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Subject[tip:x86/fpu] x86/fpu/xstate: Fix PTRACE frames for XSAVES
Commit-ID:  91c3dba7dbc199191272f4a9863f86ea3bfd679f
Gitweb: http://git.kernel.org/tip/91c3dba7dbc199191272f4a9863f86ea3bfd679f
Author: Yu-cheng Yu <yu-cheng.yu@intel.com>
AuthorDate: Fri, 17 Jun 2016 13:07:17 -0700
Committer: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
CommitDate: Sun, 10 Jul 2016 17:12:10 +0200

x86/fpu/xstate: Fix PTRACE frames for XSAVES

XSAVES uses compacted format and is a kernel instruction. The kernel
should use standard-format, non-supervisor state data for PTRACE.

Signed-off-by: Yu-cheng Yu <yu-cheng.yu@intel.com>
[ Edited away artificial linebreaks. ]
Reviewed-by: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: Fenghua Yu <fenghua.yu@intel.com>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Quentin Casasnovas <quentin.casasnovas@oracle.com>
Cc: Ravi V. Shankar <ravi.v.shankar@intel.com>
Cc: Sai Praneeth Prakhya <sai.praneeth.prakhya@intel.com>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/de3d80949001305fe389799973b675cab055c457.1466179491.git.yu-cheng.yu@intel.com
[ Made various readability edits. ]
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
---
arch/x86/include/asm/fpu/xstate.h | 5 +-
arch/x86/kernel/fpu/regset.c | 52 +++++++----
arch/x86/kernel/fpu/xstate.c | 183 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
3 files changed, 216 insertions(+), 24 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/fpu/xstate.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/fpu/xstate.h
index 92f376c..ae55a43 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/fpu/xstate.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/fpu/xstate.h
@@ -51,5 +51,8 @@ void fpu__xstate_clear_all_cpu_caps(void);
void *get_xsave_addr(struct xregs_state *xsave, int xstate);
const void *get_xsave_field_ptr(int xstate_field);
int using_compacted_format(void);
-
+int copyout_from_xsaves(unsigned int pos, unsigned int count, void *kbuf,
+ void __user *ubuf, struct xregs_state *xsave);
+int copyin_to_xsaves(const void *kbuf, const void __user *ubuf,
+ struct xregs_state *xsave);
#endif
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/fpu/regset.c b/arch/x86/kernel/fpu/regset.c
index 81422df..c114b13 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/fpu/regset.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/fpu/regset.c
@@ -4,6 +4,7 @@
#include <asm/fpu/internal.h>
#include <asm/fpu/signal.h>
#include <asm/fpu/regset.h>
+#include <asm/fpu/xstate.h>

/*
* The xstateregs_active() routine is the same as the regset_fpregs_active() routine,
@@ -85,21 +86,26 @@ int xstateregs_get(struct task_struct *target, const struct user_regset *regset,
if (!boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_XSAVE))
return -ENODEV;

- fpu__activate_fpstate_read(fpu);
-
xsave = &fpu->state.xsave;

- /*
- * Copy the 48bytes defined by the software first into the xstate
- * memory layout in the thread struct, so that we can copy the entire
- * xstateregs to the user using one user_regset_copyout().
- */
- memcpy(&xsave->i387.sw_reserved,
- xstate_fx_sw_bytes, sizeof(xstate_fx_sw_bytes));
- /*
- * Copy the xstate memory layout.
- */
- ret = user_regset_copyout(&pos, &count, &kbuf, &ubuf, xsave, 0, -1);
+ fpu__activate_fpstate_read(fpu);
+
+ if (using_compacted_format()) {
+ ret = copyout_from_xsaves(pos, count, kbuf, ubuf, xsave);
+ } else {
+ fpstate_sanitize_xstate(fpu);
+ /*
+ * Copy the 48 bytes defined by the software into the xsave
+ * area in the thread struct, so that we can copy the whole
+ * area to user using one user_regset_copyout().
+ */
+ memcpy(&xsave->i387.sw_reserved, xstate_fx_sw_bytes, sizeof(xstate_fx_sw_bytes));
+
+ /*
+ * Copy the xstate memory layout.
+ */
+ ret = user_regset_copyout(&pos, &count, &kbuf, &ubuf, xsave, 0, -1);
+ }
return ret;
}

