lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2016]   [Jun]   [22]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
From
Subject[PATCH v2 1/3] spi-nor: Add support for Intel SPI serial flash controller
Date
Add support for the SPI serial flash host controller found on many Intel
CPUs including Baytrail and Braswell. The SPI serial flash controller is
used to access BIOS and other platform specific information. By default the
driver exposes a single read-only MTD device but with a module parameter
"writeable=1" the MTD device can be made read-write which makes it possible
to upgrade BIOS directly from Linux.

Signed-off-by: Mika Westerberg <mika.westerberg@linux.intel.com>
---
Documentation/mtd/intel-spi.txt | 88 ++++
drivers/mtd/spi-nor/Kconfig | 20 +
drivers/mtd/spi-nor/Makefile | 2 +
drivers/mtd/spi-nor/intel-spi-platform.c | 57 +++
drivers/mtd/spi-nor/intel-spi.c | 773 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
drivers/mtd/spi-nor/intel-spi.h | 24 +
include/linux/platform_data/intel-spi.h | 31 ++
7 files changed, 995 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 Documentation/mtd/intel-spi.txt
create mode 100644 drivers/mtd/spi-nor/intel-spi-platform.c
create mode 100644 drivers/mtd/spi-nor/intel-spi.c
create mode 100644 drivers/mtd/spi-nor/intel-spi.h
create mode 100644 include/linux/platform_data/intel-spi.h

diff --git a/Documentation/mtd/intel-spi.txt b/Documentation/mtd/intel-spi.txt
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..bc357729c2cb
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/mtd/intel-spi.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,88 @@
+Upgrading BIOS using intel-spi
+------------------------------
+
+Many Intel CPUs like Baytrail and Braswell include SPI serial flash host
+controller which is used to hold BIOS and other platform specific data.
+Since contents of the SPI serial flash is crucial for machine to function,
+it is typically protected by different hardware protection mechanisms to
+avoid accidental (or on purpose) overwrite of the content.
+
+Not all manufacturers protect the SPI serial flash, mainly because it
+allows upgrading the BIOS image directly from an OS.
+
+The intel-spi driver makes it possible to read and write the SPI serial
+flash, if certain protection bits are not set and locked. If it finds
+any of them set, the whole MTD device is made read-only to prevent
+partial overwrites. By default the driver exposes SPI serial flash
+contents as read-only but it can be changed from kernel command line,
+passing "intel-spi.writeable=1".
+
+Please keep in mind that overwriting the BIOS image on SPI serial flash
+might render the machine unbootable and requires special equipment like
+Dediprog to revive. You have been warned!
+
+Below are the steps how to upgrade MinnowBoard MAX BIOS directly from
+Linux.
+
+ 1) Download and extract the latest Minnowboard MAX BIOS SPI image
+ [1]. At the time writing this the latest image is v92.
+
+ 2) Install mtd-utils package [2]. We need this in order to erase the SPI
+ serial flash. Distros like Debian and Fedora have this prepackaged with
+ name "mtd-utils".
+
+ 3) Add "intel-spi.writeable=1" to the kernel command line and reboot
+ the board (you can also reload the driver passing "writeable=1" as
+ module parameter to modprobe).
+
+ 4) Once the board is up and running again, find the right MTD partition
+ (it is named as "BIOS"):
+
+ # cat /proc/mtd
+ dev: size erasesize name
+ mtd0: 00800000 00001000 "BIOS"
+
+ So here it will be /dev/mtd0 but it may vary.
+
+ 5) Make backup of the existing image first:
+
+ # dd if=/dev/mtd0ro of=bios.bak
+ 16384+0 records in
+ 16384+0 records out
+ 8388608 bytes (8.4 MB) copied, 10.0269 s, 837 kB/s
+
+ 6) Verify the backup
+
+ # sha1sum /dev/mtd0ro bios.bak
+ fdbb011920572ca6c991377c4b418a0502668b73 /dev/mtd0ro
+ fdbb011920572ca6c991377c4b418a0502668b73 bios.bak
+
+ The SHA1 sums must match. Otherwise do not continue any further!
+
+ 7) Erase the SPI serial flash. After this step, do not reboot the
+ board! Otherwise it will not start anymore.
+
+ # flash_erase /dev/mtd0 0 0
+ Erasing 4 Kibyte @ 7ff000 -- 100 % complete
+
+ 8) Once completed without errors you can write the new BIOS image:
+
+ # dd if=MNW2MAX1.X64.0092.R01.1605221712.bin of=/dev/mtd0
+
+ 9) Verify that the new content of the SPI serial flash matches the new
+ BIOS image:
+
+ # sha1sum /dev/mtd0ro MNW2MAX1.X64.0092.R01.1605221712.bin
+ 9b4df9e4be2057fceec3a5529ec3d950836c87a2 /dev/mtd0ro
+ 9b4df9e4be2057fceec3a5529ec3d950836c87a2 MNW2MAX1.X64.0092.R01.1605221712.bin
+
+ The SHA1 sums should match.
