to be used in -e):

sdt_libgcc:unwind [SDT event]
sdt_libstdcxx:catch [SDT event]
sdt_libstdcxx:rethrow [SDT event]
sdt_libstdcxx:throw [SDT event]
[root@jouet ~]#

And we have the events in place:

[root@jouet ~]# perf probe -l
sdt_libstdcxx:catch (on execute_cfa_program+1551@../../../libgcc/unwind-dw2.c in /usr/bin/gcc)
sdt_libstdcxx:rethrow (on d_print_subexpr+280@libsupc++/cp-demangle.c in /usr/bin/gcc)
sdt_libstdcxx:throw (on d_print_subexpr+93@libsupc++/cp-demangle.c in /usr/bin/gcc)
[root@jouet ~]#

And trying to use them at least has 'perf trace --event sdt*:*' working.

Then, if we try to add the ones in libstdc++:

[root@jouet ~]# perf probe -x /usr/lib64/libstdc++.so.6 -a %sdt_libstdcxx:\*
Error: event "catch" already exists.
Hint: Remove existing event by 'perf probe -d'
or force duplicates by 'perf probe -f'
or set 'force=yes' in BPF source.
Error: Failed to add events.
[root@jouet ~]#

Doesn't work, dups, but at least this served to, unbeknownst to the user, add
the SDT probes in /usr/lib64/libstdc++.so.6!

[root@jouet ~]# perf list sdt

List of pre-defined events (to be used in -e):

sdt_libgcc:unwind [SDT event]
sdt_libstdcxx:catch@/usr/bin/gcc(9a0730e2bcc6) [SDT event]
sdt_libstdcxx:catch@/usr/lib64/libstdc++.so.6.0.22(ef2b7066559a) [SDT event]
sdt_libstdcxx:rethrow@/usr/bin/gcc(9a0730e2bcc6) [SDT event]
sdt_libstdcxx:rethrow@/usr/lib64/libstdc++.so.6.0.22(ef2b7066559a) [SDT event]
sdt_libstdcxx:throw@/usr/bin/gcc(9a0730e2bcc6) [SDT event]
sdt_libstdcxx:throw@/usr/lib64/libstdc++.so.6.0.22(ef2b7066559a) [SDT event]
[root@jouet ~]#

Now we should be able to get to the original cset comment, if we remove all
SDTs events in place, not from the cache, from the kernel, where it was set up as:

[root@jouet ~]# ls -la /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/sdt_libstdcxx/
total 0
drwxr-xr-x. 5 root root 0 Jul 13 22:00 .
drwxr-xr-x. 80 root root 0 Jul 13 21:56 ..
drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root 0 Jul 13 22:00 catch
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 0 Jul 13 22:00 enable
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 0 Jul 13 22:00 filter
drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root 0 Jul 13 22:00 rethrow
drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root 0 Jul 13 22:00 throw
[root@jouet ~]#

[root@jouet ~]# head -2 /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/sdt_libstdcxx/throw/format
name: throw
ID: 2059
[root@jouet ~]#

Now to remove it:

[root@jouet ~]# perf probe -d sdt_libstdc*:*
Removed event: sdt_libstdcxx:catch
Removed event: sdt_libstdcxx:rethrow
Removed event: sdt_libstdcxx:throw
[root@jouet ~]#

Which caused:

[root@jouet ~]# ls -la /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/sdt_libstdcxx/
ls: cannot access '/sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/sdt_libstdcxx/': No such file or directory
[root@jouet ~]#

Ok, now we can do:

[root@jouet ~]# perf list sdt_libstdcxx:catch

List of pre-defined events (to be used in -e):

sdt_libstdcxx:catch@/usr/bin/gcc(9a0730e2bcc6) [SDT event]
sdt_libstdcxx:catch@/usr/lib64/libstdc++.so.6.0.22(ef2b7066559a) [SDT event]
[root@jouet ~]#

So, these are not really 'pre-defined events', i.e. we can't use them with
'perf record --event':

[root@jouet ~]# perf record --event sdt_libstdcxx:catch*
event syntax error: 'sdt_libstdcxx:catch*'
\___ unknown tracepoint

Error: File /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/sdt_libstdcxx/catch* not found.
Hint: Perhaps this kernel misses some CONFIG_ setting to enable this feature?.
<SNIP>
[root@jouet ~]#

To have it really pre-defined we must use perf probe to get its definition from
the cache and set it up in the kernel, creating the tracepoint to _then_ use it
with 'perf record --event':

[root@jouet ~]# perf probe -a sdt_libstdcxx:catch
Semantic error :There is non-digit char in line number.
<SNIP>

Oops, there is another gotcha here, we need that pesky '%' character:

[root@jouet ~]# perf probe -a %sdt_libstdcxx:catch
Added new events:
sdt_libstdcxx:catch (on %catch in /usr/bin/gcc)
sdt_libstdcxx:catch_1 (on %catch in /usr/lib64/libstdc++.so.6.0.22)

You can now use it in all perf tools, such as:

perf record -e sdt_libstdcxx:catch_1 -aR sleep 1

[root@jouet ~]#

But then we added _two_ events, one with the name we expected, the other one
with a _ added, when doing the analysis we need to pay attention to who maps to
who.

