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SubjectRe: [kernel-hardening] [PATCH 2/2] security,perf: Allow further restriction of perf_event_open
Hi guys,

This patch wasn't originally CCed to you (I'm fixing that now). Would
you consider taking this into the perf tree? It's been in active use
in both Debian and Android for a while now.

(If need be, I can resend it.)

Thanks!

-Kees

On Sat, Jun 4, 2016 at 1:49 PM, Jeffrey Vander Stoep <jeffv@google.com> wrote:
> Acked-by: Jeff Vander Stoep <jeffv@google.com>
>
> In addition to Debian, this patch has been merged into AOSP and is a
> requirement for Android:
> https://android-review.googlesource.com/#/q/topic:CONFIG_SECURITY_PERF_EVENTS_RESTRICT
>
>
> On Wed, Apr 13, 2016 at 9:12 AM, Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> wrote:
>> On Mon, Jan 11, 2016 at 7:23 AM, Ben Hutchings <ben@decadent.org.uk>
>> wrote:
>>> When kernel.perf_event_open is set to 3 (or greater), disallow all
>>> access to performance events by users without CAP_SYS_ADMIN.
>>> Add a Kconfig symbol CONFIG_SECURITY_PERF_EVENTS_RESTRICT that
>>> makes this value the default.
>>>
>>> This is based on a similar feature in grsecurity
>>> (CONFIG_GRKERNSEC_PERF_HARDEN). This version doesn't include making
>>> the variable read-only. It also allows enabling further restriction
>>> at run-time regardless of whether the default is changed.
>>>
>>> Signed-off-by: Ben Hutchings <ben@decadent.org.uk>
>>
>> Whoops, I entirely missed this email! Just found it now.
>>
>> Ben, can you resend this with Perf maintainers in CC? This seems
>> sensible enough to me.
>>
>> -Kees
>>
>>> ---
>>> I made a similar change to Debian's kernel packages in August,
>>> including the more restrictive default, and no-one has complained yet.
>>>
>>> Ben.
>>>
>>> Documentation/sysctl/kernel.txt | 4 +++-
>>> include/linux/perf_event.h | 5 +++++
>>> kernel/events/core.c | 8 ++++++++
>>> security/Kconfig | 9 +++++++++
>>> 4 files changed, 25 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>>>
>>> diff --git a/Documentation/sysctl/kernel.txt
>>> b/Documentation/sysctl/kernel.txt
>>> index 88a2c8e..76e2ca8 100644
>>> --- a/Documentation/sysctl/kernel.txt
>>> +++ b/Documentation/sysctl/kernel.txt
>>> @@ -629,12 +629,14 @@ allowed to execute.
>>> perf_event_paranoid:
>>>
>>> Controls use of the performance events system by unprivileged
>>> -users (without CAP_SYS_ADMIN). The default value is 1.
>>> +users (without CAP_SYS_ADMIN). The default value is 3 if
>>> +CONFIG_SECURITY_PERF_EVENTS_RESTRICT is set, or 1 otherwise.
>>>
>>> -1: Allow use of (almost) all events by all users
>>> >=0: Disallow raw tracepoint access by users without CAP_IOC_LOCK
>>> >=1: Disallow CPU event access by users without CAP_SYS_ADMIN
>>> >=2: Disallow kernel profiling by users without CAP_SYS_ADMIN
>>> +>=3: Disallow all event access by users without CAP_SYS_ADMIN
>>>
>>> ==============================================================
>>>
>>> diff --git a/include/linux/perf_event.h b/include/linux/perf_event.h
>>> index f9828a4..aa72940 100644
>>> --- a/include/linux/perf_event.h
>>> +++ b/include/linux/perf_event.h
>>> @@ -989,6 +989,11 @@ extern int perf_cpu_time_max_percent_handler(struct
>>> ctl_table *table, int write,
>>> loff_t *ppos);
>>>
>>>
>>> +static inline bool perf_paranoid_any(void)
>>> +{
>>> + return sysctl_perf_event_paranoid > 2;
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> static inline bool perf_paranoid_tracepoint_raw(void)
>>> {
>>> return sysctl_perf_event_paranoid > -1;
>>> diff --git a/kernel/events/core.c b/kernel/events/core.c
>>> index cfc227c..85bc810 100644
>>> --- a/kernel/events/core.c
>>> +++ b/kernel/events/core.c
>>> @@ -175,8 +175,13 @@ static struct srcu_struct pmus_srcu;
>>> * 0 - disallow raw tracepoint access for unpriv
>>> * 1 - disallow cpu events for unpriv
>>> * 2 - disallow kernel profiling for unpriv
>>> + * 3 - disallow all unpriv perf event use
>>> */
>>> +#ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_PERF_EVENTS_RESTRICT
>>> +int sysctl_perf_event_paranoid __read_mostly = 3;
>>> +#else
>>> int sysctl_perf_event_paranoid __read_mostly = 1;
>>> +#endif
>>>
>>> /* Minimum for 512 kiB + 1 user control page */
>>> int sysctl_perf_event_mlock __read_mostly = 512 + (PAGE_SIZE / 1024); /*
>>> 'free' kiB per user */
>>> @@ -8265,6 +8270,9 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE5(perf_event_open,
>>> if (flags & ~PERF_FLAG_ALL)
>>> return -EINVAL;
>>>
>>> + if (perf_paranoid_any() && !capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
>>> + return -EACCES;
>>> +
>>> err = perf_copy_attr(attr_uptr, &attr);
>>> if (err)
>>> return err;
>>> diff --git a/security/Kconfig b/security/Kconfig
>>> index e452378..30a2603 100644
>>> --- a/security/Kconfig
>>> +++ b/security/Kconfig
>>> @@ -18,6 +18,15 @@ config SECURITY_DMESG_RESTRICT
>>>
>>> If you are unsure how to answer this question, answer N.
>>>
>>> +config SECURITY_PERF_EVENTS_RESTRICT
>>> + bool "Restrict unprivileged use of performance events"
>>> + depends on PERF_EVENTS
>>> + help
>>> + If you say Y here, the kernel.perf_event_paranoid sysctl
>>> + will be set to 3 by default, and no unprivileged use of the
>>> + perf_event_open syscall will be permitted unless it is
>>> + changed.
>>> +
>>> config SECURITY
>>> bool "Enable different security models"
>>> depends on SYSFS
>>
>>
>>
>> --
>> Kees Cook
>> Chrome OS & Brillo Security
>



--
Kees Cook
Chrome OS & Brillo Security

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