+
+ 10) Now you can reboot your board and observe the new BIOS starting up
+ properly.
+
+References
+----------
+
+[1] https://firmware.intel.com/sites/default/files/MinnowBoard.MAX_.X64.92.R01.zip
+[2] http://www.linux-mtd.infradead.org/
diff --git a/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/Kconfig b/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/Kconfig
index d42c98e1f581..119712b6ae3b 100644
--- a/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/Kconfig
@@ -49,4 +49,24 @@ config SPI_NXP_SPIFI
Flash. Enable this option if you have a device with a SPIFI
controller and want to access the Flash as a mtd device.

+config SPI_INTEL_SPI
+ tristate
+
+config SPI_INTEL_SPI_PLATFORM
+ tristate "Intel PCH/PCU SPI flash platform driver" if EXPERT
+ depends on X86
+ select SPI_INTEL_SPI
+ help
+ This enables platform support for the Intel PCH/PCU SPI
+ controller in master mode. This controller is present in modern
+ Intel hardware and is used to hold BIOS and other persistent
+ settings. Using this driver it is possible to upgrade BIOS
+ directly from Linux.
+
+ Say N here unless you know what you are doing. Overwriting the
+ SPI flash may render the system unbootable.
+
+ To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the module
+ will be called intel-spi-platform.
+
endif # MTD_SPI_NOR
diff --git a/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/Makefile b/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/Makefile
index 0bf3a7f81675..60c0b1bb8264 100644
--- a/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/Makefile
@@ -2,3 +2,5 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_MTD_SPI_NOR) += spi-nor.o
obj-$(CONFIG_SPI_FSL_QUADSPI) += fsl-quadspi.o
obj-$(CONFIG_MTD_MT81xx_NOR) += mtk-quadspi.o
obj-$(CONFIG_SPI_NXP_SPIFI) += nxp-spifi.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_SPI_INTEL_SPI) += intel-spi.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_SPI_INTEL_SPI_PLATFORM) += intel-spi-platform.o
diff --git a/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/intel-spi-platform.c b/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/intel-spi-platform.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..5c943df9398f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/intel-spi-platform.c
@@ -0,0 +1,57 @@
+/*
+ * Intel PCH/PCU SPI flash platform driver.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2016, Intel Corporation
+ * Author: Mika Westerberg <mika.westerberg@linux.intel.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/ioport.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/platform_device.h>
+
+#include "intel-spi.h"
+
+static int intel_spi_platform_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
+{
+ struct intel_spi_boardinfo *info;
+ struct intel_spi *ispi;
+ struct resource *mem;
+
+ info = dev_get_platdata(&pdev->dev);
+ if (!info)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ mem = platform_get_resource(pdev, IORESOURCE_MEM, 0);
+ ispi = intel_spi_probe(&pdev->dev, mem, info);
+ if (IS_ERR(ispi))
+ return PTR_ERR(ispi);
+
+ platform_set_drvdata(pdev, ispi);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int intel_spi_platform_remove(struct platform_device *pdev)
+{
+ struct intel_spi *ispi = platform_get_drvdata(pdev);
+
+ return intel_spi_remove(ispi);
+}
+
+static struct platform_driver intel_spi_platform_driver = {
+ .probe = intel_spi_platform_probe,
+ .remove = intel_spi_platform_remove,
+ .driver = {
+ .name = "intel-spi",
+ },
+};
+
+module_platform_driver(intel_spi_platform_driver);
+
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Intel PCH/PCU SPI flash platform driver");
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Mika Westerberg <mika.westerberg@linux.intel.com>");
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
+MODULE_ALIAS("platform:intel-spi");