@@ -114,11 +120,27 @@ int xstateregs_set(struct task_struct *target, const struct user_regset *regset,
if (!boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_XSAVE))
return -ENODEV;

- fpu__activate_fpstate_write(fpu);
+ /*
+ * A whole standard-format XSAVE buffer is needed:
+ */
+ if ((pos != 0) || (count < fpu_user_xstate_size))
+ return -EFAULT;

xsave = &fpu->state.xsave;

- ret = user_regset_copyin(&pos, &count, &kbuf, &ubuf, xsave, 0, -1);
+ fpu__activate_fpstate_write(fpu);
+
+ if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_XSAVES))
+ ret = copyin_to_xsaves(kbuf, ubuf, xsave);
+ else
+ ret = user_regset_copyin(&pos, &count, &kbuf, &ubuf, xsave, 0, -1);
+
+ /*
+ * In case of failure, mark all states as init:
+ */
+ if (ret)
+ fpstate_init(&fpu->state);
+
/*
* mxcsr reserved bits must be masked to zero for security reasons.
*/
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/fpu/xstate.c b/arch/x86/kernel/fpu/xstate.c
index 02786fb..56c0e70 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/fpu/xstate.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/fpu/xstate.c
@@ -11,6 +11,7 @@
#include <asm/fpu/internal.h>
#include <asm/fpu/signal.h>
#include <asm/fpu/regset.h>
+#include <asm/fpu/xstate.h>

#include <asm/tlbflush.h>

@@ -697,7 +698,12 @@ void __init fpu__init_system_xstate(void)
return;
}

- update_regset_xstate_info(fpu_kernel_xstate_size, xfeatures_mask);
+ /*
+ * Update info used for ptrace frames; use standard-format size and no
+ * supervisor xstates:
+ */
+ update_regset_xstate_info(fpu_user_xstate_size, xfeatures_mask & ~XFEATURE_MASK_SUPERVISOR);
+
fpu__init_prepare_fx_sw_frame();
setup_init_fpu_buf();
setup_xstate_comp();
@@ -925,16 +931,16 @@ int arch_set_user_pkey_access(struct task_struct *tsk, int pkey,
if (!boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_OSPKE))
return -EINVAL;

- /* Set the bits we need in PKRU */
+ /* Set the bits we need in PKRU: */
if (init_val & PKEY_DISABLE_ACCESS)
new_pkru_bits |= PKRU_AD_BIT;
if (init_val & PKEY_DISABLE_WRITE)
new_pkru_bits |= PKRU_WD_BIT;

- /* Shift the bits in to the correct place in PKRU for pkey. */
+ /* Shift the bits in to the correct place in PKRU for pkey: */
new_pkru_bits <<= pkey_shift;

- /* Locate old copy of the state in the xsave buffer */
+ /* Locate old copy of the state in the xsave buffer: */
old_pkru_state = get_xsave_addr(xsave, XFEATURE_MASK_PKRU);

/*
@@ -947,9 +953,10 @@ int arch_set_user_pkey_access(struct task_struct *tsk, int pkey,
else
new_pkru_state.pkru = old_pkru_state->pkru;

- /* mask off any old bits in place */
+ /* Mask off any old bits in place: */
new_pkru_state.pkru &= ~((PKRU_AD_BIT|PKRU_WD_BIT) << pkey_shift);
- /* Set the newly-requested bits */
+
+ /* Set the newly-requested bits: */
new_pkru_state.pkru |= new_pkru_bits;

/*
@@ -963,8 +970,168 @@ int arch_set_user_pkey_access(struct task_struct *tsk, int pkey,
*/
new_pkru_state.pad = 0;

