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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH-tip v2 1/6] locking/osq: Make lock/unlock proper acquire/release barrier
On 06/15/2016 10:19 PM, Boqun Feng wrote:
> On Wed, Jun 15, 2016 at 03:01:19PM -0400, Waiman Long wrote:
>> On 06/15/2016 04:04 AM, Boqun Feng wrote:
>>> Hi Waiman,
>>>
>>> On Tue, Jun 14, 2016 at 06:48:04PM -0400, Waiman Long wrote:
>>>> The osq_lock() and osq_unlock() function may not provide the necessary
>>>> acquire and release barrier in some cases. This patch makes sure
>>>> that the proper barriers are provided when osq_lock() is successful
>>>> or when osq_unlock() is called.
>>>>
>>>> Signed-off-by: Waiman Long<Waiman.Long@hpe.com>
>>>> ---
>>>> kernel/locking/osq_lock.c | 4 ++--
>>>> 1 files changed, 2 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
>>>>
>>>> diff --git a/kernel/locking/osq_lock.c b/kernel/locking/osq_lock.c
>>>> index 05a3785..7dd4ee5 100644
>>>> --- a/kernel/locking/osq_lock.c
>>>> +++ b/kernel/locking/osq_lock.c
>>>> @@ -115,7 +115,7 @@ bool osq_lock(struct optimistic_spin_queue *lock)
>>>> * cmpxchg in an attempt to undo our queueing.
>>>> */
>>>>
>>>> - while (!READ_ONCE(node->locked)) {
>>>> + while (!smp_load_acquire(&node->locked)) {
>>>> /*
>>>> * If we need to reschedule bail... so we can block.
>>>> */
>>>> @@ -198,7 +198,7 @@ void osq_unlock(struct optimistic_spin_queue *lock)
>>>> * Second most likely case.
>>>> */
>>>> node = this_cpu_ptr(&osq_node);
>>>> - next = xchg(&node->next, NULL);
>>>> + next = xchg_release(&node->next, NULL);
>>>> if (next) {
>>>> WRITE_ONCE(next->locked, 1);
>>> So we still use WRITE_ONCE() rather than smp_store_release() here?
>>>
>>> Though, IIUC, This is fine for all the archs but ARM64, because there
>>> will always be a xchg_release()/xchg() before the WRITE_ONCE(), which
>>> carries a necessary barrier to upgrade WRITE_ONCE() to a RELEASE.
>>>
>>> Not sure whether it's a problem on ARM64, but I think we certainly need
>>> to add some comments here, if we count on this trick.
>>>
>>> Am I missing something or misunderstanding you here?
>>>
>>> Regards,
>>> Boqun
>> The change on the unlock side is more for documentation purpose than is
>> actually needed. As you had said, the xchg() call has provided the necessary
>> memory barrier. Using the _release variant, however, may have some
> But I'm afraid the barrier doesn't remain if we replace xchg() with
> xchg_release() on ARM64v8, IIUC, xchg_release() is just a ldxr+stlxr
> loop with no barrier on ARM64v8. This means the following code:
>
> CPU 0 CPU 1 (next)
> ======================== ==================
> WRITE_ONCE(x, 1); r1 = smp_load_acquire(next->locked, 1);
> xchg_release(&node->next, NULL); r2 = READ_ONCE(x);
> WRITE_ONCE(next->locked, 1);
>
> could result in (r1 == 1&& r2 == 0) on ARM64v8, IIUC.

If you look into the actual code:

next = xchg_release(&node->next, NULL);
if (next) {
WRITE_ONCE(next->locked, 1);
return;
}

There is a control dependency that WRITE_ONCE() won't happen until
xchg_release() returns. For your particular example, I will change it to

CPU 0
===================
WRITE_ONCE(x, 1);
xchg_relaxed(&node->next, NULL);
smp_store_release(next->locked, 1);

I don't change WRITE_ONCE to a smp_store_release() because it may not
always execute.

Cheers,
Longman

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