diff --git a/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/intel-spi.c b/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/intel-spi.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..60cff1fb7138
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/intel-spi.c
@@ -0,0 +1,773 @@
+/*
+ * Intel PCH/PCU SPI flash driver.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2016, Intel Corporation
+ * Author: Mika Westerberg <mika.westerberg@linux.intel.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/err.h>
+#include <linux/io.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/sizes.h>
+#include <linux/mtd/mtd.h>
+#include <linux/mtd/partitions.h>
+#include <linux/mtd/spi-nor.h>
+#include <linux/platform_data/intel-spi.h>
+
+#include "intel-spi.h"
+
+/* Offsets are from @ispi->base */
+#define BFPREG 0x00
+
+#define HSFSTS_CTL 0x04
+#define HSFSTS_CTL_FSMIE BIT(31)
+#define HSFSTS_CTL_FDBC_SHIFT 24
+#define HSFSTS_CTL_FDBC_MASK (0x3f << HSFSTS_CTL_FDBC_SHIFT)
+
+#define HSFSTS_CTL_FCYCLE_SHIFT 17
+#define HSFSTS_CTL_FCYCLE_MASK (0x0f << HSFSTS_CTL_FCYCLE_SHIFT)
+/* HW sequencer opcodes */
+#define HSFSTS_CTL_FCYCLE_READ (0x00 << HSFSTS_CTL_FCYCLE_SHIFT)
+#define HSFSTS_CTL_FCYCLE_WRITE (0x02 << HSFSTS_CTL_FCYCLE_SHIFT)
+#define HSFSTS_CTL_FCYCLE_ERASE (0x03 << HSFSTS_CTL_FCYCLE_SHIFT)
+#define HSFSTS_CTL_FCYCLE_ERASE_64K (0x04 << HSFSTS_CTL_FCYCLE_SHIFT)
+#define HSFSTS_CTL_FCYCLE_RDID (0x06 << HSFSTS_CTL_FCYCLE_SHIFT)
+#define HSFSTS_CTL_FCYCLE_WRSR (0x07 << HSFSTS_CTL_FCYCLE_SHIFT)
+#define HSFSTS_CTL_FCYCLE_RDSR (0x08 << HSFSTS_CTL_FCYCLE_SHIFT)
+
+#define HSFSTS_CTL_FGO BIT(16)
+#define HSFSTS_CTL_FLOCKDN BIT(15)
+#define HSFSTS_CTL_FDV BIT(14)
+#define HSFSTS_CTL_SCIP BIT(5)
+#define HSFSTS_CTL_AEL BIT(2)
+#define HSFSTS_CTL_FCERR BIT(1)
+#define HSFSTS_CTL_FDONE BIT(0)
+
+#define FADDR 0x08
+#define DLOCK 0x0c
+#define FDATA(n) (0x10 + ((n) * 4))
+
+#define FRACC 0x50
+
+#define FREG(n) (0x54 + ((n) * 4))
+#define FREG_BASE_MASK 0x3fff
+#define FREG_LIMIT_SHIFT 16
+#define FREG_LIMIT_MASK (0x03fff << FREG_LIMIT_SHIFT)
+
+/* Offset is from @ispi->pregs */
+#define PR(n) ((n) * 4)
+#define PR_WPE BIT(31)
+#define PR_LIMIT_SHIFT 16
+#define PR_LIMIT_MASK (0x3fff << PR_LIMIT_SHIFT)
+#define PR_RPE BIT(15)
+#define PR_BASE_MASK 0x3fff
+/* Last PR is GPR0 */
+#define PR_NUM (5 + 1)
+
+/* Offsets are from @ispi->sregs */
+#define SSFSTS_CTL 0x00
+#define SSFSTS_CTL_FSMIE BIT(23)
+#define SSFSTS_CTL_DS BIT(22)
+#define SSFSTS_CTL_DBC_SHIFT 16
+#define SSFSTS_CTL_SPOP BIT(11)
+#define SSFSTS_CTL_ACS BIT(10)
+#define SSFSTS_CTL_SCGO BIT(9)
+#define SSFSTS_CTL_COP_SHIFT 12
+#define SSFSTS_CTL_FRS BIT(7)
+#define SSFSTS_CTL_DOFRS BIT(6)
+#define SSFSTS_CTL_AEL BIT(4)
+#define SSFSTS_CTL_FCERR BIT(3)
+#define SSFSTS_CTL_FDONE BIT(2)
+#define SSFSTS_CTL_SCIP BIT(0)
+
+#define PREOP_OPTYPE 0x04
+#define OPMENU0 0x08
+#define OPMENU1 0x0c
+
+/* CPU specifics */
+#define BYT_PR 0x74
+#define BYT_SSFSTS_CTL 0x90
+#define BYT_BCR 0xfc
+#define BYT_BCR_WPD BIT(0)
+#define BYT_FREG_NUM 5
+
+#define LPT_PR 0x74
+#define LPT_SSFSTS_CTL 0x90
+#define LPT_FREG_NUM 5
+
+#define BXT_PR 0x84
+#define BXT_SSFSTS_CTL 0xa0
+#define BXT_FREG_NUM 12
+
+#define INTEL_SPI_TIMEOUT 5000 /* ms */
+
+/**
+ * struct intel_spi - Driver private data
+ * @dev: Device pointer
+ * @info: Pointer to board specific info
+ * @nor: SPI NOR layer structure
+ * @base: Beginning of MMIO space
+ * @pregs: Start of protection registers
+ * @sregs: Start of software sequencer registers
+ * @nregions: Maximum number of regions
+ * @writeable: Is the chip writeable
+ * @swseq: Use SW sequencer in register reads/writes
+ * @erase_64k: 64k erase supported
+ * @opcodes: Opcodes which are supported. This are programmed by BIOS
+ * before it locks down the controller.
+ * @preopcodes: Preopcodes which are supported.