And here is where we get to the point of this patch, which is to be able to
disambiguate those definitions for 'catch' in the build-id cache, but first we need
remove those events we just added:

[root@jouet ~]# perf probe -d %sdt_libstdcxx:catch

Oops, that didn't remove anything, we need to _remove_ that % char in this case:

[root@jouet ~]# perf probe -d sdt_libstdcxx:catch
Removed event: sdt_libstdcxx:catch

And we need to remove the other event added, i.e. I forgot to add a * at the end:

[root@jouet ~]# perf probe -d sdt_libstdcxx:catch*
Removed event: sdt_libstdcxx:catch_1
[root@jouet ~]#

Ok, disambiguating it using what is in this patch:

[root@jouet ~]# perf list sdt_libstdcxx:catch

List of pre-defined events (to be used in -e):

sdt_libstdcxx:catch@/usr/bin/gcc(9a0730e2bcc6) [SDT event]
sdt_libstdcxx:catch@/usr/lib64/libstdc++.so.6.0.22(ef2b7066559a) [SDT event]
[root@jouet ~]#
[root@jouet ~]# perf probe -a %sdt_libstdcxx:catch@9a07
Added new event:
sdt_libstdcxx:catch (on %catch in /usr/bin/gcc)

You can now use it in all perf tools, such as:

perf record -e sdt_libstdcxx:catch -aR sleep 1

[root@jouet ~]# perf probe -l
sdt_libstdcxx:catch (on execute_cfa_program+1551@../../../libgcc/unwind-dw2.c in /usr/bin/gcc)
[root@jouet ~]#

Yeah, it works! But we need to try and simplify this :-)

Update: Some aspects of this simplification take place in the following
patches.

Signed-off-by: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org>
Tested-by: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>
Cc: Ananth N Mavinakayanahalli <ananth@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Brendan Gregg <brendan.d.gregg@gmail.com>
Cc: Hemant Kumar <hemant@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@kernel.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/146831793746.17065.13065062753978236612.stgit@devbox
Signed-off-by: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>
---
tools/perf/util/build-id.c | 43 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
tools/perf/util/build-id.h | 1 +
tools/perf/util/probe-event.c | 17 +++++++++++++++--
3 files changed, 59 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/tools/perf/util/build-id.c b/tools/perf/util/build-id.c
index 36b4279..5651f3c 100644
--- a/tools/perf/util/build-id.c
+++ b/tools/perf/util/build-id.c
@@ -523,6 +523,49 @@ err_out:
goto out_free;
}

+static bool str_is_build_id(const char *maybe_sbuild_id, size_t len)
+{
+ size_t i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < len; i++) {
+ if (!isxdigit(maybe_sbuild_id[i]))
+ return false;
+ }
+ return true;
+}
+
+/* Return the valid complete build-id */
+char *build_id_cache__complement(const char *incomplete_sbuild_id)
+{
+ struct strlist *bidlist;
+ struct str_node *nd, *cand = NULL;
+ char *sbuild_id = NULL;
+ size_t len = strlen(incomplete_sbuild_id);
+
+ if (len >= SBUILD_ID_SIZE ||
+ !str_is_build_id(incomplete_sbuild_id, len))
+ return NULL;
+
+ bidlist = build_id_cache__list_all(true);
+ if (!bidlist)
+ return NULL;
+
+ strlist__for_each_entry(nd, bidlist) {
+ if (strncmp(nd->s, incomplete_sbuild_id, len) != 0)
+ continue;
+ if (cand) { /* Error: There are more than 2 candidates. */
+ cand = NULL;
+ break;
+ }
+ cand = nd;
+ }
+ if (cand)
+ sbuild_id = strdup(cand->s);
+ strlist__delete(bidlist);
+
+ return sbuild_id;
+}
+
char *build_id_cache__cachedir(const char *sbuild_id, const char *name,
bool is_kallsyms, bool is_vdso)
{
diff --git a/tools/perf/util/build-id.h b/tools/perf/util/build-id.h
index 64e740f..d279906 100644
--- a/tools/perf/util/build-id.h
+++ b/tools/perf/util/build-id.h
@@ -35,6 +35,7 @@ char *build_id_cache__linkname(const char *sbuild_id, char *bf, size_t size);
char *build_id_cache__cachedir(const char *sbuild_id, const char *name,
bool is_kallsyms, bool is_vdso);
struct strlist *build_id_cache__list_all(bool validonly);
+char *build_id_cache__complement(const char *incomplete_sbuild_id);
int build_id_cache__list_build_ids(const char *pathname,
struct strlist **result);
bool build_id_cache__cached(const char *sbuild_id);
diff --git a/tools/perf/util/probe-event.c b/tools/perf/util/probe-event.c
index c63e3b8..f12081e 100644
--- a/tools/perf/util/probe-event.c
+++ b/tools/perf/util/probe-event.c
@@ -1251,8 +1251,21 @@ static int parse_perf_probe_point(char *arg, struct perf_probe_event *pev)
ptr = strpbrk(arg, ";=@+%");
if (pev->sdt) {
if (ptr) {
- semantic_error("%s must contain only an SDT event name.\n", arg);
- return -EINVAL;
+ if (*ptr != '@') {
+ semantic_error("%s must be an SDT name.\n",
+ arg);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+ /* This must be a target file name or build id */
+ tmp = build_id_cache__complement(ptr + 1);
+ if (tmp) {
+ pev->target = build_id_cache__origname(tmp);
+ free(tmp);
+ } else
+ pev->target = strdup(ptr + 1);
+ if (!pev->target)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ *ptr = '\0';
}
ret = parse_perf_probe_event_name(&arg, pev);
if (ret == 0) {
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