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Subject[PATCH RFC 1/4] dma: imx-sdma - reduce transfer latency for DMA cyclic clients
Date
Having the SDMA driver use a tasklet for running the clients
callback introduce some issues:
- probability to have desynchronized data because of the
race condition created since the DMA transaction status
is retrieved only when the callback is executed, leaving
plenty of time for transaction status to get altered.
- inter-transfer latency which can leave channels idle.

Move the callback execution, for cyclic channels, to SDMA
interrupt (as advised in `Documentation/dmaengine/provider.txt`)
to (a)reduce the inter-transfer latency and (b) eliminate the
race condition possibility where DMA transaction status might
be changed by the time is read.

The responsibility of the SDMA interrupt latency
is moved to the SDMA clients which case by case should defer
the work to bottom-halves when needed.

Signed-off-by: Nandor Han <nandor.han@ge.com>
---
drivers/dma/imx-sdma.c | 36 ++++++++++++++++--------------------
1 file changed, 16 insertions(+), 20 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/dma/imx-sdma.c b/drivers/dma/imx-sdma.c
index 0f6fd42..e497847 100644
--- a/drivers/dma/imx-sdma.c
+++ b/drivers/dma/imx-sdma.c
@@ -654,12 +654,6 @@ static void sdma_event_disable(struct sdma_channel *sdmac, unsigned int event)
writel_relaxed(val, sdma->regs + chnenbl);
}

-static void sdma_handle_channel_loop(struct sdma_channel *sdmac)
-{
- if (sdmac->desc.callback)
- sdmac->desc.callback(sdmac->desc.callback_param);
-}
-
static void sdma_update_channel_loop(struct sdma_channel *sdmac)
{
struct sdma_buffer_descriptor *bd;
@@ -678,13 +672,25 @@ static void sdma_update_channel_loop(struct sdma_channel *sdmac)
sdmac->status = DMA_ERROR;

bd->mode.status |= BD_DONE;
+
+ /*
+ * The callback is called from the interrupt context in order
+ * to reduce latency and to avoid the risk of altering the
+ * SDMA transaction status by the time the client tasklet is
+ * executed.
+ */
+
+ if (sdmac->desc.callback)
+ sdmac->desc.callback(sdmac->desc.callback_param);
+
sdmac->buf_tail++;
sdmac->buf_tail %= sdmac->num_bd;
}
}

-static void mxc_sdma_handle_channel_normal(struct sdma_channel *sdmac)
+static void mxc_sdma_handle_channel_normal(unsigned long data)
{
+ struct sdma_channel *sdmac = (struct sdma_channel *) data;
struct sdma_buffer_descriptor *bd;
int i, error = 0;

@@ -711,16 +717,6 @@ static void mxc_sdma_handle_channel_normal(struct sdma_channel *sdmac)
sdmac->desc.callback(sdmac->desc.callback_param);
}

-static void sdma_tasklet(unsigned long data)
-{
- struct sdma_channel *sdmac = (struct sdma_channel *) data;
-
- if (sdmac->flags & IMX_DMA_SG_LOOP)
- sdma_handle_channel_loop(sdmac);
- else
- mxc_sdma_handle_channel_normal(sdmac);
-}
-
static irqreturn_t sdma_int_handler(int irq, void *dev_id)
{
struct sdma_engine *sdma = dev_id;
@@ -737,8 +733,8 @@ static irqreturn_t sdma_int_handler(int irq, void *dev_id)

if (sdmac->flags & IMX_DMA_SG_LOOP)
sdma_update_channel_loop(sdmac);
-
- tasklet_schedule(&sdmac->tasklet);
+ else
+ tasklet_schedule(&sdmac->tasklet);

__clear_bit(channel, &stat);
}
@@ -1739,7 +1735,7 @@ static int sdma_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
dma_cookie_init(&sdmac->chan);
sdmac->channel = i;

- tasklet_init(&sdmac->tasklet, sdma_tasklet,
+ tasklet_init(&sdmac->tasklet, mxc_sdma_handle_channel_normal,
(unsigned long) sdmac);
/*
* Add the channel to the DMAC list. Do not add channel 0 though
--
2.8.3
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