+ */
+struct intel_spi {
+ struct device *dev;
+ const struct intel_spi_boardinfo *info;
+ struct spi_nor nor;
+ void __iomem *base;
+ void __iomem *pregs;
+ void __iomem *sregs;
+ size_t nregions;
+ bool writeable;
+ bool swseq;
+ bool erase_64k;
+ u8 opcodes[8];
+ u8 preopcodes[2];
+};
+
+static bool writeable;
+module_param(writeable, bool, 0);
+MODULE_PARM_DESC(writeable, "Enable write access to SPI flash chip (default=0)");
+
+static void intel_spi_dump_regs(struct intel_spi *ispi)
+{
+ u32 value;
+ int i;
+
+ dev_dbg(ispi->dev, "BFPREG=0x%08x\n", readl(ispi->base + BFPREG));
+
+ value = readl(ispi->base + HSFSTS_CTL);
+ dev_dbg(ispi->dev, "HSFSTS_CTL=0x%08x\n", value);
+ if (value & HSFSTS_CTL_FLOCKDN)
+ dev_dbg(ispi->dev, "-> Locked\n");
+
+ dev_dbg(ispi->dev, "FADDR=0x%08x\n", readl(ispi->base + FADDR));
+ dev_dbg(ispi->dev, "DLOCK=0x%08x\n", readl(ispi->base + DLOCK));
+
+ for (i = 0; i < 16; i++)
+ dev_dbg(ispi->dev, "FDATA(%d)=0x%08x\n",
+ i, readl(ispi->base + FDATA(i)));
+
+ dev_dbg(ispi->dev, "FRACC=0x%08x\n", readl(ispi->base + FRACC));
+
+ for (i = 0; i < ispi->nregions; i++)
+ dev_dbg(ispi->dev, "FREG(%d)=0x%08x\n", i,
+ readl(ispi->base + FREG(i)));
+ for (i = 0; i < PR_NUM; i++)
+ dev_dbg(ispi->dev, "PR(%d)=0x%08x\n", i,
+ readl(ispi->pregs + PR(i)));
+
+ value = readl(ispi->sregs + SSFSTS_CTL);
+ dev_dbg(ispi->dev, "SSFSTS_CTL=0x%08x\n", value);
+ dev_dbg(ispi->dev, "PREOP_OPTYPE=0x%08x\n",
+ readl(ispi->sregs + PREOP_OPTYPE));
+ dev_dbg(ispi->dev, "OPMENU0=0x%08x\n", readl(ispi->sregs + OPMENU0));
+ dev_dbg(ispi->dev, "OPMENU1=0x%08x\n", readl(ispi->sregs + OPMENU1));
+
+ if (ispi->info->type == INTEL_SPI_BYT)
+ dev_dbg(ispi->dev, "BCR=0x%08x\n", readl(ispi->base + BYT_BCR));
+
+ dev_dbg(ispi->dev, "Protected regions:\n");
+ for (i = 0; i < PR_NUM; i++) {
+ u32 base, limit;
+
+ value = readl(ispi->pregs + PR(i));
+ if (!(value & (PR_WPE | PR_RPE)))
+ continue;
+
+ limit = (value & PR_LIMIT_MASK) >> PR_LIMIT_SHIFT;
+ base = value & PR_BASE_MASK;
+
+ dev_dbg(ispi->dev, " %02d base: 0x%08x limit: 0x%08x [%c%c]\n",
+ i, base << 12, (limit << 12) | 0xfff,
+ value & PR_WPE ? 'W' : '.',
+ value & PR_RPE ? 'R' : '.');
+ }
+
+ dev_dbg(ispi->dev, "Flash regions:\n");
+ for (i = 0; i < ispi->nregions; i++) {
+ u32 region, base, limit;
+
+ region = readl(ispi->base + FREG(i));
+ base = region & FREG_BASE_MASK;
+ limit = (region & FREG_LIMIT_MASK) >> FREG_LIMIT_SHIFT;
+
+ if (base > limit || (i > 0 && limit == 0))
+ dev_dbg(ispi->dev, " %02d disabled\n", i);
+ else
+ dev_dbg(ispi->dev, " %02d base: 0x%08x limit: 0x%08x\n",
+ i, base << 12, (limit << 12) | 0xfff);
+ }
+
+ dev_dbg(ispi->dev, "Using %cW sequencer for register access\n",
+ ispi->swseq ? 'S' : 'H');
+}
+
+/* Reads max 64 bytes from the device fifo */
+static int intel_spi_read_block(struct intel_spi *ispi, void *buf, size_t size)
+{
+ size_t bytes;
+ int i = 0;
+
+ if (size > 64)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ while (size > 0) {