- fpu__xfeature_set_state(XFEATURE_MASK_PKRU, &new_pkru_state,
- sizeof(new_pkru_state));
+ fpu__xfeature_set_state(XFEATURE_MASK_PKRU, &new_pkru_state, sizeof(new_pkru_state));
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * This is similar to user_regset_copyout(), but will not add offset to
+ * the source data pointer or increment pos, count, kbuf, and ubuf.
+ */
+static inline int xstate_copyout(unsigned int pos, unsigned int count,
+ void *kbuf, void __user *ubuf,
+ const void *data, const int start_pos,
+ const int end_pos)
+{
+ if ((count == 0) || (pos < start_pos))
+ return 0;
+
+ if (end_pos < 0 || pos < end_pos) {
+ unsigned int copy = (end_pos < 0 ? count : min(count, end_pos - pos));
+
+ if (kbuf) {
+ memcpy(kbuf + pos, data, copy);
+ } else {
+ if (__copy_to_user(ubuf + pos, data, copy))
+ return -EFAULT;
+ }
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Convert from kernel XSAVES compacted format to standard format and copy
+ * to a ptrace buffer. It supports partial copy but pos always starts from
+ * zero. This is called from xstateregs_get() and there we check the CPU
+ * has XSAVES.
+ */
+int copyout_from_xsaves(unsigned int pos, unsigned int count, void *kbuf,
+ void __user *ubuf, struct xregs_state *xsave)
+{
+ unsigned int offset, size;
+ int ret, i;
+ struct xstate_header header;
+
+ /*
+ * Currently copy_regset_to_user() starts from pos 0:
+ */
+ if (unlikely(pos != 0))
+ return -EFAULT;
+
+ /*
+ * The destination is a ptrace buffer; we put in only user xstates:
+ */
+ memset(&header, 0, sizeof(header));
+ header.xfeatures = xsave->header.xfeatures;
+ header.xfeatures &= ~XFEATURE_MASK_SUPERVISOR;
+
+ /*
+ * Copy xregs_state->header:
+ */
+ offset = offsetof(struct xregs_state, header);
+ size = sizeof(header);
+
+ ret = xstate_copyout(offset, size, kbuf, ubuf, &header, 0, count);
+
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < XFEATURE_MAX; i++) {
+ /*
+ * Copy only in-use xstates:
+ */
+ if ((header.xfeatures >> i) & 1) {
+ void *src = __raw_xsave_addr(xsave, 1 << i);
+
+ offset = xstate_offsets[i];
+ size = xstate_sizes[i];
+
+ ret = xstate_copyout(offset, size, kbuf, ubuf, src, 0, count);
+
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ if (offset + size >= count)
+ break;
+ }
+
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Fill xsave->i387.sw_reserved value for ptrace frame:
+ */
+ offset = offsetof(struct fxregs_state, sw_reserved);
+ size = sizeof(xstate_fx_sw_bytes);
+
+ ret = xstate_copyout(offset, size, kbuf, ubuf, xstate_fx_sw_bytes, 0, count);
+
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Convert from a ptrace standard-format buffer to kernel XSAVES format
+ * and copy to the target thread. This is called from xstateregs_set() and
+ * there we check the CPU has XSAVES and a whole standard-sized buffer
+ * exists.
+ */
+int copyin_to_xsaves(const void *kbuf, const void __user *ubuf,
+ struct xregs_state *xsave)
+{
+ unsigned int offset, size;
+ int i;
+ u64 xfeatures;
+ u64 allowed_features;
+
+ offset = offsetof(struct xregs_state, header);
+ size = sizeof(xfeatures);
+
+ if (kbuf) {
+ memcpy(&xfeatures, kbuf + offset, size);
+ } else {
+ if (__copy_from_user(&xfeatures, ubuf + offset, size))
+ return -EFAULT;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Reject if the user sets any disabled or supervisor features:
+ */
+ allowed_features = xfeatures_mask & ~XFEATURE_MASK_SUPERVISOR;
+
+ if (xfeatures & ~allowed_features)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < XFEATURE_MAX; i++) {
+ u64 mask = ((u64)1 << i);
+
+ if (xfeatures & mask) {
+ void *dst = __raw_xsave_addr(xsave, 1 << i);
+
+ offset = xstate_offsets[i];
+ size = xstate_sizes[i];
+
+ if (kbuf) {
+ memcpy(dst, kbuf + offset, size);
+ } else {
+ if (__copy_from_user(dst, ubuf + offset, size))
+ return -EFAULT;
+ }
+ }
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * The state that came in from userspace was user-state only.
+ * Mask all the user states out of 'xfeatures':
+ */
+ xsave->header.xfeatures &= XFEATURE_MASK_SUPERVISOR;
+
+ /*
+ * Add back in the features that came in from userspace:
+ */
+ xsave->header.xfeatures |= xfeatures;

return 0;
}
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