+ bytes = min_t(size_t, size, 4);
+ memcpy_fromio(buf, ispi->base + FDATA(i++), bytes);
+ size -= bytes;
+ buf += bytes;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/* Writes max 64 bytes to the device fifo */
+static int intel_spi_write_block(struct intel_spi *ispi, const void *buf,
+ size_t size)
+{
+ size_t bytes;
+ int i = 0;
+
+ if (size > 64)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ while (size > 0) {
+ bytes = min_t(size_t, size, 4);
+ memcpy_toio(ispi->base + FDATA(i++), buf, bytes);
+ size -= bytes;
+ buf += bytes;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int intel_spi_wait_hw_busy(struct intel_spi *ispi)
+{
+ unsigned long timeout = jiffies + msecs_to_jiffies(INTEL_SPI_TIMEOUT);
+ u32 hwstat;
+
+ while (!time_after(jiffies, timeout)) {
+ hwstat = readl(ispi->base + HSFSTS_CTL);
+ if (!(hwstat & HSFSTS_CTL_SCIP))
+ return 0;
+ cond_resched();
+ }
+
+ return -ETIMEDOUT;
+}
+
+static int intel_spi_wait_sw_busy(struct intel_spi *ispi)
+{
+ unsigned long timeout = jiffies + msecs_to_jiffies(INTEL_SPI_TIMEOUT);
+ u32 swstat;
+
+ while (!time_after(jiffies, timeout)) {
+ swstat = readl(ispi->sregs + SSFSTS_CTL);
+ if (!(swstat & SSFSTS_CTL_SCIP))
+ return 0;
+ cond_resched();
+ }
+
+ return -ETIMEDOUT;
+}
+
+static int intel_spi_init(struct intel_spi *ispi)
+{
+ u32 opmenu0, opmenu1, val;
+ int i;
+
+ switch (ispi->info->type) {
+ case INTEL_SPI_BYT:
+ ispi->sregs = ispi->base + BYT_SSFSTS_CTL;
+ ispi->pregs = ispi->base + BYT_PR;
+ ispi->nregions = BYT_FREG_NUM;
+
+ if (writeable) {
+ /* Disable write protection */
+ val = readl(ispi->base + BYT_BCR);
+ if (!(val & BYT_BCR_WPD)) {
+ val |= BYT_BCR_WPD;
+ writel(val, ispi->base + BYT_BCR);
+ val = readl(ispi->base + BYT_BCR);
+ }
+
+ ispi->writeable = !!(val & BYT_BCR_WPD);
+ }
+
+ break;
+
+ case INTEL_SPI_LPT:
+ ispi->sregs = ispi->base + LPT_SSFSTS_CTL;
+ ispi->pregs = ispi->base + LPT_PR;
+ ispi->nregions = LPT_FREG_NUM;
+ break;
+
+ case INTEL_SPI_BXT:
+ ispi->sregs = ispi->base + BXT_SSFSTS_CTL;
+ ispi->pregs = ispi->base + BXT_PR;
+ ispi->nregions = BXT_FREG_NUM;
+ ispi->erase_64k = true;
+ break;
+
+ default:
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ /* Disable #SMI generation */
+ val = readl(ispi->base + HSFSTS_CTL);
+ val &= ~HSFSTS_CTL_FSMIE;
+ writel(val, ispi->base + HSFSTS_CTL);
+
+ /*
+ * BIOS programs allowed opcodes and then locks down the register.
+ * So read back what opcodes it decided to support. That's the set
+ * we are going to support as well.
+ */
+ opmenu0 = readl(ispi->sregs + OPMENU0);
+ opmenu1 = readl(ispi->sregs + OPMENU1);
+
+ /*
+ * Some controllers can only do basic operations using hardware
+ * sequencer. All other operations are supposed to be carried out
+ * using software sequencer. If we find that BIOS has programmed
+ * opcodes for the software sequencer we use that over the hardware
+ * sequencer.
+ */
+ if (opmenu0 && opmenu1) {
+ for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(ispi->opcodes) / 2; i++) {
+ ispi->opcodes[i] = opmenu0 >> i * 8;
+ ispi->opcodes[i + 4] = opmenu1 >> i * 8;
+ }
+
+ val = readl(ispi->sregs + PREOP_OPTYPE);
+ ispi->preopcodes[0] = val;
+ ispi->preopcodes[1] = val >> 8;
+
+ /* Disable #SMI generation from SW sequencer */
+ val = readl(ispi->sregs + SSFSTS_CTL);
+ val &= ~SSFSTS_CTL_FSMIE;
+ writel(val, ispi->sregs + SSFSTS_CTL);
+
+ ispi->swseq = true;
+ }
+
+ intel_spi_dump_regs(ispi);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int intel_spi_opcode_index(struct intel_spi *ispi, u8 opcode)
+{
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(ispi->opcodes); i++)
+ if (ispi->opcodes[i] == opcode)
+ return i;
+ return -EINVAL;
+}
+
+static int intel_spi_hw_cycle(struct intel_spi *ispi, u8 opcode, u8 *buf,
+ int len)
+{
+ u32 val, status;
+ int ret;
+
+ val = readl(ispi->base + HSFSTS_CTL);
+ val &= ~(HSFSTS_CTL_FCYCLE_MASK | HSFSTS_CTL_FDBC_MASK);
+
+ switch (opcode) {
+ case SPINOR_OP_RDID:
+ val |= HSFSTS_CTL_FCYCLE_RDID;
+ break;
+ case SPINOR_OP_WRSR:
+ val |= HSFSTS_CTL_FCYCLE_WRSR;
+ break;
+ case SPINOR_OP_RDSR:
+ val |= HSFSTS_CTL_FCYCLE_RDSR;
+ break;
+ default:
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ val |= (len - 1) << HSFSTS_CTL_FDBC_SHIFT;
+ val |= HSFSTS_CTL_FCERR | HSFSTS_CTL_FDONE;
+ val |= HSFSTS_CTL_FGO;
+ writel(val, ispi->base + HSFSTS_CTL);
+
+ ret = intel_spi_wait_hw_busy(ispi);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ status = readl(ispi->base + HSFSTS_CTL);
+ if (status & HSFSTS_CTL_FCERR)
+ return -EIO;
+ else if (status & HSFSTS_CTL_AEL)
+ return -EACCES;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int intel_spi_sw_cycle(struct intel_spi *ispi, u8 opcode, u8 *buf,
+ int len)
+{
+ u32 val, status;
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = intel_spi_opcode_index(ispi, opcode);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+
+ val = (len << SSFSTS_CTL_DBC_SHIFT) | SSFSTS_CTL_DS;
+ val |= ret << SSFSTS_CTL_COP_SHIFT;
+ val |= SSFSTS_CTL_FCERR | SSFSTS_CTL_FDONE;
+ val |= SSFSTS_CTL_SCGO;
+ writel(val, ispi->sregs + SSFSTS_CTL);
+
+ ret = intel_spi_wait_sw_busy(ispi);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ status = readl(ispi->base + SSFSTS_CTL);
+ if (status & SSFSTS_CTL_FCERR)
+ return -EIO;
+ else if (status & SSFSTS_CTL_AEL)
+ return -EACCES;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int intel_spi_read_reg(struct spi_nor *nor, u8 opcode, u8 *buf, int len)
+{
+ struct intel_spi *ispi = nor->priv;
+ int ret;
+
+ /* Address of the first chip */
+ writel(0, ispi->base + FADDR);
+
+ if (ispi->swseq)
+ ret = intel_spi_sw_cycle(ispi, opcode, buf, len);
+ else
+ ret = intel_spi_hw_cycle(ispi, opcode, buf, len);
+
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ return intel_spi_read_block(ispi, buf, len);
+}
+
+static int intel_spi_write_reg(struct spi_nor *nor, u8 opcode, u8 *buf, int len)
+{
+ struct intel_spi *ispi = nor->priv;
+ int ret;
+
+ /*
+ * This is handled with atomic operation and preop code in Intel
+ * controller so skip it here now.
+ */
+ if (opcode == SPINOR_OP_WREN)
+ return 0;
+
+ writel(0, ispi->base + FADDR);
+
+ /* Write the value beforehand */
+ ret = intel_spi_write_block(ispi, buf, len);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ if (ispi->swseq)
+ return intel_spi_sw_cycle(ispi, opcode, buf, len);
+ return intel_spi_hw_cycle(ispi, opcode, buf, len);
+}
+
+static int intel_spi_read(struct spi_nor *nor, loff_t from, size_t len,
+ size_t *retlen, u_char *read_buf)
+{
+ struct intel_spi *ispi = nor->priv;
+ size_t block_size;
+ u32 val, status;
+ ssize_t ret;
+
+ while (len > 0) {
+ block_size = min_t(size_t, len, 64);
+
+ writel(from, ispi->base + FADDR);
+
+ val = readl(ispi->base + HSFSTS_CTL);
+ val |= HSFSTS_CTL_AEL | HSFSTS_CTL_FCERR | HSFSTS_CTL_FDONE;
+ val &= ~HSFSTS_CTL_FDBC_MASK;
+ val |= (block_size - 1) << HSFSTS_CTL_FDBC_SHIFT;
+ val &= ~HSFSTS_CTL_FCYCLE_MASK;
+ val |= HSFSTS_CTL_FCYCLE_READ;
+ val |= HSFSTS_CTL_FGO;
+ writel(val, ispi->base + HSFSTS_CTL);
+
+ ret = intel_spi_wait_hw_busy(ispi);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ status = readl(ispi->base + HSFSTS_CTL);
+ if (status & HSFSTS_CTL_FCERR)
+ ret = -EIO;
+ else if (status & HSFSTS_CTL_AEL)
+ ret = -EACCES;
+
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ dev_err(ispi->dev, "read error: %llx: %#x\n", from,
+ status);
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ ret = intel_spi_read_block(ispi, read_buf, block_size);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ len -= block_size;
+ from += block_size;
+ *retlen += block_size;
+ read_buf += block_size;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void intel_spi_write(struct spi_nor *nor, loff_t to, size_t len,
+ size_t *retlen, const u_char *write_buf)
+{
+ struct intel_spi *ispi = nor->priv;
+ size_t block_size;
+ u32 val, status;
+ int ret;
+
+ while (len > 0) {
+ block_size = min_t(size_t, len, 64);
+
+ writel(to, ispi->base + FADDR);
+
+ val = readl(ispi->base + HSFSTS_CTL);
+ val |= HSFSTS_CTL_AEL | HSFSTS_CTL_FCERR | HSFSTS_CTL_FDONE;
+ val &= ~HSFSTS_CTL_FDBC_MASK;
+ val |= (block_size - 1) << HSFSTS_CTL_FDBC_SHIFT;
+ val &= ~HSFSTS_CTL_FCYCLE_MASK;
+ val |= HSFSTS_CTL_FCYCLE_WRITE;
+
+ /* Write enable */
+ if (ispi->preopcodes[1] == SPINOR_OP_WREN)
+ val |= SSFSTS_CTL_SPOP;
+ val |= SSFSTS_CTL_ACS;
+ writel(val, ispi->base + HSFSTS_CTL);
+
+ ret = intel_spi_write_block(ispi, write_buf, block_size);
+ if (ret) {
+ dev_err(ispi->dev, "failed to write block\n");
+ break;
+ }
+
+ /* Start the write now */
+ val = readl(ispi->base + HSFSTS_CTL);
+ writel(val | HSFSTS_CTL_FGO, ispi->base + HSFSTS_CTL);
+
+ ret = intel_spi_wait_hw_busy(ispi);
+ if (ret) {
+ dev_err(ispi->dev, "timeout\n");
+ break;
+ }
+
+ status = readl(ispi->base + HSFSTS_CTL);
+ if (status & (HSFSTS_CTL_FCERR | HSFSTS_CTL_AEL)) {
+ /* There is not much we can do but to report an error */
+ dev_err(ispi->dev, "write error: %llx: %#x\n", to,
+ status);
+ }
+
+ len -= block_size;
+ to += block_size;
+ *retlen += block_size;
+ write_buf += block_size;
+ }
+}
+
+static int intel_spi_erase(struct spi_nor *nor, loff_t offs)
+{
+ size_t erase_size, len = nor->mtd.erasesize;
+ struct intel_spi *ispi = nor->priv;
+ u32 val, status, cmd;
+ int ret;
+
+ /* If the hardware can do 64k erase use that when possible */
+ if (len >= SZ_64K && ispi->erase_64k) {
+ cmd = HSFSTS_CTL_FCYCLE_ERASE_64K;
+ erase_size = SZ_64K;
+ } else {
+ cmd = HSFSTS_CTL_FCYCLE_ERASE;
+ erase_size = SZ_4K;
+ }
+
+ while (len > 0) {
+ writel(offs, ispi->base + FADDR);
+
+ val = readl(ispi->base + HSFSTS_CTL);
+ val |= HSFSTS_CTL_AEL | HSFSTS_CTL_FCERR | HSFSTS_CTL_FDONE;
+ val &= ~HSFSTS_CTL_FDBC_MASK;
+ val &= ~HSFSTS_CTL_FCYCLE_MASK;
+ val |= cmd;
+ val |= HSFSTS_CTL_FGO;
+ writel(val, ispi->base + HSFSTS_CTL);
+
+ ret = intel_spi_wait_hw_busy(ispi);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ status = readl(ispi->base + HSFSTS_CTL);
+ if (status & HSFSTS_CTL_FCERR)
+ return -EIO;
+ else if (status & HSFSTS_CTL_AEL)
+ return -EACCES;
+
+ offs += erase_size;
+ len -= erase_size;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static bool intel_spi_is_protected(const struct intel_spi *ispi,
+ unsigned int base, unsigned int limit)
+{
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < PR_NUM; i++) {
+ u32 pr_base, pr_limit, pr_value;
+
+ pr_value = readl(ispi->pregs + PR(i));
+ if (!(pr_value & (PR_WPE | PR_RPE)))
+ continue;
+
+ pr_limit = (pr_value & PR_LIMIT_MASK) >> PR_LIMIT_SHIFT;
+ pr_base = pr_value & PR_BASE_MASK;
+
+ if (pr_base >= base && pr_limit <= limit)
+ return true;
+ }
+
+ return false;
+}
+
+/*
+ * There will be a single partition holding all enabled flash regions. We
+ * call this "BIOS".
+ */
+static void intel_spi_fill_partition(struct intel_spi *ispi,
+ struct mtd_partition *part)
+{
+ u64 end;
+ int i;
+
+ memset(part, 0, sizeof(*part));
+
+ /* Start from the mandatory descriptor region */
+ part->size = 4096;
+ part->name = "BIOS";
+
+ /*
+ * Now try to find where this partition ends based on the flash
+ * region registers.
+ */
+ for (i = 1; i < ispi->nregions; i++) {
+ u32 region, base, limit;
+
+ region = readl(ispi->base + FREG(i));
+ base = region & FREG_BASE_MASK;
+ limit = (region & FREG_LIMIT_MASK) >> FREG_LIMIT_SHIFT;
+
+ if (base > limit || limit == 0)
+ continue;
+
+ /*
+ * If any of the regions have protection bits set, make the
+ * whole partition read-only to be on the safe side.
+ */
+ if (intel_spi_is_protected(ispi, base, limit))
+ ispi->writeable = 0;
+
+ end = (limit << 12) + 4096;
+ if (end > part->size)
+ part->size = end;
+ }
+}
+
+struct intel_spi *intel_spi_probe(struct device *dev,
+ struct resource *mem, const struct intel_spi_boardinfo *info)
+{
+ struct mtd_partition part;
+ struct intel_spi *ispi;
+ int ret;
+
+ if (!info || !mem)
+ return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
+
+ ispi = devm_kzalloc(dev, sizeof(*ispi), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!ispi)
+ return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+
+ ispi->base = devm_ioremap_resource(dev, mem);
+ if (IS_ERR(ispi->base))
+ return ispi->base;
+
+ ispi->dev = dev;
+ ispi->info = info;
+ ispi->writeable = info->writeable;
+
+ ret = intel_spi_init(ispi);
+ if (ret)
+ return ERR_PTR(ret);
+
+ ispi->nor.dev = ispi->dev;
+ ispi->nor.priv = ispi;
+ ispi->nor.read_reg = intel_spi_read_reg;
+ ispi->nor.write_reg = intel_spi_write_reg;
+ ispi->nor.read = intel_spi_read;
+ ispi->nor.write = intel_spi_write;
+ ispi->nor.erase = intel_spi_erase;
+
+ ret = spi_nor_scan(&ispi->nor, NULL, SPI_NOR_NORMAL);
+ if (ret) {
+ dev_info(dev, "failed to locate the chip\n");
+ return ERR_PTR(ret);
+ }
+
+ intel_spi_fill_partition(ispi, &part);
+
+ /* Prevent writes if not explicitly enabled */
+ if (!ispi->writeable || !writeable)
+ ispi->nor.mtd.flags &= ~MTD_WRITEABLE;
+
+ ret = mtd_device_parse_register(&ispi->nor.mtd, NULL, NULL, &part, 1);
+ if (ret)
+ return ERR_PTR(ret);
+
+ return ispi;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(intel_spi_probe);
+
+int intel_spi_remove(struct intel_spi *ispi)
+{
+ return mtd_device_unregister(&ispi->nor.mtd);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(intel_spi_remove);
+
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Intel PCH/PCU SPI flash core driver");
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Mika Westerberg <mika.westerberg@linux.intel.com>");
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
diff --git a/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/intel-spi.h b/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/intel-spi.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..5ab7dc250050
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/intel-spi.h
@@ -0,0 +1,24 @@
+/*
+ * Intel PCH/PCU SPI flash driver.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2016, Intel Corporation
+ * Author: Mika Westerberg <mika.westerberg@linux.intel.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ */
+
+#ifndef INTEL_SPI_H
+#define INTEL_SPI_H
+
+#include <linux/platform_data/intel-spi.h>
+
+struct intel_spi;
+struct resource;
+
+struct intel_spi *intel_spi_probe(struct device *dev,
+ struct resource *mem, const struct intel_spi_boardinfo *info);
+int intel_spi_remove(struct intel_spi *ispi);
+
+#endif /* INTEL_SPI_H */
diff --git a/include/linux/platform_data/intel-spi.h b/include/linux/platform_data/intel-spi.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..942b0c3f8f08
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/linux/platform_data/intel-spi.h
@@ -0,0 +1,31 @@
+/*
+ * Intel PCH/PCU SPI flash driver.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2016, Intel Corporation
+ * Author: Mika Westerberg <mika.westerberg@linux.intel.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ */
+
+#ifndef INTEL_SPI_PDATA_H
+#define INTEL_SPI_PDATA_H
+
+enum intel_spi_type {
+ INTEL_SPI_BYT = 1,
+ INTEL_SPI_LPT,
+ INTEL_SPI_BXT,
+};
+
+/**
+ * struct intel_spi_boardinfo - Board specific data for Intel SPI driver
+ * @type: Type which this controller is compatible with
+ * @writeable: The chip is writeable
+ */
+struct intel_spi_boardinfo {
+ enum intel_spi_type type;
+ bool writeable;
+};
+
+#endif /* INTEL_SPI_PDATA_H */
--
2.8.1
\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2016-06-22 18:21    [W:0.066 / U:4.244 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site